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Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2022: Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) for the U.S. Coastal States based on the 2010 Census Tracts, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48239.

Item Identification

Title: Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) for the U.S. Coastal States based on the 2010 Census Tracts
Short Name: SoVI2010
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2014-01-15
Abstract:

The Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) 2006-10 measures the social vulnerability of U.S. counties to environmental hazards. The index is a comparative metric that facilitates the examination of the differences in social vulnerability among counties. SoVI is a valuable tool for policy makers and practitioners. It graphically illustrates the geographic variation in social vulnerability. It shows where there is uneven capacity for preparedness and response and where resources might be used most effectively to reduce the pre-existing vulnerability. SoVI also is useful as an indicator in determining the differential recovery from disasters.The index synthesizes 27 socioeconomic variables, which the research literature suggests contribute to reduction in a community's ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from hazards. SoVI data sources include primarily those from the United States Census Bureau.The data are compiled and processed by the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute at the University of South Carolina. The data are standardized and placed into a principal components analysis to reduce the initial set of variables into a smaller set of statistically optimized components. Adjustments are made to the components' cardinality (positive (+) or negative (-)) to insure that positive component loadings are associated with increased vulnerability, and negative component loadings are associated with decreased vulnerability. Once the cardinalities of the components are determined, the components are added together to determine the numerical social vulnerability score for each county.SoVI 2006-10 marks a change in the formulation of the SoVI metric from earlier versions. New directions in the theory and practice of vulnerability science emphasize the constraints of family structure, language barriers, vehicle availability, medical disabilities, and healthcare access in the preparation for and response to disasters, thus necessitating the inclusion of such factors in SoVI. Extensive testing of earlier conceptualizations of SoVI, in addition to the introduction of the U.S. Census Bureau's five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates, warrants changes to the SoVI recipe, resulting in a more robust metric. These changes, pioneered with the ACS-based SoVI 2005-09 carry over to SoVI 2006-10, which combines the best data available from both the 2010 U.S. Decennial Census and five-year estimates from the 2006-2010 ACS.

Purpose:

The index is a comparative metric that facilitates the examination of the differences in social vulnerability among counties. It shows uneven capacity for preparedness and response and where resources might be used most effectively to reduce the pre-existing vulnerability.

Notes:

10855

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category planningCadastre
ISO 19115 Topic Category society
None Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Uses Census 2010 and ACS 06-10 (5 Year Estimates)

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Alabama
None Alaska
None California
None Connecticut
None Delaware
None Florida
None Georgia
None Hawaii
None Illinois
None Indiana
None Louisiana
None Maine
None Maryland
None Massachusetts
None Michigan
None Minnesota
None Mississippi
None New Hampshire
None New Jersey
None New York
None North Carolina
None Ohio
None Oregon
None Pennsylvania
None Rhode Island
None South Carolina
None Texas
None U.S.
None Virginia
None Washington
None Wisconsin

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Distribution Liability:

Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of the NOAA Office for Coastal Management or its partners.

Data Set Credit: "Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute (2014). The Social Vulnerability Index, SoVI, Version 06-10. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina. Available from http://www.sovius.org "

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 626202
Date Effective From: 2014-01-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 626204
Date Effective From: 2014-01-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 626205
Date Effective From: 2014-01-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 626203
Date Effective From: 2014-01-15
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 626208
W° Bound: -180
E° Bound: 180
N° Bound: 75.541342
S° Bound: 41.398627

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 626207
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006-01-01
End: 2010-12-31

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 626198
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 167

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

None

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 626199
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/data/SoVI/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 626200
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov/arcgis/rest/services/sovi/sovi_tracts2010/MapServer
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 626245
Activity Date/Time: 2015-12-18
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 626244
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14
Description:

Converted from FGDC CSDGM (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity SoVI0610_AK

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48239
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48239
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 14:33+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-11-16
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2017-11-16
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-11-16