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Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2022: 2003-2005 South Carolina Oyster Mapping Orthoimagery,

Item Identification

Title: 2003-2005 South Carolina Oyster Mapping Orthoimagery
Short Name: SC_Oyster_05_final
Status: In Work
Publication Date: 2003-10-17

Data set contains digital orthophotography. The digital orthophotos in this series have a theoretical ground resolution of 0.25 meter. The digital orthophotos are 4-band in nature (red, green, blue, near infrared) and are delivered as flown in four-band .img file format. The four-band imagery is delivered in mosaics equaling one eighth of a DOQ. The data set presents information that represents current conditions for the specified DOQQ regions of interest as specified by PhotoScience Task No. 01012C0053 for coastal areas of South Carolina. The project area was selected specifically to cover those sections of the South Carolina coastal critical zone where oysters had historically been mapped by SCDNR. The extent of the DOQQs for the project area range from the Hilton Head area in the southern part of South Carolina to the Myrtle Beach area in the northern part of the state. All data were captured during specific imaging windows per contract. These imaging windows are 6-10-03 through 6-16-03, 7-9-03 through 7-15-03, 7-30 through 7-31-03, 8-8-03 through 8-13-03, 8-27-03 through 8-29-03, 9-25-03 through 9-26-03, 10-24-03 5-2-04 through 5-6-04, 5-16-04 through 5-18-04, 5-31-04 through 6-5-04, 6-28-04 through 7-4-04, 7-28-04 through 8-2-04, 4-4-05 through 4-11-05, and 5-4-05 through 5-8-05. The total DOQQ area is approximately 1,527 square miles.

Original contact information:

Contact Org: NOAA Office for Coastal Management

Phone: 843-740-1202



The digital orthophotography was produced as part of the South Carolina Oyster Beds Imaging effort per USGS Contract 01CRCN0012 for NOAA, to support the mapping of intertidal oyster reefs. The project area was over specified areas of the South Carolina coastal critical zone where oysters have been traditionally mapped by the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Marine Division.



Supplemental Information:

Due to the specific allowable imaging windows this work took place over the 2003/2004 spring/summer seasons. Subsequent allowable imaging windows will be generated for 2005/2006 flights.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords Earth Remote Sensing Instruments > Passive Remote Sensing > Photon/Optical Detectors > Cameras > CAMERAS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords Aircraft > AIRCRAFT
ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
None Digital Orthophotography
None Oyster bed mapping
None Oysters
None Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photos
None South Carolina DNR

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
None ACE Basin area
None Coastline
None Little River area
None North Island area
None South Carolina

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Distribution Liability:

In no event shall the creators, custodians, or distributors of this information be liable for any damages arising out of its use (or inability to use it).

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 634293
Date Effective From: 2003-10-17
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


CC ID: 634295
Date Effective From: 2003-10-17
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 634296
Date Effective From: 2003-10-17
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Point of Contact

CC ID: 634294
Date Effective From: 2003-10-17
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 634299
W° Bound: -81
E° Bound: -78.53
N° Bound: 33.89
S° Bound: 32.04

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 634298
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2003-05
End: 2005-10

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:


Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 745469
Download URL:
File Name: Customized Download

Create custom data files by choosing area, map projection, file format, etc.

Distribution 2

CC ID: 745468
Download URL:
File Name: Bulk Download

Simple download of data files.



CC ID: 745471
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 634318
Activity Date/Time: 2016-05-23

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 634317
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14

Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 717508
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 745470
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Technical Environment


The data set was created on Windows XP operating system clients running GeoVantage's proprietary GeoPlanSM and GeoPostSM applications outputted to ERDAS .img format.

Data Quality

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

4 meters accuracy at CE90. The spatial accuracy of this product was verified by a National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy (NSSDA) assessment of the project area. The imagery was evaluated by measuring image-identifiable points clustered within DOQQ areas and throughout the project area. Over 100 independent control points (ICPs) were measured in the field using survey-grade GPS units. The GPS data was differentially corrected using either a nearby CORS reference station or a GPS base station established over a 1st order survey mark. The resulting GPS coordinates were compared to image coordinates in using the NSSDA horizontal accuracy table a Circular Error 90 value determined. Based on results throughout the project area the spatial accuracy of this imagery is within 4 meters of position on the ground.; Quantitative Value: 4 meters, Test that produced the value: NSSDA

Vertical Positional Accuracy:


Completeness Report:


Conceptual Consistency:



Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 634285

Image Acquisition: Overview--The study area consists of 1,527 square miles along the coast of South Carolina and is organized into Digital Ortho Quarter Quads (DOQQ). In 2003, imaging was done at the DOQQ level, that is, each DOQQ was a designated Region of Interest (ROI). In 2004, imaging was done at the DOQQ-Q level. In both years, post processing of the images was done at the DOQQ-Q level. A fleet of ten of GeoVantage's GeoScannerSM multispectral aerial imaging sensors acquired 1,280 by 960 single frames in a direct digital manner. Each GeoScanner has an integral IMU and collects GPS and ground basestation data. GeoVantage's GeoPost application processed the DOQQ's single frames and created image mosaics orthoprojected to 7.5 minute Digital Elevation Models. In order to maximize the ability to detect intertidal oyster reefs the GeoScanner imagery was collected under the following conditions: Tidal stage - Imaging was timed to coincide with normal 0.0 or negative low tides (Mean Lower Low Water) + 1.5 hours. Season - The flight windows were also based on the period of high Spartina biomass (between May 15, 2003(2004) and October 15, 2003(2004)). Sun elevation - Missions were flown only when the sun angle was at least 45 degrees above the horizon to minimize shadowing on fringing reef. Occasionally acceptable imagery was acquired under high overcast conditions that provided even illumination. Winds - Imagery was only acquired when winds were calm or onshore less than 15 mph as determined at the local airport where flights were staged for that day. Offshore winds of any speed less than that which would interfere with aircraft operations were also acceptable. Clouds/Haze- No clouds or cloud shadows obscured the intertidal portion of the study area. Clouds and shadows did not cover more than 10% of the terrestrial portion of any mission. Rain - No imagery was collected while rain was falling in the mission area. Illumination -The imagery was acquired under even illumination conditions. This can be either through clear skies or under a high overcast. Of the two, clear conditions are preferable. Water Levels- No imagery was acquired if more than 12 inches of rain had fallen in the local area during the previous 72 hours

Process Date/Time: 2004-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 2

CC ID: 634286

Image Rectification: The original mosaics were generated to the USGS DEM using either GeoVantage Base Station differential corrected data or multiple CORS stations to control airborne GPS and IMU data. In order to maximize spatial accuracy all data collected in 2003 and 2004 went through the following process: Subset Area Selection--Subset of 100 image frames were post-processed using best available CORS data (only stations within 150 miles of project area). Each set of 10 x 10 frames was selected to cover area with most identifiable features that could be visually compared. If possible this was the center of the DOQQ mosaic. Image Point Comparison-A point shapefile was generated from 10 identifiable features in the original mosaic. A corresponding shapefile was generated from the same 10 features in the 100-frame subset mosaic. Tabular Evaluation-A spreadsheet was populated with the original and the CORS-processed subset coordinates for each of the 10 points. This table showed both coordinate pairs and deltas for both x and y. This allowed a quantitative review of any offsets between the two mosaics to determine if a systematic error existed. Re-Nav/Reprocess Decision Process-If a systematic offset was observed in either x or y-axes, the original DOQQ mosaic and any mission mosaics was nudged by this distance. There was no threshold distance below which a spatial nudge would not occur. If the offsets were determined to be non-systematic, as judged by a CE 90 error greater than 3 meters after the offset was removed, then the entire original frames, mission mosaics, and DOQQ mosaic was reprocessed using the closest CORS stations. Reporting on this process-The table of 10 coordinate pairs and the nudge distances was included in the ReadMe file for the DOQQ and included on the delivery drive. This provided documentation of the process allowing the user to better understand the lineage of the data. After the original untrimmed mosaic was nudged, it was then trimmed for delivery and put through a visual quality review. This review was to identify and correct any anomalies. The "nudging" process was not applied to the individual image frames. The direction and distance of the nudge applied to the mosaic was documented, so that users desiring to work with individual image frames could apply it if needed.

Process Date/Time: 2005-01-01 00:00:00

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48422
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48422
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 14:46+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-03-13
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-03-13
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-13