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Short Citation:
National Geodetic Survey, 2023: Hurricane Sandy: Rapid Response Imagery of the Surrounding Regions,

Item Identification

Title: Hurricane Sandy: Rapid Response Imagery of the Surrounding Regions
Short Name: hurricane_sandy_images
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2012-11-15

The imagery posted on this site is of Hurricane Sandy. The aerial photography missions were conducted by the NOAA Remote Sensing Division. The images were acquired from a nominal altitude of 7,500 feet, using a Trimble Digital Sensor System (DSS).


This imagery was acquired by the NOAA Remote Sensing Division to support NOAA national security and emergency response requirements. This rapid response product was generated for use by emergency managers for visual analysis of damage in the area. It is not intended for mapping, charting or navigation. In addition, it will be used for ongoing research efforts for testing and developing standards for airborne digital imagery.



Supplemental Information:

The ground sample distance (GSD) for each pixel is 35 cm. Image file size is between 1 MB and 10 MB. In an effort to acquire imagery in a timely manner after the event, clouds may be present in the imagery. Be advised that the Bounding Coordinates reflect the extents of the images acquired for this event and do not imply full image coverage of the area.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
ISO 19115 Topic Category
None aerial photographs
None aerial photography
None damage assessment
None emergency response
None high resolution imagery
None Hurricane Sandy

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Connecticut
None Delaware
None Maryland
None New Jersey
None New York
None Virginia placekey: United States

Physical Location

Organization: National Geodetic Survey
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Distribution Liability:

These photographs were obtained for use by NGS during the course of its development of potential final products to fulfill its statutory mission. Although NGS is making these photographs available to others who may find the photographs of value, NGS does not warrant, endorse, or recommend the use of these photographs for any given purpose. NGS is providing these photographs "as is," and NGS disclaims any and all warranties, whether expressed or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event will NGS be liable to you or any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits resulting from any use or misuse of these data.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 490173
Date Effective From: 2012-11-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NGS Communications and Outreach Branch
Email Address:
Phone: (301) 713-3242
Fax: (301) 713-4172


CC ID: 490175
Date Effective From: 2012-11-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NGS Communications and Outreach Branch
Email Address:
Phone: (301) 713-3242
Fax: (301) 713-4172

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 490176
Date Effective From: 2012-11-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NGS Communications and Outreach Branch
Email Address:
Phone: (301) 713-3242
Fax: (301) 713-4172

Point of Contact

CC ID: 490174
Date Effective From: 2012-11-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NGS Communications and Outreach Branch
Email Address:
Phone: (301) 713-3242
Fax: (301) 713-4172


Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 490179
W° Bound: -76.375098
E° Bound: -71.7999
N° Bound: 41.450101
S° Bound: 36.449902

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 490178
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-10-31
End: 2012-11-06

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:

We request that you credit the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) when you use these photos in a report, publication, or presentation.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 490180
Download URL:

Downloadable Data

File Type: JPG with worldfile.



CC ID: 490172
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 490197
Activity Date/Time: 2011-04

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 490196
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05

Converted from Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717063
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Data Quality

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

The accuracies have not been assessed. The absolute horizontal positions should be in the 1-3 meter range in areas with little or no topographic relief.

Completeness Report:

Typically, areas up to 4 km surrounding the location of the event are photographed.

Conceptual Consistency:

No consistency tests conducted.


Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 490170

Individual images were ortho-rectified from POS AV GPS-Aided Inertial Navigation Solution parameters using OSSIM software provided by Radiant Blue and NED elevation data. Individual images were combined into a seamless mosaic with OrthoVista.

Process Date/Time: 2012-10-01 00:00:00

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 39930
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:39930
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 13:07+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-05-30 18:09+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: NGS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-02-08
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-08