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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: North Carolina 2016 ESI BIRDS Polygons, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40425.

Item Identification

Title: North Carolina 2016 ESI BIRDS Polygons
Short Name: North Carolina 2016 ESI BIRDS Polygons
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016-11
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for wading birds, shorebirds, waterfowl, raptors, diving birds, seabirds, passerine birds, and gulls and terns in North Carolina. Vector polygons in this data set represent bird nesting, migratory staging, wintering sites, and general use areas. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for North Carolina. As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources. See also the BIRDSPT (Bird Points) data layer for additional bird information.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

1961

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Quantum Spatial Inc., Corvallis, Oregon for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NORTH CAROLINA
UNCONTROLLED
None Albemarle Sound
None Pamlico Sound

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, BIRDS) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information. The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many. During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

NOAA ESI Guidelines

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor). These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 510848
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 510850
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 510851
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 510849
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 782124
W° Bound: -78.6308
E° Bound: -75.2142
N° Bound: 36.5819
S° Bound: 33.6182
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall North Carolina ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 782125
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2016
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 782126
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 19317

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 510855
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: ESI Program Manager (2016-11 - Present)
File Name: NCarolina_2016_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2016-11-21 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 333 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 510846
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 782127
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 3

CC ID: 782128
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the North Carolina ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 510868
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 510867
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 589660
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 719247
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software package used to develop the atlas is Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.2(R). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on digital base maps with a scale of 1:24,000 or larger. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original source data and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of digital data, expert knowledge, scientific articles, unpublished reports, survey data, and maps on bird nesting, wintering, migratory staging and other spatial/temporal concentration areas. These data do not necessarily represent all bird occurrences in North Carolina. The following species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name or "n/a" if not applicable): 1, Common loon, Gavia immer; 3, Red-throated loon, Gavia stellata; 5, Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus; 8, Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus; 11, Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus columbianus; 12, Canada goose, Branta canadensis; 13, Brant, Branta bernicla; 15, Snow goose, Chen caerulescens; 16, Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; 17, Northern pintail, Anas acuta; 18, Green-winged teal, Anas crecca; 20, Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata; 21, Canvasback, Aythya valisineria; 22, Greater scaup, Aythya marila; 23, Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; 26, Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola; 27, Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis; 29, White-winged scoter, Melanitta fusca; 30, Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata; 32, Common merganser, Mergus merganser; 33, Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator; 34, American coot, Fulica americana; 35, Parasitic jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus; 38, Herring gull, Larus argentatus; 40, Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis; 42, Bonaparte's gull, Larus philadelphia; 45, Common tern, Sterna hirundo; 53, Red-necked phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus; 54, Great blue heron, Ardea herodias; 60, Red knot, Calidris canutus; 64, Short-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus; 67, Sanderling, Calidris alba; 69, Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus; 71, Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola; 75, Razorbill, Alca torda; 76, Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus; 77, Osprey, Pandion haliaetus; 78, Atlantic puffin, Fratercula arctica; 80, Arctic tern, Sterna paradisaea; 86, Least tern, Sternula antillarum; 87, Little blue heron, Egretta caerulea; 88, Great egret, Ardea alba; 89, Snowy egret, Egretta thula; 90, Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax; 91, Glossy ibis, Plegadis falcinellus; 92, Great black-backed gull, Larus marinus; 93, Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis; 94, Tricolored heron, Egretta tricolor; 96, Leach's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa; 97, Green heron, Butorides virescens; 98, Laughing gull, Larus atricilla; 107, Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus; 110, Dovekie, Alle alle; 115, White ibis, Eudocimus albus; 118, Brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis; 120, Yellow-crowned night-heron, Nyctanassa violacea; 121, Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga; 124, Redhead, Aythya americana; 125, Clapper rail, Rallus longirostris; 127, Sooty tern, Onychoprion fuscatus; 129, Northern fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis; 132, Wood stork, Mycteria americana; 133, Black skimmer, Rynchops niger; 134, Gull-billed tern, Gelochelidon nilotica; 135, Sandwich tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis; 136, Caspian tern, Hydroprogne caspia; 137, Royal tern, Thalasseus maximus; 138, Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri; 141, American avocet, Recurvirostra americana; 142, Black-necked stilt, Himantopus mexicanus; 148, Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis; 150, Black rail, Laterallus jamaicensis; 152, American oystercatcher, Haematopus palliatus; 153, Piping plover, Charadrius melodus; 154, Wilson's plover, Charadrius wilsonia; 155, Willet, Tringa semipalmata; 160, Red phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius; 162, Gadwall, Anas strepera; 167, Northern gannet, Morus bassanus; 169, American wigeon, Anas americana; 174, Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos; 176, Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus; 178, Least bittern, Ixobrychus exilis; 180, Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris; 181, Northern harrier, Circus cyaneus; 182, American kestrel, Falco sparverius; 184, King rail, Rallus elegans; 185, American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus; 186, American black duck, Anas rubripes; 187, Virginia rail, Rallus limicola; 188, Sora, Porzana carolina; 190, Blue-winged teal, Anas discors; 191, Wood duck, Aix sponsa; 195, American woodcock, Scolopax minor; 197, Black scoter, Melanitta americana; 198, Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus; 199, Pomarine jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus; 200, Sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus; 210, Marbled godwit, Limosa fedoa; 225, Marsh wren, Cistothorus palustris; 252, White-tailed tropicbird, Phaethon lepturus; 253, Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus; 277, Seaside sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus; 278, Saltmarsh sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus; 283, Bridled tern, Onychoprion anaethetus; 287, Audubon's shearwater, Puffinus lherminieri; 299, Scaup, Aythya spp.; 301, Mergansers, ; 302, Scoters, Melanitta spp.; 305, Red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis; 338, South polar skua, Catharacta maccormicki; 342, Red-billed tropicbird, Phaethon aethereus; 343, Long-tailed jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus; 445, Wilson's storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus; 462, Loons, Gavia spp.; 529, Cory's shearwater, Calonectris diomedea; 603, Black-capped petrel, Pterodroma hasitata; 734, Nelson's sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni; 858, Painted bunting, Passerina ciris; 865, Great shearwater, Puffinus gravis; 942, Bachman's sparrow, Peucaea aestivalis; 943, Black-throated green warbler, Setophaga virens waynei; 1001, Gulls, n/a; 1002, Shorebirds, n/a; 1003, Waterfowl, n/a; 1004, Wading birds, n/a; 1008, Terns, n/a; 1010, Pelagic birds, n/a; 1019, Sea ducks, n/a.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Sources

A CONSERVATION ACTION PLAN FOR THE AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER (HAEMATOPUS PALLIATUS) FOR THE ATLANTIC AND GULF COASTS OF THE UNITED STATES; VER. 2

CC ID: 781686
Contact Name: SHILOH SCHULTE, STEPHAN BROWN, DEBRA REYNOLDS AND THE AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER WORKING GROUP
Publish Date: 2007-06-01
Citation URL: http://myfwc.com/media/648883/amoy_plan_jun2007.pdf
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

AMERICAN AVOCET (RECURVIROSTRA AMERICANA)

CC ID: 781689
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/275
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

AMERICAN BITTERN (BOTAURUS LENTIGINOSUS)

CC ID: 781675
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/018
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER (HAEMATOPUS PALLIATUS)

CC ID: 781674
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/082
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

AMERICAN WOODCOCK (SCOLOPAX MINOR)

CC ID: 781690
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/100
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BACHMAN'S SPARROW (PEUCAEA AESTIVALIS)

CC ID: 781691
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/038
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BALD EAGLE (HALIAEETUS LEUCOCEPHALUS)

CC ID: 781673
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/506
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BIRDS OF NORTH CAROLINA: THEIR DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE

CC ID: 781662
Contact Name: CAROLINA BIRD CLUB
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Citation URL: http://ncbirds.carolinabirdclub.org/accounts.php
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BLACK RAIL (LATERALLUS JAMAICENSIS)

CC ID: 781672
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1994-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/123
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BLACK SKIMMER (RYNCHOPS NIGER)

CC ID: 781671
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1998-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/108
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (NYCTICORAX NYCTICORAX)

CC ID: 781676
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2010-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/074
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BLACK-THROATED GREEN WARBLER (SETOPHAGA VIRENS)

CC ID: 781682
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2005-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/055
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

BROWN PELICAN (PELECANUS OCCIDENTALIS)

CC ID: 781670
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/609
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

CASPIAN TERN (HYDROPROGNE CASPIA)

CC ID: 781703
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1999-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/403
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

CATTLE EGRET (BUBULCUS IBIS)

CC ID: 781702
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/113
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

CLAPPER RAIL (RALLUS LONGIROSTRIS)

CC ID: 781701
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/340
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

COLONIAL WATERBIRD DATABASE QUERY, AUGUST 2016

CC ID: 781687
Contact Name: PORTAL ACCESS TO WILDLIFE SYSTEMS (PAWS), NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION
Source Contribution:

SPREADSHEET

DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY OF WATERFOWL IN NORTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 781660
Contact Name: DOUG HOWELL AND JOE FULLER, NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOUCES COMMISSION
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016-06
Source Contribution:

EXPERT KNOWLEDGE

DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANT (PHALACROCORAX AURITUS)

CC ID: 781700
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/441
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS; REVISED DESIGNATION OF CRITICAL HABITAT FOR THE WINTERING POPULATION OF THE PIPING PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MELODUS) IN NORTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 781648
Contact Name: DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Publish Date: 2008-10-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2008-10
Source Contribution:

HARDCOPY TEXT

FINAL DETERMINATION OF CRITICAL HABITAT FOR WINTERING PIPING PLOVERS

CC ID: 781646
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Publish Date: 2001-07-01
Citation URL: http://criticalhabitat.fws.gov
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

FORSTER'S TERN (STERNA FORSTERI)

CC ID: 781677
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2001-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/595
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GLOSSY IBIS (PLEGADIS FALCINELLUS)

CC ID: 781669
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/545
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL (LARUS MARINUS)

CC ID: 781699
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1998-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/330
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GREAT BLUE HERON (ARDEA HERODIAS)

CC ID: 781698
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/025
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GREAT EGRET (ARDEA ALBA)

CC ID: 781678
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/570
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GREEN HERON (BUTORIDES VIRESCENS)

CC ID: 781679
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1994-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/129
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

GULL-BILLED TERN (GELOCHELIDON NILOTICA)

CC ID: 781668
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/140
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

HERRING GULL (LARUS ARGENTATUS)

CC ID: 781697
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1994-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/124
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

IMPORTANT BIRD AREAS, NORTH CAROLINA (NC_IBAS_2010_15_DEC_2011)

CC ID: 781647
Contact Name: AUDUBON NORTH CAROLINA
Publish Date: 2011-12-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

LAUGHING GULL (LEUCOPHAEUS ATRICILLA)

CC ID: 781680
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/225
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

LEAST BITTERN (IXOBRYCHUS EXILIS)

CC ID: 781667
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/017
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

LEAST TERN (STERNULA ANTILLARUM)

CC ID: 781666
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1997-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/290
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

LITTLE BLUE HERON (EGRETTA CAERULEA)

CC ID: 781665
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/145
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

MARSH WREN (CISTOTHORUS PALUSTRIS)

CC ID: 781696
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/308
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

NATURAL HERITAGE ELEMENT OCCURRENCES

CC ID: 781649
Contact Name: NORTH CAROLINA NATURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Publish Date: 2016-04-08
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

NORTH CAROLINA GAME LANDS

CC ID: 781659
Contact Name: NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION
Publish Date: 2014-10-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-10
Citation URL: http://www.ncwildlife.org/
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

NORTH CAROLINA MID-WINTER WATERFOWL SURVEY DATA

CC ID: 781650
Contact Name: JOE FULLER, NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Extent End Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

NORTHERN HARRIER (CIRCUS CYANEUS)

CC ID: 781664
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/210
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

OSPREY (PANDION HALIEATUS)

CC ID: 781695
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/683
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

PAINTED BUNTING (PASSERINA CIRIS)

CC ID: 781663
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/398
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

PIPING PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MELODUS), ATLANTIC COAST POPULATION, REVISED RECOVERY PLAN

CC ID: 781651
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Publish Date: 1996-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1996
Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

PURPLE GALLINULE (PORPHYRIO MARTINICUS)

CC ID: 781661
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/626
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

RED KNOT (CALIDRIS CANUTUS)

CC ID: 781694
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/563
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

RED-COCKADED WOODPECKER (PICOIDES BOREALIS)

CC ID: 781657
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1994-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/085
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

ROYAL TERN (THALASSEUS MAXIMUS)

CC ID: 781681
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/700
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

SANDWICH TERN (THALASSEUS SANDVICENSIS)

CC ID: 781683
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1999-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/405
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

SEASIDE SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS MARITIMUS)

CC ID: 781693
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/127
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

SHOREBIRD DATABASE QUERY, JULY 2016

CC ID: 781684
Contact Name: PORTAL ACCESS TO WILDLIFE SYSTEMS (PAWS), NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION
Source Contribution:

SPREADSHEET

SNOWY EGRET (EGRETTA THULA)

CC ID: 781656
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/489
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

TRICOLORED HERON (EGRETTA TRICOLOR)

CC ID: 781655
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/306
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

WATERFOWL FOCUS AREAS AND FOCUS AREA REPORT (2005)

CC ID: 781658
Contact Name: ATLANTIC COAST JOINT VENTURE
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

WHITE IBIS (EUDOCIMUS ALBUS)

CC ID: 781692
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/009
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

WILLET (TRINGA SEMIPALMATA)

CC ID: 781685
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2001-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/579
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

WILSON'S PLOVER (CHARADRIUS WILSONIA)

CC ID: 781654
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/516
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

WOOD STORK (MYCTERIA AMERICANA)

CC ID: 781653
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 1999-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/409
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

WOOD STORK NESTING CORE FORAGING AREAS 2006-2015

CC ID: 781688
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE - NORTH FLORIDA ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OFFICE
Publish Date: 2016-03-23
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Extent End Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT-HERON (NYCTANASSA VIOLACEA)

CC ID: 781652
Contact Name: CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION, BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA ONLINE
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Citation URL: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/161
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

WEBSITE

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 510837
Description:

Bird species in this feature class are included either because of their likelihood of direct or indirect impact by an oil spill or similar incident, their general rarity or imperilment, or their special protection status as threatened or endangered. Migratory or wintering concentration areas, nesting sites and colonies, and protected species are especially emphasized. Bird concentration areas depicted in this atlas are described for various groups of birds below.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 510838
Description:

Colonial waterbirds, shorebirds, and wading birds: Nesting locations for terns, gulls, shorebirds, egrets, and herons were mapped using digital polygon data obtained from North Carolina Natural Heritage Program (NC NHP) and North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission (NC WRC). Concentration values were generalized when presented for a range of dates (10-25, or 100s, 1000s, etc.) or left blank when not available. Migratory and overwintering hotspot locations of terns and shorebirds (specifically piping plover - federally and state endangered, and red knots - federally threatened, and Wilson's plover - state conservation concern) were mapped using survey data provided by NC Audubon, NC NHP, NC WRC, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and expert opinion. Concentration values, when presented, represent ranges or generalized values.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 510839
Description:

Marsh obligate species: Salt and freshwater marshes are ranked as highly sensitive to oiling due to their biological productivity and the tendency for oil to persist based on low relative exposure to wind/wave energy and the difficulties associated with human cleanup activities. Marshes are extremely valuable for a suite of bird species in the region including rails, bitterns, and marsh obligate passerines, and should be prioritized for protection wherever they exist. Due to the difficulties of surveying in these areas, and in an effort to highlight specific known nesting occurrences, we only mapped nesting locations from NC NHP and NC WRC nesting survey data. General distributions based on habitat associations were not mapped as they have been in the past. Therefore, an absence of a polygon in a region does not mean a species will not be present in the event of a spill.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 510840
Description:

Waterfowl: The large bays, estuaries and fringing wetland habitat that characterize coastal North Carolina support large numbers of wintering and migrating waterfowl. Similar to most states along the Atlantic Flyway, North Carolina collects yearly aerial survey data in mid-winter to identify the habitats needed to support these large influxes of waterfowl. Mid-winter aerial survey data from 2011-2015 was provided by NC WRC and used in this update. Based on consultation with resource experts, winter waterfowl distributions were mapped to the predefined unit boundaries themselves rather than interpolating species/unit counts to suitable habitat within each unit. In an effort to reduce complexity and place an emphasis on the overall number of individuals utilizing a particular region, we chose to only map species that contained 100 or more individuals per survey area. Counts of species that did not meet this threshold within a surveyed area were aggregated together and displayed as wintering "waterfowl". This method reduces clutter on the map while still placing an emphasis on the regions providing critical over-wintering waterfowl habitat. Concentration values, when populated, indicate a generalized maximum yearly count for that species and unit (100s, 1,000s, 10,000s, etc.). Additional areas providing critical foraging habitat and refuge areas for migrating and wintering waterfowl were mapped using data from the Atlantic Coast Joint Venture - Waterfowl Implementation Plan, North Carolina Gameland designations, and expert knowledge. Generalized nesting locations for resident waterfowl species were obtained from expert knowledge. Similar to other marsh obligate nesting birds, the difficult nature of surveying in marsh habitat resulted in nesting waterfowl distributions in the area to be underrepresented. Resident populations of waterfowl depend heavily on salt and freshwater marshes (American black duck, blue-winged teal and gadwall) and freshwater swamps and surrounding upland forests (wood duck) for breeding and therefore could be present within this habitat during the spring and summer breeding months. For the purposes of this feature class, typical nesting habitat within survey units expected to hold the largest aggregations of nesting waterfowl were selected and mapped as "GENERAL DISTRIBUTION" polygons with the breeding months indicated in the seasonal presence attributes.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 5

CC ID: 510841
Description:

Raptors: Nesting locations for bald eagles (state threatened), osprey, and northern harriers were mapped using data from the NC NHP. Wintering locations and migratory stopover concentrations for the aforementioned species as well as peregrine falcons and short-eared owls were also mapped using data from NC NHP.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 6

CC ID: 510842
Description:

Seabirds: No pelagic seabirds nest within the AOI but certain species use the offshore region depicted within the atlas. The Gulf Stream waters travel close to the coast of North Carolina off the tip of Cape Hatteras. As stated in the North Carolina Important Bird Area (NC IBA) report, this area "has the greatest diversity of seabirds and marine mammals in the southeastern Unites States." In addition to the diversity supported in the offshore regions of North Carolina, the NC IBA report also stresses that this region may support a globally significant proportion of black-capped and Bermuda petrels. High use seabird areas depicted in this atlas were mapped primarily using data from these NC IBA designations. Although a few areas are depicted as having higher than average densities of seabirds, all offshore waters in North Carolina will support some level of seabirds and sea ducks in all months of the year and should be considered highly sensitive to oil spills.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 7

CC ID: 510843
Description:

Rare, threatened and endangered passerines: Nesting location of rare, threatened or endangered passerines were included as polygons even when hydrographically removed from large waterbodies in an effort to make this regional update more usable in an all-hazards context. These data were obtained from the NC NHP database. These species are not generally thought of as at risk from an oil spill itself but their listing status should be taken into consideration when conducting cleanup operations in the vicinity of known nesting locations.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 8

CC ID: 510844
Description:

See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The ESI, biology, and human-use data are compiled into the standard ESI digital data format. A second set of interviews with participating resource experts are conducted to review the compiled data. If necessary, edits to the BIRDS data layer are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BIRD POLYS
Entity BREED_DT
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40425
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40425
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-11-13
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-11-14