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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Long Island Sound 2016 FISH, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/47212.

Item Identification

Title: Long Island Sound 2016 FISH
Short Name: Long Island Sound 2016 FISH
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

This feature class resides within the BIOLOGY Feature Data Set of the Long Island Sound - 2016 ESI Geodatabase. It contains vector polygons representing sensitive biological resource data for fish in Long Island Sound. The study area includes Long Island Sound, tidal tributaries, freshwater streams, lakes, and land areas in New York and Connecticut. Vector polygons in this data set represent fish distributions, spawning and nursery areas, concentration areas, migration areas, anadromous fish runs, and harvest areas.

Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described in Entity Attribute Overview below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for Long Island Sound.

As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

Developed from MERMAid record number 1555. Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script in April 2017. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by NOAA, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, Maryland for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > FISH
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal Resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None Environmental Sensitivity Index
None ESI
None Oil Spill Planning
None Sensitivity Maps

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CONNECTICUT
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NEW YORK
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > LONG ISLAND SOUND
UNCONTROLLED
None Connecticut River
None Gardiners Bay
None Long Island
None Peconic Bay

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, FISH) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information.

The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many.

During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

A complete description of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for ESI atlases can be found in the NOAA ESI Guidelines. This includes documentation of the six relational tables (mentioned above) used during data collection.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor). These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 581311
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 581313
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 581314
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 581312
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 769193
W° Bound: -73.9276
E° Bound: -71.7963
N° Bound: 41.987
S° Bound: 40.6881
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall Long Island Sound ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 769194
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2016
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Resolution

Level of Detail Description:

In the "Vector Representation" section, Topology Level is considered "Geometry Only", and Polygons are considered as "Complex Objects".

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: No
Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes
TIN: No
Stereo Model: No
Video: No

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 591695
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 614
Composite Object Present?: No
Curve Object Present?: No
Point Object Present?: No
Solid Object Present?: No
Surface Object Present?: No

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 581315
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: ESI Program Manager (2016 - Present)
File Name: LongIslandSound_2016_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2017-05-08 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 176 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 581316
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 701379
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 3

CC ID: 733723
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the Long Island Sound ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 581318
Activity Date/Time: 2017-03-29
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 581317
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.4(R) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, check the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of sources of data, e.g., expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, survey data, maps, and digital data on fish distributions in the Long Island Sound study area. These data do not represent all fish occurrences in Long Island Sound. The following 89 species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name or "n/a" if not applicable): 65, Bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix; 74, Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss; 81, Spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias; 84, Rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax; 85, Alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus; 86, Blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis; 87, American shad, Alosa sapidissima; 88, Winter flounder, Pleuronectes americanus; 89, Cunner, Tautogolabrus adspersus; 91, Threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus; 92, Fourspine stickleback, Apeltes quadracus; 93, Striped killifish, Fundulus majalis; 94, Atlantic silverside, Menidia menidia; 95, Mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus; 97, Tautog, Tautoga onitis; 98, American eel, Anguilla rostrata; 99, Atlantic tomcod, Microgadus tomcod; 100, Brown trout, Salmo trutta; 101, Shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum; 102, Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus; 104, Striped bass, Morone saxatilis; 105, Hickory shad, Alosa mediocris; 108, Summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus; 110, Black sea bass, Centropristis striata; 113, Bay anchovy, Anchoa mitchilli; 115, Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus; 138, Weakfish, Cynoscion regalis; 145, White perch, Morone americana; 146, Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus; 147, Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus; 148, Silver hake, Merluccius bilinearis; 150, Scup, Stenotomus chrysops; 151, Northern puffer, Sphoeroides maculatus; 152, Yellow perch, Perca flavescens; 153, Northern kingfish, Menticirrhus saxatilis; 154, Pollock, Pollachius virens; 155, Red hake, Urophycis chuss; 156, American sand lance, Ammodytes americanus; 158, Butterfish, Peprilus triacanthus; 159, Banded killifish, Fundulus diaphanus; 160, Windowpane, Scophthalmus aquosus; 162, Common carp, Cyprinus carpio; 163, Gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum; 166, Brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis; 168, Spottail shiner, Notropis hudsonius; 175, White sucker, Catostomus commersoni; 178, Rock bass, Ambloplites rupestris; 179, Largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides; 180, Smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu; 181, Black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus; 182, Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus; 185, Northern pike, Esox lucius; 188, Walleye, Stizostedion vitreum vitreum; 201, Channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus; 202, White crappie, Pomoxis annularis; 211, Brown bullhead, Ameiurus nebulosus; 212, Pumpkinseed, Lepomis gibbosus; 218, Bowfin, Amia calva; 271, Inland silverside, Menidia beryllina; 274, Sheepshead minnow, Cyprinodon variegatus; 292, Chain pickerel, Esox niger; 294, Spotted hake, Urophycis regia; 299, Rainwater killifish, Lucania parva; 353, Golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas; 363, Inshore lizardfish, Synodus foetens; 366, Hogchoker, Trinectes maculatus; 374, Naked goby, Gobiosoma bosci; 423, Goldfish, Carassius auratus; 479, Grubby, Myoxocephalus aenaeus; 482, Northern pipefish, Syngnathus fuscus; 483, Northern searobin, Prionotus carolinus; 485, Oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau; 500, Sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus; 501, Brown trout (sea run), Salmo trutta (sea run); 506, White catfish, Ameiurus catus; 648, Chubsucker, Erimyzon sp.; 885, Atlantic moonfish, Selene setapinnis; 891, Central mudminnow, Umbra limi; 985, Redbreast sunfish, Lepomis auritus; 986, Tessellated darter, Etheostoma olmstedi; 997, American brook lamprey, Lampetra appendix; 998, Bridle shiner, Notropis bifrenatus; 999, Redfin pickerel, Esox americanus americanus; 1089, Little skate, Leucoraja erinacea; 1108, Smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis; 1109, Striped searobin, Prionotus evolans; 1127, Swamp darter, Etheostoma fusiforme; 1128, Banded sunfish, Enneacanthus obesus; 1131, Winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Sources

A Biological Assessment of shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum)

CC ID: 581340
Contact Name: NOAA/NMFS
Publish Date: 2010-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010
Citation URL: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/species/shortnosesturgeon_biological_assessment2010.pdf

A Fisheries Guide to Lakes and Ponds of Connecticut, Including the Connecticut River and its Coves

CC ID: 581323
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Jacobs, R.P., and E.B. O\x92Donnell
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012

A Pictorial Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Connecticut

CC ID: 581322
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Jacobs, R.P., and E.B. O\x92Donnell
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2009

A Study of Marine Recreational Fisheries In Connecticut. Job 5: Marine Finfish Survey

CC ID: 581327
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Gotschall, K.F., and D. Pacileo
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1984
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/fishing/publications/2014_marine_fisheries_division_marine_angler_surveys.pdf

A Study of Marine Recreational Fisheries In Connecticut. Job 7: American shad monitoring and inshore seine surveys.

CC ID: 581328
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Benway, J.M.
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1978
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/fishing/publications/2014_marine_fisheries_division_marine_angler_surveys.pdf

A Study of Marine Recreational Fisheries In Connecticut. Job 8: Estuarine seine survey.

CC ID: 581329
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Molnar, D.R., and P.T. Howell
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1988
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/fishing/publications/2014_marine_fisheries_division_marine_angler_surveys.pdf

A Study of Marine Recreational Fisheries In Connecticut. Job 9: Volunteer estuarine fisheries database

CC ID: 581330
Contact Name: CT DEEP, Howell, P.T.
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1990
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/fishing/publications/2014_marine_fisheries_division_marine_angler_surveys.pdf

Alewife Monitoring Report for the Peconic River and Alewife Creek, 2013

CC ID: 581333
Contact Name: Peconic River Fish Restoration Commission, B. Young
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Citation URL: http://www.peconicestuary.org/reports/20577a299c4f9600c23aa67821116cc6b5e52980.pdf

American Shad Early Life History and Recruitment in the Connecticut River: A 40-Year Summary.

CC ID: 581335
Contact Name: AFS, Savoy, T.F., V.A. Crecco, and B.C. Marcy
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1973
Extent End Date/Time: 2003

An Evaluation of the Ichthyofauna of the Bronx River, a Resilient Urban Waterway

CC ID: 581353
Contact Name: Lehman College, Rachlin, J.W., B.E. Warkentine, and A. Pappantoniou
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Citation URL: http://www.lehman.edu/faculty/jrachlin/Rachlin.html

Atlantic coast diadromous fish habitat: A review of utilization, threats, recommendations for conservation, and research needs

CC ID: 581342
Contact Name: ASMFC, Greene, K.E., J.L. Zimmerman, R.W. Laney, and J.C. Thomas-Blate
Publish Date: 2009-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2009
Citation URL: http://www.asmfc.org/files/Habitat/HMS9_Diadromous_Habitat_2009.pdf

Connecticut Freshwater Fish Distribution GIS Data

CC ID: 581347
Contact Name: CT DEEP
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

CT Natural Heritage Program GIS Data

CC ID: 581343
Contact Name: Connecticut Natural Heritage Program
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in Mid-Atlantic estuaries

CC ID: 581326
Contact Name: NOAA, Stone, S.L., T.A. Lowery, J.D. Field, S.H. Jury, D.M. Nelson, M.E. Monaco, C.D. Williams, and L.A. Andreasen
Publish Date: 1994-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1994

Final Recovery Plan for the Shortnose Sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum)

CC ID: 581339
Contact Name: NOAA/NMFS
Publish Date: 1998-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1998
Citation URL: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/recovery/sturgeon_shortnose.pdf

Fish Atlas Maps of New York

CC ID: 581351
Contact Name: NYS DEC
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/84622.html

Fisheries Ecology in Rhode Island and Block Island Sounds for the Rhode Island Special Area Management Plan 2010

CC ID: 581354
Contact Name: URI, Malek, A., M. LaFrance, and J. King
Publish Date: 2010-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010
Citation URL: http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/oceansamp/pdf/appendix/14-Maleketal_RISAMP.pdf

Marine Recreational Fishing Areas in Connecticut GIS Data

CC ID: 581345
Contact Name: CT DEEP
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1986
Extent End Date/Time: 2014

Movements and Important Habitats of Subadult Atlantic Sturgeon in Connecticut Waters

CC ID: 581324
Contact Name: AFS, Savoy, T., and D. Pacileo
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1984
Extent End Date/Time: 2000

New York Long Island Public Fishing Lakes and Ponds GIS Data

CC ID: 581348
Contact Name: NYS DEC
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: https://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/

NY Natural Heritage Program GIS Data

CC ID: 581344
Contact Name: NY DEC
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

Peconic Bay Trawl Survey

CC ID: 581349
Contact Name: NYS DEC
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1987
Extent End Date/Time: 2010

Population Estimate and Utilization of the Lower Connecticut River by Shortnose Sturgeon

CC ID: 581337
Contact Name: AFS, Savoy, T.F.
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1973
Extent End Date/Time: 2003

River Herring Restoration Status and Plans in the Connecticut River Basin

CC ID: 581352
Contact Name: CRASC
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.fws.gov/r5crc/pdf/CRASC_RH_restoration_plan_Feb_10_2015.pdf

Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitats, Long Island Sound and Long Island

CC ID: 581356
Contact Name: NYS DOS
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.dos.ny.gov/opd/programs/consistency/scfwhabitats.html#li

Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitats, Long Island Sound and Long Island, GIS Data

CC ID: 581346
Contact Name: NYS DOS
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Citation URL: https://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/inventories/details.cfm?DSID=318

Status Review of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus)

CC ID: 581341
Contact Name: NOAA/NMFS
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Citation URL: http://www.greateratlantic.fisheries.noaa.gov/prot_res/CandidateSpeciesProgram/AtlSturgeonStatusReviewReport.pdf

Stock Assessment of White Perch in the Lower Connecticut River

CC ID: 581338
Contact Name: AFS, Howell, P., and D. Molnar
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004

Stock Origins of Subadult and Adult Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus, in a Non-natal Estuary, Long Island

CC ID: 581332
Contact Name: Estuaries and Coasts, Waldman, J.R., T. King, T. Savoy, L. Maceda, C. Grunwald, I. Wirgin
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1989
Extent End Date/Time: 2011

Sturgeon Gear Restriction Areas - GIS Data

CC ID: 581355
Contact Name: CT DEEP
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

Sustainable Fishing Plan for New York River Herring Stocks

CC ID: 581334
Contact Name: NYS DEC, Hattala, K.A., A. Kahnle, and R.D. Adams
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011

The Distribution and Size Composition of Finfish, American Lobster, and Long-Finned Squid in Long Island Sound Based on the Connecticut Fisheries Division Bottom Trawl Survey, 1984 - 1994

CC ID: 581325
Contact Name: Gotschall, K.F., M.W. Johnson, and D.G. Simpson
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1984
Extent End Date/Time: 1994
Citation URL: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/3121

The Long Island Sound Ecological Assessment

CC ID: 581331
Contact Name: TNC, Anderson, M., N. Frohling, K. Ruddock, S. Lloyd, and N. Maher
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: https://www.conservationgateway.org/ConservationByGeography/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/edc/reportsdata/marine/lis/Pages/default.aspx

Trends in Abundance, Distribution, and Growth of Freshwater Fishes from the Connecticut River in Connecticut (1988-2002).

CC ID: 581336
Contact Name: AFS, Jacobs, R.P., W.A. Hyatt, N.T. Hagstrom, E.B. O\x92Donnell, E.C. Schluntz, P. Howell, and D.R. Molnar
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1988
Extent End Date/Time: 2002

Western Long Island Sound Beach Seine Survey

CC ID: 581350
Contact Name: NYS DEC
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1984
Extent End Date/Time: 2012

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 581357
Description:

Selection of Species: Eighty nine species of fish are represented in this atlas, but this is not intended to include all species present within the study area. Fish species depicted in this atlas include select marine, estuarine, diadromous, and freshwater species. Species of conservation interest, ecological importance, or commercial or recreational importance are emphasized. In most cases, terms to describe species abundance include the commonly used terms of rare, common, and abundant.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov
Source: A Pictorial Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Connecticut

Process Step 2

CC ID: 581358
Description:

Developing the spatial framework: The central features of the study area include Long Island Sound, one of the Nation\x92s largest estuaries, and adjacent waters. Fish polygons were created based on the natural geography of the estuarine, tidal, and fresh waters of the study area, combined with species information from published reports, field survey data (e.g. trawl and seine), and expert knowledge. The HYDROLOGY layer in this ESI digital atlas, derived from recent aerial imagery, defined the shoreline of Long Island Sound and tidal tributaries, generally up to the extent of tidal influence and/or the first barrier upstream. Rather than adopt a grid cell spatial framework, we divided the estuarine seascape of the study area into commonly used units including Eastern, Western, and Central Basins of Long Island Sound; Western and Eastern Narrows; Fishers Island Sound; Gardiners Bay; Peconic Bay; and Block Island Sound. Coastal embayments were clipped from these mainstem areas and considered as distinct estuarine units along the New York and Connecticut shores. Major tributaries such as the Connecticut River were subdivided to reflect the salinity gradient within tidal areas, and to separate tidal from non-tidal waters upstream. Some areas were delineated based on known concentrations of high-priority species using GIS data provided by regional experts (CT DEEP 2015a,b,c,d; NYS NHP 2015). Additional non-tidal fresh water bodies (i.e. lakes and streams) were adopted from the HYDROLOGY layer in cases where information was available to attribute these inland polygons with fish species (Jacobs and O\x92Donnell 2009, 2012; NYS DEC 2015 a, b). In some cases, stream polygons were developed by buffering a stream line feature to create a 10m-wide polygon. In all, the distributions of 89 fish species within the study area are represented by 614 polygons. A total of 75 sources were cited to develop the FISH layer.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 581359
Description:

Developing information for Atlantic and shortnose sturgeon: Atlantic and shortnose sturgeon (both Federal and State Endangered) were mapped to areas where they are known to occur in rivers and estuarine waters of the study area, primarily in Connecticut River (SSSRT 2010) and certain estuarine areas. Areas where Atlantic sturgeon are known to congregate in Long Island Sound are based on GIS data provided by CT DEEP and NYS DEC staff, published literature, and expert knowledge (CT DEEP 2015c, Anderson et al. 2015, Savoy and Pacileo 2003, Waldman et al. 2013).

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 581360
Description:

Developing information for alewife, blueback herring, American shad, and other diadromous species: Alewife and blueback herring (collectively known as river herring), and American shad are anadromous fish that once supported large commercial and recreational fisheries on the Atlantic Coast, but have become depleted due to barriers to migration, habitat loss, and overfishing. Spawning runs were mapped using published information from NYS DEC and CT DEEP as well as knowledge from regional experts (Benway 2015, CRASC 2015; Greene et al. 2009; Hattala et al. 2011; Jacobs and O\x92Donnell 2009, 2012; Savoy et al. 2004; Young 2013). River herring runs were mapped to the first known barrier such as a dam or impassable gradient, unless a fish passage facility is known to exist. If the run went beyond the water features in the ESI HYDROLOGY layer, then it was mapped using stream line features and buffered to create a 10m-wide polygon feature. These areas are designated with "Spawning Area" and "Nursery Area" mapping qualifiers to emphasize these important life history stages. Tidal rivers and embayments that are important to early life stages of river herring and were included as nursery areas. River herring pre-spawning movements in certain rivers were mapped as migration areas. Timing of migration and spawning was based on published life history summaries. Other diadromous (migratory) species in the study area include American eel, striped bass, sea lamprey, hickory shad, and sea-run brown trout. These species were mapped using published information from CT DEEP, NYS DEC, and other sources.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 5

CC ID: 581361
Description:

Developing information for Long Island Sound mainstem areas: Major sources of information for fish in Long Island Sound include the published reports from the Long Island Sound Trawl Survey, conducted by Connecticut\x92s Marine Fisheries Division in Old Lyme, CT (Gotschall and Pacileo 2015, Gotschall et al. 2000). A recent study by The Nature Conservancy is based on these trawl survey data, and reports results on a per-species basis (Anderson et al. 2015). These sources were used to attribute fish species to the spatial framework polygons for Long Island Sound.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 6

CC ID: 581362
Description:

Developing information for coastal embayments: For the coastal embayments on the New York shore, NYSDEC staff provided Western Long Island (WLI) beach seine data for 1984 to 2013 that was used to develop species lists and concentrations for individual bays (NYS DEC 2014b). The WLI surveys are conducted from May to October and sampling stations are fixed locations based on accessibility. Bays surveyed include Little Neck Bay, Manhassett Bay, Hempstead Harbor, Oyster Bay, Stony Brook Harbor, Port Jefferson Harbor, and Peconic Bay. Trawl survey data were also provided for Peconic Bay (NYS DEC 2014a), and results were used to identify fishes and invertebrates common to that estuary. New York Department of State has designated certain areas as \x93Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitat\x94, and published assessments with information on fish, invertebrate, and wildlife species present (NYDS 2015). These narratives were used to supplement fish survey data for many areas, especially coastal embayments and shoals. For the coastal embayments and tidal tributaries on the Connecticut Shore, results of the Connecticut Beach Seine Surveys, Inshore Surveys, and other site-specific sources were applied (Molnar and Howell 2015, Howell 2015, Benway 2015).

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 7

CC ID: 581363
Description:

Developing information for freshwater fishes in New York: Two state-listed freshwater fish species, the banded sunfish (NY state threatened), and swamp darter (NY state threatened), occur in the portions of the Peconic River system on Long Island and was mapped using New York State Natural Heritage Program data (NYS NHP 2015). Other fish species in freshwater streams, lakes, and ponds of Long Island were mapped using information published by New York Dept. Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC 2015 a, b), and also in the Bronx River (Rachlin et al. 2007, Bronx River Alliance 2015). Seasonality was described using published summaries of life history parameters.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 8

CC ID: 581364
Description:

Developing information for freshwater fishes in Connecticut: State freshwater fish species within the study area that are either listed or special concern in Connecticut include the banded sunfish (CT state special concern), blueback herring (CT state special concern), American brook lamprey (CT state endangered), bridle shiner (CT state special concern), and rainbow smelt (CT state endangered). These species were mainly mapped using GIS data from Connecticut\x92s Natural Heritage Program (CT DEEP 2015), supplemented with other sources (CT DEEP 2015a; Jacobs and O\x92Donnell 2009, 2012). Other fish species in freshwater streams, lakes, and ponds of Connecticut were mapped using information published by Connecticut\x92s Dept. of Environmental Conservation and other sources (CT DEEP 2015e, Jacobs and O\x92Donnell 2009, 2012; Jacobs et al. 2004). Seasonality was described using published summaries of life history parameters.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BREED_DT
Entity FISH
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 47212
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:47212
Metadata Record Created By: David Moe Nelson
Metadata Record Created: 2017-09-07 12:36+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-09-28
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year