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Short Citation:
Southeast Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Coastal Discard Logbook Survey (Vessels), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/3840.

Item Identification

Title: Coastal Discard Logbook Survey (Vessels)
Short Name: Supplemental Discard Data Oracle Tables
Status: In Work
Abstract:

This data set contains data on the type and amount of marine resources that are discarded or interacted with by vessels that are selected to report to the Southeast Fisheries Science Centers Coastal Fisheries Logbook Program. The supplemental discard program was initiated by the SEFSC in July 2001 and data collection began in August. To reduce the reporting burden on the fishermen, a 20 sample of the vessels with a Gulf of Mexico, South Atlantic snapper-grouper, king mackerel, Spanish mackerel or shark permit was selected to report. To assure that the sample is representative of the total universe of vessels with Federal permits, a stratified, random sample is selected from the universe of all vessels with the above types of Federal permits. The first year a 3 tiered stratification was used. One tier was geographical, and the universe was divided into two geographical strata - the Gulf of Mexico (Florida Keys to the Texas-Mexican border) and the South Atlantic (which extends from the North Carolina - Virginia border to the Florida Keys). The second stratum was based on the type of gear. There were 5 categories in this stratum - handline, longline, trolling, trap and gill nets. The third stratum was based on the fishing activity of the vessels during calendar year 2000. There were two strata in this tier - (1) vessels that made between 1 and 10 trips and (2) vessels that made more than 10 trips. In all, there were 20 strata for the sampling in the first year. However, there were too few boats that used gill nets in the Gulf of Mexico, so all of the boats that used gill nets in the Gulf were combined into a single stratum. As a result, 20 of the vessels in the in 19 strata were selected at random to submit a discard form along with their regular coastal fisheries logbook form for each trip. For subsequent years, the strata were reduced to only two, instead of three. The fishing activity stratum was eliminated because too many of the vessels changed their fishing patterns and moved to a different stratum throughout the year. Consequently, 10 strata, two geographical and 5 gear strata, continue to be used for random selections of vessels that are required to submit their discard information. In addition, the selections are made without replacement. That is, if a vessel is selected, it is removed from selection for the next couple of years, until all vessels have been selected in the respective strata. Fishermen are asked to provide the numbers of fish or shellfish that they discarded during the fishing trip. They are also asked to record any interactions with marine mammals or endangered species that they had during the trip. In addition, they are asked to estimate the condition of the fish (animals) when they were released. The fishermen are given 6 options for the condition of released fish. These options are all animals are dead, majority of the animals are dead, all animals are alive when released, majority of animals are alive, the fish are kept but not sold, and the condition of the animals is unknown. The fishermen are also asked to specify one of two reasons why the fish (animals) were discarded. The choices are either regulatory discards or because the fish were not marketable.

Purpose:

The purpose of the discard reporting program is to collect information on the numbers of fish and/or shellfish that are discarded during trip where species in the coastal fisheries are caught. Although this type of information is difficult to collect because the amount and diversity of species that are culled from the retained catches is large, fishermen are asked to provide their best estimates of the species and quantities.

Notes:

Logbooks submitted by coastal fishery captains containing data on location, effort, and catch data

Discard Reporting Periods if selected:

2001* (Aug 2001-July 2002)

2002 (Aug 2002-July 2003)

2003 (Aug 2003-July 2004)

2004 (Aug 2004-July 2005)

2005-2006 (Aug 2005-Dec 2006)

2007- present (Jan - Dec yearly)

* 3 tiered stratification

Supplemental Information:

To reduce the reporting burden on the fishermen, a 20% sample of the vessels with a Gulf of Mexico, South Atlantic snapper-grouper, king mackerel, Spanish mackerel or shark permit was selected to report.

To assure that the sample is representative of the total universe of vessels with Federal permits, a stratified, random sample is selected from the universe of all vessels with the above types of Federal permits.

The first year a 3 tiered stratification was used. One tier was geographical, and the universe was divided into two geographical strata - the Gulf of Mexico (Florida Keys to the Texas-Mexican border) and the South Atlantic (which extends from the North Carolina - Virginia border to the Florida Keys). The second stratum was based on the type of gear. There were 5 categories in this stratum - handline, longline, trolling, trap and gill nets. The third stratum was based on the fishing activity of the vessels during the 2000 calendar year.

There were two strata in this tier - (1) vessels that made between 1 and 10 trips and (2) vessels that made more than 10 trips. In all, there were 20 strata for the sampling in the first year. However, there were too few boats that used gill nets in the Gulf of Mexico, so all of the boats that used gill nets in the Gulf were combined into a single stratum. As a result, 20% of the vessels in the in 19 strata were selected at random to submit a discard form along with their regular coastal fisheries logbook form for each trip.

For subsequent years, the strata were reduced to only two, instead of three. The fishing activity stratum was eliminated because too many of the vessels changed their fishing patterns and moved to a different stratum throughout the year. Consequently, 10 strata, two geographical and 5 gear strata, continue to be used for random selections of vessels that are required to submit their discard information. In addition, the selections are made without replacement. That is, if a vessel is selected, it is removed from selection for the next couple of years, until all vessels have been selected in the respective strata.

Fishermen are asked to provide the numbers of fish or shellfish that they discarded during the fishing trip. They are also asked to record any interactions with marine mammals or endangered species that they had during the trip. In addition, they are asked to estimate the condition of the fish (animals) when they were released. The fishermen are given 6 options for the condition of released fish. These options are; all animals are dead, majority of the animals are dead, all animals are alive when released, majority of animals are alive, the fish are kept but not sold, and the condition of the animals is unknown. The fishermen are also asked to specify one of two reasons why the fish (animals) were discarded. The choices are either regulatory discards or because the fish were not marketable.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Discards
None grouper
None King Mackerel
None sharks
None snapper
None Spanish Mackerel

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None 2001-present

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Gulf Of Mexico
None South Atlantic

Stratum Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None area. date
None gear
None species

Physical Location

Organization: Southeast Fisheries Science Center
City: Miami
State/Province: FL
Country: USA
Location Description:

Location Of The Main Office Of The South East Fisheries Science Center

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 279135
Date Effective From: 2001
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Hall, Jeremy
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Email Address: jeremy.hall@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4583
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.

Distributor

CC ID: 281916
Date Effective From: 2001
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC)
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Phone: (305)361-5761
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about/southeast-fisheries-science-center
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. EST
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 279137
Date Effective From: 2001
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Gloeckner, David
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33139
Email Address: David.Gloeckner@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4257
Fax: 305-361-4460
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 281918
Date Effective From: 2001
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Judge, Michael
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Email Address: Michael.Judge@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4235
Fax: 305-361-4562
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.

View Historical Support Roles

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 281921
W° Bound: -98
E° Bound: -65
N° Bound: 45
S° Bound: 24
Description

Gulf Of Mexico And U.S. South Atlantic Ocean

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 281920
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 2001

Access Information

Security Class: Sensitive
Data Access Policy:

Email request by confidential user or request form submission by non-confidential user.

Data Access Procedure:

Read and sign for NOAA Administrative Order 216 100 Read and sign System Access Application (see URLs) Contact DBA Daniel Leon at daniel.leon noaa.gov for userid password.

Data Access Constraints:

Waiver Needed

Data Use Constraints:

Must be confidential user to access directly

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 574038
URL: https://www.sefsc.noaa.gov/fisheries/reporting.htm
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Reporting regulations

Data Quality

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Comparison against valid list of values and historical distribution of values.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: 70
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: Yes
If Distributor (Data Hosting Service) is Needed, Please Indicate: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: 60
If Delay is Longer than Latency of Automated Processing, Indicate Under What Authority Data Access is Delayed:

Confidentiality of business information. This data is currently wavered under the current NOAA guidelines for relational databases.

Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: To Be Determined
If To Be Determined, Unable to Archive, or No Archiving Intended, Explain:

N/A

Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: 730
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data resides on a secure database server only accessible through the NMFS network requiring separate multi-factor authentication for both network and database access.

Lineage

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 281922
Description:

Fishermen submit logbook forms submitted by mail to the logbook program in Miami. Forms are corrected, then sent to a data entry contractor. Data are received from the contractor in a standardized file, which is loaded to Oracle for storage after being validated.

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Table: FLS_REEF_DISCARD_CATCHES
Entity Table: FLS_REEF_DISCARD_HEADERS

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 3840
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:3840
Metadata Record Created By: Lee M Weinberger
Metadata Record Created: 2007-03-28 11:00+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Lee M Weinberger
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-05-06 22:24+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-05-06
Owner Org: SEFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year