NWFSC Monster Seminar Jam: Dyhia Belhabib, Ph.D.
This seminar is part of the Northwest Fisheries Science Center's Monster Seminar Jam series.
Dyhia Belhabib, Ph.D. and Principal Investigator (Ecotrust Canada) is presenting a talk, "On understanding maritime criminality and illegal fishing."
The fisheries sector is affected by many types of crimes and illegalities, some directly relating to fishing activities but also diverse types of fraud, trafficking, as well as human rights, labor and environmental abuses. We use the most comprehensive illegal fishing and maritime criminality database to look into and understand trends of illegal fishing and maritime criminality in the world’s oceans and how they relate to each other, introducing a concept of ‘transversal criminality’ in fisheries – a term referring to the co-occurrence of different categories of offences by the same entity, whether a vessel or a company. The main victims of these offences include vulnerable populations exposed to abuses and loss of marine resources, states and citizens losing public revenues, and ecosystems hurt by damaging illegal practices and undermined management regimes. Illegal fishing and other offences are directly hurting the legal part of the fishing industry by frustrating fair competition, eroding the sustainability of its resource base, and tainting its reputation. In turn, as people lose income and agency, they engage in various forms of ocean criminality. In addition to global trends of illegality in fisheries, transversal criminality and what it looks like, I will address the drivers of illegal fishing and ocean criminality, and introduce a new concept enabling these crimes “adjacency”.
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Meeting number: 905 389 231
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