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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: North Carolina 2016 ESI M_MAMMAL (Marine Mammal Polygons), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40435.

Item Identification

Title: North Carolina 2016 ESI M_MAMMAL (Marine Mammal Polygons)
Short Name: North Carolina 2016 ESI M_MAMMAL Polygons
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016-11
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for whales, dolphins, pinnipeds, and manatees in North Carolina. Vector polygons (MARINE MAMMAL POLYS) in this data set represent migration, calving areas, general distribution, and seal haul out areas. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for North Carolina. As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

1971

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Quantum Spatial Inc., Corvallis, Oregon for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal Resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None Environmental Sensitivity Index
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NORTH CAROLINA
UNCONTROLLED
None Albemarle Sound
None Pamlico Sound

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, MARINE MAMMAL POLYS) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information. The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many. During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

NOAA ESI Guidelines

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor). These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 511118
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 511120
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 511121
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 511119
Date Effective From: 2016-11
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 794538
W° Bound: -78.6308
E° Bound: -75.2142
N° Bound: 36.5819
S° Bound: 33.6182
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall North Carolina ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 794539
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2016
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 794540
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 72

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 511125
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: ESI Program Manager (2016-11 - Present)
File Name: NCarolina_2016_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2016-11-21 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 333 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 511116
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 794541
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 3

CC ID: 794542
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the North Carolina ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 511138
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 511137
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 589680
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 719257
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software package used to develop the atlas is Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.2(R). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on digital base maps with a scale of 1:24,000 or larger. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original source data and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of digital data, expert knowledge, and scientific reports on seal haul-outs and marine mammal migration, calving, and general distributions. These data do not necessarily represent all marine mammal occurrences in North Carolina. The following species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name or n/a if not applicable): 2, Harbor seal, Phoca vitulina; 6, Harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena; 10, West Indian manatee, Trichechus manatus; 11, Fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus; 13, Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae; 14, Gray seal, Halichoerus grypus; 17, Bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus; 21, Atlantic spotted dolphin, Stenella frontalis; 60, Short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis; 81, North Atlantic right whale, Eubalaena glacialis; 84, Hooded seal, Cystophora cristata; 85, Harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Sources

BIOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT AREAS FOR CETACEANS WITHIN THE US EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE - EAST COAST REGION

CC ID: 781942
Contact Name: MARINE GEOSPATIAL ECOLOGY LAB, DUKE UNIVERSITY
Publish Date: 2014-08-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-08
Source Contribution:

VECTOR DIGITAL DATA

DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY OF MANATEES IN NORTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 781946
Contact Name: ERIN CUMMINGS, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, WILMINGTON
Publish Date: 2016-05-01
Source Contribution:

EXPERT KNOWLEDGE

DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY OF MARINE MAMMALS IN NORTH CAROLIINA

CC ID: 781947
Contact Name: VICKY THAYER, MARINE MAMMAL STRANDING COORDINATOR - NCDMF AND KEITH RITTMASTER, NC MARITIME MUSEUM
Publish Date: 2016-03-01
Source Contribution:

EXPERT KNOWLEDGE

HABITAT-BASED CETACEAN DENSITY MODELS FOR THE U.S. ATLANTIC AND GULF OF MEXICO

CC ID: 781945
Contact Name: ROBERTS, J.J., B.D. BEST, L. MANNOCCI, E. FUJIOKA, P.N. HALPIN, D.L. PALKA, L.P. GARRISON, K.D. MULLIN, T.V.N. COLE, C.B.KHAN, W.M. MCLELLAN, D.A. PABST, AND G.G. LOCKHART.
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1992
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://seamap.env.duke.edu/models/Duke-EC-GOM-2015/
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

RASTER DIGITAL DATA

REPRODUCTIVE SEASONALITY OF WESTERN ATLANTIC BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS OFF NORTH CAROLINA, U.S.A

CC ID: 781950
Contact Name: THAYER, V.G., A.J. READ, AND A.S. FRIEDLAENDER
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1992
Extent End Date/Time: 1999
Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

SHORT-BEAKED COMMON DOLPHIN (DELPHINUS DELPHIS DELPHIS): WESTERN NORTH ATLANTIC STOCK

CC ID: 781948
Contact Name: WARING, G.T., E. JOSEPHSON, K. MAZE-FOLEY, AND P.E. ROSEL, EDITORS
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/publications/tm/tm231/
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PATTERNS OF HABITAT USE AND MORTALITY OF THE FLORIDA MANATEE (TRICHECHUS MANATUS LATIROSTRIS) IN THE MID-ATLANTIC STATES OF NORTH CAROLINA AND VIRGINIA FROM 1991 TO 2012

CC ID: 781943
Contact Name: E.W. CUMMINGS, D.A. PABST, J.E. BLUM, S.G. BARCO, S.J. DAVIS, B.G. THAYER, N. ADIMEY, AND W.A. MCLELLAN
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1991
Extent End Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

STRANDINGS AS INDICATORS OF MARINE MAMMAL BIODIVERSITY AND HUMAN INTERACTIONS OFF THE COAST OF NORTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 781949
Contact Name: B.L. BYRD, A.A. HOHN, G.N. LOVEWELL, K.M. ALTMAN, S.G. BARCO, A. FRIEDLAENDER, C.A. HARMS, W.A. MCLELLAN, K.T. MOORE, P.E. ROSEL, V.G. THAYER
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

THE MAMMALS OF NORTH CAROLINA: FIRST APPROXIMATION

CC ID: 781944
Contact Name: LEGRANDE, H.E., JR. AND T.E. HOWARD, JR.
Publish Date: 2013-12-01
Citation URL: http://nature123.net/pdf/nc_mammal_apx_1.pdf
Citation URL Name: Citation URL
Citation URL Description:

This is the location where this source was originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

DOCUMENT

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 511114
Description:

Marine mammals depicted in this feature class include cetaceans (whales, porpoise, and dolphins), pinnipeds, and the West Indian manatee. Marine mammals displayed in inland waters (sounds, rivers, and bays) are restricted to the bottlenose dolphin and West Indian manatee, although whales, spotted dolphins, and seals may occur in inland waters on occasion. The location of the faunal transition zone near Cape Hatteras results in a high biodiversity of marine mammals that could potentially be found in the atlas area (Byrd et. al. 2014). However, many of these species typically occur farther offshore and were not mapped due to their rarity in the AOI. The general distribution of marine mammals along the outer coast of North Carolina was mapped using large polygons delineated by 10-m and 20-m isobaths and further divided at the capes (Cape Fear, Cape Lookout, and Cape Hatteras). Concentration values of \x93High\x94, \x93Med\x94, and \x93Low\x94 were determined using habitat-based cetacean density maps (Roberts et al. 2016) and reflect the concentration of each species relative to its East coast-wide abundance. For seasonally present species that had monthly abundance estimates, the month of peak abundance in North Carolina was used to determine concentration values, otherwise year-round mean density maps were used. Cetaceans - Biologically Important Areas (BIAs; LaBrecque et al. 2015) for the bottlenose dolphin and North Atlantic right whale were used to map the distributions of these species. In North Carolina, two small, estuarine stocks of bottlenose dolphin occur: the Northern North Carolina Estuarine Stock (NNCES) and the Southern North Carolina Estuarine (SNCES) Stock. These populations occupy sounds, rivers, and bays, and nearshore waters in warmer months and move into nearshore waters in late fall through winter where they likely overlap with the Northern Migratory Stock of bottlenose dolphins. The North Atlantic right whale, a state and federally endangered species, has both calving and migration BIAs in the North Carolina atlas area. The North Atlantic right whale calving BIA expands on the federally designated Critical Habitat calving grounds for this species, and the migratory corridor BIA encompasses the entire offshore area. Manatees - The distribution of the West Indian manatee (state and federally endangered) was mapped using published data and expert knowledge in addition to North Carolina Natural Heritage Program vector data. The West Indian manatee is found in sounds, rivers, and bays during the warmer months from March to November. It also uses nearshore areas up to a quarter mile from the outer coast (Cummings, pers. comm.). Pinnipeds - Seals occur annually in low numbers in North Carolina in colder months through the spring. Harbor seals, and rarely, gray, harp, and hooded seals, use the inlets and adjacent sandbars and sandy beaches as feeding and haul-out sites. Oregon Inlet supports the highest number of seals, but they can also be found on Cape Point at Cape Hatteras (LeGrand and Howard 2013). Seals may be found throughout the outer coast of North Carolina, but are more common north of Cape Lookout. A seal haul-out area was mapped at Oregon Inlet using a 100 m onshore/offshore buffer. See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The ESI, biology, and human-use data are compiled into the standard ESI digital data format. A second set of interviews with participating resource experts are conducted to review the compiled data. If necessary, edits to the M_MAMMAL data layer are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2016-11-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BREED_DT
Entity MARINE MAMMAL POLYS
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40435
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40435
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-11-13
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year