Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across American Samoa in 2015 and 2018, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/22790.

Item Identification

Title: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across American Samoa in 2015 and 2018
Short Name: NCRMP: Coral Demography American Samoa
Status: On Going
Creation Date: 2016-12
Revision Date: 2019-01
Publication Date: 2019
Abstract:

The data described here result from benthic coral demographic surveys within belt transects of specified length and width for two life stages (juveniles and adults) across American Samoa in 2015 and 2018. The data provide information on adult coral colony counts, morphology, size, partial mortality (old and recent dead), presence and causation of disease and other compromised health conditions, including bleaching. Juvenile colony surveys include morphology and size. Taxonomic identification of adult colonies is to the species level and genus level for juveniles.

A two-stage stratified random sampling (StRS) design was employed to survey the coral reef ecosystems of American Samoa in 2015, and starting in 2018 a one-stage StRS design was employed. The survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats in the 0–30 m depth range. The stratification scheme included island, reef zone, and depth (i.e., shallow: >0–6 m; mid-depth: >6–18 m; and deep: >18–30 m), as well as reef zone (i.e., forereef, backreef, and lagoon; backreef only at Rose Atoll and Tutuila, and lagoon only at Rose Atoll). Sampling effort allocation was determined based on strata area and sites randomly located within strata. The StRS design effectively reduces estimate variance through stratification using environmental covariates and by sampling more sites rather than more transects per site. Therefore, site-level estimates and site-to-site comparisons should proceed with caution.

The data were collected as part of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) and Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD; formerly the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division) led National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) missions to American Samoa in 2015 and 2018.

Purpose:

The National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) details a long-term approach to provide an ecosystem perspective via monitoring climate, fish, benthic, and socioeconomic variables in a consistent and integrated manner. The NCRMP coordinates various Coral Reef Conservation Coral Reef Program (CRCP) biological, physical, and human dimensions activities into a cohesive NOAA-wide effort. Through the implementation of the NCRMP, NOAA is able to clearly and concisely communicate results of national-scale monitoring to national, state, and territorial policy makers, resource managers, and the public on a periodic basis.

Other Citation Details:

Swanson, D., Bailey, H., Schumacher, B., Ferguson, M., and B. Vargas-Ángel. 2018. Ecosystem Sciences Division Standard Operating Procedures: Data Collection for Rapid Ecological Assessment Benthic Surveys. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/39jh-8993

Supplemental Information:

The National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) is a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach consolidates monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico for the first time. NCRMP is funded by the CRCP and supported by NOAA Fisheries, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), and many other partners. The Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) at NOAA Fisheries is leading biological monitoring in the U.S. Pacific Islands Region.

The biological component of NCRMP in the Pacific provides a triennial ecological characterization at a broad spatial scale of general reef condition for reef fishes, corals and benthic habitat (i.e., fish species composition/density/size, benthic cover, and coral density/size/condition). Innovative analysis techniques are then used to develop products that give fellow scientists, managers, decision makers and the public a better understanding of a region’s resources and how they are changing over time.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier): doi:10.7289/V579431K
DOI Registration Authority: NOAA

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Coral Colony Size and Condition
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Rapid assessment studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > BioDiversity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 743
CRCP Project National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - COLONY SIZE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - biological
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - swimmer/diver
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS HI'IALAKAI
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS OSCAR ELTON SETTE
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP)
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None belt transect
None Coral Belt Survey
None Coral Disease
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None RAMP
None Rapid Ecological Assessment
None REA
None Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Rose Island > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Rose Atoll Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data from 2018 surveys added in Jan 2019.

Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw survey data includes metadata for each survey (where, when, who, area); site characteristics (depth, reef type, habitat); individual adult and juvenile coral observations identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible (usually genus) including morphology, empirical size measurement, and all other recorded colony attributes including partial mortality and condition. The raw data also include individual observations of crustose coralline algae diseases and Alcyonarian disease recorded disease type and lesion size. Finally, the third type of raw data include presence of other Anthozoans, such as other cnidarians including Alcyonareans, Zoantharians, Corallimorpharians, and Antipatharians (does not apply to surveys conducted in 2018 and 2019).

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 344908
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 812637
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Couch, Courtney S
Email Address: courtney.s.couch@noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 268412
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Swanson, Dione W
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5417

Distributor

CC ID: 344909
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 181866
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To: 2016
Contact (Person): Swanson, Dione W
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5417

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 181777
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Originator

CC ID: 181776
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 812638
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Kindinger, Tye
Email Address: tye.kindinger@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 181778
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 371192
W° Bound: -171.09224857
E° Bound: -168.142061
N° Bound: -11.045273
S° Bound: -14.558073
Description

American Samoa, including Tutuila, Manu'a (Ofo, Olosega, and Ta'u), Rose Atoll, and Swains.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 371209
W° Bound: -168.172447
E° Bound: -168.141526
N° Bound: -14.530969
S° Bound: -14.557213
Description

Rose Atoll

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 371193
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-10-26
End: 2015-11-13
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP1602
Description:

American Samoa field mission

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 371194
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-02-15
End: 2015-03-30
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1501
Description:

ASRAMP 2015 to American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 371210
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2016-05-01
End: 2016-05-04
Alternate Start As Of Info: SE1602
Description:

Mission to Rose Atoll

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 812641
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2018-06-19
End: 2018-07-18
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1801
Description:

ASRAMP 2018 to American Samoa

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Example:

Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across American Samoa since 2015. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/22790

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 371180
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159167
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2016_coralgenera.csv
Description:

List of coral genera surveyed in American Samoa

File Date/Time: 2016-12-23 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 812659
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159167
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2016_coralspecies.csv
Description:

List of coral species surveyed in American Samoa

File Date/Time: 2016-12-23 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 3

CC ID: 371211
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159167
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_ SAMOA 2016.csv
Description:

Adult coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across Rose Atoll in 2016 (SE1602).

File Date/Time: 2016-12-30 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 4

CC ID: 378825
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159167
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_PRESENCE SAMOA 2016.csv
Description:

Presence / absence from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across Rose Atoll in 2016 (SE1602).

File Date/Time: 2017-09-06 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 5

CC ID: 371212
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159167
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_F SAMOA 2016.csv
Description:

Juvenile coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across Rose Atoll in 2016 (SE1602).

File Date/Time: 2016-12-30 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 6

CC ID: 371178
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2015_coralgenera.csv
Description:

List of coral genera surveyed in American Samoa

File Date/Time: 2016-12-23 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 7

CC ID: 371179
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2015_coralspecies.csv
Description:

List of coral species surveyed in American Samoa

File Date/Time: 2016-12-23 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 8

CC ID: 181865
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_ SAMOA 2015.csv
Description:

Adult coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across American Samoa in 2015 (HA1501 and MP1602).

File Date/Time: 2017-09-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 9

CC ID: 378824
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_PRESENCE SAMOA 2015.csv
Description:

Presence / absence from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across American Samoa in 2015 (HA1501 and MP1602).

File Date/Time: 2017-09-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 10

CC ID: 371158
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_F SAMOA 2015.csv
Description:

Juvenile coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) conducted across American Samoa in 2015 (HA1501 and MP1602).

File Date/Time: 2017-09-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 11

CC ID: 812660
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0185194
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2018_coralgenera.csv
Description:

List of coral genera surveyed in American Samoa in 2018 that divers are confident in identifying and that the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) has used to generate benthic estimates.

File Date/Time: 2019-01-14 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 12

CC ID: 812661
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0185194
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: SAMOA2018_coralspecies.csv
Description:

List of coral species surveyed in American Samoa in 2018 that divers are confident in identifying and that the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) has used to generate benthic estimates.

File Date/Time: 2019-01-14 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 13

CC ID: 812663
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0185194
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_SAMOA_2018.csv
Description:

Adult coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) conducted across American Samoa in 2018 (HA1801).

File Date/Time: 2019-02-22 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 14

CC ID: 812664
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0185194
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_F_SAMOA_2018.csv
Description:

Juvenile coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) conducted across American Samoa in 2018 (HA1801).

File Date/Time: 2019-02-14 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 15

CC ID: 806947
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: PIFSC_DR-16-007_2015_SummaryReport_NMSAS.pdf
Description:

Summary Report of Baseline Surveys and Installations Conducted in 2015 in the National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa. PIFSC Data Report DR-16-007, http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5N014J6

File Date/Time: 2016-04-26 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 16

CC ID: 812665
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: PIFSC_DR-17-007_2016_BenthicBrief_Rose.pdf
Description:

Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program. Benthic REA monitoring summary : Rose Atoll, 2016. PIFSC data report DR-17-007. http://dx.doi.org/10.7289/V5/DR-PIFSC-17-007

File Date/Time: 2017-03-13 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 17

CC ID: 825642
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: PIFSC_DR-18-016_2018_BenthicBrief_Am.Samoa.pdf
Description:

Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program Benthic monitoring summary: American Samoa 2018. PIFSC Data Report DR-18-016. https://doi.org/10.25923/dt06-y997

File Date/Time: 2018-11-01 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 18

CC ID: 812666
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: PIFSC_NTM-PIFSC-71_2018_SOP_Benthic.pdf
Description:

Ecosystem Sciences Division Standard Operating Procedures: Data Collection for Rapid Ecological Assessment Benthic Surveys. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/39jh-8993

File Date/Time: 2018-08-01 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 19

CC ID: 886713
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: PIFSC_NTM-PIFSC-92_2018_SOP_Benthic.pdf
Description:

Winston M, Couch C, Ferguson M, Huntington B, Swanson D, Vargas-Ángel B. 2019. Ecosystem Sciences Division Standard Operating Procedures: Data Collection for Rapid Ecological Assessment Benthic Surveys, 2018 Update. NOAA Tech. Memo. NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-92, 66 p. doi:10.25923/w1k2-0y84

https://doi.org/10.25923/w1k2-0y84

File Date/Time: 2019-10-01 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 20

CC ID: 836573
Download URL: https://ecowatch.ncddc.noaa.gov/erddap/tabledap/CRCP_Coral_Demographic_Survey_Adult_American_Samoa.html
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
Description:

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) ERDDAP web service for coral demographic data of adult corals collected by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) during ESD-led NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program missions to American Samoa since 2015.

ERDDAP acts as a middleman between you and various remote data servers. ERDDAP offers an easy-to-use, consistent way to request data: via the OPeNDAP standard. Many datasets can also be accessed via ERDDAP's Web Map Service (WMS). ERDDAP returns data in the common file format of your choice. ERDDAP offers all data as .html table, ESRI .asc and .csv, Google Earth .kml, OPeNDAP binary, .mat, .nc, ODV .txt, .csv, .tsv, .json, and .xhtml. ERDDAP can also return a .png or .pdf image with a customized graph or map. ERDDAP also has web pages (for humans with browsers) and RESTful web services (for computer programs).

File Type: ERDDAP Data Server

Distribution 21

CC ID: 836574
Download URL: https://ecowatch.ncddc.noaa.gov/erddap/tabledap/CRCP_Coral_Demographic_Survey_Juvenile_American_Samoa.html
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
Description:

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) ERDDAP web service for coral demographic data of juvenile corals collected by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) during ESD-led NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program missions to American Samoa since 2015.

ERDDAP acts as a middleman between you and various remote data servers. ERDDAP offers an easy-to-use, consistent way to request data: via the OPeNDAP standard. Many datasets can also be accessed via ERDDAP's Web Map Service (WMS). ERDDAP returns data in the common file format of your choice. ERDDAP offers all data as .html table, ESRI .asc and .csv, Google Earth .kml, OPeNDAP binary, .mat, .nc, ODV .txt, .csv, .tsv, .json, and .xhtml. ERDDAP can also return a .png or .pdf image with a customized graph or map. ERDDAP also has web pages (for humans with browsers) and RESTful web services (for computer programs).

File Type: ERDDAP Data Server

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 181868
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/pacific-islands/ecosystems/coral-reefs-pacific
Name: Coral Reefs in the Pacific
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

NOAA Fisheries, Pacific Islands website

URL 2

CC ID: 370914
URL: http://www.coris.noaa.gov/monitoring/
Name: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) website.

URL 3

CC ID: 812667
URL: https://origin-apps-pifsc.fisheries.noaa.gov/cred/img/diver_performing_belt_transect_survey_sm.jpg
Name: Diver performing coral demographic survey
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: JPG

URL 4

CC ID: 812668
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/pacific-islands/ecosystems/coral-reefs-pacific#survey-methods
Name: Survey Methods
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

NOAA Fisheries, Pacific Islands website

URL 5

CC ID: 812669
URL: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0101/0157633/
Name: Benthic Monitoring Briefs since 2016
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) Benthic Monitoring Briefs available for FTP download for surveys starting in 2016. Monitoring briefs provide timely release of a summary overview of monitoring effort and preliminary data following a research expedition led by ESD, including Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program cruises and other missions. This type of report is intended as an initial and provisional summary of the data collected, and the information contained in these briefs is subject to change.

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC Oracle database view: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_ and V0_CORAL_OBS_F

2018: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_2018_02 and V0_CORAL_OBS_F_2018_02

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Observations were made by experienced benthic survey personnel who have been trained, undergone a series of calibration surveys and coral taxon identification testing, and have met a set of minimum standards for colony assessment and taxon identification in each region. The accuracy of species and genus level identification was high. The lowest taxonomic level of coral identification was genus except for a select number of species that were consistently identified to species by all divers conducting the surveys. The number of species may change for each survey year depending on the experience and training of the benthic divers. The list of coral species is included for each survey year. In other words, the individual records within each data set may include many more species than encompassed by the lists; however, these were not consistently identified across all surveys so these records should be assessed at the genus level.

Handheld GPS units were used to locate random sites and mark site locations.

Analytical Accuracy:

The taxon code AAAA is included where the segment was surveyed and no individual colonies were found in both the juvenile and adult colony records. These are true zeros.

Completeness Report:

Only shallow water (0 to 30 meter depth range) hard-bottom habitats are surveyed. The survey sites were randomly selected using a systematic process based on available habitat and bathymetric data. Although efforts are made to include broad spatial coverage of surveys at each island, weather conditions and other environmental constraints may have prevented the team from surveying exposed reef areas.

The value -9 has been used a placeholder or missing value for several fields. See the entities and attributes under 'child items'.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection are used at each surveyed site. Periodic examination of the data is conducted throughout each mission to check for diver bias or other discrepancies.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Quality control of the data occurred at a few stages from data entry to data ingestion into the Oracle database. Observations, including species identification, are periodically checked during expeditions for consistency between and among divers. Data entry is usually conducted on the same day as the surveys using a data entry interface with several data controls employed, and are quality controlled by individual divers checking entry errors at a separate time. Following a mission, the data is then run through rigorous quality control checks by the data management team before the data are migrated to the Oracle database. The data is quality controlled against the physical data sheets following data entry. There are also several queries in the MS Access / Oracle database to flag errors based on pre-defined criteria. Given the size of the data set, there remains some possibility of typographical or other errors.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data is captured in several locations: physical data sheets, MS Access cruise database, and PIFSC Oracle database. The physical data sheets are housed at PIFSC. The MS Access cruise database is regularly backed up by the cruise data manager while at sea. The PIFSC Oracle database is regularly backed up by PIFSC ITS.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The stratified random sampling (StRS) design and belt transect methodology for adult and juvenile corals, employed by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) since 2013. A two-stage StRS design was employed in 2015 and a one-stage design was employed in 2018.

Sources

Swanson D, Bailey H, Schumacher B, Ferguson M, Vargas-Angel B. 2018. Ecosystem Sciences Division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment benthic surveys. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. doi:10.25923/39jh-8993.

CC ID: 812644
Publish Date: 2018-08-01
Citation URL: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/18267
Citation URL Name: NOAA Institutional Repository
Source Contribution:

Survey protocol

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 367856
Description:

A stratified random sampling (StRS) design was employed to survey the coral reef ecosystems in the region (two-stage StRS in 2015, one-stage StRS in 2018). The survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats. The stratification scheme included island, reef zone, and depth. Depth categories of shallow (>0-6 m), mid (>6-18 m) and deep (>8-30 m) were also incorporated into the stratification scheme. Allocation of sampling effort was proportional to strata area. Sites were randomly selected within each stratum.

A geographic information system (GIS) and digital spatial databases of benthic habitats (NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science NCCOS), reef zones (IKONOS satellite imagery, NDGC 1998) bathymetry (NDGC 1998, ESD benthic mapping data), and marine reserve boundaries (NOAA) were used to facilitate spatial delineation of the sampling survey domain, strata, and sample units. Map resolution was such that the survey domain could be overlain by a grid using a GIS with individual cells of size 50 m by 50 m in area. The two-stage sampling scheme following Cochran (1977) was employed to control for spatial variation in population parameters at scales smaller than the grid cell minimum mapping unit (2,500 sq. meters). Grid cells containing hard-bottom reef habitats were designated as primary sample units (referred to as sites), while the second-stage sample unit was defined as a diver visual belt transect of fixed area (10 sq. meters or less). The primary sample units were the same for both sampling schemes (one-stage and two-stage).

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Source: Swanson D, Bailey H, Schumacher B, Ferguson M, Vargas-Angel B. 2018. Ecosystem Sciences Division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment benthic surveys. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. doi:10.25923/39jh-8993.

Process Step 2

CC ID: 367864
Description:

At each site, benthic Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) surveys were conducted within two 10 sq. meter belt transects in 2015 and within one 10 sq. meter belt transect in 2018. Transects were 18 meters in length. Adult coral colonies (>=5 cm) were surveyed within four (1.0 x 2.5 m) segments at 5 meter increments along the 18 meter transect in the following manner: 0-2.5 m (segment 1); 5.0-7.5 m (segment 3); 10-12.5 m (segment 5); and 15-17.5 m (segment 7). All colonies whose center fell within 0.5 m on either side of each transect line were identified to lowest taxonomic level possible (species or genus), measured for size (maximum diameter to nearest cm), and morphology was noted. In addition, partial mortality and condition of each colony was assessed. Partial mortality was estimated as percent of the colony in terms of old dead and recent dead. The cause of recent mortality was identified if possible. The condition of each colony including disease (not attributed to recent tissue loss) and bleaching was noted along with the extent (percent of colony affected) and level of severity (range from moderate to acute). The lowest taxonomic level of coral identification was genus except for a select number of species consistently identified to species by all divers conducting the surveys. The number of species may change for each survey year depending on the experience and training of the benthic divers conducting the surveys. The list of coral species is included for each survey year.

Within the same four segments per transect as the adult coral surveys, crustose coralline algae (CCA) diseases and Alcyonarian disease are surveyed. In each segment, each occurrence of a specific disease is identified and the lesion is measured (maximum diameter).

In addition to the adult coral surveys, CCA diseases, and Alcyonarian disease, the presence of other Anthozoans (other cnidarians including Alcyonareans, Zoantharians, coralliomorphs and Antipatharians) are also noted. These data exist as individual records coded for each group. This portion of the survey was not conducted in 2018.

Juvenile coral colonies (<5 cm) were surveyed within three (1.0 x 1.0 m) segments along the same two transects in 2015 or along the single transect in 2018: 0-1.0 m (segment 1); 5.0-6.0 m (segment 3); and 10.0-11.0 m (segment 5). Juvenile colonies were distinguished in the field by a distinct tissue and skeletal boundary (not a fragment of a larger colony). Each juvenile colony was identified to lowest taxonomic level (genus or species) and measured for size by recording both the maximum and perpendicular diameter to the nearest 2 mm.

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Source: Swanson D, Bailey H, Schumacher B, Ferguson M, Vargas-Angel B. 2018. Ecosystem Sciences Division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment benthic surveys. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. doi:10.25923/39jh-8993.

Process Step 3

CC ID: 367858
Description:

Raw data include individual colony records with the corresponding physical data which reflect the description of the site. An individual colony record for adult corals includes colony species/genus identification, morphology, maximum diameter (cm), percent old dead, percent recent dead, cause of recent dead general category, cause of recent dead specific category, condition, extent and severity.

Juvenile coral colony records include colony species/genus identification, morphology, maximum diameter (cm) and perpendicular diameter (cm).

For species level identification of adult and juvenile corals, check the species list for each year to ensure species identification across all divers conducting the surveys.

Individual records for crustose coralline algae diseases use the taxon code CALG and the Alcyonarian disease uses the taxon code for the octocoral genus. The colony length measurement is the maximum diameter of the lesion for both disease types.

The raw presence/absence data for other Anthozoans include the general identification code and 0 or -1 to represent absence or presence respectively.

The physical data for all records includes the following: region, island, site, date (day, month, year), latitude (dd), longitude (dd), transect, segment, segment length, segment width, minimum depth (ft), and maximum depth.

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Source: Swanson D, Bailey H, Schumacher B, Ferguson M, Vargas-Angel B. 2018. Ecosystem Sciences Division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment benthic surveys. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-71, 63 p. doi:10.25923/39jh-8993.

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_E
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_E_PRESENCE
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_F

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 22790
Metadata Record Created By: Sarah A O'Connor
Metadata Record Created: 2014-12-02 11:11+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Brooke Olenski
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-02-24 07:25+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-01-07
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-01-08