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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Long Island Sound 2016 M_MAMMAL, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/47237.

Item Identification

Title: Long Island Sound 2016 M_MAMMAL
Short Name: Long Island Sound 2016 M_MAMMAL
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

This feature class resides within the BIOLOGY Feature Data Set of the Long Island Sound - 2016 ESI Geodatabase. It contains vector polygons representing sensitive biological resource data for marine mammal species in Long Island Sound, New York and Connecticut. The six species include two seals, two whales, one porpoise, and one dolphin. Vector polygons in this data set represent marine mammal distributions, concentration areas, haul out areas, etc.

Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described in Entity Attribute Overview below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for Long Island Sound.

As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

Developed from MERMAid record number 1562. Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script in April 2017. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by NOAA, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, Maryland for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal Resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None Environmental Sensitivity Index
None ESI
None Marine Mammals
None Oil Spill Planning
None Sensitivity Maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CONNECTICUT
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NEW YORK
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > LONG ISLAND SOUND
UNCONTROLLED
None Connecticut River
None Gardiners Bay
None Long Island
None Peconic Bay

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, M_MAMMAL) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information.

The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many.

During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

A complete description of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for ESI atlases can be found in the NOAA ESI Guidelines. This includes documentation of the six relational tables (mentioned above) used during data collection.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor). These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 582002
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 582004
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 582005
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 582003
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 769211
W° Bound: -73.9276
E° Bound: -71.7963
N° Bound: 41.987
S° Bound: 40.6881
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall Long Island Sound ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 769212
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2016
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Resolution

Level of Detail Description:

In the "Vector Representation" section, Topology Level is considered "Geometry Only", and Polygons are considered as "Complex Objects".

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 702181
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 32

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 582006
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: ESI Program Manager (2016 - Present)
File Name: LongIslandSound_2016_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2017-05-08 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 176 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 582007
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 702179
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 3

CC ID: 736521
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the Long Island Sound ESI data.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 582009
Activity Date/Time: 2017-03-29
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 582008
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.4(R) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, check the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of sources of data, e.g., expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, survey data, maps, and digital data on marine mammal distributions in the Long Island Sound study area. These data do not represent all marine mammal occurrences in Long Island Sound. The following six species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name or "n/a" if not applicable): 2, Harbor seal, Phoca vitulina; 6, Harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena; 13, Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae; 14, Gray seal, Halichoerus grypus; 17, Bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus; 81, North Atlantic right whale, Eubalaena glacialis.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Sources

BIODIVERSITY AND ECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF PLUM ISLAND, NEW YORK

CC ID: 582019
Contact Name: NEW YORK NATURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM, MATTHEW SCHLESINGER
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Citation URL: http://longislandsoundstudy.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Plum-Island-biodiversity-NHP1_1.pdf

FALKNER ISLAND SEAL HAUL OUT LOCATION

CC ID: 582017
Contact Name: US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://www.fws.gov/refuge/stewart_b_mckinney/wildlife_and_habitat/islands.html

SEAL CRUISE COUNT DATA

CC ID: 582018
Contact Name: THE MARITIME AQUARIUM AT NORWALK, RESEARCH AND UNIVERSITY LIAISON
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: http://www.maritimeaquarium.org

SEAL HAULOUT SITES AROUND LONG ISLAND, NY AND CT

CC ID: 582015
Contact Name: RIVERHEAD FOUNDATION FOR MARINE RESEARCH AND PRESERVATION
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitats, Long Island Sound and Long Island

CC ID: 582014
Contact Name: NYS DOS
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.dos.ny.gov/opd/programs/consistency/scfwhabitats.html#li

Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitats, Long Island Sound and Long Island, GIS Data

CC ID: 582013
Contact Name: NYS DOS
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Citation URL: https://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/inventories/details.cfm?DSID=318

SPECIES COMPOSITION AND DISTRIBUTION OF MARINE MAMMALS AND SEA TURTLES IN THE NEW YORK BIGHT

CC ID: 582020
Contact Name: OKEANOS OCEAN RESEARCH FOUNDATION, SAMUEL SADOVE
Publish Date: 1993-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013

WHALES, DOLPHINS AND SEALS OF LONG ISLAND SOUND

CC ID: 582016
Contact Name: COASTAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION SOCIETY OF LONG ISLAND, DR. ARTHUR KOPELMAN
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 582021
Description:

Overview: Marine mammals depicted in this atlas include two species of seals, one dolphin, one porpoise, and two whales. Data sources include digital GIS data, published studies, and expert knowledge. Thirty two polygons were created to describe the distributions of six marine mammal species within the Long Island Sound study area.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 582022
Description:

Seals: The most common seal found in the atlas area is the harbor seal. Harbor seals have established several regular haul out sites in Long Island. Harbor seals generally start showing up in Long Island Sound around late August in small numbers and then in larger numbers later in the fall and will stay through the winter months and into March. By April most will have left the area but a few will still be present. The harbor seal population is noted to have been steadily increasing in recent years. In Long Island Sound, harbor seals typically haul out on the sheltered parts of offshore rocky ledges and boulders during low tide. Gray seals are also common but not nearly as abundant as the harbor seal, except on Little Gull Island where they have established a year round haul out. Gray seals may be expected to be sighted in low numbers wherever harbor seals haul out and may be present year round. Other seal species that may occasionally show up in Long Island but not mapped here are harp and hooded seals. When they are sighted, it is usually among the many harbor seals at seal haul out sites.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 582023
Description:

Dolphin and Porpoise: Small numbers of bottlenose dolphin sightings are possible throughout Long Island Sound from May through September. Large pods of dolphins (75 \x96 150 individuals) enter the sound on occasion, most likely attracted by large schools of bait fish. These larger occurrences are unpredictable and usually occur many years apart (2015 and 2009 most recently). Although harbor porpoises are known to frequent the waters of Long Island Sound, there are no existing surveys and very little is known about their actual numbers or distribution. The common dolphin, saddle-backed dolphin and Atlantic white sided dolphin are not considered common in Long Island Sound, although they may be occasionally sighted.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 582024
Description:

Whales: The only regular sightings of whales occur in the far eastern part of Long Island Sound, where humpback and right whales are known to occur with some frequency. For the most part whale occurrences are uncommon and unpredictable in rest of the sound. Humpback, beluga, minke, long finned pilot and finback whales all have been occasionally spotted, separated by many years at a time, and there is no predictability for when they might enter the sound.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BREED_DT
Entity M_MAMMAL
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 47237
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:47237
Metadata Record Created By: David Moe Nelson
Metadata Record Created: 2017-09-07 16:12+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-09-28
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-09-29