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Short Citation:
OCM Partners, 2023: 2017 USDA Forest Service Lidar DEM: Olympic National Forest, WA, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/67284.

Item Identification

Title: 2017 USDA Forest Service Lidar DEM: Olympic National Forest, WA
Short Name: wa2017_olym_forest_dem_m9512_metadata
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2017
Abstract:

No metadata record was provided with the data. This record is populated with information from the Tetra Tech technical report downloaded from the Washington Dept. of Natural Resources Washington Lidar Portal. The technical report is available for download from the link provided in the URL section of this metadata record.

Tetra Tech was contracted by the USDA Forest Service, Region 6 to provide high-density airborne LiDAR data and derived mapping products for 2 areas within the Olympic National Forest covering an area of 232 square miles. The LiDAR acquisition took place during 4 flight missions on October 29, 2017 and December 11, 2017, December 13 - 14, 2017.

Purpose:

The LiDAR data and derived products will assist in vegetation mapping, road identification and mapping, hydrologic feature delineation and landcover characterization applications.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION > DIGITAL ELEVATION/TERRAIN MODEL (DEM)
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
ISO 19115 Topic Category
elevation

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WASHINGTON
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
VERTICAL LOCATION > LAND SURFACE

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
LIDAR > Light Detection and Ranging

Platform Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
AIRCRAFT

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: Elevation
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Model (digital)
Distribution Liability:

Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA, the Office for Coastal Management or its partners.

Data Set Credit: Tetra Tech, USDA Forest Service, Washington Dept. of Natural Resources

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 1172187
Date Effective From: 2022
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 1172186
Date Effective From: 2022
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 1172188
Date Effective From: 2022
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1172189
Date Effective From: 2022
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1172208
W° Bound: -124.004831
E° Bound: -122.938469
N° Bound: 48.000119
S° Bound: 47.314651

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1172210
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2017-12-11

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 1172209
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2017-10-29

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 1172207
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2017-12-13
End: 2017-12-14

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Reference Systems

Reference System 1

CC ID: 1172198

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Projected
EPSG Code: EPSG:2927
EPSG Name: NAD83(HARN) / Washington South (ftUS)
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Reference System 2

CC ID: 1172197

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Vertical
EPSG Code: EPSG:6360
EPSG Name: NAVD88 height (ftUS)
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data is available online for bulk and custom downloads.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1172191
Start Date: 2021-07-15
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://chs.coast.noaa.gov/htdata/raster5/elevation/WA_Olym_For_DEM_2017_9512
Distributor: NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM) (2022 - Present)
File Name: Bulk Download
Description:

Bulk download of data files in GeoTiff format, WA State Plane South NAD83(HARN) US survey feet coordinates and orthometric heights in feet.

File Type: GeoTIFF

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1172190
Start Date: 2021-07-15
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=9512/details/9512
Distributor: NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM) (2022 - Present)
File Name: Customized Download
Description:

Create custom data files by choosing data area, product type, map projection, file format, datum, etc. A new metadata will be produced to reflect your request using this record as a base. Change to an orthometric vertical datum is one of the many options.

File Type: Zip
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 1172192
URL: https://lidarportal.dnr.wa.gov/download?ids=1166
Name: Lidar Report
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Link to the Tetra Tech Technical Lidar Report from the Washington Lidar Portal.

URL 2

CC ID: 1172193
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/
Name: NOAA's Office for Coastal Management (OCM) Data Access Viewer (DAV)
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

The Data Access Viewer (DAV) allows a user to search for and download elevation, imagery, and land cover data for the coastal U.S. and its territories. The data, hosted by the NOAA Office for Coastal Management, can be customized and requested for free download through a checkout interface. An email provides a link to the customized data, while the original data set is available through a link within the viewer.

Data Quality

Vertical Positional Accuracy:

Twenty checkpoints were collected within the two areas and were used to assess the absolute accuracy of the data. The LiDAR was compared to these points. The average dZ was - 0.0364 feet with an average RMSE of 0.074 ft (2.3 cm).

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-CO
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

Data is backed up to tape and to cloud storage.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) downloaded the GeoTiff files from the Washington Lidar Portal.

Sources

Washington Dept of Natural Resources

CC ID: 1172199
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Washington Dept of Natural Resources
Citation URL: https://lidarportal.dnr.wa.gov/
Citation URL Name: Washington Lidar Portal

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1172200
Description:

Lidar Acquisition

The LiDAR acquisition took place during 4 flight missions on October 29, 2017 and December 11, 2017, December 13 - 14, 2017. Weather conditions during collection were clear and free of cloud/fog, precipitation, and any other weather phenomena which would negatively impact the collection. Collection occurred during leaf-off conditions and with no snow in the area of interest, as to acquire the most accurate ground model possible. 105 flight lines of LiDAR were collected to achieve the required specifications for each area. The LiDAR data was collected using an Riegl LMS-Q1560 and Optech Galaxy T1000 system. For the Q1560 LiDAR acquisition, the nominal flying height was 1400m above ground level (AGL) and flying speed was approximately 145kts. The Galaxy LiDAR acquisition was flown from 975m AGL at a similar flying speed. The scan field of view for the Riegl Q1560 is 29 degrees either side of nadir, for a total scan field of view (FoV) of 58 degrees and scans at a rate of 800 kHz. Due to the nature of the 4-sided rotating mirror in Riegl scanners, only 2/3 pf pulses are recorded (533 kHz usable). The Galaxy acquires a variable FoV (10 - 60 degrees) in order to account for terrain variation, and was operated at a 400 kHz scan rate.

The settings on the sensors yield an average pulse density of 4+ pulses per flight line. Acquiring data with double coverage ensures that the desired point density is met. Note that each pulse may result in one or more returned points as the pulse filters through vegetation, etc. Water or highly absorbent

material may result in very few or no LiDAR returns as these materials poorly reflect the laser pulse. During the flight, the airborne trajectory was monitored with kinematic AGPS combined with IMU observations. The LiDAR data was combined with the GPS/IMU data to create the raw .las files. These raw files were then calibrated to create a dataset that was then used to create the desired mapping products.

GNSS post-processing determines the position and attitude of the aircraft at 200Hz along the entire flight path. This data is logged for the Riegl Q1560 via an Applanix POS AV510 and an Applanix AP60 for the Optech Galaxy. Post-processing requires data from the onboard GNSS and Inertial Measurement

Unit (IMU) as well as data from one or more static GNSS base station(s) with known coordinates. Post processing is performed in Applanix PosPAC MMS software. Here the aircraft GNSS / IMU data is referenced to the base station data to provide adjusted positions for the aircraft in latitude, longitude,

and height, roll, pitch, and yaw / heading. The final trajectory is then smoothed, and exported in .pos format for use in the LiDAR point cloud extraction. The resulting flight path is commonly referred to as a Smoothed Best Estimate of Trajectory (SBET). In this project location there is a great distribution of 1Hz CORS and WSRN reference stations publicly available. These base stations were combined into an Applanix Smart Base during post-processing to

model GNSS corrections over the entire AOI. The result is a high accuracy baseline with reduced dropouts or PDOP spikes due to satellite loss on a single station. Mission planning ensures the project is flown during periods of good satellite visibility, resulting here in an average PDOP of 1.5 and maximum spike to 2.8.

Process Step 2

CC ID: 1172201
Description:

Lidar Boresight

Prior to acquisition of the project area, a boresight mission was flown over Port Coquitlam, BC in an area with many buildings and other planar objects. The boresight flight consisted of 3 lines in a north-south direction and 3 lines in an east-west direction, with significant overlap between all lines. The boresight data was then calibrated using Riegl's RiProcess software. A quality check was performed using matching tie planes which are calculated automatically and analyzed via a least-squares adjustment. Adjustments to the scanner orientation parameters can then be calculated to minimize residuals between the tie planes. Manual cross section checks were also performed to verify the automatic results. Once deemed properly calibrated, scanner parameters are then carried forward with all subsequent acquisition datasets for the project.

Process Step 3

CC ID: 1172202
Description:

Data Calibration

The Q1560 LiDAR data was processed through RiProcess in a similar process as with the Boresight. The LAS data is then exported each scan line. All data was projected into the OR_WA Albers projection and adjusted to the proper geoid (GEOID12B) at this time. After export, the Q1560 dataset was combined with the Optech data. The project was then examined for relative and absolute accuracy within each flight and mission‐to‐mission. Control points measured by CompassData Inc. were provided to Eagle Mapping to aid with quality assessment. Flight lines which overlapped these control points were then examined in detail to identify systematic positioning errors which could be compensated for with further processing. A slight vertical bias was identified in the datasets acquired by both scanners, so these datasets were shifted vertically to better fit the ground control points. Q1560 data was shifted by ‐0.106m and Galaxy L1000 data was shifted by +0.259m. These offsets can be attributed to biases in the system boresight and/or lever arm values, and are easily corrected for.

Process Step 4

CC ID: 1172203
Description:

Once the QA of the collected LiDAR was complete, classification of the LiDAR began. An automated ground classification filter was developed using TerraScan software, and applied to the LiDAR data. After the automated filter was run, a manual QC was conducted to review of all of LiDAR within the area of interest. Special attention was used in both the automation and manual classification to ensure that the ground was classified correctly due to the density of the low vegetation. The LiDAR was classified

into:

1 - Unclassified

2 - Ground

7 - Low Point

18 - High Noise

Once the review of the classified LiDAR was complete, DTMs and DSMs were created. The DTMs were created using the ground classified LiDAR. The DSMs were created using first and only return LiDAR points. In addition, intensity Images were generated from the LiDAR dataset.

Process Step 5

CC ID: 1172205
Description:

The NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) downloaded 21 raster DEM files in GeoTiff format from the Washington Lidar Portal. The data were in Washington State Plane South NAD83(HARN), US survey feet coordinates and NAVD88 (Geoid12A) elevations in feet. The bare earth raster files were at a 3 feet grid spacing. No metadata record was provided with the data. This record is populated with information from the Tetra Tech technical report downloaded from the Washington Dept. of Natural Resources Washington Lidar Portal.

OCM performed the following processing on the data for Digital Coast storage and provisioning purposes:

1. Used an internal script to assign the EPSG codes (Horizontal EPSG: 2927 and Vertical EPSG: 6360) to the GeoTiff formatted files.

2. Copied the files to https.

Process Date/Time: 2022-05-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: Office for Coastal Management (OCM)

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 67284
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:67284
Metadata Record Created By: Rebecca Mataosky
Metadata Record Created: 2022-05-25 14:16+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Rebecca Mataosky
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-10-05 13:59+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2022-05-25
Owner Org: OCMP
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-05-25
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-05-25