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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Long Island Sound 2016 T_MAMMAL, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/47242.

Item Identification

Title: Long Island Sound 2016 T_MAMMAL
Short Name: Long Island Sound 2016 T_MAMMAL
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

This feature class resides within the BIOLOGY Feature Data Set of the Long Island Sound - 2016 ESI Geodatabase. It contains vector polygons representing sensitive biological resource data for terrestrial mammal species within the Long Island Sound study area. The study area includes Long Island Sound, tidal tributaries and bays, freshwater streams and lakes, and land areas in New York and Connecticut. The six terrestrial mammal species include Northern river otter (Lontra canadensis), Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans), Hoary bat (Sylvilagus transitionalis), North American least shrew (Cryptotis parva), and Eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis). Vector polygons in this data set represent terrestrial mammal distributions, colonies, concentration areas, and areas of vulnerable occurrence.

Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described in Entity Attribute Overview below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for Long Island Sound.

As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

Developed from MERMAid record number 1565. Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script in April 2017. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by NOAA, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, Maryland for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal Resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None Environmental Sensitivity Index
None ESI
None Oil Spill Planning
None Sensitivity Maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CONNECTICUT
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NEW YORK
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > LONG ISLAND SOUND
UNCONTROLLED
None Connecticut River
None Long Island
None Peconic Bay

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, T_MAMMAL) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information.

The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many.

During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

A complete description of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for ESI atlases can be found in the NOAA ESI Guidelines. This includes documentation of the six relational tables (mentioned above) used during data collection.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor). These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 582094
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 582096
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 582097
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 582095
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 769232
W° Bound: -73.9276
E° Bound: -71.7963
N° Bound: 41.987
S° Bound: 40.6881
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall Long Island Sound ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 769233
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2016
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Resolution

Level of Detail Description:

In the "Vector Representation" section, Topology Level is considered "Geometry Only", and Polygons are considered as "Complex Objects".

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 702185
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 216

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 582098
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: ESI Program Manager (2016 - Present)
File Name: LongIslandSound_2016_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2017-05-08 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 176 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 582099
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 702183
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 3

CC ID: 736522
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the Long Island Sound ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 582101
Activity Date/Time: 2017-03-29
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 582100
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.4(R) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, check the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of sources of data, e.g., expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, survey data, maps, and digital data on terrestrial mammal distributions in the Long Island Sound study area. These data do not represent all terrestrial mammal occurrences in the Long Island Sound study area. The following six species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name or "n/a" if not applicable): 8, Northern river otter, Lontra canadensis; 248, Silver-haired bat, Lasionycteris noctivagans; 251, Hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus; 281, New England cottontail, Sylvilagus transitionalis; 284, North American least shrew, Cryptotis parva; 285, Eastern red bat, Lasiurus borealis.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Sources

CT Natural Heritage Program GIS Data

CC ID: 582105
Contact Name: Connecticut Natural Heritage Program
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1995
Extent End Date/Time: 2014

NY Natural Heritage Program GIS Data

CC ID: 582106
Contact Name: NY DEC
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1980
Extent End Date/Time: 2014

TERRESTRIAL MAMMALS OF LONG ISLAND

CC ID: 582107
Contact Name: MIKE BOTTINI
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://mikebottini.com

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 582108
Description:

Overview: Six species of terrestrial mammals are represented in this atlas. This is not intended to include all species present within the study area. Species were selected based on conservation interest (i.e. endangered, threatened, or special concern), or ecological importance. Data sources include digital GIS data, published studies, and expert knowledge.

A total of 216 polygons were created to represent the distributions of the six selected terrestrial mammal species within the Long Island Sound study area. Several sources were cited to develop the terrestrial mammal data set.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 582109
Description:

Species-specific information: With regard to oil or chemical spills, the most noteworthy terrestrial mammals found in the Long Island Sound study area are the semi-aquatic mammals, which include the northern river otter, muskrat, mink and beaver. There are notable differences in populations of these mammals between the Connecticut coastal area and Long Island in New York.

The northern river otter (Lontra canadensis) had previously been extirpated from Long Island, but recently has re-established a breeding population. The area from Oyster Bay east through the Nissequogue River have definite established populations and this area has been mapped as a vulnerable occurrence. Additionally, experts believe recolonization is actively occurring in the entire Long Island portion of the study area, so all bays, coves, marshes, tidal creeks and adjacent freshwater bodies should be considered to potentially have resident river otters, especially eastward all the way toward Orient Point. In Connecticut, the River Otter population is considered healthy and they should be considered as potentially present in all coastal areas where there are riverine, tidal creek, marsh and nearshore freshwater pond environments.

In both Connecticut and New York, the muskrat is considered ubiquitous in all nearshore aquatic environments including fresh and estuarine marshes, riverine environments and freshwater ponds and upper reaches of salt ponds. Because of their ubiquitous nature, the muskrat is not mapped in this atlas, however, they should be considered as potentially present in all of the above mentioned environments.

Along the Connecticut coastal area, mink are less common than the muskrat, but may be present anywhere where muskrat are found. On Long Island they are also present wherever muskrat may be found, but very uncommon. Mink are not mapped in this atlas due to lack of reliable distribution information.

The beaver while widely distributed in Connecticut, has been extirpated from Long Island. Reliable distribution data for the Connecticut population is not available and therefore beaver is not mapped here. Beavers however should be considered possibly present in the riparian zone anywhere in the Connecticut portion of the study area.

Also noteworthy is the least shrew (Cryptotis parva), a state endangered small mammal found only in a small part of the Connecticut coastal area. The New England Cottontail is a US Fish and Wildlife Service candidate listing species. The red bat, silver-haired bat, and hoary bat all are a species of special concern in Connecticut.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BREED_DT
Entity SOURCES
Entity T_MAMMAL

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 47242
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:47242
Metadata Record Created By: David Moe Nelson
Metadata Record Created: 2017-09-07 16:16+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-09-28
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-09-29