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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Northwest Arctic, Alaska: INVERT (Invertebrate Polygons), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40458.

Item Identification

Title: Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Northwest Arctic, Alaska: INVERT (Invertebrate Polygons)
Short Name: NW_Artic_INVERT
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2002-08
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for marine and estuarine invertebrate species in Northwest Arctic, Alaska. Vector polygons in this data set represent invertebrate distribution. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in relational data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer.This data set comprises a portion of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data for Northwest Arctic, Alaska. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.

Notes:

2021

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Hazardous Materials Response Division, Seattle, Washington and Anchorage, Alaska; Oil Spill Recovery Institute, Cordova, Alaska; Bering Straits Coastal Resources Service Area, Unalakleet, Alaska; Northwest Arctic Borough, Kotzebue, Alaska; Cominco Mining Company, Red Dog, Alaska; Norton Sound Economic Development Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska; Alaska CHADUX Oil Spill Cooperative, Anchorage, Alaska; NANA Regional Corporation, Kotzebue, Alaska; Alaskan Civil Air Patrol, Kotzebue, Alaska; and National Marine Fisheries Service, Juneau, Alaska.

Supplemental Information:

Resource Description - ESI Atlas for Northwest Arctic, Alaska

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NOS Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None ESI
None Invertebrate
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Alaska
None Northwest Arctic

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data
Entity Attribute Overview:

In addition to the geographic data layers, six relational attribute or data tables, BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS, are used to store the complex biological data in the ESI data structure. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, INVERT) is linked to the Biological Resources table (BIORES) using the unique ID and the lookup table BIO_LUT, or it can be linked directly using RARNUM. The ID is a unique combination of the atlas number (for Northwest Arctic, the number is 73), an element/layer specific number (BIRDS are layer 1, FISH are layer 2, etc.), and a unique record number. The RARNUM represents a unique combination of species, seasonalities, concentrations, and source information. For each of these groupings, a number is generated. That number is concatenated with the atlas number to create a "resource at risk" number that is unique across atlases. BIORES and the other relational data tables are described below in detail. See the Browse_Graphic section for a link to the entity-relationship diagram, which describes the way these tables relate to the geographic data layers and other attribute tables in the ESI data structure.Due to the complexity of the relational database model, the data items are also post-processed into a flat file format. This table, called BIOFILE, may be used in place of the relational files described below to ease simple data queries. The items in the flat file are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S_F, T_E, NHP, DATE_PUB, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. All of these items are the same as their counterparts in the individual data tables described below, except the BREED1-BREED5 and BREED items. BREED is a newly generated variable used to link to the BREED_DT data table, a modified, more compact version of the relational BREED data table. BREED1-BREED5 give a text summary of when each life stage occurs within the associated map object. The life stages referred to are the same as those listed in the Detailed_Description of the BREED data table. The link to the BIOFILE may be made through the BIO_LUT, using ID to link to RARNUM, or BIOFILE may be linked directly to the RARNUM in each of the geographic layer's attribute data tables. As mentioned, BREED_DT is an auxiliary support data table to the flat file structure, which allows the user to do searches based on month for seasonal breeding activities. The link from the flat file to BREED_DT is the BREED item.A second supporting data table is SOURCES. This is the same as the source file described above, and the link from the flat file is both G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE. It should be noted that although the flat file eases data query, it is not a normalized database structure, and actual updates performed by the states and other responsible agencies should be done using the relational data tables. The entity-relationship diagram describing relationships between attribute tables in the ESI data structure does NOT include the BIOFILE data table, and this data table is NOT described in detail below.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

Unknown

Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format, and will offer a replacement copy of the product when the product is determined unreadable by computer-input peripherals, or when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Hazardous Materials Response Division, Seattle, Washington and Anchorage, Alaska; Oil Spill Recovery Institute, Cordova, Alaska; Bering Straits Coastal Resources Service Area, Unalakleet, Alaska; Northwest Arctic Borough, Kotzebue, Alaska; Cominco Mining Company, Red Dog, Alaska; Norton Sound Economic Development Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska; Alaska CHADUX Oil Spill Cooperative, Anchorage, Alaska; NANA Regional Corporation, Kotzebue, Alaska; Alaskan Civil Air Patrol, Kotzebue, Alaska; and National Marine Fisheries Service, Juneau, Alaska.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 511773
Date Effective From: 2002-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 511775
Date Effective From: 2002-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 511776
Date Effective From: 2002-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 511774
Date Effective From: 2002-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: The biological data were compiled during 2001-2002. The currentness dates for these data range from 1985 to 2001 and are documented in the Source_Information section.

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 511779
W° Bound: -172
E° Bound: -159.667
N° Bound: 68
S° Bound: 62.7

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 511778
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2001
End: 2002

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 588905
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 232
Curve Object Present?: Yes
Curve Object Count: 670833
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 232
Surface Object Present?: Yes
Surface Object Count: 1685

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Contact NOAA for distribution options (see Distributor). ESI data are processed into multiple formats to make them useful to a wider community of GIS/mapping users. Distribution formats include ARC export, MOSS and Shape files, and MARPLOT map folders. An ArcView ESI project and ESI_Viewer product are also included on the distribution CDs for ease of use of the ESI data. The database files are distributed both in the NOAA standard relational database format (see NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115) and in a simplified desktop flat file format. This metadata document includes information on both of these database formats.;

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES.Besides the above warning, there are no use constraints on these data. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 511771
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 511793
Activity Date/Time: 2002-08
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 511792
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 588903
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 604347
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 719280
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ARC/INFO(r) (version 8.0.2) and ORACLE(r) RDBMS (version 8.0.5.0.0). The hardware configuration is Hewlett Packard workstations (models 715/50 and 712/80i) with UNIX operating system (HP-UX Release A.10.20), and PC's with Windows Operating System (NT4.0/2000).The Spatial_Data_Organization Information section refers only to the source files in the ARC export format. The following files are included in that data set: birds.e00, esi.e00, fish.e00, fishl.e00, habitats.e00, hydro.e00, index.e00, invert.e00, m_mammal.e00, m_mampt.e00, mgt.e00, nests.e00, socecon.e00, t_mammal.e00. Associated relational and desktop data tables provided in Arc export and text format are bio_lut, biofile, biores, breed, breed_dt, seasonal, soc_dat, soc_lut, sources, species, and status.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, hardcopy data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy basemaps with a scale of 1:250,000. The rest of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original data source and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of expert knowledge and available hardcopy and digital maps on invertebrate distribution. These data do not necessarily represent all invertebrate occurrences in the Northwest Arctic. The following species are included in this data set (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name, if applicable): 21, Butter clam, Saxidomus giganteus; 25, Softshell clam, Mya arenaria; 39, Red king crab, Paralithodes camtschaticus; 180, Siberia softshell clam, Mya uzenensis; 181, Alaska razor clam, Siliqua alta; 185, Crenulate astarte, Astarte crenata; 192, Blue king crab, Paralithodes platypus; 210, Helmet crab, Telmessus cheiragonus; 435, Pinkneck clam, Spisula polynyma.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute_Accuracy_Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies (such as dangles, unnecessary nodes, etc.), and ORACLE(r) to ARC/INFO(r) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, where the data are written to CD-ROM and the metadata are written.After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to a number of quality and consistency checks. In the process of checking for topological and database consistencies, new ID's and RARNUM's or HUNUM's are also generated. The new ID's are a combination of atlas number, element number, and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the case of an element that is normally represented by a point or polygon, a value of 20 is added to the standard element value for mapping of linear features. In the case where an element usually mapped as a polygon is represented by a point, a value of 30 is added to the regular element value. The RARNUM's are also modified to include the atlas number, so multiple atlases can be combined and RARNUM's remain unique. RARNUM's are redefined on an element basis, so "resource at risk" groupings will contain only a single element. HUNUM's are also modified to include the atlas number.

Lineage

Sources

Fish and invertebrate concentration areas

CC ID: 604348
Contact Name: Lean, C. (NPS, Nome)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2001
Source Contribution:

Invertebrate information | Source Geospatial Form: Expert knowledge | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM

Habitat assessment reports for Essential Fish Habitat

CC ID: 604350
Contact Name: National Marine Fisheries Service
Publish Date: 1998-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1998
Source Contribution:

Invertebrate information | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM

NANA Region map atlas: coastal management plan

CC ID: 604349
Contact Name: NANA Coastal Resource Service Area
Publish Date: 1985-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1985
Scale Denominator: 250000
Source Contribution:

Invertebrate information | Source Geospatial Form: Hardcopy map | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 604351
Description:

Three main sources of data were used to depict invertebrate distribution for this data layer: 1) personal interviews with resource experts from National Park Service (NPS) and local villages; 2) digital maps from a 1998 National Marine Fisheries (NMFS) habitat assessment report for red and blue king crab Essential Fish Habitat (EFH); and 3) a 1985 Northwest Alaska Native Association (NANA) Region map atlas: coastal management plan.Information gathered during a set of interviews and from NANA hardcopy maps was compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 1:250,000 topographic quadrangles. Resource experts made alterations to printouts of digital NMFS EFH maps, and information from the edited data was transcribed by hand onto the topographic quadrangles. The compiled data were digitized off the base maps into an ArcInfo system to create the INVERT data layer. All ESI, biology, and human-use data were plotted onto hardcopy draft maps. Following the creation of draft maps, a second set of interviews with resource experts was conducted. Participants who were unable to attend the meetings were sent a set of maps to review. Edits to the INVERT data layer were made based on recommendations made by the resource experts, and final hardcopy maps were created. Resource experts provided concentration and seasonality information.

Process Date/Time: 2002-05-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIORES
Entity BIO_LUT
Entity BREED
Entity INVERT.PAT
Entity SEASONAL
Entity SOURCES
Entity SPECIES
Entity STATUS

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40458
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40458
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-02-08
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-08