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Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2022: C-CAP Land Cover, Kauai, Hawaii 2005,

Item Identification

Title: C-CAP Land Cover, Kauai, Hawaii 2005
Short Name: 2005_hawaii_ccap_hr_lc
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2015-01-22

This data set consists of land derived from high resolution imagery and was analyzed according to the Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) protocol to determine land cover. This data set utilized Quickbird multispectral scenes which were processed to detect C-CAP land cover features on the coastal areas of the Big Island of Hawaii. Due to the size of the area mapped and the frequency of cloud cover across the region dates of the Quickbird scenes ranged from early 2002 to early 2009. Imagery was selected for least cloud cover, overall quality and most recent date possible.


To create a baseline inventory of land cover features which can be utilized by state and local resource managers.




Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords Earth Remote Sensing Instruments > Passive Remote Sensing > Photon/Optical Detectors > Cameras > CAMERAS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Aircraft > AIRCRAFT
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Earth Observation Satellites > WORLDVIEW-2
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Earth Observation Satellites > WORLDVIEW-3
ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
None Land Cover
None Land Cover Analysis
None Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photos

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
None Big Island
None Coastal Zone
None Hawaii
None Hawaii County

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Note:

5 years

Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Distribution Liability:

Users must assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 627592
Date Effective From: 2015-01-22
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


CC ID: 627594
Date Effective From: 2015-01-22
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 627595
Date Effective From: 2015-01-22
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Point of Contact

CC ID: 627593
Date Effective From: 2015-01-22
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Acquisition date of the Quickbird Scenes

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 627598
W° Bound: -156.074132
E° Bound: -154.798252
N° Bound: 20.26645
S° Bound: 18.919619

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 627597
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2005

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Grid Representation 1

CC ID: 627584
Dimension Count: 3
Cell Geometry: Point
Transformation Parameters Available?: No

Axis Dimension 1

Dimension Type: Row
Size: 16992

Axis Dimension 2

Dimension Type: Column
Size: 21409

Axis Dimension 3

Dimension Type: Vertical
Size: 1

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:

Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA, cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 744278
Download URL:
File Name: Customized Download

Create custom data files by choosing area, map projection, file format, etc.



CC ID: 744280
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 627616
Activity Date/Time: 2016-05-23

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 627615
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717131
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 744279
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Technical Environment


Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600.xpsp.080413-2111) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3 (Build 1850)

Data Quality


No attribute accuracy has been determined for this dataset.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

12 meters CE90

Vertical Positional Accuracy:

There was no terrain correction in the geo-referencing procedure.

Completeness Report:

Data does not exist for all classes.

There are no pixels representing class 9 (Deciduous Forest), class 11 (Mixed Forest), class 23 (Estuarine Aquatic Bed), class 24 (Tundra), 25 (Perennial Ice/Snow), 26 (Dwarf Scrub - Alaska specific class), 27 (Sedge/Herbaceous), and 28 (Moss - Alaska specific). Developed classes have been altered to exclude the percentage breakdown of impervious surfaces as the breakdown is not appropriate for high resolution mapping (Developed High Intensity (2), Developed Medium Intensity (3), and Developed Low Intensity (4) are reduced to Developed, High Intensity (Class 2).

Conceptual Consistency:

Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.



C-CAP Land Cover, Big Island, Hawaii 2005

CC ID: 627580
Contact Name: Sanborn and MDA Information Systems
Publish Date: 2011-08-25
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005
Source Contribution:

NOAA OCM | Source Geospatial Form: remote-sensing image | Type of Source Media: DVD/CD-ROM

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 627581

This dataset was created by Sanborn ( and MDA Information Systems (

This version of the classification is the High Resolution Land Cover (2005-era) for the Island of Hawaii, HI. Sanborn mapped land cover for the exterior (coastal zone) of the Big Island while MDA Federal mapped the interior.


This section outlines the classification procedure for the Island of Hawaii High Resolution C-CAP. Quickbird imagery used in producing this land cover product was also utilized in producing an associated impervious surfaces layer for the island. The mapping approach utilized an object oriented approach. A calibration visit was conducted by Sanborn and NOAA OCM staff. Non impervious features were mapped using a 0.5 acre minimum mapping unit (MMU).

Pre-processing steps:

The Quickbird imagery utilized for this project was provided from Digital Globe as an orthorectifed, georeferenced product and was consistent with the quoted 1:12000 spatial accuracy. In conjunction with the Quickbird imagery, Sanborn used ancillary IKONOS imagery from 2002-2003, and aerial Emerge imagery, as well as a DTM created from a 5m radar collect for the island. The original return image from the radar was also utilized.

Field-Collected Data:

Training data was collected between January 18, 2009 and January 23, 2009 by Sanborn and NOAA OCM staff.


Segmentation - Image segmentation was completed at multiple scales using the multispectral (2.4 m) imagery in order to group like spectral and textural objects within the imagery. For consistency, the associated impervious data set was incorporated into the segmentation layer as a boundary delimiter. Segments can share boundaries of an impervious surface, but can never overlap an impervious surface.

Automated Classification - Image segments are classified using a decision tree classifier in See5 software for the entire island and an iterative nearest neighbor classifier in Definiens software for certain sections. Nearest neighbor training data is collected through analyst interpretation or ancillary data sets and used to calibrate the classification algorithm.

Automated Classification Refinement - Models are built to refine or reclassify land cover areas by utilizing the wealth of attribute information linked to each segment within Definiens.

Classification Edits - As with any automated or semi-automated land cover classification there are often inconsistencies in the land cover map. The final step before map finalization was to remove inaccuracies through manual segment labeling as interpreted by an analyst.

Map compilation and edge matching - Sanborn's and MDA Federal's maps were edge matched by NOAA OCM through a combination of spatial modeling and manual editing to create a wall-to-wall land cover product.

Post processing - The change detection process used to create the 2010 Hawaii C-CAP product highlighted some errors in the 2005 land cover map. To create a more accurate product these issues we addressed by NOAA through a combination of spatial models and manual edits. While the changes may not be large in area and/or be directly reflected in the accuracy assessment, we feel the products more accurately reflect the land cover for the time period.

Attributes for this product are as follows:

0 Background

1 Unclassified

2 Impervious



5 Developed, Open Space

6 Cultivated Crops

7 Pasture/Hay

8 Grassland/Herbaceous

9 Deciduous Forest

10 Evergreen Forest

11 Mixed Forest

12 Scrub/Shrub

13 Palustrine Forested Wetland

14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland

15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland

16 Estuarine Forested Wetland

17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland

18 Estuarine Emergent Wetland

19 Unconsolidated Shore

20 Bare Land

21 Open Water

22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed

Process Date/Time: 2015-01-20 00:00:00

Process Step 2

CC ID: 627582

Metadata imported

Process Date/Time: 2011-08-24 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Layer_1

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48277
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48277
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 14:38+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-03-13
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-03-13
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-13