2017 List of Fisheries

The 2017 List of Fisheries classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals:

Click on the fishery name links in the table below for (current and historical) descriptions.

For more information, please see the Federal Register (82 FR 3655, January 12, 2017).  

In accordance with the White House memorandum of January 20, 2017, the effective date is delayed to March 21, 2017 (82 FR 9690, February 8, 2017).

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Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

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Category I

Fishery Description

Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

HI deep-set longline *^

139

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, MHI Insular1

False killer whale, HI Pelagic1

False killer whale, NWHI

Pygmy killer whale, HI

Risso's dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Sperm whale, HI

Striped dolphin, HI

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

CA thresher shark/ swordfish drift gillnet (>/=14 in mesh) *

18

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

California sea lion, U.S.

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Minke whale, CA/OR/WA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA

Sperm Whale, CA/OR/WA1

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Category II

Fisheries Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

CA halibut/ white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Sea otter, CA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size >/=3.5 in and <14 in) 2

30

California sea lion, U.S.

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2

1,862

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2

979

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

Harbor porpoise, GOA1

Harbor seal, GOA

Sea otter, Southwest AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

736

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Harbor seal, GOA

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

Sea otter, South central AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

569

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA1

Harbor seal, GOA

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2

162

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Harbor seal, GOA

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2

113

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

Northern Sea otter, Southwest AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA1

Harbor seal, GOA

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Sea otter, South central AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

474

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2

168

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor Porpoise, Southeastern AK

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

210

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Harbor porpoise, inland WA1

Harbor seal, WA inland

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

32

Bearded seal, AK

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1

Killer whale, AK resident1

Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Ringed seal, AK

Ribbon seal, AK

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

Walrus, AK

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

102

Bearded Seal, AK

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor seal, AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Ribbon seal, AK

Ringed seal, AK

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

17

Killer whale, ENP AK resident1

Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

 

 

CA spiny lobster

194

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA

CA spot prawn pot

25

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

CA Dungeness crab pot

570

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

OR Dungeness crab pot

433

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA coastal Dungeness crab pot

228

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

45

Dall's porpoise, AK

Killer whale, GOA, BSAI, transient1

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Ringed seal, AK

HI shallow-set longline *^

20

Blainville's beaked whale, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, HI Pelagic1

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Risso's dolphin, HI

Rough-toothed dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Striped dolphin, HI

American Samoa longline2

20

Bottlenose dolphin, unknown

Cuvier's beaked whale, unknown

False killer whale, American Samoa

Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa

Short-finned pilot whale, unknown

HI shortline2

9

None documented

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Category III

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

1,778

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

54

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

29

Harbor seal, GOA

Sea otter, South central AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

920

None documented

CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

296

None documented

HI inshore gillnet

36

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI

WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA/OR Mainstem Columbia River eulachon gillnet

15

None documented

WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

MISCELLANEOUS NET FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

83

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

376

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

AK Southeast salmon purse seine

315

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

2

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

2

None documented

AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

10

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

356

None documented

AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented

AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed elsewhere)

936

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor seal, Prince William Sound

WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented

CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA

CA squid purse seine

80

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA tuna purse seine *

10

None documented

WA/OR Lower Columbia salmon seine

10

None documented

WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented

WA salmon purse seine

75

None documented

WA salmon reef net

11

None documented

HI lift net

17

None documented

HI inshore purse seine

<3

None documented

HI throw net, cast net

23

None documented

HI seine net

24

None documented

DIP NET FISHERIES:

 

 

CA squid dip net

115

None documented

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

 

 

CA marine shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented

CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.

HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented

WA salmon net pens

14

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, WA inland waters

WA/OR shellfish aquaculture

23

None documented

TROLL FISHERIES:

 

 

WA/OR/CA albacore surface hook and line/troll

705

None documented

CA halibut hook and line/handline

unknown

None documented

CA white seabass hook and line/handline

unknown

None documented

AK salmon troll

1,908

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

American Samoa tuna troll

13

None documented

CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented

HI troll

2,117

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI

HI rod and reel

322

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

40

None documented

Guam tuna troll

432

None documented

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

3

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

4

Killer whale, AK resident

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

22

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

855

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

92

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

25

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

295

Sperm whale, North Pacific

AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2,197

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK octopus/squid longline

3

None documented

AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

464

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

WA/OR Pacific halibut longline

350

None documented

CA pelagic longline

1

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

HI kaka line

15

None documented

HI vertical line

3

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

13

Ribbon seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

72

Ringed seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

36

Northern elephant seal, North Pacific

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

55

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

67

Dall's porpoise, AK

Fin whale, Northeast Pacific

Northern elephant seal, North Pacific

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

43

None documented

AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl

282

None documented

AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

38

None documented

AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented

 

CA halibut bottom trawl

47

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor porpoise, unknown

Harbor seal, unknown

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Steller sea lion, unknown

CA sea cucumber trawl

16

None documented

WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160-180

California sea lion, U.S.

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

 

 

AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

4

None documented

AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

4

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

59

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

540

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

2

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

381

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

128

Harbor seal, GOA

AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

41

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot

 

269

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

236

None documented

AK octopus/squid pot

26

None documented

AK snail pot

1

None documented

CA/OR coonstripe shrimp pot

36

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, CA

CA rock crab pot

124

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, CA

WA/OR/CA hagfish pot

54

None documented

WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented

WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented

HI crab trap

5

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

HI fish trap

9

None documented

HI lobster trap

<3

None documented in recent years

HI shrimp trap

10

None documented

HI crab net

4

None documented

HI Kona crab loop net

33

None documented

HOOK-AND-LINE, HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:

 

 

AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

456

Fin whale, Northeast Pacific

AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

180

None documented

AK octopus/squid handline

7

None documented

American Samoa bottomfish

24

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

28

None documented

Guam bottomfish

>300

None documented

HI aku boat, pole, and line

<3

None documented

HI bottomfish handline

578

None documented in recent years

HI inshore handline

357

None documented

HI pelagic handline

534

None documented

WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented

Western Pacific squid jig

0

None documented

HARPOON FISHERIES:

 

 

CA swordfish harpoon

6

None documented

POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:

 

 

AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

409

None documented

AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

2

None documented

HI bullpen trap

3

None documented

BAIT PENS:

 

 

WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.

DREDGE FISHERIES:

 

 

Alaska scallop dredge

108 (5 AK)

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

 

 

AK abalone

0

None documented

AK clam

130

None documented

AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented

AK herring spawn on kelp

339

None documented

AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

398

None documented

HI black coral diving

<3

None documented

HI fish pond

5

None documented

HI handpick

46

None documented

HI lobster diving

19

None documented

HI spearfishing

163

None documented

WA/CA kelp

4

None documented

WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

201

None documented

OR/CA sea urchin, sea cucumber hand, dive, or mechanical collection

10

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

 

 

AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000 (2,702 AK)

Killer whale, unknown

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:

 

 

CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

HI aquarium collecting

90

None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:

  • AK - Alaska
  • CA - California
  • GOA - Gulf of Alaska
  • HI - Hawaii
  • OR - Oregon
  • WA - Washington
  • 1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2 Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3
  • ^ The list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in this fishery is identical to the list of species or stocks killed or injured in high seas component of the fishery, minus species or stocks have geographic ranges exclusively on the high seas. The species or stocks are found, and the fishery remains the same, on both sides of the EEZ boundary. Therefore, the EEZ components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the components operating on the high seas.
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Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

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Category I

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Mid-Atlantic gillnet

3,950

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Northeast sink gillnet

4,332

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Fin whale, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Hooded seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

Risso's dolphin, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

 

 

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

10,163

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

North Atlantic right whale, WNA1

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline*

420

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Cuvier’s beaked whale, WNA

False killer whale, WNA

Kogia spp. (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1

Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian East coast

Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX

Pygmy sperm whale, GMX

Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1

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Category II

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured 

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2

248

Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Northern migratory coastal or Southern migratory coastal)

Gulf of Mexico gillnet2

248

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

NC inshore gillnet

2,850

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

Northeast anchored float gillnet2

852

Harbor seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast drift gillnet2

1,036

None documented

Southeast Atlantic gillnet2

273

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

30

Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Central FL, Northern FL, SC/GA coastal, or Southern migratory coastal)

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

TRAWL FISHERIES

 

 

Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

382

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl

785

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA1

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

Risso’s dolphin, WNA1

Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

1,087

Common dolphin, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1

Minke whale, Canadian East coast

Northeast bottom trawl

2,238

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Risso's dolphin, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

4,950

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1

West Indian manatee, Florida

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

 

 

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot2

1,384

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastalBottlenose dolphin, FL Bay

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine (FL west coast portion)

Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2

3,436

Fin whale, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

7,714

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Central GA estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern SC estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

West Indian manatee, FL

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine

 

40-42

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Mississippi Sound, Lake Borgne, Bay Boudreau

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1

Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2

19

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

359

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1

NC long haul seine

30

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

STOP NET FISHERIES:

 

 

NC roe mullet stop net

1

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Southern migratory coastal or Southern NC estuarine system)

POUND NET FISHERIES:

 

 

VA pound net

26

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1

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Category III

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Caribbean gillnet

>991

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

DE River inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet

unknown

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern SC estuarine system

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

>58

None documented

Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented

GA cannonball jellyfish trawl

1

Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

 

 

Finfish aquaculture

48

Harbor seal, WNA

Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

>7

Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

>2

None documented

FL West Coast sardine purse seine

10

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine *

5

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line

>1,207

None documented

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

428

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented

U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline

unknown

None documented

TRAP/POT FISHERIES

 

 

Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented

Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented

FL spiny lobster trap/pot

1,268

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, FL Keys

Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

Bottlenose dolphin, Barataria Bay

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Mississippi Sound, Lake Borgne, Bay Boudreau

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine

West Indian manatee, FL

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

unknown

None documented

STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET/FLOATING TRAP FISHERIES:

 

 

Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

>1

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

White-sided dolphin, WNA

U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net)

unknown

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system

RI floating trap

9

None documented

Northeast and Mid-Atlantic fyke net

unknown

None documented

DREDGE FISHERIES:

 

 

Gulf of Maine sea urchin dredge

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Maine mussel dredge

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

>403

None documented

Mid-Atlantic blue crab dredge

unknown

None documented

Mid-Atlantic soft-shell clam dredge

unknown

None documented

Mid-Atlantic whelk dredge

unknown

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge

7,000

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

unknown

None documented

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented

Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Choctawhatchee Bay

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern SC/GA coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

 List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:

  • DE - Delaware
  • FL - Florida
  • GA - Georgia
  • GME/BF - Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy
  • GMX - Gulf of Mexico
  • MA - Massachusetts
  • NC - North Carolina
  • SC- South Carolina
  • VA - Virginia
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic
  • 1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2 Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3
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Table 3 - Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

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Category I

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species *

86

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA

False killer whale, WNA

Killer whale, GMX oceanic

Kogia spp. (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian East coast

Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA

Risso's dolphin, GMX

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Deep-set component) * ^

139

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, HI Pelagic

Pygmy killer whale, HI

Risso's dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Sperm whale, HI

Striped dolphin, HI

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species ^

5

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

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Category II

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

0

Undetermined

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species **

1

Undetermined

CCAMLR

0

Antarctic fur seal

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

 

 

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

38

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

 

 

CCAMLR

0

None documented

South Pacific Albacore Troll

10

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

2

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component) * ^

20

Blainville's beaked whale, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic

False killer whale, HI pelagic

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Northern elephant seal, CA breedingRisso's dolphin, HI

Rough-toothed dolphin, HI

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Striped dolphin, HI

HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

3

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

46

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

7

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

2

Undetermined

TROLL FISHERIES:

 

 

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

2

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

30

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

4

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

17

Undetermined

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Category III

Fishery Description Estimated # of Vessels/Persons Marine Mammal Species and Stocks Incidentally Killed or Injured

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

 

 

Northwest Atlantic Bottom Longline

1

None documented

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * +

114

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

6

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

 

 

Northwest Atlantic

1

None documented

TROLL FISHERIES:

 

 

Pacific Highly Migratory Species *

187

None documented

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3:

  • GMX- Gulf of Mexico
  • NEI - Not Elsewhere Identified
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic
  • * Fishery is an extension/component of an existing fishery operating within U.S. waters listed in Table 1 or 2.  The number of permits listed in Table 3 represents only the number of permits for the high seas component of the fishery
  • ** These gear types are not authorized under the Pacific HMS FMP (2004), the Atlantic HMS FMP (2006), or without a South Pacific Tuna Treaty license (in the case of the South Pacific Tuna fisheries).   Because HSFCA permits are valid for five years, permits obtained in past years exist in the HSFCA permit database for gear types that are now unauthorized.  Therefore, while HSFCA permits exist for these gear types, it does not represent effort.  In order to land fish species, fishers must be using an authorized gear type.  Once these permits for unauthorized gear types expire, the permit-holder will be required to obtain a permit for an authorized gear type.
  • ^ The list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in this fishery is identical to the list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in U.S. waters component of the fishery, minus species or stocks that have geographic ranges exclusively in coastal waters, because the marine mammal species or stocks are also found on the high seas and the fishery remains the same on both sides of the EEZ boundary.  Therefore, the high seas components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the components of these fisheries operating in U.S. waters.
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