Short Citation:
Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services, 2021: NOAA Water Level Predictions Stations for the Coastal United States and Other Non-U.S. Sites, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/37630.

Item Identification

Title: NOAA Water Level Predictions Stations for the Coastal United States and Other Non-U.S. Sites
Short Name: water_level_predictions
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2011-08
Abstract:

The National Ocean Service (NOS) maintains a long-term database containing water level measurements and derived tidal data for coastal waters of the United States and U.S. territories. These data allow for the determination and maintenance of vertical reference datums used for surveying and mapping, coastal construction, waterborne commerce, water level regulation, marine boundary determination, and tide prediction, and for the determination of long-term water level variations (e.g. trends). The data also supports other U.S. government programs, including the National Weather Service (NWS) Tsunami Warning System, the NWS storm surge monitoring programs, and the NOAA Climate and Global Change Program. The database contains an extended series of water level measurements recorded at different tide observation stations. These data are processed to generate a number of products, including monthly and yearly averages for mean tide level, mean sea level, diurnal tide level, mean high and low water, mean range, diurnal mean range, monthly extremes for high and low waters, and frequency and duration of inundations (the number of times and length of time at which the water level has equaled or exceeded a specific elevation for a period of analysis). Data are compiled for coastal waters of the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and U.S. territories in the Pacific region. Water levels are monitored from a network of over 200 permanent, continuously operating tide observation stations and from numerous stations operated for short-term and long-term projects. Water level measurements are compiled for a variety of observation periods, depending upon the location. For some tide observation stations, records date back to the late 1800s. Observed water level values are compiled primarily at six minute increments. In addition, some stations provide real-time data for planning and emergency situations. The observed values are processed to generate mean and extreme values for different temporal intervals, as noted above. The data consist simply of elevations of water, in feet, observed at specific geographic locations and temporal periods. All water level measurements are referenced to staff '0' and can be referenced to other datums, such as the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). Recent data are recorded to the hundredth of a foot; data collected prior to the mid-1960s are recorded to the tenth of a foot. The foundation of the water level database is the National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON), a system of long-term operating tide stations maintained by NOS. Data also are obtained through short-term and long-term cooperative projects with other federal, state, and local agencies and governments to accomplish mutual goals in water level measurement. For example, tide stations are operated temporarily for marine boundary determination and hydrographic survey projects. NOS also maintains several cooperative stations with foreign governments for the Climate and Global Change Program. Indices of tide stations maintained by NOS are available which include for each station the latitude, longitude, dates of observations, bench mark sheet publication date, and tidal epoch. NOS also issues tidal bench mark sheets upon completion of a data collection series or as needed for long-term NWLON stations. Tidal bench mark sheets provide location descriptions and vertical elevations referenced to tidal datums of the station bench marks. A table of tidal datums and the 1929 NGVD, when available, are referenced to the station reference datum. A number of products are issued monthly and annually, for free or on a cost recovery basis. The products are distributed on either hard copy, floppy disk, CD, or over the web and include the following: o Tide Observation Station Lists o Tides, 6-Minute Heights o Tides, Hourly Heights of Tides, Times and Heights of High and Low Waters o Tides, Monthly Mean Summaries o Tidal Bench Mark Sheets with Tidal Datums o Frequency and Duration Analysis of Tidal Water Levels o Daily Mean Sea Level

Purpose:

NOAA Tide predictions have been produced annually for the use of mariners since 1983. The official Tide predictions are published annually on October 1, for the following calendar year. Tide predictions generated prior to the publishing date of the official predictions are subject to change. The predictions from the web based NOAA Tide Predictions are based upon the latest information available.

Notes:

9

Supplemental Information:

Standard Options: The NOAA Tide Predictions application provides several standard options including selection of a Daily, Weekly, or Monthly view. Other standard options include the ability to select feet or meters, and the ability to select a time zone of LST/LDT, LST, or GMT. Several important characteristics of the default ("Daily") view include the time range of 2 Days centered on the current date, Time Zone of LST/LDT, Data Units of Feet, heights referenced to MLLW, and Tabular High / Low values. Advanced Options: The NOAA Tide Predictions application provides several Advanced Options including selection of one of six different datums (MLLW, MLW, MSL, MHW, MHHW, MTL), time format of AM/PM or 24-Hour, data intervals for the associated tables, and threshold values relative to a user defined threshold value.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
ISO 19115 Topic Category geoscientificInformation
ISO 19115 Topic Category inlandWaters
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category transportation
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Tides and Currents
None bench marks
None coasts
None datum
None navigation
None observations
None oceans
None ports
None predictions
None safe navigation
None tide
None tide predictions
None tide tables
None tides
None Tides/Currents
None water level

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None real-time

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Coastal U.S. territories
None Coastal United States
None U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone

Physical Location

Organization: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: Continually
Data Presentation Form: map
Entity Attribute Overview:

The NOAA Tide Predictions will allow you to obtain tidal predictions computed by CO-OPS for more than 3000 water level stations. These stations with full daily predictions are referred to as "reference stations". The remaining stations are referred to as "subordinate stations". Tidal predictions for the subordinate stations can be obtained by applying specific differences to the times and heights of tides of the specified reference stations.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

Harmonic: The predicted height values are constructed by combining the harmonic constituents into a single tide curve. The plot is produced from a curve that is fit between predicted hourly values.Subordinate: The high and low height values are obtained by means and differences and ratios applied to the harmonic predictions at a specific referenced station. The plot depicts a curve that is fit between the high and low predicted values and approximates the segments between.

Distribution Liability:

The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. Periodically we do a comparison of the predicted tides vs the observed tides for a calendar year. The information generated is compiled in a Tide Prediction Accuracy Table. We work to insure that the predictions are as accurate as possible. However, we can only predict the astronomical tides, we cannot predict the effect that wind, rain, freshwater runoff, and other short-term meteorological events will have on the tides.In general, predictions for stations along the outer coast are more accurate than those for stations farther inland; along a river, or in a bay or other estuary. Inland stations tend to have a stronger non-tidal influence; that is, they are more susceptible to the effects of wind and other meteorological effects than stations along the outer coast. An example of an inland station which is difficult to predict is Baltimore, Maryland. This station is located at the northern end of Chesapeake Bay. Winds which blow along the length of the bay have been known to cause water levels to be 1-2 feet above or below the predicted tides.Stations in relatively shallow water, or with a small tidal range, are also highly susceptible to meteorological effects and thus difficult to accurately predict. At these stations, short-term weather events can completely mask the astronomical tides. Many of the stations along the western Gulf of Mexico fall into this category. An example is Galveston, Texas. This station is in a bay which is relatively shallow and has a small opening to the sea. At this station it is possible for meteorological events to delay or accelerate the arrival of the predicted tides by an hour or more.

Data Set Credit: NOAA's Ocean Service, Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS)

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 393310
Date Effective From: 2011-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): User Services Team
Email Address: tide.predictions@noaa.gov
Phone: 301-713-2815

Distributor

CC ID: 393312
Date Effective From: 2011-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): User Services Team
Email Address: tide.predictions@noaa.gov
Phone: 301-713-2815

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 393313
Date Effective From: 2011-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): User Services Team
Email Address: tide.predictions@noaa.gov
Phone: 301-713-2815

Point of Contact

CC ID: 393311
Date Effective From: 2011-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): User Services Team
Email Address: tide.predictions@noaa.gov
Phone: 301-713-2815

Extents

Currentness Reference: Every 6 minutes

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 393316
W° Bound: -180
E° Bound: 180
N° Bound: 70.4
S° Bound: -54.8

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 393315
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 1854-06-30

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 583903
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 205

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. Periodically we do a comparison of the predicted tides vs. the observed tides for a calendar year. The information generated is compiled in a Tide Prediction Accuracy Table. We work to insure that the predictions are as accurate as possible. We can only predict the astronomical tides, we cannot predict the effect that wind, rain, freshwater runoff, and other short-term meteorological events will have on the tides.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 393317
Download URL: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/tide_predictions.shtml
Distributor:
Description:

Downloadable Data

File Type: ASCII

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 393307
URL: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/tide_predictions.shtml
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 393308
URL: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/faq2.html
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 393344
Activity Date/Time: 2017-03-13
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 393343
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 583901
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 598763
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Technical Environment

Description:

Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.2.0.700

Data Quality

Accuracy:

The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. The National Ocean Service can only predict the astronomical tides and cannot predict the effect that wind, rain, freshwater runoff, and other short-term meteorological events will have on the tides. In general, predictions for stations along the outer coast are more accurate than those for stations farther inland; such as, along a river, or in a bay or other estuary. Inland stations tend to have a stronger nontidal influence; that is, they are more susceptible to the effects of wind and other meteorological effects than stations along the outer coast. An example of an inland station that is difficult to predict is Baltimore, Maryland. This station is located at the northern end of Chesapeake Bay. Winds that blow along the length of the bay have been known to cause water levels to be 1-2 feet above or below the predicted tides. Stations in relatively shallow water, or with a small tidal range, are also highly susceptible to meteorological effects, and thus, difficult to accurately predict. At these stations, short-term weather events can completely mask the astronomical tides. Many of the stations along the western Gulf of Mexico fall into this category. An example is Galveston, Texas. This station is in a bay that is relatively shallow and has a small opening to the sea. At this station it is possible for meteorological events to delay or accelerate the arrival of the predicted tides by an hour or more. | Quantitative Value: The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. | Quantitative Test Explanation: http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/accuracy.html

Completeness Report:

The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. Periodically we do a comparison of the predicted tides vs. the observed tides for a calendar year. The information generated is compiled in a Tide Prediction Accuracy Table. We work to insure that the predictions are as accurate as possible. However, we can only predict the astronomical tides, we cannot predict the effect that wind, rain, freshwater runoff, and other short-term meteorological events will have on the tides.

Conceptual Consistency:

The accuracy of the tide predictions is different for each location. Periodically we do a comparison of the predicted tides vs. the observed tides for a calendar year. The information generated is compiled in a Tide Prediction Accuracy Table. We work to insure that the predictions are as accurate as possible. However, we can only predict the astronomical tides, we cannot predict the effect that wind, rain, freshwater runoff, and other short-term meteorological events will have on the tides. In general, predictions for stations along the outer coast are more accurate than those for stations farther inland; along a river, or in a bay or other estuary. Inland stations tend to have a stronger non-tidal influence; that is, they are more susceptible to the effects of wind and other meteorological effects than stations along the outer coast. An example of an inland station which is difficult to predict is Baltimore, Maryland. This station is located at the northern end of Chesapeake Bay. Winds, which blow along the length of the bay, have been known to cause water levels to be 1-2 feet above or below the predicted tides. Stations in relatively shallow water, or with a small tidal range, are also highly susceptible to meteorological effects and thus difficult to accurately predict. At these stations, short-term weather events can completely mask the astronomical tides. Many of the stations along the western Gulf of Mexico fall into this category. An example is Galveston, Texas. This station is in a bay which is relatively shallow and has a small opening to the sea. At this station it is possible for meteorological events to delay or accelerate the arrival of the predicted tides by an hour or more.

Lineage

Sources

NOAA Tide Predictions

CC ID: 598764
Contact Name: NOAA's Ocean Service, Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS)
Extent Type: Continuing
Extent Start Date/Time: 1854-06-30
Citation URL: http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/tide_predictions.shtml
Source Contribution:

NOAA Tide Predictions | Source Geospatial Form: graphic plots, tabular digital data | Type of Source Media: online, CD ROM, paper

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 598765
Description:

The official Tide prediction tables are published annually on October 1, for the following calendar year. Tide predictions generated prior to the publishing date of the official tables are subject to change. The predictions from the web based NOAA Tide Predictions are based upon the latest information available as of the date of your request. Tide predictions generated may differ from the official published predictions if information for the station requested has been updated since the publishing date of the official published tables.

Source: NOAA Tide Predictions

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 37630
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 11:05+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Brianna Key
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-12-08 21:45+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-12-08
Owner Org: CO-OPS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-12-09