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Threatened and Endangered Species List Gulf of Mexico

Threatened and Endangered Species and Critical Habitats Under NOAA Fisheries Jurisdiction

 

Species

Listing Status

Recovery Plan

Critical Habitat 

Green sea turtle 

Threatened - North Atlantic Distinct Population Segment (81 FR 20057; April 6, 2016)

October 1991

Proposed Rule (88 FR 46572; July 19, 2023)63 FR 46693; September 2, 1998

Kemp’s ridley sea turtle

Endangered (35 FR 18319; December 2, 1970)

September 2011

None

Leatherback sea turtle

Endangered (35 FR 8491; June 2, 1970)

April 1992

44 FR 17710; March 23, 1979

Loggerhead sea turtle

Threatened - Northwest Atlantic Ocean Distinct Population Segment

(76 FR 58868; September 22, 2011)

December 2008

79 FR 39856July 10, 2014

Hawksbill sea turtle

Endangered (35 FR 8491; June 2, 1970)

December 1993

63 FR 46693September 2, 1998

Smalltooth sawfish

U.S. Distinct Population Segment Endangered (68 FR 15674; April 1, 2003)

January 2009

72 FR 45353October 2, 2009

Gulf sturgeon

Threatened (56 FR 49653; September 30, 1991)

September 1995

68 FR 13370; March 19, 2003

Nassau grouper

Threatened (81 FR 42268; June 29, 2016)

2018 Recovery Outline 

89 FR 126; January 2, 2024

Oceanic whitetip shark

Threatened (83 FR 4153; January 30, 2018)

2018 Recovery Outline

None

Giant manta ray

Threatened (83 FR 2916; January 22, 2018)

December 2019

None

Queen conch

Proposed Threatened (87 FR 55200; September 8, 2022)

None

None

Elkhorn coral

Threatened (71 FR 26852; May 9, 2006)

March 2015

73 FR 72210; November 26, 2008

Staghorn coral

Threatened (71 FR 26852; May 9, 2006)

March 2015

73 FR 72210; November 26, 2008

Boulder star coral

Threatened (79 FR 53851; September 10, 2014)

None

88 FR 54026; August 09, 2023

Mountainous star coral

Threatened (79 FR 53851; September 10, 2014)

None

88 FR 54026; August 09, 2023

Lobed star coral

Threatened (79 FR 53851; September 10, 2014)

None

88 FR 54026; August 09, 2023

Rough cactus coral

Threatened (79 FR 53851; September 10, 2014)

None

88 FR 54026; August 09, 2023

Pillar coral

Proposed Endangered (88 FR 59494; August 29, 2023); Threatened (79 FR 53851; September 10, 2014)

None 

88 FR 54026; August 09, 2023

Sperm whale

Endangered (35 FR 18319; December 2, 1970)

December 2010 None

Rice's whale

Endangered (84 FR 15446, April 15, 2019); Name Change (86 FR 47022; August 23, 2021)

September 2020 Recovery Outline  

Proposed Rule (88 FR 47453, July 24, 2023)

Last updated by Southeast Regional Office on February 01, 2024