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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: South Carolina 2015 ESI BIRD Polygons, Points, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/53815.

Item Identification

Title: South Carolina 2015 ESI BIRD Polygons, Points
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2015-08
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for wading birds, shorebirds, waterfowl, raptors, diving birds, seabirds, passerine birds, and gulls and terns in South Carolina. Vector polygons in this data set represent bird nesting, migratory staging, and wintering sites. Vector points in this data set represent known sites of high concentrations of nesting seaside sparrow. Species specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in relational data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set comprises a portion of the ESI data for South Carolina. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources. See also the BIRDSPT data layer, part of the larger South Carolina ESI database, for additional bird information.

Purpose:

The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.

Notes:

2114

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The primary attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, BIRDS and BIRDSPT) is linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features. Likewise, in the BIOFILE, the same RARNUM may appear in multiple records, representing a unique combination of species found in that region. To be represented by the same RARNUM, these species groups must also share the same seasonality, concentration, mapping qualifier, and source information.

The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many.

During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

NOAA ESI Guidelines

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format, and will offer a replacement copy of the product when the product is determined unreadable by computer input peripherals, or when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 779201
Date Effective From: 2015-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 779203
Date Effective From: 2015-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office of Response and Restoration (ORR)
Address: 1305 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 779204
Date Effective From: 2015-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 779202
Date Effective From: 2015-08
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 779199
W° Bound: -81.1615
E° Bound: -78.414
N° Bound: 33.9384
S° Bound: 31.9322
Description

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the overall South Carolina ESI study region. The bounding box for this particular feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 779198
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014
End: 2015
Description:

Time Frame Range starts with ESI Project Start Year, and ends with ESI Atlas Publication Year.

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 779214
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 14511
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 4

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 779336
Start Date: 2015
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: Office of Response and Restoration (ORR) (2015-08 - Present)
File Name: SouthCarolina_2015_ESI_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2016-09-12 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 256 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 779205
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 2

CC ID: 779334
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for the South Carolina ESI data.

URL 3

CC ID: 779335
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 779207
Activity Date/Time: 2015-08
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 779206
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 779208
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 779209
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 779210
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.2(R) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PC's with Windows Operating System 7.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy base maps with a scale of 1:24,000. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy", and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original source data and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set.

Completeness Report:

The BIRD POLYS feature class represents a synthesis of expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, survey data, maps, and digital data on bird nesting, wintering, migratory staging and other spatial/temporal concentration areas. The BIRD POINTS feature class represents a synthesis of expert knowledge on known sites of high concentrations of nesting seaside sparrow.

These data do not necessarily represent all bird occurrences in South Carolina. The following species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name [n/a if not applicable]): 8, Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus; 11, Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus; 12, Canada goose, Branta canadensis; 14, Greater white-fronted goose, Anser albifrons; 15, Snow goose, Chen caerulescens; 16, Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; 17, Northern pintail, Anas acuta; 18, Green-winged teal, Anas crecca; 20, Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata; 21, Canvasback, Aythya valisineria; 23, Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; 26, Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola; 33, Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator; 34, American coot, Fulica americana; 45, Common tern, Sterna hirundo; 60, Red knot, Calidris canutus; 76, Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus; 86, Least tern, Sternula antillarum; 87, Little blue heron, Egretta caerulea; 88, Great egret, Ardea alba; 89, Snowy egret, Egretta thula; 115, White ibis, Eudocimus albus; 118, Brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis; 124, Redhead, Aythya americana; 125, Clapper rail, Rallus longirostris; 132, Wood stork, Mycteria americana; 133, Black skimmer, Rynchops niger; 134, Gull-billed tern, Gelochelidon nilotica; 135, Sandwich tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis; 137, Royal tern, Thalasseus maximus; 138, Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri; 148, Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis; 150, Black rail, Laterallus jamaicensis; 152, American oystercatcher, Haematopus palliatus; 153, Piping plover, Charadrius melodus; 154, Wilson's plover, Charadrius wilsonia; 155, Willet, Tringa semipalmata; 162, Gadwall, Anas strepera; 167, Northern gannet, Morus bassanus; 169, American wigeon, Anas americana; 178, Least bittern, Ixobrychus exilis; 179, Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps; 180, Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris; 184, King rail, Rallus elegans; 185, American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus; 186, American black duck, Anas rubripes; 190, Blue-winged teal, Anas discors; 191, Wood duck, Aix sponsa; 192, Common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus; 198, Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus; 210, Marbled godwit, Limosa fedoa; 211, Mottled duck, Anas fulvigula; 217, Mute swan, Cygnus olor; 266, Black-bellied whistling-duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis; 277, Seaside sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus; 278, Saltmarsh sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus; 299, Scaup, Aythya spp.; 301, Mergansers, n/a; 302, Scoters, Melanitta spp.; 326, Jaegers, Stercorarius spp.; 396, Phalaropes, Phalaropus spp.; 462, Loons, Gavia spp.; 603, Black-capped petrel, Pterodroma hasitata; 734, Nelson's sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni; 906, Common gallinule, Gallinula galeata; 1001, Gulls, n/a; 1002, Shorebirds, n/a; 1003, Waterfowl, n/a; 1004, Wading birds, n/a; 1006, Diving birds, n/a; 1008, Terns, n/a; 1009, Shearwaters, n/a; 1013, Dabbling ducks, n/a; 1014, Diving ducks, n/a; 1024, Alcids, n/a; 1041, Storm-petrels, n/a.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the final Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Three main sources of data were used to depict bird distribution and seasonality for this data layer: 1) personal interviews with resource experts from South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS); 2) published and unpublished reports; and 3) digital/tabular datasets provided by SCDNR and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Sources

2002 AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER STATEWIDE WINTER SURVEYS

CC ID: 779227
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Extent End Date/Time: 2003
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

2008 AMERICAN OYSTERCATCHER STATEWIDE BREEDING PAIRS SURVEY

CC ID: 779228
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2008-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2008
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

2011-2013 SEABIRD NESTING COLONY SURVEYS

CC ID: 779230
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011
Extent End Date/Time: 2013
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

2012 WILSON'S PLOVERS BREEDING SURVEY

CC ID: 779229
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2009
Extent End Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

2014 SOUTH CAROLINA BALD EAGLE SURVEY

CC ID: 779231
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: tabular digital data | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

A REVIEW OF BIRD SPECIES ON THE SOUTH ATLANTIC BIGHT

CC ID: 779223
Contact Name: RUSS WIGH
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

BALD EAGLE NEST LOCATIONS AND SEASONALITY

CC ID: 779232
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE COMMON MOORHEN IN AN IMPOUNDED CATTAIL MARSH

CC ID: 779221
Contact Name: POST, WILLIAM AND CAROL A. SEALS
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Citation URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4514506
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

DATA COMPILATION FROM USFWS ATLANTIC COAST WINTERING DUCK SURVEYS (2008-11), USFWS SEABIRD SURVEYS (2010-11,2014), AND NOAA ATLANTIC MARINE ASSESSMENT PROGRAM FOR PROTECTED SPECIES SURVEYS (2010-2014)

CC ID: 779237
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE (USFWS), MIGRATORY BIRD PROGRAM, ATLANTIC COAST JOINT VENTURE
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2008
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

EBIRD: AN ONLINE DATABASE OF BIRD DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE [WEB APPLICATION]

CC ID: 779217
Contact Name: EBIRD
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1995
Extent End Date/Time: 2005
Citation URL: http://www.ebird.org
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: online

GEORGIA AND SOUTH CAROLINA MID-WINTER WATERFOWL SURVEYS

CC ID: 779239
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS), DIVISION OF MIGRATORY BIRD MANAGEMENT
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005
Extent End Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

HOODED MERGANSERS BREEDING IN THE UPPER COASTAL PLAIN OF SOUTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 779222
Contact Name: ROBERT A. KENNAMER, SAVANNAH RIVER ECOLOGY LABORATORY (SREL)
Publish Date: 1997-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1997
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

INTEGRATED WATERBIRD MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING DATABASE

CC ID: 779240
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)- REGION 3, DIVISION OF BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010
Extent End Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

LOCATIONS AND SEASONALITIES OF SENSISTIVE SHOREBIRD SPECIES

CC ID: 779226
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR) , DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES - FELICIA SANDERS
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

MARSH BIRD SURVEY - FINAL REPORT

CC ID: 779215
Contact Name: CELY, J.E., D.P. FERRAL, AND B.A. GLOVER
Publish Date: 1993-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1993
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: paper

SEABIRD NESTING COLONIES

CC ID: 779218
Contact Name: GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (GADNR) - TIM KEYES, WILDLIFE BIOLOGIST
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

SEASIDE SPARROW BREEDING AND WINTERING

CC ID: 779216
Contact Name: COASTAL CAROLINA UNIVERSITY - CHRIS HILL
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

SEASONALITY AND LOCATIONS OF PIPING PLOVER IN SOUTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 779238
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS) , ECOLOGICAL SERVICES - MELISSA BIMBI
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

SOUTH CAROLINA MID-WINTER SHOREBIRD SURVEYS

CC ID: 779233
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

SOUTH CAROLINA SHOREBIRD PROJECT: FINAL REPORT

CC ID: 779219
Contact Name: MADDOCK, SIDNEY , MELISSA BIMBI, AND WALKER GOLDER
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: CD-ROM

THE CHRISTMAS BIRD COUNT HISTORICAL RESULTS [ONLINE]

CC ID: 779220
Contact Name: NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004
Extent End Date/Time: 2015
Citation URL: http://www.christmasbirdcount.org
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: online

WADING BIRD AND MARSH BIRD SEASONALITIES

CC ID: 779224
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR) , DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES - CHRISTINE HAND
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

WADING BIRD AND RAIL SEASONALITIES

CC ID: 779236
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

WADING BIRD ROOKERY SURVEYS

CC ID: 779234
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

WATERFOWL LOCATION AND SEASONALITIES FOR SOUTH CAROLINA

CC ID: 779225
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR) , DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES - DEAN HARRIGAL
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

WOODSTORK ROOKERY SURVEYS

CC ID: 779235
Contact Name: SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (SCDNR), DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: spreadsheet | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 779242
Description:

Breeding shorebirds, diving birds, gulls and terns: Survey data on locations of breeding shorebirds, diving birds, and terns were provided by SCDNR via shapefiles, spreadsheets, and expert local knowledge for the following species: American oystercatcher (state species of concern), black skimmer (state species of concern), brown pelican, gull-billed tern (state species of concern), least tern (state threatened), royal tern, sandwich tern, willet, and Wilson's plover (state threatened). Point data were converted to polygons by associating points to sections of the coast (i.e., shell rakes, beaches, and small coastal islands) and creating a 50 m onshore/offshore buffer, which in some areas was extended to include ESI polygons 7 and 9A (exposed and sheltered tidal flats, respectively) per expert opinion. For American oystercatcher (surveyed in 2002) and Wilson's plover (surveyed in 2012), concentration values represent the sum of all pairs from within a survey area. For seabird nesting colonies, concentration values are the maximum of nests from across survey years, 2010-2013.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 779243
Description:

Migrating and wintering shorebirds, diving birds, wading birds, gulls and terns: Migrating and wintering shorebird, diving bird, and tern information was provided by USFWS Integrated Waterbird Monitoring and Management (IWMM), SCDNR shorebird project surveys, and SCDNR resource experts. IWMM surveys provided simple counts for impoundments from 2010 to 2012. SCDNR provided mid-winter shorebird surveys from 2014, non-breeding American oystercatcher observations from 2002, and expert knowledge. Red knot (federally and state threatened), piping plover (federally and state threatened), and marbled godwit were mapped based on the 2013 Shorebird Project Report published by USFWS. Survey areas were compiled to represent different sections of the coast (i.e., different beach habitats and small coastal islands). A 50 m onshore/offshore buffer was mapped along these coastal areas, and extended beyond the buffer to include ESI polygons 7 and 9A (exposed and sheltered tidal flats, respectively) per expert opinion. Based on the maximum count across survey years, shorebird counts were binned into 100s or 1,000s of birds. Federal and state threatened and endangered species and state species of special concern from IWMM data are qualified as having a "vulnerable occurrence".

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 779244
Description:

Colonial wading and diving bird nesting and concentration areas: Three sources of data were used to map nesting colonial wading and diving birds. Locations of wading and diving bird nesting colonies and wood stork (federally threatened, state endangered) nesting colonies were mapped based on 2014 surveys. To mask the exact locations, a randomized geographic shift was applied to nesting points within 1-1.5 km of the original nest location. Shifted wading bird nest points were buffered by 2.5 km and wood stork nest points by 3.5 km to create a nesting polygon. Overlapping wading bird and wood stork buffers, respectively, were merged and clipped to a 50 m buffer of the shoreline. Counts were reported as the sum of wading bird or wood stork colonies that occurred within the polygon. Wading bird concentration areas reflect impoundments counted in 2010-2012 IWMM surveys. Federal and state threatened and endangered species and state species of special concern from these data are qualified as having a "vulnerable occurrence" where they occur, while other wading birds have been grouped as "wading birds". Counts were binned into 10s, 100s, or 1,000s.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 779245
Description:

Wetland associated waterfowl: Waterfowl data for South Carolina were mapped from USFWS 2010-2014 mid-winter waterfowl surveys, USFWS 2004-2015 Christmas Bird Count (CBC) data, USFWS IWMM data, and expert knowledge from SCDNR. Survey blocks were divided into three zones based on whether the habitat represented 1) lower rivers and sounds, 2) saltwater and brackish creeks and marshes, or 3) freshwater rivers, impoundments, and marshes. For reporting species and concentrations, species counts less than 10 were combined into a more general grouping (e.g., dabbling ducks, diving ducks, etc.), while those with counts equal to or greater than 10 have been listed by species. Counts were binned into 10s, 100s, 1,000s, or 10,000s. Species were assigned to a specific zone and concentrations of species or species groups were adjusted per expert opinion. Nesting distributions of waterfowl were determined using species' presence during USFWS mid-winter waterfowl, IWMM, and CBC surveys alongside SCDNR expert knowledge. Nesting concentrations for waterfowl (i.e., "possible") reflect areas where species were detected during winter surveys and expert knowledge from SCDNR was used to determine nesting presence. Numbers from wintering surveys are likely underestimates, since surveys do not necessarily occur during each species' months of peak abundance.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 5

CC ID: 779246
Description:

Atlantic Ocean seabirds: Distribution of nearshore and offshore pelagic birds, gulls, terns, diving birds, alcids, and waterfowl in the Atlantic Ocean, bays, and sounds were generated from discussions with resource experts, reports, and survey data. Alcids, diving birds, gulls, terns (except black tern), and northern gannet were mapped based on compiled survey data from USFWS that included USFWS Atlantic Coast Wintering Sea Duck Surveys (ACWSD; preliminary survey in 2008, full surveys 2009-11) and USFWS Atlantic Marine Assessment Program for Protected Species (AMAPPS) seabird surveys (preliminary survey in 2010, full-coast surveys in summer 2011, spring and fall 2012, winter 2014). Based on expert advice, data were grouped into two offshore polygons (0-5 nautical miles [nm] from shore and 0-12 nm offshore). Species and species groups were placed into respective polygons based on their frequency of occurrence in these areas and concentration values were determined through discussions with resource experts. Species in bays and sounds were mapped from SCDNR expert knowledge. Pelagic birds (except northern gannet), black tern, and phalaropes were mapped based on information from Wigh (2007) and Beaton et al. (2003).

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 6

CC ID: 779247
Description:

Bald eagles: Bald eagle (state threatened) nest locations were mapped based on 2013-2014 nesting survey data provided by SCDNR. The exact locations were masked with a 250 m buffer by SCDNR. The display of this data does not imply that areas mapped reflect current nest locations, but rather are to be used as a guide to what has been observed over recent years. Resource experts should be contacted in the event of a spill.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 7

CC ID: 779248
Description:

Secretive marsh birds: Distributions of black rail, clapper rail, king rail, and least bittern, were provided by SCDNR. Distributions of seaside sparrow, saltmarsh sparrow, and Nelson's sparrow were based on discussions with resource exports.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 8

CC ID: 800095
Description:

Seaside sparrow nesting sites: Data used to depict seaside sparrow nest sites were provided by Chris Hill, professor at Coastal Carolina University, and confirmed by Aaron Given, wildlife biologist of the Town of Kiawah Island. Seaside sparrow nesting sites with high concentrations of individuals were mapped based on expert knowledge. These sources were used by the project biologist to create the BIRD POINTS data layer.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov
Source: SEASIDE SPARROW BREEDING AND WINTERING

Process Step 9

CC ID: 779249
Description:

The above digital and/or hardcopy sources were compiled by the project biologist using the process steps described, to create the BIRD POLYS and POINTS data layers. Depending on the type of source data, three general approaches are used for compiling the data layer: 1) information gathered during initial interviews and from hardcopy sources are compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000 topographic quadrangles and digitized; 2) hardcopy maps are digitized at their source scale; 3) digital data layers are evaluated and used "as is" or integrated with the hardcopy data sources. See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The ESI, biology, and human-use data are compiled into the standard ESI digital data format. A second set of interviews with participating resource experts are conducted to review the compiled data. If necessary, edits to the BIRD POLYS and POINTS data layers are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts, and final hardcopy maps and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2015-08-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BIRDS
Entity BIRDSPT
Entity BREED_DT
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 53815
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:53815
Metadata Record Created By: David Moe Nelson
Metadata Record Created: 2018-09-18 10:00+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2019-02-26
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year