Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 165 endangered and threatened marine species (80 endangered; 85 threatened), including 66 foreign species (40 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 5 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 13 candidate species for ESA listing, 0 proposed species for ESA listing.

Display All
Species Name
Species Category
Species, Subspecies, or DPS
Status
Year Listed
Recovery Plan
Critical Habitat
Region
Haliotis cracherodii
Invertebrates
Abalone
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2009
West Coast
Balaenoptera musculus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Sebastes paucispinis
Fish
Protected Fish
Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS
ESA Endangered
2010
Alaska
West Coast
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Sacramento River winter-run
ESA Endangered
1994
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River spring-run
ESA Endangered
1999
Alaska
West Coast
California coastal
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Central Valley spring-run
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Puget Sound
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River fall-run
ESA Threatened
1992
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River spring/summer-run
ESA Threatened
1992
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Willamette River
ESA Threatened
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Klamath-Trinity River
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Oregon Coast spring-run
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
West Coast
Central Valley spring-run in the San Joaquin River XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River spring-run in the Okanogan River subbasin XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Oncorhynchus keta
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Columbia River ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Hood Canal summer-run ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Oncorhynchus kisutch
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Central California coast ESU
ESA Endangered
2005; 1996 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River ESU
ESA Threatened
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Oregon coast ESU
ESA Threatened
2008
Alaska
West Coast
Southern Oregon & Northern California coasts ESU
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Thaleichthys pacificus
Fish
Protected Fish
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened
2010
Alaska
West Coast
Balaenoptera physalus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Eschrichtius robustus
Whales
Western North Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1994; 1970 (original)
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Acipenser medirostris
Fish
Protected Fish
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened
2006
Alaska
West Coast
Chelonia mydas
Sea Turtles
Central South Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
-
Pacific Islands
Central West Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
-
Pacific Islands
Mediterranean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Central North Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
Pacific Islands
East Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
West Coast
North Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
South Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
Southeast
East Indian-West Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
North Indian DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Indian DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Arctocephalus townsendi
Seals & Sea Lions
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
1985
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Mycteroperca jordani
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2016
-
West Coast
Eretmochelys imbricata
Sea Turtles
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Megaptera novaeangliae
Whales
Central America DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
West Coast
Western North Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
Alaska
Arabian Sea DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
Foreign
Cape Verde Islands/Northwest Africa DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
Foreign
Mexico DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
Alaska
West Coast
Orcinus orca
Whales
Dolphins & Porpoises
Southern Resident DPS
ESA Endangered
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Dermochelys coriacea
Sea Turtles
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Northwest Atlantic population
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Caretta caretta
Sea Turtles
North Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered
2011
Pacific Islands
West Coast
Mediterranean Sea DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
North Indian Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
South Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Northwest Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened
2011
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
South Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Southeast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Indian Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Eubalaena japonica
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2008; 1970 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Carcharhinus longimanus
Fish
Protected Fish
Highly Migratory Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2018
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Lepidochelys olivacea
Sea Turtles
Mexico's Pacific coast breeding populations
ESA Endangered
1978
-
West Coast
Pacific Islands
All other populations
ESA Threatened
1978
-
Pacific Islands
Fish
Protected Fish
Highly Migratory Fish
Sharks
Eastern Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2014
-
West Coast
Eastern Atlantic DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Central & Southwest Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Southeast
Indo-West Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Pacific Islands
Balaenoptera borealis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Oncorhynchus nerka
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Snake River ESU
ESA Endangered
1991
Alaska
West Coast
Ozette Lake ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Physeter macrocephalus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Southern California DPS
ESA Endangered
1997
Alaska
West Coast
California Central Valley DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Northern California DPS
ESA Threatened
2000
Alaska
West Coast
Puget Sound DPS
ESA Threatened
2007
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River Basin DPS
ESA Threatened
2006
Alaska
West Coast
South-Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
2006; 1997 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Willamette River DPS
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Eumetopias jubatus
Seals & Sea Lions
Western DPS
ESA Endangered
1997; 1990 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Haliotis sorenseni
Invertebrates
Abalone
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2001
West Coast
Sebastes ruberrimus
Fish
Protected Fish
Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin DPS
ESA Threatened
2010
Alaska
West Coast