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Short Citation:
Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Behavior Data - The effect of dietary taurine on feed attraction and physiology of carnivorous marine fish, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/30889.

Item Identification

Title: Behavior Data - The effect of dietary taurine on feed attraction and physiology of carnivorous marine fish
Status: In Work
Abstract:

As the global population continues to rise, so does the demand for sustainable sources of protein. The worldwide harvest of wild fish has remained flat for three decades and is unable to meet demands. Increased supplies of seafood are going to have to come from aquaculture that is both environmentally sustainable and commercially successful. Traditional use of fishmeal as the primary source of protein in aquaculture feeds is partially being replaced by soy and corn. Fishmeal, however, is still one of the most expensive ingredients in aquaculture feeds. Traditionally fishmeal comes from the harvest of forage fish such as herring, sardine, and anchovy. This puts competitive pressure on this limited resource since wild populations of commercially important species such as salmon and tuna depend on these fish for food. Currently, aquaculture feeds formulated without fish protein do not perform as well as those that do. This study seeks to improve performance of diets with all-plant protein by examining several questions using sablefish as an experimental model for carnivorous, coldwater, marine species.

What are some potential additives that may make plant-based feeds more attractive to farmed fish?

Does a taurine deficiency affect response to feed attractants?

Taurine has been identified as a conditionally essential amino acid that is necessary to add to plant-based feeds to improve growth and quality of sablefish. Is there an change in variability in growth between individuals in responses to dietary levels of taurine? Some carnivores are not able to synthesize taurine and must obtain it through their diet. Sablefish appear to have a limited ability to synthesize taurine, though it appears to vary between individuals. This study will characterize the variation in gene expression enzymes active in three possible taurine biosynthesis pathways in fish.

This study will build on and expand cooperative work between NOAA and the National Fisheries Research & Development Institute (NFRDI), of South Korea, currently underway and funded by the US-Korea, Joint Coordination Panel for Aquaculture Cooperation (JPA). It will address these questions through use of behavioural studies, analysis of amino acid composition in fish tissues and whole bodies, and employ genetic expression of important enzymes to taurine synthesis in the liver. This research will enhance our limited understanding of the role that taurine and other amino acids play in growth and feeding of sablefish. This will help us improve the nutritional content and performance of an all-plant aquaculture diet and may then be used in improving formulations of aquaculture feeds that will be more efficient, less expensive, more environmentally sustainable and improve fish quality.

Observational data from behavior experiments.

Supplemental Information:

Subject to Public Access to Research Results (PARR): Yes

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Alternative feeds
None sablefish
None taurine

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Video Camera

Physical Location

Organization: Northwest Fisheries Science Center
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: Spreadsheet
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 849819
Date Effective From: 2015-10-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Sommers, Frank
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: Frank.Sommers@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 849820
Date Effective From: 2015-10-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC)
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: nmfs.nwfsc.metadata@noaa.gov
Phone: 206-860-3200
URL: NWFSC Home

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 849818
Date Effective From: 2015-10-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC)
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: nmfs.nwfsc.metadata@noaa.gov
Phone: 206-860-3200
URL: NWFSC Home

Originator

CC ID: 849822
Date Effective From: 2015-10-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Johnson, Ronald B
Address: 2725 Montlake Blvd East
Seattle, WA 98112
Email Address: Ronald.B.Johnson@noaa.gov
Phone: 206-860-3458
Fax: 206-860-3335

Point of Contact

CC ID: 849821
Date Effective From: 2015-10-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Sommers, Frank
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: Frank.Sommers@noaa.gov

Extents

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 849825
W° Bound: -122.3062
E° Bound: -122.3027
N° Bound: 47.9491
S° Bound: 47.6449
Description

Montlake

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 849824
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 2015-10-01

Extent Group 2

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 849828
W° Bound: -122.3062
E° Bound: -122.3027
N° Bound: 47.9491
S° Bound: 47.6449
Description

Mukilteo

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 849827
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 2015-10-01

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

At this time, contact the Data Manager for information on obtaining access to this data set. In the near future, the NWFSC will strive to provide all data resources as a web service in order to meet the NOAA Data Access Policy Directive (https://nosc.noaa.gov/EDMC/PD.DA.php).

Data Access Constraints:

NA

Data Quality

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

These data were collected and processed in accordance with established protocols and best practices under the direction of the project’s Principal Investigator. Contact the dataset Data Manager for full QA/QC methodology.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: 10
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
If Distributor (Data Hosting Service) is Needed, Please Indicate: Yes
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: 0 days
If Delay is Longer than Latency of Automated Processing, Indicate Under What Authority Data Access is Delayed:

No Delay

Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: 365
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The Northwest Fisheries Science Center facilitates backup and recovery of all data and IT components which are managed by IT Operations through the capture of static (point-in-time) backup data to physical media. Once data is captured to physical media (every 1-3 days), a duplicate is made and routinely (weekly) transported to an offsite archive facility where it is maintained throughout the data's applicable life-cycle.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Results derived from observational data.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 30889
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:30889
Metadata Record Created By: Jeffrey W Cowen
Metadata Record Created: 2016-02-24 10:06+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Jeffrey W Cowen
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-05 16:33+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2019-06-04
Owner Org: NWFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2020-06-04