West Coast Groundfish Trawl Rationalization Catch Share ProgramProject (PRJ) | Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC)
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:11090 | Updated: August 9, 2022 | Published / External
|Title:||West Coast Groundfish Trawl Rationalization Catch Share Program|
|Short Name:||IFQ Catch Shares|
On January 11, 2011 NOAA Fisheries implemented the West Coast Groundfish Trawl Rationalization Catch Share Program. Under this Shorebased Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) Program, the West Coast Groundfish Trawl Fishery is now managed under a new, innovative approach known as a catch share program. On August 10, 2010, NOAA Fisheries approved a catch share program for the West Coast Trawl Groundfish Fishery to achieve long-term ecological and economic sustainability of the fishery resources and fishing communities.
Under a catch share program, the total overall allowable catch or quota in the shorebased trawl-fishery is divided into shares controlled by fisherman. The amount of fish an individual fisherman can catch is limited by the amount of quota they hold, thereby allowing them the flexibility to better plan their season, reduce bycatch of overfished species, and fish during safer weather.
Each quota share holder, based on their quota share percentages and the fleet-wide quota, receives an annual allocation of quota pounds by species/species group. To be fished, these quota pounds need to be transferred into a vessel account that is associated with a specific vessel. In order to manage the transfer of quota pounds from quota share owners to fishing vessels, the Scientific Data Management (SDM) team at the Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC) developed the IFQ website (https://www.webapps.nwfsc.noaa.gov/ifq), a transaction based, secure Internet application and supporting data management system. This system allows quota share owners and participating fishermen, to log into their account and to transfer quota pounds between accounts, see their existing quota pound balance and transaction history. Fishermen can also see their catch and bycatch discard reports on a per landing basis.
In order to report landing data, observer discards, fishing declaration, groundfish fisheries permits, and economic data survey information, the IFQ database system maintains a connection to various data sources.
In order to participate in the west-coast groundfish fishery as a Quota Share owner, fishing vessel, or fish processor, a valid permit from the NMFS Northwest Regional Office Permits Office is required. The IFQ database system maintains a direct connection to the Permits Office database to report up to date permit ownership.
Before a fishing trip can start, the fisherman must report to the NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement (OLE) that they intend to fish under the catch share program. In order for the IFQ system to track this "declaration", a direct link has been established to the OLE Declarations Database. When a landing report is submitted to the IFQ system, the vessel's declaration is dynamically pulled from the OLE database.
All fishing trips landed under the IFQ Program must have a certified observer from the West Coast Observer Program on board to track all bycatch. This data is entered into the Observer database that is managed at the NWFSC and processed weekly into the IFQ database.
All landed fish must be reported to the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC) by a licensed catch monitor and licensed fish processor (first receiver). In order to process this data into the IFQ database, a webservice has been provided by the PSMFC. On a nightly basis the IFQ system, pulls daily landing reports from catch monitors and fish processors from this webservice. The data is then processed by the IFQ system to debit quota pounds from the fisherman's account. If the account does not have enough quota pounds for each species to cover the landing, the account goes into deficit and the fisherman has 30 days to transfer quota pounds into his account to cover the deficit.
As part of the annual IFQ vessel account renewal process, participating IFQ fishermen must complete an economic data survey that is distributed by the Economics Program at the NWFSC. This data is managed in the EDC database at the NWFSC and during the renewal period is available directly to the IFQ database, to report completeness of the EDC survey.
While quota pound transfers and individual landing reports are limited to IFQ participants, several data reports are available to the public and can be downloaded as comma separated value formatted text files. These reports include total catch to date and remaining available catch by species; quota share distribution by percent and total quota pounds, and quota pound balances for individual quota share owners; and quota pound balance and remaining quota pounds that can be distributed to each vessel by species.
In order to make landing data more readily available to vessel owners, a secure webservice has been provided that allows a vessel owner to download their landing data for a specified date range.
The purpose of the IFQ system is provide a user friendly, secure, web based tool to allow quota share owners and IFQ vessels to manage and track quota pound transactions between quota share accounts and vessel account, and to track and report fish landings reported to the PSMFC and the West Coast Observer Program.
|Organization:||ZZ Historical Northwest Regional Office|
|Project Type:||Data System|
|Mandated By:||Northwest Regional Office|
|Date Effective From:||2011-01-01|
|Date Effective To:|
|Contact (Person):||Freese, Steve|
600 Sand Point Way, NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Point of Contact
|Date Effective From:||2011-01-01|
|Date Effective To:|
|Contact (Person):||Ford, Kevin|
7600 Sand Point Way, NE
Seattle, WA 98115-6349
Extent Group 1
Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1
West coast shore-based trawl fishing limits as determined by NOAA Fisheries, including offshore areas of Washington, Oregon, and California.
|Data Access Policy:||
Individual account information and data is available only to the owner of the account and others that have been granted access by the owner.
|Data Access Procedure:||
Data is available to authorized system users only. They must login via secure socket layer with user name and password.
Background information about the Catch share program
IFQ application page
The web application user interface is provided through the Adobe Flash environment. The backend database is built on Oracle 10G and accessed by the user interface through a Java middle tier using IBATIS.
|IFQ||Individual Fishing Quota|
|PSMFC||Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission|
|SDM||Scientific Data Management team|
|Catalog Item ID:||11090|
|Metadata Record Created By:||Jeffrey W Cowen|
|Metadata Record Created:||2011-06-17 12:16+0000|
|Metadata Record Last Modified By:||SysAdmin InPortAdmin|
|Metadata Record Last Modified:||2022-08-09 17:10+0000|
|Metadata Record Published:||2016-02-28|
|Metadata Publication Status:||Published Externally|
|Do Not Publish?:||N|
|Metadata Last Review Date:||2016-02-28|
|Metadata Review Frequency:||1 Year|
|Metadata Next Review Date:||2017-02-28|