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Short Citation:
Office of Coast Survey, 2022: Historical Map & Chart Collection of NOAA's Nautical Charts, Hydrographic Surveys, Topographic Surveys, Geodetic Surveys, City Plans, and Civil War Battle Maps Starting from the mid 1700's, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/39977.

Item Identification

Title: Historical Map & Chart Collection of NOAA's Nautical Charts, Hydrographic Surveys, Topographic Surveys, Geodetic Surveys, City Plans, and Civil War Battle Maps Starting from the mid 1700's
Short Name: historical_chart
Status: In Work
Publication Date: 2002
Abstract:

The Historical Map and Chart Collection of the Office of Coast Survey contains over 20000 historical maps and charts from the mid 1700s through the late 1900s. These images are available for viewing or download through the image catalog at https://historicalcharts.noaa.gov/historicals/search . The Collection includes some of the nation's earliest nautical charts, hydrographic surveys, topographic surveys, geodetic surveys, city plans and Civil War battle maps. The Collection is a rich primary historical archive and a testament to the artistry of copper plate engraving technology of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Notable offerings include maps of Vancouver's explorations, the "Wilkes Atlas" of the U.S. Whistler's Anacapa Island chart, an extensive Civil War collection, a large scale topographic series of Washington, D.C., city plans, the reengraving of the famous 1792 L'Enfant and Ellicott plan for Washington D.C., and many artistic perspective sketches that were once an integral part of hydrographic surveys and published charts.

Purpose:

Since 1996, the Coast Survey has been engaged in a long term project to develop high resolution digital images of its entire archive of historic maps and charts. These archived maps have very significant historical value in and of themselves, and also provide a thorough documentation of the evolution of cartographic and engraving techniques over the past two centuries.

Notes:

1531

Supplemental Information:

The Coast Survey and its predecessor agencies have been producing maps and chart products for over 150 years. In the early 1800's, the United States consisted of some interior territory and 16 states along the eastern seaboard. Commerce between the states was mostly waterborne. Foreign trade, necessary for the survival and expansion of our national economy, was entirely by sea. A lack of nautical charts made navigation dangerous in the unknown watersalong the U.S. coasts and in the young nation's harbors. Inadequate sketches of a few areas and written descriptions such as Blunt's Coast Pilot were the only printed information available to the mariner. Shipwrecks were common, insurance rates high, and products of commerce correspondingly highly priced.President Thomas Jefferson, among others, foresaw the need for comprehensive, reliable nautical charts to safeguard shipping. On February 10, 1807, Congress passed an act authorizing President Jefferson ". . . to cause a survey to be taken of coasts of the United States, in which shall be designated the islands and shoals and places of anchorage . . ."The first U.S. Government-produced nautical chart, a black and white print made in 1835 from a stone engraving, was of Bridgeport Harbor, Connecticut. Although lacking in the detail of today's charts, it was compiled to an exceptional cartographic accuracy that has been a consistent characteristic of U.S. nautical charts throughout the years. Acquisition of a copperplate printing press in 1842 enabled the Coast Survey to publish a chart of New York Bay and Harbor in 1844 with finer definition than was possible from stone engravings. The addition of color, first added to the charts by hand in the 1800's and then by color lithographic processes in the early 1900's, enhanced the usefulness of the charts.From its inception, Coast Survey was in the forefront of new surveying innovations. It used schooners to perform surveys, lead lines to measure soundings, and astronomic fixes and dead reckoning to position a survey ship when out of sight of land on the first hydrographic surveys in late 1834 and early 1835. Through the maps and charts Coast Survey produced from the early 1800's to present, the history of cartographic techniques and applications can be traced from early stone engravings to today's computer generated negatives. Coast Survey historical charts and surveys contain some of the finest landscape perspectives and harbor views drawn in the 1800's.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category 014
ISO 19115 Topic Category 016
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category society
NOS Data Explorer Topic Catebory Nautical Charting
None aeronautical charts
None bathymetric maps
None city plans
None civil war maps
None historical charts
None historical maps
None hydrographic surveys
None marine navigation
None oceans
None topographic maps

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Africa
None Asia
None Canada
None Europe
None Global
None Greenland
None Mexico
None Middle East
None Pacific Ocean
None Phillipine Islands
None Puerto Rico
None Russia
None South America
None United States
None Virgin Islands
None West Indies

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Coast Survey
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: raster digital data
Distribution Liability:

All maps and charts in public domain. Usage is not restricted.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 808920
Date Effective From: 2018-12-14
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Galdi, Ben
Email Address: ben.galdi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 808921
Date Effective From: 2018-12-14
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office of Coast Survey (OCS)
Address: 1315 East West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910
URL: https://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 808922
Date Effective From: 2018-12-14
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Keown, Patrick
Address: 1315 East West Hwy
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Email Address: patrick.keown@noaa.gov
Phone: 240-533-0031

Point of Contact

CC ID: 808923
Date Effective From: 2018-12-14
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Keown, Patrick
Address: 1315 East West Hwy
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Email Address: patrick.keown@noaa.gov
Phone: 240-533-0031

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 494389
W° Bound: -180
E° Bound: 180
N° Bound: 90
S° Bound: -90

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 494388
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1747
End: 2001

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

The Historical Map and Chart Collection is available for free usage by the general public, other Federal, State or Local agencies, and educational institutions. If the images are used in a publication, presentation or exhibit, the Coast Survey requests an appropriate credit line be included such as "From the Image Archives of the Historical Map & Chart Collection/Office of Coast Survey/National Ocean Service/NOAA".

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 494391
Download URL: http://historicalcharts.noaa.gov/historicals/historical_zoom.asp
Distributor: Office of Coast Survey (OCS) (2018-12-14 - Present)
Description:

| File Compression: MrSid Compression

File Type: jpg

Distribution 2

CC ID: 494390
Download URL: http://historicalcharts.noaa.gov/historicals/historical_zoom.asp
Distributor: Office of Coast Survey (OCS) (2018-12-14 - Present)
Description:

| File Compression: MrSid Compression

File Type: sid

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 494382
URL: http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/csdl/ctp/abstract.htm
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Main webpage.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 494424
Activity Date/Time: 2008-11-07
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 494423
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 587948
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 39977
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:39977
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 13:49+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-12-14
Owner Org: OCS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year