Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2021: Artificial Reefs, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/52767.

Item Identification

Title: Artificial Reefs
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2015-09
Abstract:

An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.

Many reefs are built using objects that were built for other purposes, for example by sinking oil rigs (through the Rigs-to-Reefs program), scuttling ships, or by deploying rubble or construction debris. Other artificial reefs are purpose built (e.g. the reef balls) from PVC or concrete. Shipwrecks may become artificial reefs when preserved on the sea floor. Regardless of construction method, artificial reefs generally provide hard surfaces where algae and invertebrates such as barnacles, corals, and oysters attach; the accumulation of attached marine life in turn provides intricate structure and food for assemblages of fish.

The presence and location of these artificial reefs are not considered to be exact, and have been derived from multiple state websites.

Purpose:

To support coastal and ocean planning and other activities pursuant to the Energy Policy Act, Coastal Zone Management Act, Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, National Environmental Policy Act, Rivers and Harbors Act and the Submerged Lands Act.

Notes:

11022

Supplemental Information:

Spatial_Reference_Information:

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:

Geographic:

Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001

Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001

Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees

Geodetic_Model:

Horizontal_Datum_Name: D WGS 1984

Ellipsoid_Name: WGS 1984

Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0

Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Environmental Governance/Management
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
None artificial
None coastal
None fish
None fisheries
None habitat
None haven
None marine
None oysters
None reef
None reefs
None refugia

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America
None Atlantic
None Gulf of Mexico
None National
None Pacific
None United States
None United States Territories

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Distribution Liability:

NOAA makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the availability, quality, accuracy, content, completeness or suitability for the user's needs of such information. The services, information, and data made available on the MarineCadastre.gov web site are provided 'as is' without warranties of any kind. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 755074
Date Effective From: 2015-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 755076
Date Effective From: 2015-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 755077
Date Effective From: 2015-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 755075
Date Effective From: 2015-09
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 755072
W° Bound: -158.199448
E° Bound: -66.082733
N° Bound: 42.344014
S° Bound: 17.952488

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 755071
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2015-09

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

zip download and REST maps service

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation. http://www.marinecadastre.gov/about/disclaimer.html

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 755078
Download URL: ftp://ftp.coast.noaa.gov/pub/MSP/ArtificialReefs.zip
Distributor: NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM) (2015-09 - Present)
File Name: Artificial Reefs
Description:

zip download

File Type: Arc Geodatabase

Distribution 2

CC ID: 755079
Download URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/arcgis/rest/services/OceanReportingTool/ArtificialReefs/MapServer
Distributor: NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM) (2015-09 - Present)
File Name: Artificial Reefs
Description:

Esri REST service

File Type: REST Service

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 755080
URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/data/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 755081
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 3

CC ID: 880242
URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/oceanreports
Name: Ocean Reporting Tool
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 755083
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-20
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 755082
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 755084
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

The attributes in this dataset are believed to be accurate.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000.

Completeness Report:

Spatial and attribute properties are believed to be complete, although attribute information has been simplified. Geometric thresholds from original data are preserved. No tests have been completed for exhaustiveness.

Conceptual Consistency:

These data are believed to be logically consistent. Geometry is topologically clean.

Lineage

Sources

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755088
Contact Name: California Department of Fish and Game
Publish Date: 2001-06-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2001-06
Citation URL: https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Fishing/Ocean/Artificial-Reefs
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755087
Contact Name: Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Publish Date: 2017-03-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-03
Citation URL: http://www.outdooralabama.com/artificial-reefs
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755090
Contact Name: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
Publish Date: 2017-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-01
Citation URL: http://myfwc.com/conservation/saltwater/artificial-reefs/
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755091
Contact Name: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Resources Division
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-01
Citation URL: http://www.coastalgadnr.org/ArtificialReef
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755092
Contact Name: State of Hawaii, Division of Aquatic Resources
Publish Date: 2014-04-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-04
Citation URL: http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/dar/fishing/artificial-reefs-and-fads/
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755093
Contact Name: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
Publish Date: 2013-04-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013-04
Citation URL: http://www.wlf.louisiana.gov/fishing/artificial-reef-program
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755094
Contact Name: Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Citation URL: http://dnr.maryland.gov/fisheries/Pages/reefs/index.aspx
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755095
Contact Name: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM)
Publish Date: 2014-10-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-10
Citation URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dmf/programs-and-projects/artificial-reefs.html
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755096
Contact Name: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/joomla16/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=53&Itemid=76
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755097
Contact Name: New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2011-05-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011-05
Citation URL: http://www.nj.gov/dep/fgw/refloc00.htm
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755098
Contact Name: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/71702.html
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755099
Contact Name: North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/mf/artificial-reefs-program
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755100
Contact Name: Rhode Island Saltwater Anglers Association
Publish Date: 2005-03-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005-03
Citation URL: http://www.risaa.org/reefs.html
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755101
Contact Name: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Publish Date: 2012-10-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012-10
Citation URL: http://dnr.sc.gov/marine/reef/
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755102
Contact Name: Texas Parks and Wildlife
Publish Date: 2017-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017
Citation URL: http://tpwd.texas.gov/gis/
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755103
Contact Name: Virginia Marine Resources Commission
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Citation URL: http://mrc.virginia.gov/vsrfdf/reef.shtm
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755104
Contact Name: Puerto Rico - HJR Reefscaping
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-01
Citation URL: http://www.hjrreefscaping.com/web/
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: email

ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 755089
Contact Name: State of Delaware Department of Natural Resources
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/Fisheries/Pages/ArtificialReefProgram.aspx
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset. | Type of Source Media: online

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 755105
Description:

+ Go to each individual state website and download the spreadsheet artificial reef data containing location information.

+ Rename the attribute field names to those referenced in the data dictionary, and calculate latitude and longitude fields into decimal degrees.

+ Add the tables into ArcMap and Display as XY data in the NAD83 projection.

+ Export displayed XY data into feature classes in a single geodatabase.

+ Merge all state feature classes into a single feature class.

+ Run the intersect tool to find any overlapping points.

+ Combine attribute data for any overlapping points and delete the spare.

+ Delete all superfluous fields.

+ Check geometry and project data into WGS 1984 Auxiliary Sphere

Process Date/Time: 2017-07-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) Artificial Reefs

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 52767
Metadata Record Created By: Anna Verrill
Metadata Record Created: 2018-05-31 11:33+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Jesse Brass
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-09-28 12:21+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-10-26
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-10-27