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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Upper Coast of Texas: BENTHIC (Benthic habitat polygons), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40831.

Item Identification

Title: Sensitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil: Upper Coast of Texas: BENTHIC (Benthic habitat polygons)
Short Name: uptx_benthic
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2013-07
Abstract:

This data set contains known locations of patchy and continuous seagrass and oyster reef habitat for the Upper Coast of Texas benthic habitat data. This data set comprises a portion of the ESI data for the Upper Coast of Texas. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.

Notes:

2144

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None Benthic habitats
None Coastal resources
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Upper Coast of Texas

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data
Entity Attribute Overview:

In addition to the geographic data layers, six relational attribute or data tables (BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS) are used to store the complex biological data in the ESI data structure. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, BENTHIC) is linked to the Biological Resources table (BIORES) using the unique ID and the lookup table BIO_LUT, or it can be linked directly using RARNUM. The ID is a unique combination of the atlas number (for the Upper Coast of Texas atlas, the number is 213), an element/layer specific number (BIRDS are layer 1, FISH are layer 2, etc.), and a unique record number. The RARNUM represents a unique combination of species, seasonalities, concentrations, and source information. For each of these groupings, a number is generated. That number is concatenated with the atlas number to create a "resource at risk" number that is unique across atlases. BIORES and the other relational data tables are described in the Detailed_Description sections. See the Browse_Graphic section for a link to the entity-relationship diagram, which describes the way these tables relate to the geographic data layers and other attribute tables in the ESI data structure. Due to the complexity of the relational database model, the data items are also post-processed into a flat file format. This table, called BIOFILE, may be used in place of the relational files to ease simple data queries. The items in the flat file are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, NHP, DATE_PUB, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. All of these items are the same as their counterparts in the individual data tables (described in the Detailed_Description sections), except the BREED1-BREED5 and BREED items. BREED is a newly generated variable used to link to the BREED_DT data table, a modified, more compact version of the relational BREED data table. BREED1-BREED5 give a text summary of when each life stage occurs within the associated map object. The life stages referred to are the same as those listed in the Detailed_Description of the BREED data table. The link to the BIOFILE may be made through the BIO_LUT, using ID to link to RARNUM, or BIOFILE may be linked directly to the RARNUM in each of the geographic layer's attribute data tables. As mentioned, BREED_DT is an auxiliary support data table to the flat file structure, which allows the user to do searches based on month for seasonal breeding activities. The link from the flat file to BREED_DT is the BREED item. A second supporting data table is SOURCES. This is the same as the source file described above, and the link from the flat file is both G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE. It should be noted that although the flat file eases data query, it is not a normalized database structure, and actual updates performed by the states and other responsible agencies should be done using the relational data tables. The entity-relationship diagram describing relationships between attribute tables in the ESI data structure does NOT include the BIOFILE data table, and this data table is NOT described in a Detailed_Description section.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

A complete description of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for ESI atlases can be found in the NOAA ESI Guidelines (http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines).

Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor).

These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington; and Texas General Land Office (TGLO), Austin, Texas.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 525411
Date Effective From: 2013-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 525413
Date Effective From: 2013-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 525414
Date Effective From: 2013-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 525412
Date Effective From: 2013-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: The data were compiled during 2012-2013. The currentness dates for the data range from 1996 to 2013 and are documented in the Lineage section.

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 525417
W° Bound: -96.125
E° Bound: -93.625
N° Bound: 30.125
S° Bound: 28.5

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 525416
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1996
End: 2013

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 589492
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 1765
Curve Object Present?: Yes
Curve Object Count: 305853
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 1764
Surface Object Present?: Yes
Surface Object Count: 2090

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Contact NOAA if you require the ESI data be provided to you on CD/DVD (see Distributor). ESI data are processed into multiple formats to make them useful to a wider community of GIS/mapping users. Distribution formats include ARC export files, Shapefiles, and a file Geodatabase (the recommended format). The database files are distributed both in the NOAA standard relational database format (see NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115) and in a simplified desktop flat file format. This metadata document includes information on both of these database formats.;

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES.

Besides the above warning, there are no use constraints on these data. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 525418
Download URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor:
Description:

Downloadable Data

File Type: Multiple formats

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 525405
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 525406
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 3

CC ID: 525407
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 4

CC ID: 525408
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/esimaps/gisdata/TX_UpperCoast_2013_datafig.jpg
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
Depicts the relationships between spatial data layers and attribute data tables for the Upper Coa...
File Resource Format: JPEG
Description:

Depicts the relationships between spatial data layers and attribute data tables for the Upper Coast of Texas ESI data.

URL 5

CC ID: 525409
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/esimaps/gisdata/TX_UpperCoast_2013_datafig2.jpg
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
Depicts the relationships between spatial data layers and desktop data tables for the Upper Coast...
File Resource Format: JPEG
Description:

Depicts the relationships between spatial data layers and desktop data tables for the Upper Coast of Texas ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 525437
Activity Date/Time: 2015-06-08
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 525436
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 589490
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 608200
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 719644
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ARC/INFO(R) (version 10.0) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PC's with Windows Operating System 7.

The Spatial_Data_Organization Information section refers only to the source files in the ARC export format. The following files are included in the data set: benthic.e00, birds.e00, esil.e00, esip.e00, fish.e00, habitats.e00, hydro.e00, index.e00, invert.e00, m_mammal.e00, mgt.e00, nests.e00, reptiles.e00, socecon.e00, and t_mammal.e00. Associated relational and desktop data tables provided in Arc export and text format are bio_lut.e00, biofile.e00, biores.e00, breed.e00, breed_dt.e00, seasonal.e00, soc_dat.e00, soc_lut.e00, sources.e00, species.e00, and status.e00.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, hardcopy data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy base maps with a scale of 1:24,000. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original source data and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set.

Completeness Report:

These data represent expert knowledge and digital data on the known locations of benthic habitats.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute_Accuracy_Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies (such as dangles, unnecessary nodes, etc.), and SQL SERVER(R) to ARC/INFO(R) consistencies. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to a number of quality and consistency checks. In the process of checking for topological and database consistencies, new IDs and RARNUMS or HUNUMs are also generated. The new IDs are a combination of atlas number, element number and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the process of checking for topological database consistencies, new IDs and RARNUMs or HUNUMs are also generated. The new IDs are a combination of atlas number, element number and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the case of an element that is normally represented by a point or polygon, a value of 20 is added to the standard element value for mapping of linear features. In the case where an element usually mapped as a polygon is represented by a point, a value of 30 is added to the regular element value. The RARNUMs are also modified to include the atlas numer, so multiple atlases can be combined and RARNUMs remain unique. RARNUMs are redefined on an element basis, so "resource at risk" groupings will contain only a single element. HUNUMs are also modified to include the atlas numbers.

Lineage

Sources

BOAT-ACCESS SITE LIST FOR HIGH-USE AREA 2013 - GALVESTON BAY

CC ID: 608201
Contact Name: TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE DEPARTMENT (TPWD)
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Source Contribution:

BENTHIC INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 608202
Description:

The main sources of data used to depict habitat distribution, seasonality, and concentrations for seagrass include: 1) personal interview with Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), 2) digital data on seagrass distribution from TPWD, and 3) digital data from the Harte Research Institue (HRI). Eastern oyster reef distributions, seasonality, and concentrations were acquired from a variety of sources including: 1) digital data from HRI, 2) Matagorda Bay oyster reef digital data from the Texas General Land Office (TGLO) and Biowest, Inc. et al., and 3) Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay digital data from TPWD. TPWD seagrass polygons were provided as a shapefile of surveys dating from 1998-2007. All seagrass within the study area was used. Additional information was provided from the HRI wetlands layer, from which all habitats containing \x91AB3\x92 were selected and mapped as seagrass. Anecdotal information from TPWD indicated that additional areas in West Bay support areas of patchy seagrass that have been expanding in recent years; these areas were drawn based on information from TPWD. Oyster reef habitat is included in the benthic layer as "REEF". Polygons were used as provided in the source data sets for all areas except the Galveston Bay system. In the Galveston Bay area, polygons were smoothed and areas that no longer support oyster populations areas were removed based on anecdotal and sampling information from TPWD. Additional unmapped reef areas were identified by TPWD and incorporated into the benthic layer.

Process Date/Time: 2013-07-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BENTHIC.PAT
Entity BIORES
Entity BIO_LUT
Entity BREED
Entity SEASONAL
Entity SOURCES
Entity SPECIES
Entity STATUS

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40831
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40831
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:54+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-09