Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Belt Transect Surveys for Demographics and Condition of Corals at U.S. Pacific Reefs from 2007 to 2012, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25260.

Item Identification

Title: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Belt Transect Surveys for Demographics and Condition of Corals at U.S. Pacific Reefs from 2007 to 2012
Short Name: RAMP: Coral Demographics from 2007 to 2012
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2017-06
Revision Date: 2019-01
Publication Date: 2019
Abstract:

The data described here result from benthic coral demographic surveys in the Hawaiian and Mariana Archipelagos, American Samoa, and the Pacific Remote Island Areas as part of NOAA's Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP). Permanent sites located in hard-bottom habitats in 0-30 m depths were surveyed using belt transects to collect adult coral colony metrics, including colony size, partial mortality in two categories - old dead and recent dead, and non-lesion forming condition, including bleaching and disease.

The data provided in this data set were collected during NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD; formerly the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division) led Pacific RAMP cruises across the Pacific Islands Region from 2008 to 2012.

Data collected as part of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument funded research cruises in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2012 are also included as these data were funded separately from but are complementary to the Pacific RAMP data collected by ESD. A two-stage stratified random sampling (StRS) design was employed during these monument-led missions in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats in the 0-30 m depth range. The stratification scheme included island, reef zone, and depth. Sampling effort was allocated based on strata area and sites were randomly located within strata. The StRS design effectively reduces estimate variance through stratification using environmental covariates and by sampling more sites rather than sampling more transects at a site. Therefore, site-level estimates and site-to-site comparisons should be used with caution.

Purpose:

The Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP), established by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD)---formerly known as the Coral Reef Ecosystem Divisin (CRED)---and supported by NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), is tasked with documenting and understanding the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems in the U.S. Pacific. Pacific RAMP involves interdisciplinary monitoring of oceanographic conditions and biological surveys of organisms associated with hard-bottom habitats in 0-30 m depths. Each Pacific Islands region—including the Hawaiian and Mariana Archipelagos, American Samoa, and the Pacific Remote Island Areas—was typically surveyed on a biennial cycle, with the goal to support integrated, consistent and comparable monitoring of coral reefs across all U.S.-affiliated regions.

Supplemental Information:

The data described here was collected as part of the Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP), which pre-dates the establishment of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) in 2013, which is a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach consolidates monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico. NCRMP is funded by the CRCP and supported by NOAA Fisheries, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), and many other partners. The PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division at NOAA Fisheries is leading biological monitoring of coral reefs in the U.S. Pacific Islands Region.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Coral Colony Size and Condition
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Rapid assessment studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > BioDiversity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 1221
CRCP Project 587
CRCP Project C204 Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP): Biennial monitoring for the US Pacific Islands and Atolls
CRCP Project Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Monitoring coral reef ecosystems of the US Pacific Islands and Atolls
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - COLONY SIZE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - biological
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - swimmer/diver
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS HI'IALAKAI
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS OSCAR ELTON SETTE
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Reef and Assessment Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP)
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None belt transect
None Coral Belt Survey
None Coral Disease
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None RAMP
None Rapid Ecological Assessment
None REA
None Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Biennial

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Agrihan Island > Agrihan Island (18N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Aguihan > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Guguan > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Maug > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Pagan > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Rota > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Saipan > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Tinian > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > South Bank (14S170W0067)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > South Bank (14S170W0067)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Baker Island > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Howland Island > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Johnston Atoll > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Wake Atoll > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Rose Island > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Agrihan Island > Agrihan Island (18N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Aguihan Island Reefs > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guguan Island > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Mariana Archipelago > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Maug Island > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Pagan Island > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Rota Island > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Saipan Island > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Tinian Island Reefs > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Equatorial Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Marianas Trench Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS NW Pacific
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Rose Atoll Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean
None CNMI
None Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
None Main Hawaiian Islands
None Mariana Archipelago
None Mariana Islands
None Marianas
None MHI
None Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
None NWHI
None Pacific Remote Island Areas
None Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
None Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
None PMNM
None PRIA
None PRIMNM

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Maintenance Note:

Data collected during monument-led cruises in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012 were added in 2019.

Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw survey data includes metadata for each survey (where, when, who, area); site characteristics (depth, reef type, habitat); individual adult coral observations identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible (usually species) including empirical size measurement and all other recorded colony attributes including partial mortality and condition. The raw data also include individual observations of crustose coralline algae diseases and Alcyonarian disease recorded disease type and lesion size.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/45798
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program; Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 383428
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To: 2012
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 803238
Date Effective From: 2007
Date Effective To: 2012
Contact (Organization): Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

Data Steward

CC ID: 383430
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Distributor

CC ID: 383429
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 203163
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 203161
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Originator

CC ID: 203164
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To: 2012
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Originator

CC ID: 803239
Date Effective From: 2007
Date Effective To: 2012
Contact (Organization): Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

Point of Contact

CC ID: 203162
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Mariana Archipelago

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 572219
W° Bound: 144.6259167
E° Bound: 145.8516418
N° Bound: 20.5532
S° Bound: 13.24143198
Description

Mariana Archipelago

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 572220
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-04-05
End: 2009-04-14
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0902
Description:

Mission HI0902 at Aguijan, Guam, Rota, Saipan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 572222
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-04-18
End: 2009-05-05
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0903
Description:

Mission HI0903 at Agrihan, Alamagan, Asuncion, Farallon de Pajaros, Guguan, Maug, Pagan, Saipan, and Sarigan.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 572223
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-04-07
End: 2011-05-09
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1101
Description:

Mission HA1101 at Agrihan, Aguijan, Alamagan, Asuncion, Farallon de Pajaros, Guam, Guguan, Maug, Pagan, Rota, Saipan, Sarigan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 2

Extent Description:

American Samoa

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 572224
W° Bound: -171.09222
E° Bound: -168.1377763
N° Bound: -11.04566831
S° Bound: -14.55963914
Description

American Samoa

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 572225
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-02-17
End: 2010-03-20
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1001
Description:

Mission HA1001 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, South Bank, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 572226
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-21
End: 2012-04-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

Mission HA1201 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 3

Extent Description:

Hawaiian Archipelago

Extent Group 3 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 572228
W° Bound: -160.2109742
E° Bound: -154.8805369
N° Bound: 22.23061443
S° Bound: 18.939
Description

Main Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 3 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 572229
W° Bound: -178.378433
E° Bound: -161.92169
N° Bound: 28.45724523
S° Bound: 23.0533
Description

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 572230
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-10-08
End: 2010-11-04
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1008
Description:

Mission HA1008 at Hawaii, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 572233
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-09-07
End: 2010-09-24
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1007
Description:

Mission HA1007 at French Frigate, Kure, Lisianski, and Pearl & Hermes.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 572244
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-09-14
End: 2008-10-09
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0809

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 572245
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-10-17
End: 2008-11-13
Alternate Start As Of Info: OES0810

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 811393
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-08-04
End: 2012-08-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1204
Description:

Monument-led RAMP cruise to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2012, including French Frigate Shoals, Kure, Lisianski, and Pearl and Hermes

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 6

CC ID: 811390
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2007-09-21
End: 2007-10-06
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0708
Description:

Monument-led RAMP cruise to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2007, including French Frigate Shoals and Pearl and Hermes.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 7

CC ID: 811391
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-09-19
End: 2009-10-16
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0907
Description:

Monument-led RAMP cruise to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2009, including Kure, Laysan, Lisianski, Maro, Midway, and Necker.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 8

CC ID: 811392
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-07-25
End: 2011-08-18
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1103
Description:

Monument-led RAMP cruise to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2011, including French Frigate Shoals, Gardner, Laysan, Lisianski, Maro, Midway, Necker, Nihoa, and Pearl and Hermes

Extent Group 4

Extent Description:

Pacific Remote Island Areas

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 572234
W° Bound: 166.59378
E° Bound: 166.65736
N° Bound: 19.3254
S° Bound: 19.27067533
Description

Wake Atoll

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 572235
W° Bound: -176.6267073
E° Bound: -159.9714753
N° Bound: 16.782
S° Bound: -0.38256
Description

Pacific Remote Island Areas (excluding Wake Atoll)

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 572236
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-04-01
End: 2010-04-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1001
Description:

ASRAMP 2010 Leg III - Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 572237
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-02
End: 2012-03-17
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

ASRAMP 2012 Leg I - Baker, Howland, and Johnston

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 572238
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-05-03
End: 2012-05-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

ASRAMP 2012 Leg IV - Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 572239
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-03-23
End: 2011-03-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1101
Description:

MARAMP 2011 Leg I - Wake Atoll

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 572240
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-03-22
End: 2009-03-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0901
Description:

MARAMP 2009 Leg I - Wake Atoll

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 6

CC ID: 572241
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-01-24
End: 2010-02-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1001
Description:

ASRAMP 2010 Leg I - Baker, Howland, and Johnston

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (for 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2012 data only) when using the data.

Example:

Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Belt Transect Surveys for Demographics and Condition of Corals at U.S. Pacific Reefs from 2007 to 2012. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25260.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 203165
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0163749
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_C.csv
Description:

Adult coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of sites at U.S. Pacific Reefs from 2008 to 2012 conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP).

File Date/Time: 2017-06-21 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 811441
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0184869
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: NWHI2007-2012_coralgenera.csv
Description:

List of coral genera surveyed in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012.

File Date/Time: 2018-11-28 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 3

CC ID: 811442
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0184869
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: NWHI2007-2012_coralspecies.csv
Description:

List of coral species surveyed in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012.

File Date/Time: 2019-01-03 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 4

CC ID: 811394
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0184869
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_C_NWHI_PMNM.csv
Description:

Adult coral colony observations from coral demographic surveys of stratified random sites conducted across the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2012 (HI0708, HI0907, HA1103, HA1204).

File Date/Time: 2019-02-08 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 203167
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/corals.php
Name: Ecological Assessment of Corals
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) website, Ecological Assessment of Corals

URL 2

CC ID: 383432
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/img/diver_performing_belt_transect_survey_sm.jpg
Name: Diver performing coral demographic survey
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: JPG

URL 3

CC ID: 811395
URL: https://www.papahanaumokuakea.gov/
Name: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument website

URL 4

CC ID: 811396
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/pacific_ramp.php
Name: Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP) project page
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division website.

Technical Environment

Description:

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Oracle database view: V0_CORAL_OBS_C.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Observations were made by experienced benthic survey personnel who have been trained, undergone a series of calibration surveys and coral taxon identification testing, and have met a set of minimum standards for colony assessment and taxon identification in each region. The accuracy of species and genus level identification was high. The lowest taxonomic level was species in the Main Hawaiian Islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. For the remaining three Pacific regions, the lowest taxonomic level of coral identification was genus except for a select number of species that were consistently identified to species by all divers conducting the surveys. The number of species may change for each survey year depending on the experience and training of the benthic divers. In other words, the individual records within each region may include many more species than encompassed by the region lists, however, these were not consistently identified across all surveys so these records should be assessed at the genus level.

Handheld GPS units were used to locate random sites and mark site locations.

Analytical Accuracy:

The taxon code AAAA is included where the segment was surveyed and no individual colonies were found. These are true zeros.

Completeness Report:

Only shallow water (0 to 30 meter depth range) hard-bottom habitats are surveyed. Survey sites were randomly selected using a systematic process based on available habitat and bathymetric data during monument-led missions to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands only (2007, 2009, 2011, and 2012). All other surveys were conducted at permanent sites. Although efforts are made to include broad spatial coverage of surveys at each island, weather conditions and other environmental constraints may have prevented the team from surveying exposed reef areas.

The value -9 has been used a placeholder or missing value for some fields.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection are used at each surveyed site. Periodic examination of the data is conducted throughout each mission to check for diver bias or other discrepancies.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Quality control of the data occurred at a few stages from data entry to data ingestion into the Oracle database. Observations, including species identification, are periodically checked during expeditions for consistency between and among divers. Data entry is usually conducted on the same day as the surveys using a data entry interface with several data controls employed, and are quality controlled by individual divers checking entry errors at a separate time. Following a mission, the data is then run through rigorous quality control checks by the data management team before the data are migrated to the Oracle database. The data is quality controlled against the physical data sheets following data entry. There are also several queries in the MS Access / Oracle database to flag errors based on pre-defined criteria. Given the size of the data set, there remains some possibility of typographical or other errors.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data is captured in several locations: physical data sheets, MS Access cruise database, and PIFSC Oracle database. The physical data sheets are housed at PIFSC. The MS Access cruise database is regularly backed up by the cruise data manager while at sea. The PIFSC Oracle database is regularly backed up by PIFSC ITS.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Belt transect surveys (version C) of coral demography and condition, employed by the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Ecosystem Sciences Division from 2008 to 2012 and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument from 2007 to 2012.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 203170
Description:

PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division Method:

At each site, benthic Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) surveys were conducted within two 10 meter squared belt transects, 18 meters in length. Adult coral colonies (>= 5 cm) were surveyed within four (1.0 x 2.5 m) segments at 5 meter increments along the 18 meter transect in the following manner: 0-2.5 m (segment 1); 5.0-7.5m (segment 3); 10-12.5 m (segment 5); and 15 - 17.5 m (segment 7). All colonies whose center fell within 0.5 m on either side of each transect line were identified to lowest taxonomic level possible (species or genus), measured for size (maximum diameter to nearest cm). In addition, partial mortality and condition of each colony was assessed. Partial mortality was estimated as percent of the colony in terms of old dead and recent dead. The condition of each colony including disease (not attributed to recent tissue loss) and bleaching was noted along with the extent (percent of colony affected) and level of severity (range from moderate to acute). The lowest taxonomic level was species in the Main Hawaiian Islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. For the remaining three Pacific regions, the lowest taxonomic level of coral identification was genus except for a select number of species consistently identified to species by all divers conducting the surveys.

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 819055
Description:

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument method

Methods are similar to the ESD method with the following exceptions:

2007: up to 20 segments surveyed per transect, each 1 m wide by 0.5 - 8.5 m long

2009, 2011: up to 10 segments surveyed per transect, each 1 m wide by 1.0-2.5 m long

2012: 8 segments surveyed per transect, each 1 m wide by 2.5 m long

Process Step 2

CC ID: 811397
Description:

A two-stage stratified random sampling (StRS) design was employed to survey the coral reef ecosystems in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands during the monument-led missions in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012. The survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats. The stratification scheme included island, reef zone, and depth, as well as habitat structure type in the Main Hawaiian Islands. The habitat structure types included simple, complex, and coral-rich. Depth categories of shallow (>0-6 m), mid (>6-18m) and deep (>18-30 m) were also incorporated into the stratification scheme. Allocation of sampling effort was proportional to strata area. Sites were randomly selected within each stratum.

A geographic information system (GIS) and digital spatial databases of benthic habitats (NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science NCCOS), reef zones (IKONOS satellite imagery, NDGC 1998) bathymetry (NDGC 1998, CREP benthic mapping data), and marine reserve boundaries (NOAA) were used to facilitate spatial delineation of the sampling survey domain, strata, and sample units. Map resolution was such that the survey domain could be overlain by a grid using a GIS with individual cells of size 50 m by 50 m in area. A two-stage sampling scheme following Cochran (1977) was employed to control for spatial variation in population parameters at scales smaller than the grid cell minimum mapping unit (2,500 sq meters). Grid cells containing hard-bottom reef habitats were designated as primary sample units (referred to as sites), while the second-stage sample unit was defined as a diver visual belt transect of fixed area (10 sq meters or less).

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Platforms

Platform Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_C

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 25260
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2015-06-05 21:32+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-08-03 16:13+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-06-27
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-06-28