Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2021: 1999 Post Hurricane Floyd NOAA/USGS/NASA Airborne LiDAR Assessment of Coastal Erosion (ALACE) Project for the US Coastline, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48161.

Item Identification

Title: 1999 Post Hurricane Floyd NOAA/USGS/NASA Airborne LiDAR Assessment of Coastal Erosion (ALACE) Project for the US Coastline
Short Name: atm1999_post_floyd_m61_metadata
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2000-01-01
Abstract:

This data set includes data collected September 18, 1999 following Hurricane Floyd landfall in North Carolina. The

data covers the coastline starting in South Carolina and extended slightly into Virginia.

Laser beach mapping uses a pulsed laser ranging system mounted onboard an aircraft to measure ground

elevation and coastal topography. The laser emits laser beams at high frequency and is directed downward at the

earth's surface through a port opening in the bottom of the aircraft's fuselage. The laser system records the

time difference between emission of the laser beam and the reception of the reflected laser signal in the

aircraft. The aircraft travels over the beach at approximately 60 meters per second while surveying from

the low water line to the landward base of the sand dunes.

Original contact information:

Contact Org: NOAA Office for Coastal Management

Phone: 843-740-1202

Email: coastal.info@noaa.gov

Purpose:

This data was collected as part of an effort to map beach topography and assess beach change along the US coastline.

Notes:

10184

Supplemental Information:

This data set was collected with a LIDAR (LIght Detection And Ranging) instrument designed and developed by the Observational

Sciences Branch (OSB) of NASA at the Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. The instrument, originally designed for mapping ice sheets

in Greenland, is called the Airborne Topographic Mapper or ATM. The ATM II (the latest version), operates with a Spectra Physics

laser transmitter, which provides a 7 nanoseconds long, 250 microjoules pulse at a frequency-doubled wavelength of 523 nanometers

in the blue-green spectral region. The laser transmitter can function at pulse rates from 2 to 10 kilohertz (kHz). The laser system

with a separate cooling unit weighs approximately 45 kilograms (kg) and requires approximately 15 amperes of power at 115 volts.

The transmitted laser pulse is reflected to the surface of the earth with the aid of a small folding mirror mounted on the back of a

secondary mirror of a rotating scan mirror assembly mounted directly in front of the telescope. The scan mirror, which is rotated at 20

hertz, is comprised of a section of round aluminum stock, machined to a specific off-nadir angle. A scan mirror with the off-nadir

angle of 15 degrees was utilized, producing an elliptical scan pattern with a swath width equal to 50 percent of the approximately

700-meter aircraft altitude. The reflected laser pulse is transmitted to a photo-multiplier assembly that consists of a lens, a

narrow bandpass filter, and a single photomultiplier tube.

Note: The Spatial Reference section of this document may lack fully FGDC-compliant information regarding projection parameters

(i.e., Central meridian, false Northing, etc.). The State Plane or UTM Zone will be supplied, and the corresponding parameters can be

found in Appendix C of: Snyder, John, 1987, Map Projections, a Working Manual (U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395):

Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Terrain Elevation > Topographical Relief Maps
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Seafloor Topography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coastal Elevation
ISO 19115 Topic Category elevation
None beach
None DEM
None digital elevation model
None erosion
None laser
None lidar
None Topography

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America > North Carolina
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America > South Carolina
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America > Virginia
None North Carolina
None South Carolina
None U.S. Coastline
None Virginia

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Distribution Liability:

This data was collected for the purposes of research. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility

of NOAA, the Office for Coastal Management, or its partners.

Data Set Credit: Airborne Topographic Mapper LIDAR data were collected in partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office for Coastal Management, the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) Center for Coastal and Regional Marine Geology, and the NOAA Aircraft Operations Center.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 623000
Date Effective From: 2000-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/

Distributor

CC ID: 623002
Date Effective From: 2000-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 623003
Date Effective From: 2000-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/

Point of Contact

CC ID: 623001
Date Effective From: 2000-01-01
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 623007
W° Bound: -79.09224
E° Bound: -75.04577
N° Bound: 38.82451
S° Bound: 33.50705

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 623005
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 1999-09-18

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 623006
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 1999-10-01

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

This data can be obtained on-line at the following URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer. The data set is dynamically generated based on

user-specified parameters.

;

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

This data was collected for the purposes of research. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or the Office for Coastal Management. This data is likely to contain returns from the water surface and vegetation. No processing has been done to remove returns from water or vegetation. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Noise points have not been removed or identified in this data set.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 858191
Start Date: 2011
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/htdata/lidar2_z/geoid12b/data/61/
Distributor: Office for Coastal Management (OCM) (2000-01-01 - Present)
Description:

Download directory with data in NAD83 Geographic coordinates, NAVD88 (Geoid12b) vertically, LAZ format

File Type: LAZ

Distribution 2

CC ID: 858190
Start Date: 2002
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=61
Distributor: Office for Coastal Management (OCM) (2000-01-01 - Present)
File Name: custom
Description:

Custom download allowing user to select projection, datum, format, etc.

File Type: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 743709
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer
Name: Data Access Viewer
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Allows custom download of data.

URL 2

CC ID: 743710
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/htdata/lidar2_z/geoid12b/data/61/supplemental/post_floyd_m61_area.kmz
Name: browse graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: kmz
Description:

KMZ showing the area of data coverage.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 623027
Activity Date/Time: 2017-08-07
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 623026
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717616
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 743707
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13
Description:

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Raw elevation measurements have been determined to be vertically accurate to within 15 cm. Processing steps (datum conversion,

projection, grid interpolation, etc.) introduce additional error factors which have not been tested at the time of this publication.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

The ATM LIDAR elevation points are known to be horizontally accurate to +/- 0.8 meters at an aircraft altitude of 700 meters.

Vertical Positional Accuracy:

The ATM LIDAR elevation measurements have been found to be within +/- 15 centimeters of each other in successive and overlapping

passes of the same area. In comparisons of LIDAR data for a small geographic region with various ground surveys the differences

are between +/- 15 to 20 centimeters. The accuracy of the majority of the data is estimated to be consistent with the above

stated results. At this time, there has been no large scale verification of the data.

Completeness Report:

All elevation data points that appeared to be within a reasonable vertical range were retained, and other points were thrown away.

This filtering process was performed 'by eye'.

Conceptual Consistency:

Not applicable

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Data collected and processed by NASA into Qfit format and delivered to NOAA. Converted to LAS 1.2 by NOAA.

Sources

Lidar data from NASA

CC ID: 858192
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: NASA

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 622994
Description:

Data collected on September 18, 1999 were converted from the NASA qfit format to LAS 1.2 using NOAA custom code. NOAA also received the October 1, 1999 data in Virginia and Maryland in 2017. This data had been converted to qfit using Global Mapper. Noise points were classified using LAStools lasnoise and by setting all points below -60 meters (ellipsoid height) to noise (class 7). All other points are class 0.

Process Date/Time: 2017-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
Source: Lidar data from NASA

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48161
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 14:19+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Kirk Waters
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-07-01 08:34+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-03-13
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-14