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Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Regional Office, 2022: Saipan Coral Nursery Fragment Growth and Parent Colony Fragmentation with the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project (SCNPP) in the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) since 2019, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/64586.

Item Identification

Title: Saipan Coral Nursery Fragment Growth and Parent Colony Fragmentation with the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project (SCNPP) in the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) since 2019
Short Name: SCNPP: Coral Nursery Fragment Growth
Status: On Going
Publication Date: 2021-05-21
Abstract:

The data described here result from parent colony fragmentation collection and the monitoring of the fragment growth in the coral nursery through the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project (SCNPP). Parent colony survey data includes genus and species identification, collection site information including: latitude, longitude, reef name, reef zone, depth, and tag number.

Fragment growth data from the nursery includes: the nursery identifier, parent colony identifier, fragment code, genus and species name, presence/absence, and growth data.

Scoping surveys were conducted at potential parent colony collection sites around Saipan to confirm the presence of healthy target coral species for collection. Surveys were conducted in both Forereef and Lagoon reef types. Fragments were collected using an appropriate cutting tool from parent colonies of five target coral species including: Acropora. pulchra, A. globiceps, A. aspera, A. abrotanoides, and A. muricata. Wild abundance and nursery capacity determined the number of parent colonies collected for each species.

Coral fragments were, and continue to be measured by following a three-dimensional survey design, tagged with a unique identifier, and transported immediately to the nursery site where they are attached to the nursery structures using monofilament fishing line. Each nursery tree has a PVC backbone with 10 fiberglass arms, each containing 10 holes, holding a total of 100 corals per tree with monofilament line. The trees are secured to the sea floor by duckbill anchors.

All nursery fragments are monitored for growth, survival and health status through measurement utilizing athree-dimensional survey design and visual surveys. All parent colonies are surveyed at least once after fragment collection to assess the healing process.

The data from the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Purpose:

This project represents the first effort to develop a coral culturing and restoration program in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). Funding has been provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Pacific Islands Regional Office (PIRO) Habitat Conservation Division (HCD), and NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), and contracted to Johnston Applied Marine Sciences (JAMS). The primary local stakeholder included the CNMI Bureau of Environmental and Coastal Quality Division of Coastal Resources Management (BECQ-DCRM), the Department of Lands and Natural Resources (DLNR), and the Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW).

The overarching goals of this project over the long-term are to maintain and enhance coral populations, including threatened species, through cultivation and propagation, restore coral reef ecosystem function, and improve reef resilience. The objectives of this contract were to support the scoping, construction, deployment, and monitoring of the first ocean-based coral nursery in the CNMI and the first coral nursery in the Pacific to work with a listed coral species (Acropora globiceps).

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral biodiversity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Condition
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Growth
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Growth > Linear Growth Rate
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - Growth Rate
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - biological
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - coral reef
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey -swimmer/diver
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Small Boat
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS NW Pacific
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Regional Office
None CNMI
None Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
None Coral culturing
None Coral fragment
None Coral Nursery
None Coral restoration
None JAMS
None Johnston Applied Marine Sciences
None Managaha Marine Conservation Area
None Mariana Archipelago
None Mariana Islands
None Marianas
None Nursery tree
None Pacific Islands Regional Office
None Parent Colony
None PIRO
None Saipan
None Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project
None SCNPP

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Saipan > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Mariana Archipelago > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Saipan Island > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Regional Office
City: Saipan
State/Province: MP
Country: USA
Location Description:

The CNMI NOAA Field Office

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The Parent Colony Fragmentation data described here includes: Donor ID and code, Parent colony survey data includes genus and species identification, collection site information including: latitude, longitude, reef name, reef zone, depth, and tag number.

The Coral Nursery Fragment Growth data described here includes: Fragment growth data from the nursery includes: the nursery identifier, parent colony identifier, fragment code, genus and species name, presence/absence, and growth data.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/64664
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 1066786
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): McKagan, Steven
Address: PMB582 10003
Saipan, MP 96950
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Email Address: steven.mckagan@noaa.gov
Phone: 670-234-0004

Distributor

CC ID: 1066787
Date Effective From: 2021
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 1066788
Date Effective From: 2021
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): McKagan, Steven
Address: PMB582 10003
Saipan, MP 96950
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Email Address: steven.mckagan@noaa.gov
Phone: 670-234-0004

Originator

CC ID: 1066789
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Regional Office (PIRO)
Address: 1845 Wasp Boulevard, Bldg 176
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA

Originator

CC ID: 1066790
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: https://coralreef.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1066791
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): McKagan, Steven
Address: PMB582 10003
Saipan, MP 96950
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Email Address: steven.mckagan@noaa.gov
Phone: 670-234-0004

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1066880
W° Bound: 145.68493
E° Bound: 145.79035
N° Bound: 15.27333
S° Bound: 15.10417
Description

Parent colony fragmentation sites area

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 1066793
W° Bound: 145.725903
E° Bound: 145.726103
N° Bound: 15.240542
S° Bound: 15.240342
Description

The Saipan Coral Nursery - ID: SCN_01 in the data

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1066879
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2019-06-06
End: 2020-12-02
Description:

Time frame of parent colony fragmentation. Collection of the fragments is opportunistic based on different contingencies like nursery expansion, funding and out planting activities.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 1066794
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2019-06-06
End: 2020-06-29
Description:

Time frame of surveys conducted in the coral nursery

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Policy:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project dataset data steward and point of contact.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by SCNPP, proper acknowledgement is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) Those utilizing the data are strongly urged to inform the SCNPP team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data.

Example acknowledgment:

"This publication makes use of data products gathered by the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project (SCNPP), The CNMI NOAA Field Office, Pacific Island Regional Office (PIRO), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program. The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1066796
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0239041
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2021 - Present)
File Name: SCNPP_Fragment_Growth
Description:

Fragment species, mortality and growth monitoring data collected while secured to the nursery tree in the coral nursery.

File Date/Time: 2021-05-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1066798
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0239041
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2021 - Present)
File Name: SCNPP_Parent_Colony
Description:

Species and site information of the parent colony providing the associated fragment for the coral nursery.

File Date/Time: 2021-05-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 3

CC ID: 1066797
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0239041
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2021 - Present)
File Name: Site_Locations
Description:

Lookup table of nursery location

File Date/Time: 2021-05-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 1066799
URL: https://storymaps.arcgis.com/stories/e3b7072d13ad4f9a80853641e4b2f4e2
Name: Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project ArcGIS Story Map
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

The ArcGIS story map describing the purpose, methodology and nursery design for the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project. Published by the Hollings Scholars in 2020.

URL 2

CC ID: 1066800
URL: https://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=b83e111a90da42d09f9228836cfd0a43
Name: Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project Development and Performance ArcGIS Story Map
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

The ArcGIS story map describing the reason for restoration, nursery design, data collected and the future direction of the pilot project. Published by the Hollings Scholars in 2019.

URL 3

CC ID: 1066801
URL: https://jamssaipan.com/projects/
Name: Johnston Applied Marine Sciences Projects
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

The Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project and a description of this project is in the list of projects supported by Johnston Applied Marine Sciences.

URL 4

CC ID: 1066829
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about/pacific-islands-regional-office
Name: Pacific Islands Regional Office
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

The Pacific Islands Regional Office "About Us" page.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

All observers are briefed on measuring protocols prior to entering the water each time measurements are taken. All new and inexperienced observers are first trained on land using dead fragments and coral rubble and calibrated with an “expert” observer.

Handheld GPS units were used to mark parent colony and nursery site locations.

Field Precision:

Three colony dimensions are measured: length (L; maximum colony diameter), width (W; maximum diameter perpendicular to the length axis), and height (H; maximum diameter of the plane perpendicular to the L/W plane). Individual branch lengths are measured as the length of the branch from the apex to the base, down the center axis of the branch (Johnson et al. 2011). All measurements are taken using a ruler or vernier calipers and recorded to the nearest 0.1 cm.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection are used each time measurements are taken.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Observers review all data, including metadata, on the day of collection and again at data entry to check for errors. Additional QC procedures are built in to the database and include formatting and value checks to minimize entry of erroneous information. A final check is conducted by the data manager.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data is captured on physical data sheets, then entered into an MS Access database, then data is exported and backed up onto google drive.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The parent colony fragmentation methodology and coral fragment growth monitoring three-dimensional survey method, employed by the Saipan Coral Nursery Pilot Project team since 2019.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1066826
Description:

Fragmentation of Parent Colonies

Using existing data on habitat type, coral cover, and community composition, we first developed maps of likely collection sites for staghorn corals within the Saipan lagoon and along the shallow forereefs of Saipan. Based on these data and maps, we conducted approximately 10 scoping surveys at potential collection sites to confirm the presence of suitable colonies of target species for collection. Fragment were then collected from parent colonies from 16 A. pulchra, eight A. globiceps, eight (putative) A. aspera, four A. abrotanoides, and four A. muricata parent colonies. The number of parent colonies collected for each species was dictated by abundance in the environment (i.e., ability to find colonies across collection sites) and nursery capacity. To capture as much of the local genetic diversity as possible, fragments were collected from parent colonies from 12 geographically disparate sites around Saipan.

During collections, we took precautions to minimize potential negative impacts on wild populations, collected fragments, and reef habitat, by adhering to procedures based on best management practices developed over the last ten years in the Caribbean and Atlantic. Only healthy, “adult” (>10 cm diameter) colonies were selected as donors. Corals with any sign of disease, predation, or other ongoing stress, were not fragmented. No more than 10% of any individual parent colony was collected and fragments were collectured using an appropriate cutting tool for the size and shape of branch (e.g. wire cutters, small shears, chisel, etc.). Cuts were made as cleanly as possible to promote rapid lesion healing and recovery and fragments are cut between 3 cm to 5 cm in length.

All parent colonies were tagged for future monitoring to assess impacts of fragmentation on parent colonies. Each parent colony is monitored post-sampling at least one time to assess health.

Process Contact: McKagan, Steven
Phone (Voice): 670-234-0004
Email Address: steven.mckagan@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 1066827
Description:

The Coral Nursery and Fragment Growth Monitoring

After sampling the coral fragments from the parent colony, each fragment is immediately measured, tagged with a unique identifier, and transported immediately to the nursery site where they are attached to the nursery structures using monofilament fishing line. During transport, the fragments are kept submerged in seawater and protected from direct sunlight to maintain temperature and minimize stress.

Three colony dimensions are measured: length (L; maximum colony diameter), width (W; maximum diameter perpendicular to the length axis), and height (H; maximum diameter of the plane perpendicular to the L/W plane). Individual branch lengths are measured as the length of the branch from the apex to the base, down the center axis of the branch (Johnson et al. 2011). All measurements are taken using a ruler or vernier calipers and recorded to the nearest 0.1 cm. This survey method is conducted initially during fragment sampling from the parent colony and is repeated over time, once the fragment is in the nursery, monitoring for growth, survival, and health status.

Each nursery tree has a PVC backbone with 10 fiberglass arms, each containing 10 holes, holding a total of 100 corals per tree with monofilament line. The trees are secured to the sea floor by duckbill anchors.

After installation, the nursery trees are cleaned monthly. Wire and plastic brushes are used to scrub algae off of all structures, and monofilaments lines are wiped cleaned with scouring pads or gloves. During each cleaning effort, all structures and hardware are checked thoroughly for any issues or needed repairs or maintenance.

Process Contact: McKagan, Steven
Phone (Voice): 670-234-0004
Email Address: steven.mckagan@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Coral Nursery Growth Data Table
Entity Parent Colony Data Table

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 64586
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:64586
Metadata Record Created By: Brooke Olenski
Metadata Record Created: 2021-04-29 22:50+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-10-20 02:07+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-09-22
Owner Org: PIRO
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2021-09-22
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-09-22