The Endangered Species Status Review of the Spotted Seal (Phoca largha)
This status review is intended to be a compilation of the best available information concerning the status of spotted seals (Phoca largha), including the past, present, and future threats to this species. It was compiled by a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Biological Review Team (BRT) in response to a petition filed by the Center for Biological Diversity to list the spotted seal as threatened or endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), primarily due to concern about threats to this species’ habitat from climate warming and loss of sea ice.