Draft Black Abalone Recovery Plan (Haliotis cracherodii)
The Draft Black Abalone Recovery Plan describes the recovery goals, objectives, criteria, and actions needed to recover black abalone throughout its range in California and Baja California.
NOAA Fisheries’ goal is to restore black abalone populations in the wild to the point where it is a self-sustaining species that no longer needs the protections of the Endangered Species Act. The Draft Recovery Plan gives a brief background on the natural history, status, and threats to black abalone. The Draft Recovery Plan lays out a recovery strategy to address the threats based on the best available science, identifies site-specific actions with time lines and costs, and includes demographic and threats-based recovery criteria to gauge progress toward recovery. Demographic recovery criteria describe the characteristics of recovered, viable black abalone populations, and threats-based recovery criteria represent the conditions needed to minimize the impacts of threats and support the species’ long-term viability.