Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2015, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/31223.

Item Identification

Title: Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2015
Short Name: Fagamalo: benthic images
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

In 2010 the village of Fagamalo, Tutuila, American Samoa, designated a no-take Marine Protected Area that sees the protection of 2.25 square kilometers of ocean. Because little is known regarding the status of living marine communities in the area, and at the request of the American Samoa Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources, NOAA scientists conducted surveys to assess the status of the benthic communities and establish a baseline against which to compare temporal change.

The data described here were collected via belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) according to protocols established by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan (NCRMP). In 2015 data were collected at 18 stratified randomly selected sites. These data include photoquadrat benthic images. Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive, accession #0146681. These photos have been analyzed for benthic cover (documented separately). Data from coral demographic surveys, including 1) an assessment of coral colony density and size-class distribution, 2) an assessment of coral recruitment, and 3) an evaluation of coral colony mortality, disease, and bleaching, were also collected for the selected monitoring sites and are also documented separately by CREP.

Purpose:

These data were collected during benthic surveys to establish a comprehensive baseline for benthic composition and coral demographics, and are part of a NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) funded project, entitled: "Coral reef ecosystem monitoring training and capacity building to support improved resource management in American Samoa."

Supplemental Information:

An informal report was prepared by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) and submitted to the American Samoa Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources (DMWR) in 2017. The report includes the data for Fagamalo described here, as well as data collected in April 2016 by the NOAA CREP fish team.

"Summary Report of Baseline Surveys for Benthic and Fish Communities in the Fagamalo No-Take Marine Protected Area, American Samoa"

https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/library/NOAA/CRCP/NMFS/PIFSC/Projects/1083/Fagamalo_summary_CREP.pdf

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Visual Images > Habitats
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 1083
CRCP Project Coral reef ecosystem monitoring training and capacity building to support improved resource management in American Samoa
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category Biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS PHOTOQUADRAT IMAGES
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS imagery
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division; Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Fagamalo
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Tutuila Island > Fagamalo (14S170W0047)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Tutuila Island > Fagamalo (14S170W0047)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: JPG Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw data include 30 benthic photographs per survey site. Included in the archive package is a list of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected. The file naming convention for each photo/image is [SITE]_[YEAR]_[TRANSECT]_[PHOTO_NUMBER].JPG (for example: TUT-903_2012_A_01.JPG).

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 303396
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 317986
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 303400
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To: 2016
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 303398
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 303395
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Funders

Originator

CC ID: 303399
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 303397
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Fagamalo, Tutuila, American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 303383
W° Bound: -170.81195363
E° Bound: -170.79879018
N° Bound: -14.28060332
S° Bound: -14.29253127
Description

Fagamalo, Tutuila, American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 303382
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-10-26
End: 2015-11-13

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive, accession #0146681.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) when using the data.

Example

Cite as: Vargas-Angel, Bernardo; Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2016). Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2015. Unpublished Dataset. [access date]

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 332976
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0146681
Distributor:
File Name: Draft_StRS_coralsurvey_2014.pdf
Description:

Draft Coral Reef Ecosystem Program – Standard Operating Procedures: Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) Benthic Survey Data Collection - latest draft as of March 21, 2016. Refer to the Methodology - Benthic Survey sections only for the survey methodology details, as the other components are not relevant to this particular set of non-RAMP surveys.

File Date/Time: 2016-03-21 00:00:00
File Type: PDF
File Size: 1746 kb

Distribution 2

CC ID: 324571
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0146681
Distributor:
File Name: Site Information (Fagamalo 2015).csv
Description:

List of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected.

File Date/Time: 2016-05-11 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 2 K

Distribution 3

CC ID: 317988
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0146681
Distributor:
Description:

Photoquadrat benthic images collected in 2015 at 18 stratified randomly selected sites (30 photos per site) in Fagamalo via belt transect surveys of coral demography by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP).

File Type: JPEG

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 303389
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/corals.php
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 711123
URL: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/library/NOAA/CRCP/NMFS/PIFSC/Projects/1083/Fagamalo_summary_CREP.pdf
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

Summary Report of Baseline Surveys for Benthic and Fish Communities in the Fagamalo No-Take Marine Protected Area, American Samoa, prepared by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) and submitted to the American Samoa Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources (DMWR).

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC network/file system:

\\picmakai\optical\OPTICAL\AMSM\2015\TUT\REA\BENTHIC\

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Handheld GPS units were used to mark site locations.

Bias:

Not applicable

Comparability:

Survey transects were appropriately marked to allow direct, site-level temporal comparisons.

Completeness Measure:

Complete; photoquads were taken at all sites surveyed.

Completeness Report:

Only forereef, hard bottom habitats were surveyed.

Conceptual Consistency:

Survey methods were consistent across all sites.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Benthic images and the file structure are quality controlled by CREP personnel before they are migrated and integrated into CREP's master optical directory on the PIFSC network.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Benthic photographs were collected during belt transect surveys of corals by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) following the same protocol to that established by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan (NCRMP).

Sources

Draft Coral Reef Ecosystem Program – Standard Operating Procedures: Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) Benthic Survey Data Collection - latest draft as of March 21, 2016

CC ID: 303393

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 303394
Description:

The survey domain encompassed ~95% of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitat, and was divided into strata based upon depth. Depth categories (binned in meters) of shallow (0-6 m), mid-depth (6-18 m) and deep (18-30 m) were incorporated into the stratification scheme, and allocation of sampling effort was proportional to strata area. Sites were randomly selected within each stratum.

At each site, two haphazardly laid, 18-m transects were the focal point of the surveys. Adult coral colonies were surveyed within four (1.0 x 2.5 m) segments: 0-2.5 m (segment 1); 5.0-7.5 m (segment 3); 10.0-12.5 m (segment 5); and 15.0-17.5 m (segment 7). Juvenile coral colonies (< 5 cm diameter) were surveyed within three (1.0 x 1.0 meter) segments along the same transects: 0-1.0 m (segment 1); 5.0-6.0 m (segment 3); and 10.0-11.0 m (segment 5). Survey protocols followed methodologies historically implemented by CREP.

Still photographs were collected to record the benthic community composition at predetermined points along the same 2 transect lines with a high-resolution digital camera mounted on a pole. Photographs were taken every 1 m from the 1 m to the 15 m mark. This work generates 30 photographs per site, which are later analyzed by CREP staff and partners using the computer program CoralNet. This analysis is the basis for estimating benthic cover and composition at each site.

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Source: Draft Coral Reef Ecosystem Program – Standard Operating Procedures: Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) Benthic Survey Data Collection - latest draft as of March 21, 2016

Related Items

Item Type Relationship Type Title
Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: benthic percent cover derived from analysis of benthic images collected during belt transect surveys of coral demography in 2015
Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: comprehensive assessment of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) from belt transect surveys in 2015

Coral reef ecosystem marine protected area monitoring in Fagamalo, American Samoa: comprehensive assessment of coral demographics from belt transect surveys in 2015

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 31223
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2016-03-15 19:44+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-01-13 16:00+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-01-13
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-01-13