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Short Citation:
Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Egg quality sablefish - Determination and practical application of egg quality measures toward reliable culture of high-value marine finfish species, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/30895.

Item Identification

Title: Egg quality sablefish - Determination and practical application of egg quality measures toward reliable culture of high-value marine finfish species
Status: In Work
Creation Date: 2013-01-01
Abstract:

There is increasing global awareness of the need for sustainable aquaculture. Aquaculture represents a potential mechanism for supplementing wild fish harvests, either through stocking of cultured animals or farming to market size. In the first case, stocked animals would be available to sport and commercial fishermen. In the latter, consumer demand would be met directly with a farmed product, reducing pressure on wild stocks. By the year 2030, the global population is projected to reach 8.2 billion, with an expected demand for seafood of 150 million metric tons (mmt), 54 mmt of which the Food and Agriculture Organization (www.fao.org) estimates that aquaculture must contribute.

Meanwhile in the U.S., an astounding 86% of the seafood consumed is imported ($9 billion annually), which makes seafood second only to oil as the largest natural resource contributor to our national trade deficit. There remains a great need for U.S. aquaculture production to fill the seafood void. Commercial-scale production of marine finfish in the U.S. is limited to a handful of species, however, including red drum, Pacific threadfin, cobia, cod, and flounder (excluding the anadromous Atlantic salmon), and production is often inconsistent. On the U.S. West Coast, many native marine species represent good potential candidates for aquaculture. Most of these, such as California sheephead, California halibut, cabezon, lingcod, white seabass, and rockfishes, are fully or over-exploited by capture fisheries. Other high-value species like California yellowtail and yellowfin tuna are transitory, with apparently healthy populations, but based on success elsewhere in the world, are believed to offer excellent potential for commercial aquaculture development in the U.S. A major step in the creation of a viable and profitable marine aquaculture industry lies in developing reliable fingerling production, and central to this is understanding the variables that determine egg and larval quality. The lack of knowledge in what optimizes egg and larval quality is an important limiting factor in developing culture techniques for any species (Kjorsvik et al. 1990; Bromage 1995). Inconsistent or poor egg quality significantly affects the production and viability of larval and juvenile fish. In the absence of high-quality eggs, it is not possible to optimize husbandry practices because larval performance is substandard under typical culture conditions, such as high stocking densities, aggressive weaning regimes, and grading or other handling procedures.

Unfortunately, identifying simple indicators of egg quality has been difficult as no individual metric is universally applicable within and among species. This proposal seeks to identify easy-to-use indictors, as well as determine pre- and post-spawning factors that affect egg quality, in up to three very different ecologically and economically valuable marine fish species native to the U.S. West Coast: a highly-pelagic finfish, the California yellowtail (Seriola lalandi; CYT); a deep-sea whitefish, the sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria; SF); and/or a semi-resident benthic flatfish species, the California halibut (Paralichthys californicus; CH). All three species are multiple batch spawners, producing large numbers of eggs several times over the course of a spawning season. Defining the differences between high and low quality eggs and documenting correlations between quality and different conditions (e.g. broodstock diet, age, domestication status, spawning methods, or progression through the spawning season) will directly impact the success of culturing species like these. If inferior batches of eggs can be identified early on, culturists would have a valuable tool, which would significantly advance mariculture development along the U.S. West Coast and elsewhere by leading toward consistent fingerling production of species with great potential for culture.

Supplemental Information:

Subject to Public Access to Research Results (PARR): No: Fully Non-NOAA Funded

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
PARR Exclusion Obsolete
None aquaculture
None California halibut
None egg quality
None sablefish

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC
None DOC/NOAA/NMFS/SWFSC
None Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Unknown Instrument

Physical Location

Organization: Northwest Fisheries Science Center
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: Spreadsheet
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 854799
Date Effective From: 2015-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Goetz, Rick
Address: 7305 East Beach Drive
Manchester, WA 98226
Email Address: Rick.Goetz@noaa.gov
Phone: 360-871-8322

Distributor

CC ID: 854800
Date Effective From: 2015-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC)
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: nmfs.nwfsc.metadata@noaa.gov
Phone: 206-860-3200
URL: NWFSC Home

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 854798
Date Effective From: 2015-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC)
Address: 2725 Montlake Boulevard East
Seattle, WA 98112
USA
Email Address: nmfs.nwfsc.metadata@noaa.gov
Phone: 206-860-3200
URL: NWFSC Home

Originator

CC ID: 854802
Date Effective From: 2015-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Goetz, Rick
Address: 7305 East Beach Drive
Manchester, WA 98226
Email Address: Rick.Goetz@noaa.gov
Phone: 360-871-8322

Point of Contact

CC ID: 854801
Date Effective From: 2015-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Goetz, Rick
Address: 7305 East Beach Drive
Manchester, WA 98226
Email Address: Rick.Goetz@noaa.gov
Phone: 360-871-8322

Extents

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 854806
W° Bound: -117.2271
E° Bound: -117.2271
N° Bound: 32.7588
S° Bound: 32.7588
Description

Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute: SeaWorld site, San Diego, CA

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 854805
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-10-01
End: 2016-09-30

Extent Group 2

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 854809
W° Bound: -122.5547
E° Bound: -122.5547
N° Bound: 47.569
S° Bound: 47.569
Description

DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC: NWFSC Manchester lab, WA

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 854808
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-10-01
End: 2016-09-30

Extent Group 3

Extent Group 3 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 854812
W° Bound: -117.2493
E° Bound: -117.2493
N° Bound: 32.8856
S° Bound: 32.8856
Description

DOC/NOAA/NMFS/SWFSC: Southwest Fisheries Science Center lab, CA

Extent Group 3 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 854811
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-10-01
End: 2016-09-30

Extent Group 4

Extent Group 4 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 854815
W° Bound: -122.3062
E° Bound: -122.3062
N° Bound: 47.6449
S° Bound: 47.6449
Description

DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC: NWFSC Montlake lab, Seattle

Extent Group 4 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 854814
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-10-01
End: 2016-09-30

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

At this time, contact the Data Manager for information on obtaining access to this data set. In the near future, the NWFSC will strive to provide all non-sensitive data resources as a web service in order to meet the NOAA Data Access Policy Directive (https://nosc.noaa.gov/EDMC/PD.DA.php).

Data Access Constraints:

NA

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 854803
URL: https://www.webapps.nwfsc.noaa.gov/apex/parrdata/inventory/datasets/dataset/15871
Name: Egg quality sablefish
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: Web site
Description:

NWFSC Dataset Information page. Data on spawning frequency/female, spawns/female, % fertilization, % symmetry, hatching and larval survival

Data Quality

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Reference standards are routinely incorporated into analyses. These data were collected and processed in accordance with established protocols and best practices under the direction of the project’s Principal Investigator. Contact the dataset Data Manager for full QA/QC methodology.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: No
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: 5
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
If Distributor (Data Hosting Service) is Needed, Please Indicate: Yes
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: 0 days
If Delay is Longer than Latency of Automated Processing, Indicate Under What Authority Data Access is Delayed:

No Delay

Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: 365
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The Northwest Fisheries Science Center facilitates backup and recovery of all data and IT components which are managed by IT Operations through the capture of static (point-in-time) backup data to physical media. Once data is captured to physical media (every 1-3 days), a duplicate is made and routinely (weekly) transported to an offsite archive facility where it is maintained throughout the data's applicable life-cycle.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Results derived from instrumental data. These data were collected and processed in accordance with established protocols and best practices under the direction of the project’s Principal Investigator. Contact the dataset Data Manager for full QA/QC methodology.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 30895
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:30895
Metadata Record Created By: Jeffrey W Cowen
Metadata Record Created: 2016-02-24 10:06+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2019-06-07
Owner Org: NWFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2019-06-07
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2020-06-07