Slide Menu
Search Help Show/Hide Menu
Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Coastal Resources Atlas: Long Island: HABITATS (Habitat Polygons),

Item Identification

Title: Coastal Resources Atlas: Long Island: HABITATS (Habitat Polygons)
Short Name: long_island_habitats
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2009-03

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for sensitive/rare coastal plants and submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) for Long Island, New York. Vector polygons in this data set represent sensitive/rare coastal plants recognized by the Natural Heritage Program (NHP) and eelgrass distribution. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in relational data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer.This data set comprises a portion of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data for Long Island. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.


The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.



Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington and Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Incident Management and Preparedness, Washington, D.C.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None ESI
None Habitats
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Long Island
None New York

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data
Entity Attribute Overview:

In addition to the geographic data layers, six relational attribute or data tables, BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS, are used to store the complex biological data in the ESI data structure. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, HABITATS) is linked to the Biological Resources table (BIORES) using the unique ID and the lookup table BIO_LUT, or it can be linked directly using RARNUM. The ID is a unique combination of the atlas number (for the Long Island atlas, the number is 53), an element/layer specific number (BIRDS are layer 1, FISH are layer 2, etc.), and a unique record number. The RARNUM represents a unique combination of species, seasonalities, concentrations, and source information. For each of these groupings, a number is generated. That number is concatenated with the atlas number to create a "resource at risk" number that is unique across atlases. BIORES and the other relational data tables are described below in detail. See the Browse_Graphic section for a link to the entity-relationship diagram, which describes the way these tables relate to the geographic data layers and other attribute tables in the ESI data structure.Due to the complexity of the relational database model, the data items are also post-processed into a flat file format. This table, called BIOFILE, may be used in place of the relational files described below to ease simple data queries. The items in the flat file are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, NHP, DATE_PUB, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. All of these items are the same as their counterparts in the individual data tables described below, except the BREED1-BREED5 and BREED items. BREED is a newly generated variable used to link to the BREED_DT data table, a modified, more compact version of the relational BREED data table. BREED1-BREED5 give a text summary of when each life stage occurs within the associated map object. The life stages referred to are the same as those listed in the Detailed_Description of the BREED data table. The link to the BIOFILE may be made through the BIO_LUT, using ID to link to RARNUM, or BIOFILE may be linked directly to the RARNUM in each of the geographic layer's attribute data tables. As mentioned, BREED_DT is an auxiliary support data table to the flat file structure, which allows the user to do searches based on month for seasonal breeding activities. The link from the flat file to BREED_DT is the BREED item.A second supporting data table is SOURCES. This is the same as the source file described above, and the link from the flat file is both G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE. It should be noted that although the flat file eases data query, it is not a normalized database structure, and actual updates performed by the states and other responsible agencies should be done using the relational data tables. The entity-relationship diagram describing relationships between attribute tables in the ESI data structure does NOT include the BIOFILE data table, and this data table is NOT described in detail below.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

A complete description of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for ESI atlases can be found in the NOAA ESI Guidelines (

Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format, and will offer a replacement copy of the product when the product is determined unreadable by computer input peripherals, or when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington and Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Incident Management and Preparedness, Washington, D.C.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 523323
Date Effective From: 2009-03
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address:


CC ID: 523325
Date Effective From: 2009-03
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address:

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 523326
Date Effective From: 2009-03
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address:

Point of Contact

CC ID: 523324
Date Effective From: 2009-03
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address:


Currentness Reference: The biological data were compiled during 2007-2009. The currentness dates for the data range from 2000 to 2007 and are documented in the Lineage section.

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 523329
W° Bound: -73.8
E° Bound: -71.7
N° Bound: 41.4
S° Bound: 40.5

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 523328
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2000
End: 2007

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 588771
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 8729
Curve Object Present?: Yes
Curve Object Count: 450476
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 8728
Surface Object Present?: Yes
Surface Object Count: 7880

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Contact NOAA for distribution options (see Distributor). ESI data are processed into multiple formats to make them useful to the widest community of GIS/mapping users. Distribution formats include Geodatabase; ARC export, MOSS, and Shape files; and MARPLOT map folders. An ArcMap .mxd file, an ArcView 3.x ESI project, and an ESI_Viewer product for use with the MARPLOT data are also included on the distribution CDs/DVDs for ease of use of the ESI data. The database files are distributed both in the NOAA standard relational database format (see NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115) and in a simplified desktop flat file format. This metadata document includes information on both of these database formats.;

Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES.Besides the above warning, there are no use constraints on these data. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.



CC ID: 523319
URL Type:
Online Resource


CC ID: 523320
URL Type:
Online Resource


CC ID: 523321
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 523340
Activity Date/Time: 2015-05-15

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 523339
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 588769
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 607431
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 719590
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment


The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ARC/INFO\xAE (version 9.2) and SQL SERVER\xAE (version 2000). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System (2000/XP/2003).The Spatial_Data_Organization_Information section refers only to the source files in the ARC export format. The following files are included in that data set: birds.e00, esi.e00, fish.e00, habitats.e00, hydro.e00, index.e00, invert.e00, m_mammal.e00, mgt.e00, reptiles.e00, socecon.e00, t_mammal.e00. Associated relational and desktop data tables provided in Arc export and text format are bio_lut, biofile, biores, breed, breed_dt, seasonal, soc_dat, soc_lut, sources, species, and status.

Data Quality


A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, hardcopy data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy base maps with a scale of 1:24,000. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original data source and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of digital data on rare/sensitive coastal plants and eelgrass distribution. These data do not necessarily represent all habitats occurrences in Long Island. The following species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name [n/a if not applicable]): 40, Silverweed, Potentilla anserina; 41, Scirpus-like rush, Juncus scirpoides; 51, Spotted pondweed, Potamogeton pulcher; 145, Seabeach amaranth, Amaranthus pumilus; 163, Green parrot's feather, Myriophyllum pinnatum; 165, Featherfoil, Hottonia inflata; 176, Minute duckweed, Lemna perpusilla; 183, Red pigweed, Chenopodium rubrum; 187, Seabeach knotweed, Polygonum glaucum; 206, Saltmarsh spikerush, Eleocharis halophila; 214, Rare plant, n/a; 268, Seaside bulrush, Schoenoplectus maritimus; 318, Sandplain gerardia, Agalinis acuta; 319, Bushy rockrose, Helianthemum dumosum; 502, Northern gamma grass, Tripsacum dactyloides; 503, Sea pink, Sabatia stellaris; 609, Submerged aquatic vegetation, n/a; 627, Long's bittercress, Cardamine longii; 628, Marsh straw sedge, Carex hormathodes; 630, Eastern grasswort, Lilaeopsis chinensis; 648, Swamp cottonwood, Populus heterophylla; 649, Terrestrial starwort, Callitriche terrestris; 651, Water pygmyweed, Crassula aquatica; 653, Yellow flatsedge, Cyperus flavescens; 678, Darkgreen sedge, Carex venusta; 680, Dwarf glasswort, Salicornia bigelovii; 697, False China-root, Smilax pseudochina; 707, Salt-meadow grass, Leptochloa fusca ssp. Fascicularis; 709, Lance-leaved loosestrife, Lysimachia hybrida; 712, Mitchell's sedge, Carex mitchelliana; 733, Saltmarsh bulrush, Schoenoplectus novae-angliae; 740, Sea purslane, Sesuvium maritimum; 747, Slender blue flag, Iris prismatica; 760, Straw sedge, Carex straminea; 853, Seaside goldenrod, Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana; 854, Bead pinweed, Lechea pulchella var. moniliformis; 855, Scotch lovage, Ligusticum scoticum ssp. Scoticum; 856, Yellow giant hyssop, Agastache nepetoides; 857, Cattail sedge, Carex typhina; 858, Fibrous bladderwort, Utricularia striata; 859, Slender spikerush, Eleocharis tenuis var. pseudoptera; 869, Angled spikerush, Eleocharis quadrangulata; 870, Atlantic white cedar, Chamaecyparis thyoides; 871, Blunt mountain-mint, Pycnanthemum muticum; 872, Button sedge, Carex bullata; 873, Carolina clubmoss, Lycopodiella caroliniana var. caroliniana; 874, Clustered bluets, Oldenlandia uniflora; 875, Coast flatsedge, Cyperus polystachyos var. texensis; 876, Coastal goldenrod, Solidago latissimifolia; 877, Collins' sedge, Carex collinsii; 878, Creeping spikerush, Eleocharis fallax; 879, Doubtful toad-rush, Juncus ambiguus; 880, Dune sandspur, Cenchrus tribuloides; 881, Dwarf bulrush, Lipocarpha micrantha; 882, Engelmann's spikerush, Eleocharis engelmannii; 883, Field beadgrass, Paspalum laeve; 884, Fireweed, Erechtites hieraciifolia var. megalocarpa; 885, Fringed boneset, Eupatorium hyssopifolium var. laciniatum; 886, Golden dock, Rumex maritimus; 887, Heart sorrel, Rumex hastatulus; 888, Large calyx goosefoot, Chenopodium berlandieri var. macrocalycium; 889, Large grass-leaved rush, Juncus biflorus; 890, Late boneset, Eupatorium serotinum; 891, Long-tubercled spikerush, Eleocharis tuberculosa; 892, Marsh fimbry, Fimbristylis castanea; 893, Michaux's blue-eyed-grass, Sisyrinchium mucronatum; 894, Midland sedge, Carex mesochorea; 895, Nantucket juneberry, Amelanchier nantucketensis; 896, Narrow-leaf sea-blite, Suaeda linearis; 897, Northern blazing-star, Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae; 898, Oakes' evening primrose, Oenothera oakesiana; 899, Opelousa smartweed, Polygonum hydropiperoides; 900, Possumhaw, Viburnum nudum L. var. nudum; 901, Primrose-leaf violet, Viola x primulifolia; 902, Purple everlasting, Gamochaeta purpurea; 903, Retrorse flatsedge, Cyperus retrorsus var. retrorsus; 904, Roland's seablite, Suaeda rolandii; 905, Rough rush-grass, Sporobolus clandestinus; 906, Saltmarsh aster, Symphyotrichum subulatum var. subulatum; 907, Saltmarsh loosestrife, Lythrum lineare; 908, Sandplain wild flax, Linum intercursum; 909, Screw-stem, Bartonia paniculata ssp. Paniculata; 910, Seacoast angelica, Angelica lucida; 911, Seaside orach, Atriplex glabriuscula; 912, Seaside plantain, Plantago maritima var. juncoides; 913, Serrate round-leaf boneset, Eupatorium rotundifolium var. ovatum; 914, Slender crabgrass, Digitaria filiformis; 915, Slender marsh-pink, Sabatia campanulata; 916, Slender spikegrass, Chasmanthium laxum; 917, Small floating bladderwort, Utricularia radiata; 918, Small-flowered pearlwort, Sagina decumbens ssp. decumbens; 919, Small's knotweed, Polygonum aviculare ssp. buxiforme; 920, Southern arrowwood, Viburnum dentatum var. venosum; 921, St. Andrew's cross, Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule; 922, Swamp sunflower, Helianthus angustifolius; 923, Sweetbay, Magnolia virginiana; 924, Velvety bush-clover, Lespedeza stuevei; 925, Whip nutrush, Scleria triglomerata; 926, White boneset, Eupatorium album var. subvenosum; 927, White milkweed, Asclepias variegata; 928, Whorled mountainmint, Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum; 929, Whorled-pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute_Accuracy_Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies (such as dangles, unnecessary nodes, etc.), and SQL SERVER\xAE to ARC/INFO\xAE consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, where the data are written to CD-ROM and the metadata are written.After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to a number of quality and consistency checks. In the process of checking for topological and database consistencies, new IDs and RARNUMs or HUNUMs are also generated. The new IDs are a combination of atlas number, element number, and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the case of an element that is normally represented by a point or polygon, a value of 20 is added to the standard element value for mapping of linear features. In the case where an element usually mapped as a polygon is represented by a point, a value of 30 is added to the regular element value. The RARNUMs are also modified to include the atlas number, so multiple atlases can be combined and RARNUMs remain unique. RARNUMs are redefined on an element basis, so "resource at risk" groupings will contain only a single element. HUNUMs are also modified to include the atlas number.




CC ID: 607432
Publish Date: 2005-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004
Scale Denominator: 24000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: raster digital data | Type of Source Media: hard drive


CC ID: 607433
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Scale Denominator: 24000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM


CC ID: 607435
Contact Name: NYS DEC
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Scale Denominator: 24000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: EMAIL


CC ID: 607434
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Scale Denominator: 24000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: EMAIL


CC ID: 607436
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Scale Denominator: 24000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM


CC ID: 607437
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Scale Denominator: 20000
Source Contribution:

HABITATS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 607438

Two main sources of data were used to depict habitat distribution and seasonality for this data layer: 1) digital data depicting rare/senstive coastal plants provided by the New York State Natural Heritage Program (NYS NHP) and 2) digital data depicting eelgrass provided by National Park Service (NPS) Fire Island National Seashore, South Shore Estuary Reserve, Peconic Estuary Reserve, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Long Island Sound.The above digital and/or hardcopy sources were compiled by the project biologist to create the HABITATS data layer. Depending on the type of source data, three general approaches are used for compiling a biology data layer: 1) information gathered during initial interviews and from hardcopy sources is compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000 topographic quadrangles and digitized; 2) hardcopy maps are digitized at their source scale; and/or 3) digital data layers are evaluated and used "as is" or integrated with the hardcopy data sources. See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The compiled ESI, biology, and human-use data are plotted onto hardcopy draft maps. Following the delivery of draft maps to the participating resource experts, a second set of interviews is conducted to review the maps. If necessary, edits to the HABITATS data layer are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts, and final hardcopy maps and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2009-03-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIO_LUT
Entity BREED

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40776
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40776
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:54+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-09