Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Shoreline surveys and removal of marine debris at Midway Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 2013 to 2016, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/32834.

Item Identification

Title: Shoreline surveys and removal of marine debris at Midway Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 2013 to 2016
Short Name: Shoreline Debris Surveys
Status: On Going
Creation Date: 2019-05
Publication Date: 2019-05
Abstract:

The marine debris data included in this dataset are from annual shoreline surveys conducted from 2013 to 2016 at the islands of Midway Atoll (Eastern, Spit, and Sand Islands) in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) with funding from Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (PMNM), and NOAA's Marine Debris (MDP) and Damage Assessment Remediation and Restoration (DARRP) Programs.

Prior to the surveys in 2013, each shoreline was divided into fixed 300-meter segments and stratified by the cardinal direction the shoreline was facing (e.g., north, south, east, and west). The shorelines of Eastern, Spit, and Sand Islands were divided into 19, 4, and 23 segments, respectively. All segments were surveyed at all islands during the 2013, 2015, and 2016 missions. During the 2014 mission, limited time was available to survey all segments; therefore, the pre-existing segments were randomized, and a subset of the segments were identified as a first- or second-tier priority for each strata. All first- and second-tier priority segments were surveyed in 2014.

During a shoreline survey, field staff flagged the corners of the site and swept the entire survey area for marine debris. Most items found within the survey area >10 cm were collected and, if possible, bagged. Due to operational concerns, metal, glass, and building material were not surveyed or removed. Debris items <10 cm were also collected and bagged if the item could be identified (e.g., bottle caps and lighters were included in the survey, unidentified fragments <10 cm were typically excluded). Additionally, if the debris item was considered large (>1 m) or notable, a GPS waypoint was taken to mark the specific location of the debris, and the item was measured (length and width), recorded on the datasheet, and either bagged, removed, or tagged if the item was too large or hazardous to remove. The survey concluded by walking the perimeter of the survey site with a GPS.

Following the survey, bagged and large debris were transported to the operations center for the mission, weighed, and sorted, tallied, and recorded by debris type for each survey. Total weight of all collected debris and the survey area (derived from the GPS tracks) were recorded for each 300-m segment, along with the date since the last debris survey to calculate the accumulation rate. During an extended field season at Midway Atoll in the NWHI in 2012, PIFSC scientists removed all of the marine debris along the shorelines of the islands at Midway Atoll. This represented a "clean slate" and starting point to begin studying the accumulation rate along the shorelines for subsequent years. Accumulation rates are reliable only for Eastern and Spit Islands. The shorelines of Sand Island are cleaned regularly by permanent U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service residents; thus, the debris data recorded by ESD for Sand Island does not represent natural accumulation.

The shoreline survey and removal efforts at Midway Atoll have been conducted as a component of ship-based missions to the NWHI, a component of a larger shore-based missions at Midway Atoll, or as a stand-alone shoreline debris removal mission at Midway Atoll.

Purpose:

The purpose of the marine debris survey and removal efforts at Midway Atoll is to mitigate entanglement threats to wildlife and study the accumulation rates at Midway Atoll's three islands: Sand, Eastern, and Spit.

Supplemental Information:

The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (PMNM) includes the 1200 nautical mile chain of atolls and islets known as the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) that are geographically positioned as a repository for marine debris. Marine debris circulates within the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre until it encounters the atolls of the NWHI.

The Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) at the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) has conducted both ship- and shore-based missions in the NWHI to survey for and remove derelict fishing gear and many other types of marine debris. Exploratory and opportunistic efforts began in 1996 that eventually evolved into annual dedicated cruises deployed up to 4 months at a time with a team of up to 18 divers.

These marine debris missions have been supported by several agencies over the years, including PMNM, NOAA Marine Debris Program (MDP), NOAA Damage Assessment Remediation and Restoration Program (DARRP), and the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). ESD has removed derelict fishing gear and other marine debris from Pearl and Hermes Atoll (PHR), Midway Atoll (MID), Kure Atoll (KUR), Lisianski Island (LIS), Laysan Island (LAY), Maro Reef (MAR), and French Frigate Shoals (FFS).

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Geographic Information > Marine Debris
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Coastal Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Damage Assessment > Marine Debris
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Shorelines
ISO 19115 Topic Category 007
ISO 19115 Topic Category 014
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS DEBRIS
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS scale
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS in situ
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Office of Response and Restoration
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None debris
None derelict fishing gear
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None marine debris
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
None Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
None NWHI
None PMNM

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Dataset will be updated in late 2019 with data from 2018 mission.

Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Dataset includes information from shoreline surveys and removal of marine debris at Midway atoll. All debris collected was sorted and tallied, and additional information was recorded for items considered large (> 1 m) or notable. Both data files include metadata from the surveys (location, dates, mission, weather, participants, survey area). Debris includes tallies by a wide range of specific debris types, such as plastics, food and beverage related items, cigarettes and other tobacco related items, fishing gear, balloons, toys, clothing, toiletries, tires, ropes, and cardboard to name a few. Large debris includes size (length and width) and total weight in kilograms of broad debris types (nets, metal, other), with a description usually provided.

Distribution Liability:

These marine debris survey data are PRELIMINARY data and have not been screened for accuracy. NOAA can not be held liable for use of these data in a manner other than for perusal of preliminary marine debris data for scientific research on coral reef ecosystems. Disclaimer - NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and funded by the NOAA Marine Debris Program, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, and the NOAA Damage Assessment, Remediation, and Restoration Program

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 325927
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Morioka, James M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: james.morioka@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5491
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Data Steward

CC ID: 360941
Date Effective From: 2013
Date Effective To: 2015
Contact (Person): Manuel, Mark E
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: mark.manuel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5424

Distributor

CC ID: 839309
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 325928
Date Effective From: 2013
Date Effective To: 2019
Contact (Person): Trick, Kevin L
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: kevin.trick@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5421

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 325930
Date Effective From: 2013
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Originator

CC ID: 325932
Date Effective From: 2013
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 325926
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Morioka, James M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: james.morioka@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5491
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Point of Contact

CC ID: 325929
Date Effective From: 2013
Date Effective To: 2015
Contact (Person): Manuel, Mark E
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: mark.manuel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5424

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Shore-based mission to survey and remove shoreline marine debris at Midway Atoll

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 325935
W° Bound: -177.396351
E° Bound: -177.32316
N° Bound: 28.2184
S° Bound: 28.19567
Description

Geographic area of shoreline debris survey and removal efforts conducted at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 325934
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-04-05
End: 2013-04-16
Alternate Start As Of Info: SB-13-05
Description:

Mission SB-13-05.

Time frame of shore-based mission to survey and remove marine debris at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 388892
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2016-04-15
End: 2016-04-30
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP-16-10/HA-16-03
Description:

Mission MP-16-10/HA-16-03.

Time frame of shore-based mission to survey and remove marine debris at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 388891
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-08-14
End: 2015-09-29
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP-15-15
Description:

Mission MP-15-15.

Time frame of shore-based mission to survey and remove marine debris at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 853224
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014-10-06
End: 2014-10-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: SE1407
Description:

Mission SE-14-07.

Time frame of shore-based mission to survey and remove marine debris at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (PMNM), and NOAA's Marine Debris (MDP) and Damage Assessment Remediation and Restoration (DARRP) Programs. The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

These marine debris survey data act as a proxy for area surveyed and have not been screened for accuracy based on environmental conditions or GPS accuracy. NOAA can not be held liable for use of these data in a manner other than for perusal of preliminary marine debris data for scientific research on coral reef ecosystems. When using this data, please credit the Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service.

Suggested citation:

Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: Shoreline surveys and removal of marine debris at Midway Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 2013 to 2016, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/32834.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 382144
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0189571
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_Shoreline_Debris_MID_2013-2016.csv
Description:

Marine debris collected during shoreline surveys at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 2013-2016 by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division.

File Date/Time: 2019-05-07 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 325949
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0189571
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_Shoreline_LargeDebris_MID_2013-2016.csv
Description:

Large (>1 m in length or width) or notable marine debris collected during shoreline surveys at Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 2013-2016 by the PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division.

File Date/Time: 2019-05-07 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
Compression: no compression applied

Distribution 3

CC ID: 839569
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0189571
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ShorelineFieldGuide2012.pdf
Description:

NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide, published in January 2012 by the NOAA Marine Debris Program and used by Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Ecosystem Sciences Division to conduct shoreline surveys at Midway Atoll.

File Date/Time: 2012-01-02 00:00:00
File Type: PDF

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 325937
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/pacific-islands/marine-debris-research-and-removal-northwestern-hawaiian-islands
Name: Marine Debris Research and Removal in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
URL Type:
Online Resource

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Prior to conducting surveys, scientists are trained to identify fisheries-specific debris items (derelict fishing gear, nets, floats, buoys, FADs, oyster spacer tubes, eel cone traps, etc.) and common everyday consumer plastic debris items. Both classroom and field training tests must be completed for all researchers (experienced and inexperienced alike) before a new round of surveys begin. This training ensures that all shoreline marine debris surveys are conducted consistently by all scientists within a survey effort and also across periodic survey efforts.

Completeness Report:

The shorelines of East and Spit Islands of Midway Atoll were divided into 300 meter segments. The shoreline debris survey segments were randomly selected to ensure accuracy when calculating shoreline marine debris accumulation rates. Previously cleaned shorelines were resurveyed for accumulated debris.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection were conducted consistently at each of the sites surveyed, by all scientists within survey efforts and across periodic survey efforts since.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Data are initially written on data sheets and later entered into an Access database. Data entry is verified post-mission against the original data sheets.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Shoreline debris surveys conducted by the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center's Ecosystem Sciences Division along the shorelines of the three islands on Midway Atoll: Sand, Eastern, and Spit since 2013.

Sources

NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide

CC ID: 839252
Contact Role Type: Publisher
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: NOAA Marine Debris Program
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Citation URL: https://marinedebris.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/publications-files/ShorelineFieldGuide2012.pdf
Citation URL Name: NOAA Marine Debris Program
Source Contribution:

Shoreline survey protocol used to collect and tally data.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 839251
Description:

Prior to the surveys in 2013, each shoreline was divided into fixed 300-meter survey segments and stratified by the cardinal direction the shoreline was facing (e.g., north, south, east, and west). The shorelines of Eastern Island, Spit Island, and Sand Island were divided into 19, 4, and 23 segments, respectively, and the segments were randomly selected (to ensure accuracy when calculating shoreline marine debris accumulation rates). All shoreline segments are typically surveyed during each annual mission. Accumulation rates are calculated for previously cleaned survey segments that are resurveyed in subsequent years for newly accumulated debris.

Process Contact: Morioka, James M
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5491
Email Address: james.morioka@noaa.gov
Source: NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide

Process Step 2

CC ID: 325947
Description:

During a shoreline survey, field staff flagged the corners of the site and swept the entire survey area for marine debris. Most items found within the survey area >10 cm were collected and, if possible, bagged. Due to operational concerns, metal, glass, and building material were not surveyed or removed. Debris items <10 cm were also collected and bagged if the item could be identified (e.g., bottle caps and lighters were included in the survey, unidentified fragments <10 cm were typically excluded). Additionally, if the debris item was considered large (>1 m) or notable, a GPS waypoint was taken to mark the specific location of the debris, and the item was measured (length and width), recorded on the datasheet, and either bagged, removed, or tagged if the item was too large or hazardous to remove. The survey concluded by walking the perimeter of the survey site with a GPS.

Process Contact: Morioka, James M
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5491
Email Address: james.morioka@noaa.gov
Source: NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide

Process Step 3

CC ID: 839567
Description:

Following the survey, bagged and large debris were transported to the operations center for the mission, weighed, and sorted, tallied, and recorded by debris type for each survey. The NOAA Marine Debris Program-standardized shoreline survey datasheet was used to tally different debris types. Eel traps, oyster spacers, plastic pipes, and plastic baskets were added to the debris type categories (a significant number of these were found during the shoreline surveys). Large and notable items were individually weighed and recorded separately.

Total weight of all collected debris and the survey area (derived from the GPS tracks) were recorded for each 300-m segment, along with the date since the last debris survey to calculate the accumulation rate.

Process Contact: Morioka, James M
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5491
Email Address: james.morioka@noaa.gov
Source: NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Platforms

Platform Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) Debris Entities from Shoreline Surveys
Entity (ENT) Large Debris Entities from Shoreline Surveys

Related Items

Item Type Relationship Type Title
Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Marine Debris Survey and Removal Efforts in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 1999 to 2015

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 32834
Metadata Record Created By: Troy T Kanemura
Metadata Record Created: 2016-06-01 16:25+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-08-03 16:13+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2019-05-30
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2020-05-30