Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Pacific Reef Monitoring and Assessment Program: Line-Point-Intercept (LPI) Surveys for Benthic Cover at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Ocean from 2005 to 2012, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25261.

Item Identification

Title: Pacific Reef Monitoring and Assessment Program: Line-Point-Intercept (LPI) Surveys for Benthic Cover at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Ocean from 2005 to 2012
Short Name: RAMP: Benthic LPI
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2017
Abstract:

A REA survey is a collection of inter-disciplinary protocols for gathering data pertaining to ecologically relevant biological components of a reef habitat over small spatial scales. A key facet of a REA survey includes specialists in different disciplines, including Fish, Coral, Algae, and Invertebrates. The REA surveys are conducted along a set of transect lines that are laid out by the first team to enter the water (i.e. the fish team). In this way, all of the biotic observations are referenced with regard to the same spatial coordinates, producing a more integrated biological description of a reef community than would any single, specialized survey.

At each REA survey site, the Line-Point-Intercept methodology is implemented to quantitatively document the benthic cover along two consecutively placed, 25 m line transects (with a 5 m inter-transect distance). The LPI diver determines the benthic composition at pre-determined intervals along the transect line. During the initial years of RAMP (2005-2008) LPI surveys were conducted at 50-cm intervals for a total of 50 data points per transect; subsequently (2010–2012) LPI surveys were conducted at 20-cm intervals for a total of 125 data points per transect.

All living benthic elements (e.g., coral, algae, and other sessile invertebrates) are identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible, often substituting functional group categories for turf algae and crustose coralline algae when identification in the field is extremely difficult. Raw survey data consist of counts of benthic elements, including but not limited to live coral, dead coral, carbonate pavement, sand, coral rubble, fleshy macroalgae, crustose coralline algae, turfalgae, as well as other sessile invertebrates along the two transects. The data allows for the assessment and monitoring of community structure and composition, and provide the basis for computing quantitative estimates of percent benthic cover at higher taxonomic levels like functional group (live coral, macroalgae, turf algae) or on a finer taxonomic resolution such as genus level.

Purpose:

The Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP), established by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) and supported by NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), is tasked with documenting and understanding the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems in the U.S. Pacific. Pacific RAMP involves interdisciplinary monitoring of oceanographic conditions and biological surveys of organisms associated with hard-bottomed habitats in the 0 - 30 m depth range. Regions are surveyed on a biennial cycle and aims to support integrated, consistent and comparable monitoring of coral reefs across all U.S.-affiliated regions.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Transect Monitoring
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Transect Monitoring > Belt Transect
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Rapid assessment studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
CRCP Project 1221
CRCP Project 587
CRCP Project C204 Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP): Biennial monitoring for the US Pacific Islands and Atolls
CRCP Project Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: Monitoring coral reef ecosystems of the US Pacific Islands and Atolls
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS REEF AND/OR BOTTOM REGIME - PERCENT COVER
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - swimmer/diver
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS HI'IALAKAI
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS OSCAR ELTON SETTE
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Reef and Assessment Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP)
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division; Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA)

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Agrihan Island > Agrihan Island (18N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Aguihan > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Guguan > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Maug > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Pagan > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Rota > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Saipan > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Tinian > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Guam > Santa Rosa Bank (12N144E0051)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Kaula Island (21N160W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Lehua Island (22N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Baker Island > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Kaula Island (21N160W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Lehua Island (22N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Howland Island > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Johnston Atoll > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Wake Atoll > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Rose Island > Rose Island (Rose Atoll) (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Agrihan Island > Agrihan Island (18N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Aguihan Island Reefs > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guam > Santa Rosa Bank (12N144E0051)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guguan Island > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Mariana Archipelago > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Maug Island > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Pagan Island > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Rota Island > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Saipan Island > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Tinian Island Reefs > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Equatorial Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Marianas Trench Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS NW Pacific
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Rose Atoll Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean
None CNMI
None Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
None Main Hawaiian Islands
None Mariana Archipelago
None Mariana Islands
None Marianas
None MHI
None Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
None NWHI
None Pacific Remote Island Areas
None PRIA

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: Database
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw survey data includes metadata for each survey (where, when, who, area); site characteristics (depth, reef type, habitat); individual observations are identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/37616
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and partners, and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 379502
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Distributor

CC ID: 379501
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Beck, Brian
Address: 1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20902
Email Address: brian.beck@noaa.gov
Phone: 301-713-4844

Distributor

CC ID: 203197
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 203195
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Originator

CC ID: 203198
Date Effective From: 2005
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Originator

CC ID: 379500
Date Effective From: 2005
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 203196
Date Effective From: 2008
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 203194
W° Bound: -171.092233
E° Bound: -168.1377763
N° Bound: -11.04566831
S° Bound: -14.55963914
Description

American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 384923
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-02-11
End: 2006-03-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0602
Description:

Mission HI0602 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 385848
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-02-18
End: 2008-03-18
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0802
Description:

Mission HI0802 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 385849
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-02-17
End: 2010-03-20
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1001
Description:

Mission HA1001 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 385850
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-21
End: 2012-04-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

Mission HA1201 at Ofu, Olosega, Rose, Swains, Ta'u, and Tutuila.

Extent Group 2

Extent Description:

Hawaiian Archipelago

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 384890
W° Bound: -160.545217
E° Bound: -154.8805369
N° Bound: 22.23061443
S° Bound: 18.965417
Description

Main Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 384891
W° Bound: -178.378433
E° Bound: -164.6919167
N° Bound: 28.4546
S° Bound: 23.56496667
Description

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 385852
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-07-27
End: 2006-08-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0610
Description:

Mission HI0610 at Hawaii, Kauai, Kaula, Lanai, Lehua, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 385872
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-10-17
End: 2008-11-13
Alternate Start As Of Info: OES0810
Description:

Mission OES0810 at Hawaii, Kauai, Lanai, Lehua, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 385873
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-10-08
End: 2010-11-04
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1008
Description:

Mission HA1008 at Hawaii, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 385977
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-09-07
End: 2010-09-24
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1007
Description:

Mission HA1007 at French Frigate, Kure, Lisianski, and Pearl & Hermes.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 385974
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-09-19
End: 2009-10-16
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0907
Description:

Mission HI0907 at Kure, Laysan, Lisianski, Maro, Midway, and Necker.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 6

CC ID: 385976
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-09-14
End: 2008-10-09
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0809
Description:

Mission HI0809 at French Frigate, Kure, Laysan, Lisianski, Maro, Midway, and Pearl & Hermes.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 7

CC ID: 385934
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-09-03
End: 2006-10-01
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0611
Description:

Mission HI0611 at French Frigate, Kure, Laysan, Lisianski, Maro, Midway, Necker, and Pearl & Hermes.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 8

CC ID: 385975
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2007-09-21
End: 2007-10-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0708
Description:

Mission HI0708 at French Frigate, Lisianski, and Pearl & Hermes.

Extent Group 3

Extent Description:

Mariana Archipelago

Extent Group 3 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 384918
W° Bound: 144.42387
E° Bound: 145.8529194
N° Bound: 20.5532
S° Bound: 12.8113
Description

Mariana Archipelago

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 385874
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2005-10-03
End: 2005-10-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: OES0512
Description:

Mission OES0512 at Guam, and Santa Rosa.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 385875
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2007-05-25
End: 2007-06-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0703
Description:

Mission HI0703 at Agrihan, Alamagan, Asuncion, Farallon de Pajaros, Guguan, Maug, Pagan, Sarigan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 385877
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-04-18
End: 2009-05-05
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0903
Description:

Mission HI0903 at Agrihan, Alamagan, Asuncion, Farallon de Pajaros, Guguan, Maug, Pagan, Saipan, and Sarigan.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 385878
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-04-05
End: 2009-04-14
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0902
Description:

Mission HI0902 at Aguijan, Guam, Rota, Saipan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 390688
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2007-05-12
End: 2007-05-22
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0702
Description:

Mission HI0702 at Aguijan, Guam, Rota, Saipan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 6

CC ID: 385933
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-04-07
End: 2011-05-09
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1101
Description:

Mission HA1101 at Agrihan, Aguijan, Alamagan, Asuncion, Farallon de Pajaros, Guam, Guguan, Maug, Pagan, Rota, Saipan, Sarigan, and Tinian.

Extent Group 4

Extent Description:

Pacific Remote Island Areas

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 390689
W° Bound: 166.59378
E° Bound: 166.6604718
N° Bound: 19.3254
S° Bound: 19.26829571
Description

Wake Atoll

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 384919
W° Bound: -176.6241332
E° Bound: -159.97264
N° Bound: 16.78817
S° Bound: -0.3825
Description

Pacific Remote Island Areas (excluding Wake Atoll)

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 386020
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-01-24
End: 2010-04-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1001
Description:

Mission HA1001 at Baker, Howland, Jarvis, Johnston, Kingman, and Palmyra.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 386021
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-03-23
End: 2011-03-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1101
Description:

Mission HA1101 at Wake Atoll.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 386022
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-02
End: 2012-05-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1201
Description:

Mission HA1201 at Baker, Howland, Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 385978
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2005-10-18
End: 2005-10-22
Alternate Start As Of Info: OES0513
Description:

Mission OES0513 at Wake Atoll.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 385979
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-01-18
End: 2006-02-01
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0601
Description:

Mission HI0601 at Baker, Howland, and Johnston.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 6

CC ID: 386019
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2009-03-22
End: 2009-03-26
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0901
Description:

Mission HI0901 at Wake Atoll.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 7

CC ID: 385980
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-03-20
End: 2006-04-03
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0604
Description:

Mission HI0604 at Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 8

CC ID: 385981
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2007-04-30
End: 2007-05-03
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0701
Description:

Mission HI0701 at Wake Atoll.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 9

CC ID: 385982
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-01-27
End: 2008-02-09
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0801
Description:

Mission HI0801 at Baker, Howland, and Johnston.

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 10

CC ID: 386018
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2008-03-26
End: 2008-04-07
Alternate Start As Of Info: HI0803
Description:

Mission HI0803 at Jarvis, Kingman, and Palmyra.

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) when using the data.

Suggested citation:

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2016). Pacific Reef Monitoring and Assessment Program: Line-Point-Intercept (LPI) Surveys for Benthic Cover at Coral Reef Sites across the Pacific Ocean from 2005 to 2012. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25261.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 203199
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0163748
Distributor:
File Name: V0_BENT_LPI.csv
Description:

Observations from LPI surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) across the U.S. Pacific Reefs from 2005 - 2012.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 203201
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/benthic_monitoring.php
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Overview of NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) benthic monitoring efforts

URL 2

CC ID: 388893
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/survey_methods.php#benthic_monitoring_rea
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Overview of NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) survey methods

URL 3

CC ID: 388894
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/pacific_ramp.php
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Official NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) website, Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (Pacific RAMP) project page.

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC Oracle database view: V0_BENT_LPI

Data Quality

Accuracy:

The benthic cover parameter observations were made by a single diver who is a benthic ecologist. The benthic cover assessment surveys are conducted one time per site per survey year; it is not replicated.

Completeness Measure:

Between 2005 and 2007, the benthic elements at each LPI point were pooled by genus/functional group category. As such, this data set does not retain the original sequential order in which the LPI point were surveyed in the field. Subsequently, between 2008 and 2012, each LPI data point was entered separately and given a count of 1, preserving the original sequence in which the LPI points were surveyed in the field.

It is also important to note the latitude and longitude were not captured for HOW-20 surveyed on 2/7/2008.

Completeness Report:

The survey sites were selected to be representative of the dominant habitats at this reef system.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection were used at each of the sites surveyed at this location, and were conducted by the same scientist.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Observations are periodically checked during expeditions for consistency. Data entry is usually conducted on the same day as the surveys using a data entry interface with several data controls employed, and are quality controlled by the observer. Following a mission, the data is then run through rigorous quality control checks by the data management team before the data are migrated to the Oracle database. Given the size of the data set, there remains some possibility of typographical or other errors.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 203204
Description:

REA surveys are investigations that provide a high degree of taxonomic resolution for coral, algae, and other macroinvertebrate communities. The majority of REA surveys were conducted along the forereef slopes of individual islands at depths between 10 and 20 m. However, additional habitats including lagoonal-type patch reef and offshore oceanic banks were surveyed when they existed. During REA surveys, biological assessment teams follow highly structured protocols that are repeated at each REA site.

Upon arrival at an REA site, divers entered the water and deployed two 25 m transect lines which are shared with coral surveys that gather community structure, diversity, recruitment, and health status data. The sampling effort takes between 60 and 80 min to complete. The selection of REA sites was made in close consultation with local management agencies. Factors considered during REA site selection included: (1) ensuring a range of sample sites representative of the benthic and reef fish habitats around each island; (2) selecting a mixture of sites within and outside of marine protected areas; (3) selecting a mixture of both 'impacted' and 'least impacted' sites; (4) selecting some sites adjacent to local villages; and (5) selecting a number of sites that could be compared to and complement previous assessment and monitoring work as well as future coral reef monitoring proposed by CRAG and local agencies. It is important to note that access to REA sites can be limited by wave exposure, weather conditions, and other environmental factors such as currents, which can affect the ability to re-survey sites between years. Transect placement was guided by: (1) a focus on hard-bottom communities; (2) deploying lines along an isobath to the extent possible at each site, and (3) laying the transect lines into the prevailing current.

Process Contact: Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5423
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) View: V0_BENT_LPI

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 25261
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2015-06-05 21:43+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-08-03 16:13+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-06-27
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-06-28