Red slate pencil urchin (Heterocentrotus mamillatus) on the reef at Hawaii Island, Hawaii (Photo: NOAA Fisheries).
Earlier declines in marine resources, combined with current fishing pressures and devastating coral mortality in 2015, have resulted in a degraded coral reef ecosystem state at Puakō in west Hawaiʹi. Changes to resource management are needed to facilitate recovery of ecosystem functions and services. We developed an ecosystem model to evaluate the performance of alternative management scenarios at Puakō in the provisioning of ecosystem services to human users (marine tourists, recreational fishers) and enhancing the reef's ability to recover from pressures (resilience). Outcomes of the continuation of current management plus five alternative management scenarios were compared under both high and low coral-bleaching related mortality over a 15-year time span.
Weijerman M, Gove JM, Williams ID, Walsh WJ, Minton D, Polovina JJ. Evaluating management strategies to optimise coral reef ecosystem services. (Published in the Journal of Applied Ecology).
Carolyn Jacobson, veteran U.S. Army, joined the 2015 NOAA/CCC Veterans Fisheries Corps.