Slide Menu
Search Help Show/Hide Menu
Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Hawaii ESI: BIRDS (Bird Polygons), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40316.

Item Identification

Title: Hawaii ESI: BIRDS (Bird Polygons)
Short Name: Hawaii_birds
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2001-11
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for endangered waterbirds and passerine birds, migratory shorebirds and waterfowl, gulls and terns, seabirds, raptors, and wading birds in coastal Hawaii. Vector polygons in this data set represent locations of bird nesting and foraging sites. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in relational data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set comprises a portion of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data for Hawaii. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources. See also the NESTS data layer, part of the larger Hawaii ESI database, for additional bird information.

Purpose:

The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.

Notes:

1798

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Hazardous Materials Response Division, Seattle, Washington

Supplemental Information:

Resource Description - ESI Atlas for Hawaii

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NOS Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None Bird
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Hawaii

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data
Entity Attribute Overview:

In addition to the geographic data layers, six relational attribute or data tables, BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS, are used to store the complex biological data in the ESI data structure. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, BIRDS) is linked to the Biological Resources table (BIORES) using the unique ID and the lookup table BIO_LUT, or it can be linked directly using RARNUM. The ID is a unique combination of the atlas number (for Hawaii, it is 65), an element/layer specific number (BIRDS are layer 1, FISH are layer 2, etc.), and a unique record number. The RARNUM represents a unique combination of species, seasonalities, concentrations, and source information. For each of these groupings, a number is generated. That number is concatenated with the atlas number to create a "resource at risk" number that is unique across atlases. BIORES and the other relational data tables are described below in detail. See the Browse_Graphic section for a link to the entity-relationship diagram, which describes the way these tables relate to the geographic data layers and other attribute tables in the ESI data structure. Due to the complexity of the relational database model, the data items are also post-processed into a flat file format. This table, called BIOFILE, may be used in place of the relational files described below to ease simple data queries. The items in the flat file are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S_F, T_E, NHP, DATE_PUB, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. All of these items are the same as their counterparts in the individual data tables described below, except the BREED1-BREED5 and BREED items. BREED is a newly generated variable used to link to the BREED_DT data table, a modified, more compact version of the relational BREED data table. BREED1-BREED5 give a text summary of when each life stage occurs within the associated map object. The life stages referred to are the same as those listed in the Detailed_Description of the BREED data table. The link to the BIOFILE may be made through the BIO_LUT, using ID to link to RARNUM, or BIOFILE may be linked directly to the RARNUM in each of the geographic layer's attribute data tables. As mentioned, BREED_DT is an auxiliary support data table to the flat file structure, which allows the user to do searches based on month for seasonal breeding activities. The link from the flat file to BREED_DT is the BREED item. A second supporting data table is SOURCES. This is the same as the source file described above, and the link from the flat file is both G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE. It should be noted that although the flat file eases data query, it is not a normalized database structure, and actual updates performed by the states and other responsible agencies should be done using the relational data tables. The entity-relationship diagram describing relationships between attribute tables in the ESI data structure does NOT include the BIOFILE data table, and this data table is NOT described in detail below.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

Unknown

Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format, and will offer a replacement copy of the product when the product is determined unreadable by computer input peripherals, or when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Hazardous Materials Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 507246
Date Effective From: 2001-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 507248
Date Effective From: 2001-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 507249
Date Effective From: 2001-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 507247
Date Effective From: 2001-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: The biological data were compiled during 2000-2001. The currentness dates for these data range from 1980 to 2001 and are documented in the Source_Information section.

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 507252
W° Bound: -179.278
E° Bound: -154.598
N° Bound: 29.252
S° Bound: 18.713

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 507251
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2000
End: 2001

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 588387
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 327
Curve Object Present?: Yes
Curve Object Count: 81556
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 327
Surface Object Present?: Yes
Surface Object Count: 418

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Contact NOAA for distribution options (see Distributor). ESI data are processed into multiple formats to make them useful to a wider community of GIS/mapping users. Distribution formats include ARC export, MOSS and Shape files, and MARPLOT map folders. An ArcView ESI project and ESI_Viewer product are also included on the distribution CD's for ease of use of the ESI data. The database files are distributed both in the NOAA standard relational database format (see NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115) and in a simplified desktop flat file format. This metadata document includes information on both of these database formats.;

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Besides the above warning, there are no use constraints on these data. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 507244
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 507265
Activity Date/Time: 2001-11
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 507264
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 588385
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 603292
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 719139
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ARC/INFO(r) (version 8.0.2) and ORACLE(r) RDBMS (version 8.0.5.0.0). The hardware configuration is Hewlett Packard workstations (models 715/50 and 712/80i with 4 X-terminals) with UNIX operating system (HP-UX Release A.10.20), and PC's with Windows Operating System (NT4.0/2000). The Spatial_Data_Organization _Information section refers only to the source files in the ARC export format. The following files are included in that data set: bathy.e00, birds.e00, bio_lut.e00, biofile.e00, biores.e00, breed.e00, breed_dt.e00, cass_pt.e00, esi.e00, fish.e00, fishpt.e00, habitats.e00, habpt.e00, hydro.e00, index.e00, invert.e00, invertpt.e00, m_mammals.e00, m_mampt.e00, mgt.e00, nests.e00, pools.e00, reptiles.e00, reptpt.e00, seasonal.e00, soc_dat.e00, soc_lut.e00, socecon.e00, sources.e00, species.e00, status.e00. Associated relational and desktop data tables provided in ARC export and text format are bio_lut, biofile, biores, breed, breed_dt, seasonal, soc_dat, soc_lut, socecon, sources, species, and status.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, hardcopy data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Some spatial components of the biological data sets are developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy basemaps with a scale of 1:24,000. Many of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original data source and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of expert knowledge and available hardcopy reports on bird nesting and foraging concentration areas. Refer to the NESTS data layer for additional seabird nesting colony information. These data do not necessarily represent all bird occurences in the state of Hawaii. The following species are included in this data set (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name, if applicable): 16, Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; 17, Northern pintail, Anas acuta; 18, Green-winged teal, Anas crecca; 20, Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata; 22, Greater scaup, Aythya marila; 23, Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; 57, Wandering tattler, Heteroscelus incanus; 61, Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos; 65, Long-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus; 67, Sanderling, Calidris alba; 73, Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres; 90, Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax; 165, Bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica; 169, American wigeon, Anas americana; 190, Blue-winged teal, Anas discors; 242, Hawaiian stilt, Himantopus mexicanus knudseni; 243, Hawaiian coot, Fulica alai; 244, Hawaiian duck, Anas wyvilliana; 245, Hawaiian common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis; 246, Laysan duck, Anas laysanensis; 247, Wedge-tailed shearwater, Puffinus pacificus; 248, Bulwer's petrel, Bulweria bulwerii; 249, Black noddy, Anous minutus; 250, Red-tailed tropicbird, Phaethon rubricauda; 251, Great frigatebird, Fregata minor; 252, White-tailed tropicbird, Phaethon lepturus; 254, Laysan albatross, Phoebastria immutabilis; 261, Brown booby, Sula leucogaster; 292, Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata; 339, Band-rumped storm-petrel, Oceanodroma castro; 490, Eurasian wigeon, Anas penelope; 543, Pacific golden plover, Pluvialis fulva; 619, Hawaiian goose, Branta sandvicensis; 620, Dark-rumped petrel, Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis; 621, Newell's shearwater, Puffinus auricularis newelli; 622, Nihoa finch, Telespiza ultima; 623, Nihoa millerbird, Acrocephalus familiaris kingi; 624, Laysan finch, Telespiza cantans; 1001, Gulls; 1002, Shorebirds; 1003, Waterfowl; 1004, Wading birds; 1005, Raptors; 1008, Terns; 1022, Seabirds.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute_Accuracy_Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies (such as dangles, unnecessary node, etc.), and ORACLE (r) to ARC/INFO(r) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, where the data are written to CD-ROM and the metadata are written. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to a number of quality and consistency checks. In the process of checking for topological and database consistencies, new ID's and RARNUM's or HUNUM's are also generated. The new ID's are a combination of atlas number, element number, and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the case of an element that is normally represented by a point or polygon, a value of 20 is added to the standard element value for mapping of linear features. In the case where an element usually mapped as a polygon is represented by a point, a value of 30 is added to the regular element value. The RARNUM's are also modified to include the atlas number, so multiple atlases can be combined and RARNUM's remain unique. RARNUM's are redefined on an element basis, so "resources at risk" groupings will contain only a single element. HUNUM's are also modified to include the atlas number.

Lineage

Sources

Appendices to the Fish and Wildlife Management Plan for Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii.

CC ID: 603310
Contact Name: Rauzon, M.J.
Publish Date: 1992-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1992
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

Atlas of Hawaiian Seabird Colonies.

CC ID: 603297
Contact Name: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publish Date: 1983-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1983
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Hardcopy text | Type of Source Media: paper

Biological Resource Distribution and Concentration Areas for Kalaupapa National Heritage Program

CC ID: 603303
Contact Name: Potts, R. (National Park Service, Molokai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Bird and Fish Distribution and Sea Turtle Nesting in Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge

CC ID: 603305
Contact Name: Nakai, G. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Maui)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Bird Concentration Areas and Seasonality; Marine Mammal Distribution; Aquaculture

CC ID: 603295
Contact Name: Silbernagle, M. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oahu)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Bird Distribution and Seasonality; Seagrass Concentrations; Surfing

CC ID: 603308
Contact Name: Foster, K. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oahu)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2001
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Boundaries of State Parks; Endangered Waterbird Concentrations for Kauai

CC ID: 603301
Contact Name: Souza, W. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, Kauai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Coral, Fish, Invertebrate, Bird, Reptile, and Marine Mammal Distribution for Kauai

CC ID: 603299
Contact Name: Heacock, D. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, Kauai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Distribution of Biological Resources for the Big Island

CC ID: 603307
Contact Name: Hendricks, P. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, retired)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Distribution of Biological Resources for the Big Island; Socioeconomic information

CC ID: 603306
Contact Name: Carman, B. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, Kona, Hawaii)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Endangered and Migratory Bird Concentration Areas and Seasonality

CC ID: 603293
Contact Name: Walker, R. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oahu)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Endangered and Migratory Bird Concentration Areas for Niihau

CC ID: 603302
Contact Name: Telfer, T. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, Kauai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

New Insights into the Status of the Hawaiian Petrel on Kauai.

CC ID: 603311
Contact Name: Ainley, D.G., et al.
Publish Date: 1997-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1980
Extent End Date/Time: 1994
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

Plant, Bird, Marine Mammal, Sea Turtle, Fish, and Invertebrate Concentration Areas

CC ID: 603294
Contact Name: Swenson, C. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oahu)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Seabird Nesting and Endangered Waterbird Distribution for Kauai

CC ID: 603300
Contact Name: Alexander, T. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Kauai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Seabird Nesting Locations and Monk Seal Distribution for Kauai

CC ID: 603309
Contact Name: Asquith, A. (Sea Grant, Kauai)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2001
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Seabird Nesting Sites and Seasonality

CC ID: 603298
Contact Name: Flint, B. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oahu)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Seabird, Endangered Bird, and Invertebrate Distribution and Seasonality for Maui; Management Areas

CC ID: 603304
Contact Name: Duvall, F. (Department of Land and Natural Resources, Maui)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: Personal communication

Survey and Inventory of Seabirds, Oahu County

CC ID: 603296
Contact Name: Department of Land and Natural Resources, Div. of Forestry and Wildlife
Publish Date: 1998-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1997
Extent End Date/Time: 1998
Source Contribution:

Bird information | Source Geospatial Form: Hardcopy text | Type of Source Media: paper

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 603312
Description:

Personal interviews with resource experts from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Division of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) were the primary sources of data used to depict bird nesting and foraging for this data layer. Information gathered during a set of interviews was compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000 topographic quadrangles. A second set of interviews was conducted following the data compilation phase, and edits were made based on recommendations by the resource experts. Concentration information was generally not well known, and therefore use of descriptive terms such as "very high" or "high", or use of numbers of individuals present at a particular location was limited to areas that were frequently monitored. Numerical concentration values were provided by resource experts.

Process Date/Time: 2001-11-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIORES
Entity BIO_LUT
Entity BIRDS.PAT
Entity BREED
Entity SEASONAL
Entity SOURCES
Entity SPECIES
Entity STATUS

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40316
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40316
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-09