Hawaiian Monk Seal

Hawaiian monk seal swimming in the ocean.

About The Species

The Hawaiian monk seal is one of the rarest marine mammals in the world. They are one of only two remaining monk seal species. The other is the Mediterranean monk seal. A third monk seal species—the Caribbean monk seal—is extinct. Hunted to the brink of extinction in the late 19th century, Hawaiian monk seal populations continue to decline. They are listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act and depleted under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

The Hawaiian monk seal is one of NOAA Fisheries' Species in the Spotlight.  

NOAA Fisheries is committed to conserving and protecting the Hawaiian monk seal. Our scientists and partners use a variety of innovative techniques to study and protect this species.

Learn more about the Hawaiian monk seal

Status

ESA Endangered

throughout its range

CITES Appendix I

throughout its range

MMPA Depleted

throughout its range

Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Carnivora
Family
Phocidae
Genus
Neomonachus
Species
schauinslandi