Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Water Chemistry of the Coral Reefs across the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands from Water Samples collected from 2012 to 2014, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25253.

Item Identification

Title: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Water Chemistry of the Coral Reefs across the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands from Water Samples collected from 2012 to 2014
Short Name: RAMP: Water Chemistry
Status: Superseded
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

Water samples are collected and analyzed to assess spatial and temporal variation in the seawater carbonate systems of coral reef ecosystems in the Hawaiian and Mariana Archipelagos, American Samoa, and the Pacific Remote Island Areas as part of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP).

Laboratory experiments reveal calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) are strongly correlated to seawater aragonite saturation state. Predictions of reduced coral calcification rates, due to ocean acidification, suggest that coral reef communities will undergo ecological phase shifts as calcifying organisms are negatively impacted by changing seawater chemistry.

The data described here are from water samples collected at existing, long-term monitoring sites during NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) led NCRMP missions around the American Samoa and the Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2012, the Hawaiian Archipelago in 2013, and Wake Island and the Mariana Archipelago in 2014. Two water samples are typically collected from each site—one at the reef and one at the surface directly above the reef—and a third sample may also be collected approximately 1 km offshore from the site. The samples are processed by ESD and sent to NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) to be analyzed for total alkalinity (TA) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). From these constituents, alongside temperature, salinity, and depth data, other constituents of the seawater carbonate system can be calculated. These monitoring data provide a baseline for tracking reef carbonate system changes due to globally increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Purpose:

The NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) details a long term approach to provide an ecosystem perspective via monitoring climate, fish, benthic, and socioeconomic variables in a consistent and integrated manner. The NCRMP is intended to coordinate various NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) biological, physical, and human dimensions activities into a cohesive NOAA-wide effort. Through the implementation of the NCRMP, NOAA will be able to clearly and concisely communicate results of national-scale monitoring to national, state, and territorial policy makers, resource managers, and the public on a periodic basis.

To support a long-term Coral Reef Conservation Program for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program (OAP), total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon are measured to calculate various inorganic carbon system parameters that influence coral reef ecosystems monitored by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD). SCUBA divers take discrete water samples at the benthos and at the surface at forereef study sites established by the ongoing Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP).

Notes:

The 2013 and 2014 data overlap with the following NCRMP accessions:

- Hawaiian Archipelago 2013: Accession 0157714, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36067

- Wake Island, Pacific Remote Island Areas 2014: Accession 0159171, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36065

- Mariana Archipelago 2014: Accession 0157715, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36066

Supplemental Information:

The National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) is a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach will consolidate monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico for the first time. NCRMP is funded by the CRCP and supported by NOAA Fisheries, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), and many other partners. The PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) at NOAA Fisheries is leading ocean and climate change monitoring in the U.S. Pacific Islands Region.

The climate component of NCRMP in the Pacific provides a comprehensive view of climate change impacts on coral reef ecosystems and helps identify areas of resilience and vulnerability. The key indicators used to identify and monitor climate-driven trends include 1) thermal stress caused by changes in sea temperature, 2) ocean acidification resulting from changes in carbonate chemistry, and 3) ecological impacts by collecting data on coral growth rates, erosion, and community structure to understand the impacts of thermal stress and ocean acidification on the ecosystem. Each year, ESD scientists work closely with CRCP and partners during Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP) missions to collect data using moored oceanographic (subsurface temperature recorders) and ecological (calcification accretion units [CAUs] and autonomous reef monitoring structures [ARMS]) instruments stationed at fixed sites in the Pacific Ocean, and water samples collected by divers. The in-situ data and satellite-based observations are also used in modeling efforts. Innovative analysis techniques are used to develop products that give fellow scientists, managers, decision makers and the public a better understanding of a region’s resources and how they are changing over time.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier): doi:10.25921/nnk7-5f86
DOI Registration Authority: NOAA

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Water Quality
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Alkalinity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbon Dioxide
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbonate Chemistry
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Chemistry Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolved Gases
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Inorganic Carbon
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Ocean Acidification
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > pH
CRCP Project 587
CRCP Project 743
CRCP Project National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
CRCP Project Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Monitoring coral reef ecosystems of the US Pacific Islands and Atolls
ISO 19115 Topic Category 014
ISO 19115 Topic Category Oceans
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS Conductivity
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS DEPTH - OBSERVATION
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS PRESSURE - WATER
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS SALINITY
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA)
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS WATER DENSITY
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS WATER TEMPERATURE
NODC Observation Types Thesaurus water chemistry
NODC Platform Names Thesaurus HI'IALAKAI
NODC Project Names Thesaurus Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC Project Names Thesaurus CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC Project Names Thesaurus National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
NODC Project Names Thesaurus Ocean Acidification Program
NODC Project Names Thesaurus Pacific Reef and Assessment Monitoring Program
NODC Submitting Institution Names Thesaurus US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None RAMP
None Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Aguihan > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Guguan > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Maug > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Pagan > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Rota > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Saipan > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Tinian > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii (21N160W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Baker Island > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii > Hawaii (21N160W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Howland Island > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Johnston Atoll > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Wake Atoll > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Aguihan Island Reefs > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guguan Island > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Mariana Archipelago > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Maug Island > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Pagan Island > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Rota Island > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Saipan Island > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Tinian Island Reefs > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus Equatorial Pacific Ocean
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus Marianas Trench Marine National Monument
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus North Pacific Ocean
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus NW Pacific (limit-180)
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus Rose Atoll Marine National Monument
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus South Pacific Ocean
None CNMI
None Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
None Main Hawaiian Islands
None Mariana Archipelago
None Mariana Islands
None Marianas
None MHI
None Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
None NWHI
None Pacific Remote Island Areas
None PRIA

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

A data dictionary describing each column provided in the data set is included in the NCEI archive package as a comma-separated file. The columns provided in the dataset include: Year, RegionCode, Location, REA_Site, Cruise, ShallowCTDID, CastType, Latitude, Longitude, UTCDateTime, Sample_Depth_(m), DIC, DIC_QC, TA, TA_QC, Conductivity_S/m, Salinity_PSU, Temperature_DegC, Pressure_db, and Density_Sigmat.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36874
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and partners

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 365532
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 217926
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Young, Charles W
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: charles.young@noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 258306
Date Effective From: 2015-11-16
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 216421
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To: 2015-11-15
Contact (Person): Trick, Kevin L
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: kevin.trick@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5421
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 216418
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 216417
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 804216
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Barkley, Hannah C
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 216419
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Oliver, Thomas
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5444

Point of Contact

CC ID: 216420
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To: 2014
Contact (Person): Young, Charles W
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: charles.young@noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Mariana Archipelago including Guam, Rota, Tinian, Aguijan, Saipan, Sarigan, Guguan, Alamagan, Pagan, Asuncion, Maug, and Farallon de Pajaros.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 258311
W° Bound: 144.6259204
E° Bound: 145.832969
N° Bound: 20.54501178
S° Bound: 13.23108553

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 258313
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014-03-24
End: 2014-05-05
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1401
Description:

MARAMP 2014, Legs I through III

Extent Group 2

Extent Description:

American Samoa including Tutuila, Manu'a (Ofo, Olosega, and Ta'u), Rose Atoll, and Swains.

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 258316
W° Bound: -171.092233
E° Bound: -168.1378498
N° Bound: -11.04568868
S° Bound: -14.55966177

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 258320
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-21
End: 2012-04-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

ASRAMP 2012, Legs II and III (some surveys were conducted at Tutuila during Leg I)

Extent Group 3

Extent Description:

Hawaiian Archipelago including the main Hawaiian Islands (Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, Oahu, Molokai, Niihau, and Lanai), and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (French Frigate Shoals, Lisianski, Pearl and Hermes, and Kure).

Extent Group 3 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 258321
W° Bound: -178.3864304
E° Bound: -154.8175912
N° Bound: 28.46040001
S° Bound: 18.92598792

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 258323
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-10-18
End: 2013-10-30
Alternate Start As Of Info: SB1320
Description:

MHI RAMP 2013, Shore-based surveys on Oahu

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 258324
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-07-13
End: 2013-07-14
Alternate Start As Of Info: SE1305
Description:

NWHI RAMP 2013, piggy-back mission, Kure

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 258327
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-08-02
End: 2013-08-22
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1304
Description:

MHI RAMP 2013

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 258328
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-09-05
End: 2013-09-18
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1305
Description:

NWHI RAMP 2013

Extent Group 4

Extent Description:

Pacific Remote Island Areas (PRIA) including Baker, Howland, Jarvis, and Wake islands, Kingman Reef, and Johnston and Palmyra atolls. Wake Island is routinely surveyed as part of the Mariana Archipelago RAMP (MARAMP) missions, whereas the remaining six PRIA are surveyed as part of the American Samoa RAMP (ASRAMP) missions (Johnston, Baker and Howland during the first leg of ASRAMP, and Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra during the last leg of ASRAMP).

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 258331
W° Bound: 166.588816
E° Bound: -159.9791194
N° Bound: 19.32551276
S° Bound: -0.38235459

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 258333
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-02
End: 2012-03-17
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

ASRAMP 2012, Leg I, Phoenix Islands portion

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 258334
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-05-03
End: 2012-05-18
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

ASRAMP 2012, Leg IV, Line Islands

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 258339
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014-03-16
End: 2014-03-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1401
Description:

MARAMP 2014, Leg I, Wake Atoll

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program. The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Suggested Citation:

Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2016). Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Water Chemistry of the Coral Reefs across the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands from Water Samples collected from 2012 to 2014. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25253.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 216682
Download URL: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0081/0131502/1.1/data/0-data/
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2015-11-16 - Present)
File Name: OA_H2OSamples(2012-2014).csv
Description:

Water quality data from nearly 500 water samples collected by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division at 273 sites across the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands, including the Hawaiian and Mariana Archipelagos, American Samoa, and the Pacific Remote Island Areas between 2012 and 2014.

The 2013 and 2014 data overlap with the following NCRMP accessions:

Hawaiian Archipelago 2013: Accession 0157714, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36067

Wake Island, Pacific Remote Island Areas 2014: Accession 0159171

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36065

Mariana Archipelago 2014: Accession 0157715

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/36066

File Date/Time: 2015-09-08 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 216683
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0131502
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2015-11-16 - Present)
File Name: OA_H2OSamples-MetadataEA.csv
Description:

Data dictionary for the water chemistry dataset described herein, which includes a description of each column and it's domain values contained in the CSV file.

File Date/Time: 2015-09-08 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 3

CC ID: 217927
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2015-11-16 - Present)
File Name: Dickson_2007_SOP_OceanCO2.pdf
Description:

Dickson et al. (2007) protocols, Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp. ("Guide" in one PDF file).

File Date/Time: 2007-10-12 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

Distribution 4

CC ID: 216679
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157633
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2015-11-16 - Present)
File Name: PMEL_2010_SOP_DICandTA.pdf
Description:

Discrete water sample collection protocol, established by the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL).

File Date/Time: 2010-05-14 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 216684
URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/Handbook_2007.html
Name: Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements (Dickson et al, 2007). The "Guide" all in one PDF is available on this website as well.

URL 2

CC ID: 218618
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/ocean_acidification.php
Name: Ocean Acidification
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) website, Ocean Acidification page.

URL 3

CC ID: 218619
URL: https://galapagosscience.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/chuki_niskin.jpg
Name: SCUBA diver collecting a water sample
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: JPG
Description:

Example of a SCUBA diver collecting a water sample underwater using a Niskin Bottle. Source: Galapagos Science Center, El-Nino Research Cruise News Blog, https://galapagosscience.wordpress.com/.

URL 4

CC ID: 258344
URL: http://www.coris.noaa.gov/monitoring/
Name: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program website.

URL 5

CC ID: 258345
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/pacific_ramp.php
Name: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP)
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) website, Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP).

Technical Environment

Description:

Microsoft Access 2007

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Accuracy of laboratory analysis is explained in detail in Dickson et al (2007).

Comparability:

Since the carbonate system can vary on a diurnal scale and not all samples are taken at the exact same time of day, considering the time a sample was taken may be important for some analyses. However, because all samples are taken between 8:00 AM and 4:00 PM, variation due to diurnal change is expected to be small.

Completeness Report:

All analyzed samples are included.

Conceptual Consistency:

The data are very consistent, sample collection and processing protocols are adhered to very rigorously, both in the field and in the lab.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

PMEL conducts quality assurance and quality control on their analyses; the precision and accuracy of DIC analyses are on the order of ± 0.05% and TA analyses are on the order of ± 0.1% in a laboratory setting.

Data quality flags are provided by NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) and included in the dataset. These flags indicate if something went wrong with the analytical equipment or with the processing of the samples. PMEL uses the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) data quality flag system, where '2's correspond to good values, '3's to questionable data, and '4's to bad data. Most water samples collected by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and analyzed by PMEL in this dataset received a '2' data quality flag and the remainder were flagged as questionable ('3').

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) assembles carbonate chemistry information from discrete seawater samples analyzed for two parameters: 1) Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC), which in some literature is defined as Total Carbon (CT), and 2) Total Alkalinity (TA or AT). The carbonate system is influenced by seawater salinity, temperature, pressure, and the dissolved nutrients silicate (SiO44-) and phosphate (PO43-).

All carbonate system collection and measurement methodologies follow the protocols accepted by the greater scientific community and outlined in Dickson et al. (2007)

Sources

Dickson et al (2007), SOP 1: Water Sampling for the parameters of the oceanic carbon dioxide system

CC ID: 365539
Citation URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Handbook_2007/sop01.pdf
Citation URL Name: SOP 1
Citation URL Description:

Water Sampling for the parameters of the oceanic carbon dioxide system

Source Contribution:

Protocol

Dickson et al (2007), SOP 2: Determination of total dissolved inorganic carbon in sea water

CC ID: 365540
Citation URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Handbook_2007/sop02.pdf
Citation URL Name: SOP 2
Citation URL Description:

Determination of total dissolved inorganic carbon in sea water

Source Contribution:

Protocol

Dickson et al (2007), SOP 3b: Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration

CC ID: 365541
Citation URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Handbook_2007/sop03b.pdf
Citation URL Name: SOP 3b
Citation URL Description:

Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration

Source Contribution:

Protocol

Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.

CC ID: 365542
Citation URL: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Handbook_2007/Guide_all_in_one.pdf
Citation URL Name: Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements
Source Contribution:

Reference

Inorganic Carbon Sampling: Planning and Sample Collection

CC ID: 215216
Contact Role Type: Publisher
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
Publish Date: 2010-05-14
Citation URL: http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/files/dic_sample_technique_revised_5-17-10.pdf
Citation URL Name: Inorganic Carbon Sampling: Planning and Sample Collection
Source Contribution:

Survey protocol

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 215217
Description:

Discrete water samples are collected according to the protocol established by the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL).

Process Contact: Young, Charles W
Email Address: charles.young@noaa.gov
Source: Inorganic Carbon Sampling: Planning and Sample Collection

Process Step 2

CC ID: 215218
Description:

PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) collects supplementary salinity, temperature, and pressure values by deploying a Seabird Electronics SBE-19plus CTD in concert with every discrete seawater sample collection.

Process Contact: Young, Charles W
Email Address: charles.young@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 217929
Description:

NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) supports PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division's (ESD) carbonate chemistry sampling through the laboratory analysis of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA), provision of the sample bottles and transport cases, and technical consultation. The source document contains the protocols that PMEL uses to analyze water samples for DIC and TA.

Source: Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.

Process Step 4

CC ID: 365697
Description:

The Total Alkalinity (TA) analysis employs a two-stage, potentiometric, open-cell titration using coulometrically analyzed HCl.

Source: Dickson et al (2007), SOP 3b: Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) Water Chemistry Entity

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 25253
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2015-06-05 19:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-08-03 16:13+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-11-30
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-12-01