Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2021: West Coast Fishing Closures, 2015, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48943.

Item Identification

Title: West Coast Fishing Closures, 2015
Short Name: WestCoastFishingClosures2015
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2015-12-09
Abstract:

These data delineate state and federally managed ocean areas off the West Coast of the United States that are closed to or have restrictions on commercial or recreational fishing for fish and invertebrates as of June 2015. These areas include marine protected areas, marine reserves, essential fish habitat conservation areas, and other types of conservation areas. Closures and restrictions may be year-round or seasonal. The data do not include all spatially explicit fishing regulations. The focus of these data is on fishing closures and restrictions that generally persist through time, and do not include many fishing management measures that are used to open and close areas dynamically to manage species, harvests, and seasons. Some areas where access is prohibited or restricted are included because these act as "de-facto" closures or restrictions to fishing.

Purpose:

These data were developed to support the mission of the West Coast Ocean Data Network. Expected uses for these data are for regional resource management, impact assessment, policy development, and ocean planning. The data are not legal boundaries and should not be used to determine if fishing for specific species and/or with specific gear is allowed at a certain location.

Notes:

11087

Supplemental Information:

Spatial_Reference_Information:

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:

Planar:

Grid_Coordinate_System:

Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator

Universal_Transverse_Mercator:

UTM_Zone_Number: 10

Transverse_Mercator:

Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996

Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -123.0

Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0

False_Easting: 500000.0

False_Northing: 0.0

Planar_Coordinate_Information:

Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair

Coordinate_Representation:

Abscissa_Resolution: 0.6096

Ordinate_Resolution: 0.6096

Planar_Distance_Units: Meter

Geodetic_Model:

Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984

Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984

Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0

Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Environmental Governance/Management
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category geoscientificInformation
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category society
None commercial
None drift gillnet
None EFH
None fishing
None fishing closures
None fishing restrictions
None Groundfish
None Leatherback
None Loggerhead
None MPA
None PLCA
None recreational
None Rockfish
None sea turtles
None trawl

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America
None California
None Oregon
None Washington
None West Coast

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: Unknown
Data Presentation Form: Vector Digital Data Set (Polygon)
Distribution Liability:

NOAA makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the availability, quality, accuracy, content, completeness or suitability for the user's needs of such information. The services, information, and data made available on the Marine Cadastre web site are provided "as is" without warranties of any kind. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation. https://marinecadastre.gov/about/disclaimer.html

Data Set Credit: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Department of the Interior, generously provided funding for data development. Sound GIS developed the data set. Source data providers include Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, and NOAA Marine Protected Areas Inventory. Special thanks to all West Coast Ocean Data Network members who participated in the data needs assessment and review process.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 654926
Date Effective From: 2015-12-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 654928
Date Effective From: 2015-12-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 654929
Date Effective From: 2015-12-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 654927
Date Effective From: 2015-12-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 654932
W° Bound: -129.162414
E° Bound: -117.120607
N° Bound: 48.505903
S° Bound: 30.891215

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 654931
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2015-06-30

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 654919
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 370

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

The data are not legal boundaries and should not be used to determine if fishing for specific species and/or with specific gear is allowed at a certain location. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation. https://marinecadastre.gov/about/disclaimer.html

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 654921
URL: http://www.boem.gov/Fishing-Closures-Map-Package.zip
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 654922
URL: http://www.boem.gov/Fishing-Closures-Map-Package/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 4

CC ID: 654924
URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/data/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 5

CC ID: 654925
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 654959
Activity Date/Time: 2016-11-09
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 654958
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717590
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Attribute values were reviewed for accuracy by agency representatives from WDFW, ODFW, and NOAA.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

A formal accuracy assessment of the horizontal positional information in the data set has not been conducted.

Vertical Positional Accuracy:

A formal accuracy assessment of the vertical positional information in the data set has either not been conducted, or is not applicable.

Completeness Report:

Data set is considered complete for existing state and federal fishing closures/restrictions in effect as of June 2015. The data do not include all spatially-explicit fishing regulations. The focus is on fishing closures and restrictions that generally persist through time, and do not include many fishing management measures that are used to open and close areas dynamically to manage seasons, fisheries stocks, and/or quotas. The geographic focus of the data is on the marine coasts of Washington, Oregon, and California, and do not include closures/restrictions in inland seas (Puget Sound) or estuaries. The data set includes closures/restrictions applicable to fishing/harvesting of fish and invertebrates, but not marine plants, aquaculture or mariculture.

Conceptual Consistency:

Attributes were reviewed for consistency by comparing all unique values within each attribute. If source data included a coastline for a closed area, that coastline was retained. If data were developed from coordinates or a description and required a coastline, NOAA's Continually Updated Coastline (CUSP) was used. For a few sites where the only restriction/prohibition is for kelp harvesting or aquaculture, the text description from the regulation was retained (comm_closure or rec_closure), but the comm_fishing or rec_fishing attribute was set to "no site restrictions" to indicate that for fish and invertebrate fishing there are no restrictions. For a few Yelloweye Rockfish Conservation Areas (YRCA) that have not been implemented, the boundaries and type of closure are included, but comm_fishing and rec_fishing are set to "no site restrictions."

Lineage

Sources

California Halibut Trawl Grounds

CC ID: 654914
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2015-06-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-06
Citation URL: ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/R7_MR/MANAGEMENT/MAN_SCSR_HalibutTrawlGrounds.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for California state halibut trawl grounds closures | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

California Marine Life Refuges

CC ID: 654912
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Citation URL: ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/R7_MR/MANAGEMENT/MAN_CA_MarineLifeRefuges.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for California Marine Life Refuges | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

California State Marine Protected Areas

CC ID: 654911
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2014-10-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-10-01
Citation URL: ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/R7_MR/MANAGEMENT/MPA/MPA_CA_Existing_141001.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for California Marine Protected Areas | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

Continually Updated Shoreline Product (CUSP)

CC ID: 654907
Contact Name: NOAA, National Geodetic Survey
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://shoreline.noaa.gov/data/datasheets/cusp.html
Source Contribution:

shoreline for closures that are delineated with the coastline | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

Cowcod Conservation Area

CC ID: 654913
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Citation URL: ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/R7_MR/MANAGEMENT/MAN_SCSR_Cowcod_ConsArea.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for Cowcod Conservation Areas | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) off Washington, Oregon, and California for NMFS' Final Rule Implementing Amendment 19 to the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan

CC ID: 654904
Contact Name: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Regional Office
Publish Date: 2006-05-11
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006-05-11
Citation URL: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/maps_data/essential_fish_habitat.html
Source Contribution:

Groundfish Essential Fish Habitat Conservation Area boundaries | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

Federal Marine Protected Areas in the Northern Channel Islands California

CC ID: 654915
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2008-03-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2008-03
Citation URL: ftp://ftp.dfg.ca.gov/R7_MR/MANAGEMENT/MPA/MPA_NCI_Federal.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for federal MPAs around the Channel Islands | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

fishing_closures_westcoast

CC ID: 654902
Contact Name: West Coast Ocean Data Network
Publish Date: 2015-08-31
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-07
Citation URL: http://portal.westcoastoceans.org/
Source Contribution:

Fishing closure boundaries were compiled from many existing sources or created from coordinates or descriptions provided in the regulations. If the closure boundary was available in GIS format from the managing agency (WDFW, ODFW, CDFW, NOAA Fisheries), their source data was used. If it was not available from the managing agency but available in a GIS format from a secondary source (NOAA MPA Inventory), that secondary source data were used. Otherwise, the boundaries were generated from a list of coordinates or a description from the regulation. Regulation and fishing closure attribute details were researched from agency websites and internet search engines. | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set (Polygon) | Type of Source Media: online

Groundfish Closed Area Coordinates

CC ID: 654906
Contact Name: NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2001
Extent End Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/fisheries/management/groundfish_closures/groundfish_closed_areas.html
Source Contribution:

Coordinates for closed areas without existing GIS data | Source Geospatial Form: coordinate lists | Type of Source Media: online

Loggerhead Closure and PLCA

CC ID: 654905
Contact Name: NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Citation URL: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/fishery_management/hms_program/hms_complianceguide_030315.pdf
Source Contribution:

boundaries for Pacific loggerhead and Pacific leatherback closures areas (PLCA) | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: digital data

Oregon Marine Reserves and Protected Areas

CC ID: 654909
Contact Name: Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2013-07-02
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Extent End Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://www.oregonocean.info/index.php/marine-reserves-sp-26120
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for Oregon marine reserves and protected areas | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

State Designated Marine Managed Areas for the State of Oregon

CC ID: 654910
Contact Name: Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2008-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2008
Citation URL: http://www.coastalatlas.net/downloads/shapes/StateMarineManagedAreas_ODFW.zip
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for Oregon marine managed areas | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

U.S. Marine Protected Areas Boundaries: MPA Inventory

CC ID: 654903
Contact Name: NOAA, Marine Protected Areas Center
Publish Date: 2014-09-10
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-09-10
Citation URL: http://marineprotectedareas.noaa.gov/dataanalysis/mpainventory
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for some federal closures if not provided in other data sets | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: Digital and/or Hardcopy Resources

Washington State Fishing Closure Areas

CC ID: 654908
Contact Name: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2013-06-30
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013-06-30
Citation URL: http://msp.wa.gov/explore/data-catalog
Source Contribution:

Boundaries for Washington State closures. (Multiple layers used) | Source Geospatial Form: Vector Digital Data Set | Type of Source Media: online

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 654916
Description:

Fishing closure boundaries were compiled from many existing sources or created from coordinates or descriptions provided in the regulations. If the closure boundary was available in GIS format from the managing agency (WDFW, ODFW, CDFW, NOAA Fisheries), their source data was used. If it was not available from the managing agency but available in a GIS format from a secondary source (NOAA MPA Inventory), that secondary source data were used. Otherwise, the boundaries were generated from a list of coordinates or a description from the regulation. Regulation and fishing closure attribute details were researched from agency websites and internet search engines.

Process Date/Time: 2015-07-15 00:00:00

Process Step 2

CC ID: 654917
Description:

1. Clean up field names, lengths, and add aliases of the fishing_closures data provided by WCGA.

2. Repaired geometry.

Process Date/Time: 2015-11-01 00:00:00
Source: fishing_closures_westcoast

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) WestCoastFishingClosures2015

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48943
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 15:56+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-07-02 15:17+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-09