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Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2022: C-CAP Niihau 2005 Land Cover,

Item Identification

Title: C-CAP Niihau 2005 Land Cover
Short Name: 2005_era_niihau_ccap_lc_hr
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2012-06-18

This data set consists of land cover derived from high resolution imagery according to the Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) protocol. This data set utilized 1 full Quickbird multispectral scenes which were processed to detect C-CAP land cover features on the island of Niihau.


To improve the understanding of coastal uplands and wetlands, and their linkages with the distribution, abundance, and health of living marine resources.




Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LAND USE/LAND COVER
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords Earth Remote Sensing Instruments > Passive Remote Sensing > Photon/Optical Detectors > Cameras > CAMERAS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Aircraft > AIRCRAFT
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Earth Observation Satellites > WORLDVIEW-2
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Earth Observation Satellites > WORLDVIEW-3
ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
None Land Cover
None Land Cover Analysis
None Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photos

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > HAWAII
None Coastal Zone
None Hawaii
None Hawaii
None Niihau

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Note:

5 years

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Distribution Liability:

Users must assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 627516
Date Effective From: 2012-06-18
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


CC ID: 627518
Date Effective From: 2012-06-18
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 627519
Date Effective From: 2012-06-18
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Point of Contact

CC ID: 627517
Date Effective From: 2012-06-18
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Acquisition date of the Quickbird Scenes

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 627521
W° Bound: -158.287559
E° Bound: -157.624997
N° Bound: 21.714257
S° Bound: 21.243777

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Grid Representation 1

CC ID: 627507
Dimension Count: 3
Cell Geometry: Point
Transformation Parameters Available?: No

Axis Dimension 1

Dimension Type: Row
Size: 2020

Axis Dimension 2

Dimension Type: Column
Size: 2535

Axis Dimension 3

Dimension Type: Vertical
Size: 1

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:

Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA, cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 744270
Download URL:
File Name: Customized Download

Create custom data files by choosing area, map projection, file format, etc.



CC ID: 744273
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 627539
Activity Date/Time: 2016-05-23

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 627538
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717129
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 744271
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Technical Environment


Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog

Data Quality


No report is available.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

12 meters CE90

Vertical Positional Accuracy:

There was no terrain correction in the geo-referencing procedure.

Completeness Report:

Data does not exist for all classes.

There are no pixels representing class 24 (Tundra), 25 (Perennial Ice/Snow), 26 (Dwarf Scrub - Alaska specific class), 27 (Sedge/Herbaceous), and 28 (Moss - Alaska specific). Developed classes have been altered to exclude the percentage breakdown of impervious surfaces as the breakdown is not appropriate for high resolution mapping (Developed High Intensity (2), Developed Medium Intensity (3), and Developed Low Intensity (4) are reduced to Impervious Surfaces (Class 2)). Mixed Forest (11) was also determined not be appropriate for this map since no mixed pixels existed at this spatial resolution.

Conceptual Consistency:

Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.



C-CAP Niihau, Hawaii. Land Cover Project

CC ID: 627504
Contact Name: Sanborn.
Publish Date: 2007-05-15
Citation URL:
Source Contribution:

NOAA OCM | Source Geospatial Form: remote-sensing image | Type of Source Media: DVD/CD-ROM

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 627505

This dataset was created by Sanborn ( This version of

the classification is the High Resolution Land Cover (2005-era) for the

Island of Niihau, HI.


This section outlines the classification procedure for the Niihau High

Resolution C-CAP. Quickbird imagery used in producing this land cover

product was also utilized in producing an associated impervious surfaces

layer for the island. The mapping approach utilized an object oriented

approach. A calibration visit was not conducted. Non impervious features

were mapped using a 0.5 acre minimum mapping unit (MMU).

Pre-processing steps: The Quickbird mosaic utilized for this project was

provided from Digital Globe as an orthorectifed, georeferenced product

and was consistent with the quoted 1:12000 spatial accuracy. In

conjunction with the Quickbird mosaic, Sanborn used an IKONOS mosaic, as

well as a DTM created from a 5m radar collect for the island. The

original return image from the radar was also utilized.

Field-Collected Data: Training data was not collected.

Classification: Segmentation - Image segmentation was completed at

multiple scales using the multispectral (2.4 m) imagery in order to

group like spectral and textural objects within the imagery. For

consistency, the associated impervious data set was incorporated into

the segmentation layer as a boundary delimiter. Segments can share

boundaries of an impervious surface, but can never overlap an impervious


Automated Classification, image segments are classified using a decision

tree classifier in See5 software and an iterative nearest neighbor

classifier in Definiens software. Nearest neighbor training data is

collected through analyst interpretation or ancillary data sets and used

to calibrate the classification algorithm.

Automated Classification Refinement - Models are built to refine or

reclassify land cover areas by utilizing the wealth of attribute

information linked to each segment within Definiens.

Classification Edits - As with any automated or semi-automated land

cover classification there are often inconsistencies in the land cover

map. The final step before map finalization was to remove inaccuracies

through manual segment labeling as interpreted by an analyst.

Map Finalization - Sanborn used independent reviewer's comments to

further refine the land cover map.

Post processing:

The change detection process used to create the 2010 Niihau C-CAP product highlighted some errors in the 2005 land cover map. To create a more accurate product these issues we addressed by NOAA through a combination of spatial models and manual edits. While the changes may not be large in area and/or be directly reflected in the accuracy assessment, we feel the products more accurately reflect the land cover for the time period.

Attributes for this product are as follows: 0 Background 1 Unclassified

2 Impervious 3 4 5 Developed, Open Space 6 Cultivated Crops 7

Pasture/Hay 8 Grassland/Herbaceous 9 Deciduous Forest 10 Evergreen

Forest 11 Mixed Forest 12 Scrub/Shrub 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland 14

Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland 16

Estuarine Forested Wetland 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland 18 Estuarine

Emergent Wetland 19 Unconsolidated Shore 20 Bare Land 21 Open Water 22

Palustrine Aquatic Bed 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed 24 Tundra 25 Snow/Ice

Process Date/Time: 2012-06-18 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Layer_1

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48275
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48275
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 14:38+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-03-13
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-14