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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: GL_Mackinac 2019 ESI BIRD Polygons, Points, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/58458.

Item Identification

Title: GL_Mackinac 2019 ESI BIRD Polygons, Points
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2019-09
Abstract:

These feature classes reside within the BIOLOGY Feature Data Set of the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac - 2019 ESI Geodatabase. It contains vector polygons and points representing BIRD data for the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac area of interest.

The study area includes the Straits of Mackinac, nearby portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, and adjacent lands and waters in northern Michigan. These data sets contain sensitive biological resource data for wading birds, shorebirds, waterfowl, raptors, diving birds, seabirds, passerine birds, and gulls and terns. Vector polygons and points in these data sets represent bird nesting, migratory staging, and wintering sites.

Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in associated data tables (described in Entity Attribute Overview below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer. This data set is a portion of the ESI data for the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac study area.

As a whole, the ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil, and include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data are intended to provide baseline environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources. The ESI data may be appropriate for many other coastal management efforts, though the original intent should be kept in mind.

Notes:

[THIS FIELD IS FOR INTERNAL NOTES AS NEEDED. IT WILL NOT BE VIEWABLE IN THE PUBLIC METADATA RECORD.]

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc, Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division, Seattle, Washington.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > OIL SPILLS
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None BIRDS
None Coastal Resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None Environmental Monitoring
None Environmental Sensitivity Index
None ESI
None Oil Spill Planning
None Sensitivity Maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GREAT LAKES
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MICHIGAN
UNCONTROLLED
None Lake Huron
None Lake Michigan
None Straits of Mackinac

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Seattle
State/Province: WA
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: GIS Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Data content is considered static once published. However, if issues with the Geodatabase linkages or table contents are identified, the Geodatabase and/or the associated Map Document may be updated. Assure most current data is being used by downloading from https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download and/or comparing modification dates provided at this site.

Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

The attribute tables associated with the ESI biology data are BIOFILE, SOURCES, and BREED_DT. The geographic data layers containing biological resource information (in this case, BIRDS and BIRDSPT) are linked to the BIOFILE using the RARNUM field. There is a many-to-many relationship from the data layer to the BIOFILE, as an RARNUM may be repeated in several geographic features, and the BIOFILE may have multiple records with the same RARNUM representing a variety of species, or a single species with differing attributes.

The items in the BIOFILE are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, STATE, S_DATE, F_DATE, GRANK, GRANKDATE, MAPPING_QUALIFIER, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. The G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE fields provide links to the SOURCES table, where object level source information is available. The BREED field is the link to the BREED_DT table, where searchable breed information is provided. The links to both of these tables are also many-to-many.

During the collection of the ESI data, six relational data tables are used to store the attribute data. These are the BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS tables. When we create new ESI data, we populate these tables to maintain the integrity of the data collected. Once completed, all information populating these tables is collapsed into the BIOFILE to ease data queries and general usability of the final product.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

Environmental Sensitivity Index Guidelines, Version 4.0 (Petersen, J., et al. 2019)

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed and used successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format. If problems are encountered in downloading the ESI data or with file corruption, contact NOAA (see Distributor).

These data represent a snapshot in time and temporal changes may have occurred. The data are not intended to include all biological or human-use resources present in an area; they focus on species and resources particularly sensitive to oiling. In the event of a spill, they should be used for a first assessment only. The data providers are the experts with regard to individual resources. They should be contacted to confirm if more current data exist or if in-depth information is needed about a particular resource.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R), Emergency Response Division (ERD), Seattle, Washington.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 891733
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 891735
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Office of Response and Restoration (ORR)
Address: 1305 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 891736
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 891734
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

This reflects the extent of all land and water features included in the Straits of Mackinac 2019 ESI area of interest (AOI). The bounding box for each feature class may vary depending on occurrences identified and mapped.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 893504
W° Bound: -85.891666
E° Bound: -83.250001
N° Bound: 46.17465708
S° Bound: 45.250003
Description

Bounding box for the Straits of Mackinac area of interest in northern Michigan.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 893505
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2018
End: 2019
Description:

Data collection for the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac ESI atlas began in 2018 and was concluded and published in 2019.

Spatial Information

Spatial Resolution

Level of Detail Description:

[NOTE: IN "VECTOR REPRESENTATION" SECTION BELOW, TOPOLOGY LEVEL IS CONSIDERED "Geometry Only", POLYGONS ARE CONSIDERED AS "Complex Objects", LINES ARE CONSIDERED AS "Curve Objects", AND POINTS ARE CONSIDERED AS "Point Objects". ONLY THE OBJECT TYPES IN THE FEATURE DATA SET SHOULD BE DOCUMENTED. THE COUNTS OF EACH TYPE OF OBJECT IN THE FEATURE DATA SET SHOULD BE RECORDED (1 TO N), AFTER PROCESSING BY NOAA INTO THE FINAL ESI GEODATABASE.]

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: No
Vector: Yes
Text / Table: Yes
TIN: No
Stereo Model: No
Video: No

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 891745
Topology Level: Geometry Only
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 703
Composite Object Present?: No
Curve Object Present?: No
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 38
Solid Object Present?: No
Surface Object Present?: No

Reference Systems

Reference System 1

CC ID: 891746

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Geographic 2D
EPSG Code: EPSG:4269
EPSG Name: NAD83
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed by downloading the zipped ArcGIS geodatabase from the Download URL (see Distribution Information). Questions can be directed to the ESI Program Manager (Point Of Contact).

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES. Management boundaries are not to be considered legal boundaries. Edges may have been altered for cartographic processes. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Besides the above warnings, there are no use constraints on these data. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 891737
Start Date: 2019-09
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_download
Distributor: Office of Response and Restoration (ORR) (2019 - Present)
File Name: GL_Straits_of_Mackinac_2019_GDB.zip
Description:

This feature class is part of the downloadable Esri Arc Geodatabase.

File Date/Time: 2020-01-13 00:00:00
File Type: Arc Geodatabase
File Size: 55.2 MB
Compression: Zip

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 891738
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi_guidelines
Name: ESI Guidelines
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Guidelines for developing ESI data content and overview of ESI data structure. Useful for data collectors and users requiring more in depth information on the ESI process.

URL 2

CC ID: 891739
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
Name: ESI Overview
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Overview of ESI data content and uses.

URL 3

CC ID: 891740
URL: https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/ESI-Browse-Graphic.pdf
Name: ESI Browse Graphic
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

ESI Browse Graphic depicts the relationships between the spatial data layers and the attribute data tables for an ESI geodatabase.

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 891741
Activity Date/Time: 2019-10
Activity Type: Metadata creation
Responsible Party: Katy Beckham (Research Planning)
Description:

Metadata for the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac and St. Clair / Detroit River System ESI atlases were initially created by Research Planning Inc. (RPI) in October 2019.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 893506
Activity Date/Time: 2020-01
Activity Type: Metadata review, revision, and publication
Responsible Party: David Moe Nelson
Description:

Metadata for the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac and St. Clair / Detroit River System ESI atlases were reviewed, revised, and prepared for publication by NOAA in January 2020.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcGIS for Desktop 10.4.1(R) and SQL SERVER(R) (version 2005). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System 10.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, check the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of sources of data, e.g., expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, survey data, maps, and digital data on Bird distributions in the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac. These data do not represent all Bird occurrences in the Great Lakes - Straits of Mackinac region.

The following list of species includes those for two distinct areas of the Great Lakes: the Straits of Mackinac in northern Michigan, and the St. Clair / Detroit River System in southeastern Michigan. This is because these two study areas were initially combined into a single ArcGIS geodatabase, before being separated for publication. Many species are mapped in both study areas, but there may be other species that are mapped in one study area and not the other.

The following species are included in this data set, though not all occurrences may be mapped (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name [n/a if not applicable]): 1, Common loon, Gavia immer; 4, Red-necked grebe, Podiceps grisegena; 5, Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus; 8, Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus; 11, Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus columbianus; 12, Canada goose, Branta canadensis; 13, Brant, Branta bernicla; 16, Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; 17, Northern pintail, Anas acuta; 18, Green-winged teal, Anas crecca; 21, Canvasback, Aythya valisineria; 22, Greater scaup, Aythya marila; 23, Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; 24, Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula; 26, Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola; 27, Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis; 29, White-winged scoter, Melanitta fusca; 30, Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata; 32, Common merganser, Mergus merganser; 33, Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator; 34, American coot, Fulica americana; 38, Herring gull, Larus argentatus; 40, Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis; 45, Common tern, Sterna hirundo; 54, Great blue heron, Ardea herodias; 58, Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca; 59, Lesser yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes; 63, Dunlin, Calidris alpina; 67, Sanderling, Calidris alba; 69, Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus; 70, Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus; 71, Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola; 73, Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres; 76, Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus; 77, Osprey, Pandion haliaetus; 88, Great egret, Ardea alba; 90, Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax; 97, Green heron, Butorides virescens; 107, Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus; 124, Redhead, Aythya americana; 136, Caspian tern, Hydroprogne caspia; 138, Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri; 148, Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis; 153, Piping plover, Charadrius melodus; 162, Gadwall, Anas strepera; 169, American wigeon, Anas americana; 172, Sandhill crane, Grus canadensis; 173, American white pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos; 178, Least bittern, Ixobrychus exilis; 179, Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps; 180, Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris; 181, Northern harrier, Circus cyaneus; 184, King rail, Rallus elegans; 185, American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus; 186, American black duck, Anas rubripes; 187, Virginia rail, Rallus limicola; 188, Sora, Porzana carolina; 189, Yellow rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis; 190, Blue-winged teal, Anas discors; 191, Wood duck, Aix sponsa; 193, Black tern, Chlidonias niger; 195, American woodcock, Scolopax minor; 197, Black scoter, Melanitta americana; 198, Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus; 218, Red-shouldered hawk, Buteo lineatus; 220, Merlin, Falco columbarius; 225, Marsh wren, Cistothorus palustris; 230, Red-tailed hawk, Buteo jamaicensis; 240, Northern goshawk, Accipiter gentilis; 293, Yellowlegs, Tringa spp.; 299, Scaup, Aythya spp.; 301, Mergansers, n/a; 416, Spruce grouse, Falcipennis canadensis; 462, Loons, Gavia spp.; 598, Grasshopper sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum; 600, Long-eared owl, Asio otus; 648, Dickcissel, Spiza americana; 737, Prothonotary warbler, Protonotaria citrea; 836, Cerulean warbler, Setophaga cerulea; 840, Hooded warbler, Wilsonia citrina; 862, Prairie warbler, Setophaga discolor; 906, Common gallinule, Gallinula galeata; 952, Red knot, Calidris canutus rufa; 955, Black-backed woodpecker, Picoides arcticus; 956, Sharp-tailed grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus; 1001, Gulls, n/a; 1002, Shorebirds, n/a; 1003, Waterfowl, n/a; 1005, Raptors, n/a; 1008, Terns, n/a; 1013, Dabbling ducks, n/a; 1014, Diving ducks, n/a; 1016, Herons, n/a; 1017, Sandpipers, n/a; 1018, Passerine birds, n/a; 1019, Sea ducks, n/a; 1027, Swans, Cygnus spp.; 1038, Warblers, Parulidae; 1040, Marsh birds, n/a; 1044, Hawks, n/a; 1045, Waterbirds, n/a.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute Accuracy Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies, and SQL SERVER(R) to ArcGIS(R) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, before the complete Geodatabase and metadata are created. After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to several consistency checks, and processed into the final delivery format.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Sources and Process Steps cited below in this metadata record include those used for two distinct areas of the Great Lakes: the Straits of Mackinac in northern Michigan, and the St. Clair / Detroit River System in southeastern Michigan. This is because these two study areas were initially combined into a single ArcGIS geodatabase, before being separated for publication. Some sources may pertain to both study areas, while others may pertain to one study area and not the other. As a final procedural step to prepare the geodatabases for publication, the spatial data data corresponding to each respective area were clipped in ArcGIS according to the two distinct geographic study areas.

Sources

ATLAS OF BREEDING BIRDS IN MICHIGAN

CC ID: 891785
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: R. BREWER, G. A. MCPEEK, R. J. ADAMS, JR.
Publish Date: 1991-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1991
Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

BIOTICS POLYGONS 022019

CC ID: 891777
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION, MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRD COUNTS

CC ID: 891769
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MACKINAC STRAITS RAPTOR WATCH
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Citation URL: http://www.mackinacraptorwatch.org/
Citation URL Name: MACKINAC STRAITS RAPTOR WATCH
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on birds

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRD USE OF BOIS BLANC ISLAND SHORELINE, 1995-2008

CC ID: 891771
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION - RICHARD WOLINSKI
Publish Date: 2008-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1995
Extent End Date/Time: 2008
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRDS OF MACKINAC STRAITS

CC ID: 891758
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: ED PIKE - MACKINAC STRAITS RAPTOR WATCH
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRDS OF MICHIGAN

CC ID: 891795
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS) - VINCE CAVALIERI
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Extent End Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRDS OF MICHIGAN

CC ID: 891776
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI) - MIKE MONFILS
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

BIRDS OF SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN

CC ID: 891790
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: TOM SCHNEIDER - DETROIT ZOO
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

BLACK SCOTER (MELANITTA AMERICANA), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (A. F. POOLE, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891754
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: D. BORDAGE, J. L. SAVARD
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

COMMON LOON CONCENTRATIONS ON LAKES MICHIGAN, HURON, ST CLAIR AND ERIE AND THE ST CLAIR AND DETROIT RIVERS DURING SPRING AND AUTUMN. COMMON LOON CONCENTRATIONS ON INLAND LAKES ADJACENT TO THE STRAITS OF MACKINAC REGION DURING THE BREEDING SEASON.

CC ID: 891755
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: DAMON MCCORMICK, COMMON COAST
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

COMMON TERN (STERNA HIRUNDO L.) BREEDING SEASON REPORT FOR DETROIT RIVER-WESTERN LAKE ERIE

CC ID: 891796
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, OHIO DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, DETROIT ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

BIRDSPT INFO

DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE HABITAT MANAGEMENT PLAN

CC ID: 891792
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Citation URL: https://www.fws.gov/uploadedFiles/Detroit_River_HMP_20July2016_Finalreducedsize.pdf
Citation URL Name: DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE HABITAT MANAGEMENT PLAN
Citation URL Description:

Downloadable pdf

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS OF NORTH AMERICA

CC ID: 891759
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: F. C. BELLROSE
Publish Date: 1980-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1980
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

EBIRD

CC ID: 891757
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: EBIRD, THE CORNELL LAB OF ORNITHOLOGY
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Citation URL: https://ebird.org/home
Citation URL Name: EBird
Citation URL Description:

Website documenting bird info

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

FINAL CRITICAL HABITAT FOR PIPING PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MELODUS)

CC ID: 891793
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2017-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

GRAVEL ISLAND, GREEN BAY, HARBOR ISLAND, HURON, AND MICHIGAN ISLANDS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION PLAN

CC ID: 891791
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Citation URL: https://www.fws.gov/midwest/planning/GreatLakesIslands/CCP/FINAL_GLI_CCP-08Feb2013-web.pdf
Citation URL Name: GRAVEL ISLAND, GREEN BAY, HARBOR ISLAND, HURON, AND MICHIGAN ISLANDS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION PLAN
Citation URL Description:

Downloadable pdf

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

HORNED GREBE (PODICEPS AURITUS), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (P. G. RODEWALD, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891788
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: S. J. STEDMAN
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

HUMBUG MARSH UNIT BIRD SPECIES LIST

CC ID: 891794
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

IDENTIFYING MIGRANT WATERFOWL AND WATERBIRD STOPOVERS TO INFORM OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE EASTERN UPPER PENINSULA. MNFI REPORT NUMBER 2013-14

CC ID: 891768
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: M. MONFILS, J. GEHRING
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

LONG-TAILED DUCK (CLANGULA HYEMALIS), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (A. F. POOLE AND F. B. GILL, EDITORS)

CC ID: 891761
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: G. J. ROBERTSON, J. L. SAVARD
Publish Date: 2002-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

MICHIGAN IMPORTANT BIRD AREAS

CC ID: 891748
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: AUDUBON
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Citation URL: https://www.audubon.org/important-bird-areas/state/michigan
Citation URL Name: Michigan Important Bird Areas
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation of important bird areas

Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

MICHIGAN ISLANDS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE REVIEW MEETING

CC ID: 891764
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: GREG MCCLELLAN AND SARA SIEKIERSKI
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

MICHIGAN ISLANDS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE WATERBIRD COUNTS

CC ID: 891797
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: SEEFELT, N. CENTRAL MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY, U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2017-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Extent End Date/Time: 2017
Source Contribution:

BIRDSPT INFO

MICHIGAN NATURAL RESOURCES

CC ID: 891770
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (MIDNR) - SHERRY MACKINNON
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Extent End Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

MICHIGAN'S RARE ANIMALS

CC ID: 891778
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/species/animals
Citation URL Name: Michigan's Rare Animals
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on birds

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

NATURAL RESOURCES OF DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE

CC ID: 891789
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: STEVE DUSHANE, SUSAN WHITE, JESSIE FLETCHER - UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

PHASE I FINAL REPORT: LAKE ST. CLAIR, WESTERN LAKE ERIE, AND LOWER DETROIT RIVER

CC ID: 891749
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: B. T. SHIRKEY AND D. R. LUUKKONEN
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Extent End Date/Time: 2013
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

PIPING PLOVER NEST LOCATIONS, MICHIGAN

CC ID: 891760
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: FRANCIE CUTHBERT, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2009
Extent End Date/Time: 2018
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER (MERGUS SERRATOR), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (A. F. POOLE, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891787
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: S. CRAIK, J. PEARCE, R. D. TITMAN
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

RING-BILLED GULL (LARUS DELAWARENSIS), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (A. F. POOLE, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891767
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: I. L. POLLET, D. SHUTLER, J. W. CHARDINE, J. P. RYDER
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR BOTAURUS LENTIGINOSUS (AMERICAN BITTERN)

CC ID: 891780
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: MONFILS, M. J.
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Botaurus_lentiginosus.pdf
Citation URL Name: Botaurus lentiginosus (American bittern)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the american bittern

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR BUTEO LINEATUS (RED-SHOULDERED HAWK)

CC ID: 891750
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: COOPER, J. L.
Publish Date: 1999-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1999
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Buteo_lineatus.pdf
Citation URL Name: Buteo lineatus (red-shouldered hawk)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the red-shouldered hawk

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR CHLIDONIAS NIGER (BLACK TERN)

CC ID: 891751
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: CURRIER, C. L.
Publish Date: 2000-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2000
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Chlidonias_niger.pdf
Citation URL Name: Chlidonias niger (Black Tern)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the black tern

Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR CISTOTHORUS PALUSTRIS (MARSH WREN)

CC ID: 891782
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: MONFILS, M. J.
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Cistothorus_palustris.pdf
Citation URL Name: Cistothorus palustris (Marsh wren)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the marsh wren

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR GAVIA IMMER (COMMON LOON)

CC ID: 891762
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: GIBSON, J. M.
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Gavia_immer.pdf
Citation URL Name: Gavia immer (Common loon)
Citation URL Description:

Website with documentation for the common loon

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR NYCTICORAX NYCTICORAX (BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON)

CC ID: 891781
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: MONFILS, M. J.
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Nycticorax_nycticorax.pdf
Citation URL Name: Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned night heron)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the black-crowned night heron

Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR PROTONOTARIA CITREA (PROTHONOTARY WARBLER)

CC ID: 891763
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: GIBSON, J. M.
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Protonotaria_citrea.pdf
Citation URL Name: Protonotaria citrea (Prothonotary Warbler)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the prothonotary warbler

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR SPIZA AMERICANA (DICKCISSEL)

CC ID: 891783
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: NORRIS, R. A.
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Spiza_americana.pdf
Citation URL Name: Spiza americana (Dickcissel)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the dickcissel

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR STERNA CASPIA (CASPIAN TERN)

CC ID: 891766
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: HYDE, D. A.
Publish Date: 1996-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1996
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Sterna_caspia.pdf
Citation URL Name: Sterna caspia (Caspian tern)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the caspian tern

Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABSTRACT FOR STERNA HIRUNDO (COMMON TERN)

CC ID: 891753
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: D. A. HYDE
Publish Date: 1997-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 1997
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Sterna_hirundo.pdf
Citation URL Name: Sterna hirundo (Common tern)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the common tern

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPECIAL ANIMAL ABTRACT FOR IXOBRYCHUS EXILIS (LEAST BITTERN)

CC ID: 891779
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: MONFILS, M. J.
Publish Date: 2003-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2003
Citation URL: https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/abstracts/zoology/Ixobrychus_exilis.pdf
Citation URL Name: Ixobrychus exilis (Least bittern)
Citation URL Description:

Website for documentation on the least bittern

Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SPRING 2014 PELAGIC BIRD SURVEYS: LAKE ST. CLAIR, WESTERN LAKE ERIE, AND THE DETROIT RIVER

CC ID: 891765
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: H. SINGER, D. LUUKKONEN
Publish Date: 2014-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

ST. CLAIR FLATS AERIAL WATERFOWL SUMMARY

CC ID: 891772
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005
Extent End Date/Time: 2007
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

ST. CLAIR FLATS MICHIGAN MARSH BIRD SURVEY

CC ID: 891775
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2017-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010
Extent End Date/Time: 2017
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

ST. CLAIR FLATS POSTBREEDING SURVEY

CC ID: 891773
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005
Extent End Date/Time: 2007
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

ST. CLAIR FLATS WETLAND STUDY

CC ID: 891774
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: MICHIGAN NATURAL FEATURES INVENTORY (MNFI)
Publish Date: 2007-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005
Extent End Date/Time: 2007
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SURF SCOTER (MELANITTA PERSPICILLATA), VERSION 2.0 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (P. G. RODEWALD, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891756
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: E. M. ANDERSON, R. D. DICKSON, E. K. LOK, E. C. PALM, J. L. SAVARD, D. BORDAGE, A. REED
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

SURVEY DATA 2012 PP_FINAL

CC ID: 891798
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2012-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2012
Source Contribution:

BIRDSPT INFO

THE FOURTH DECADAL U.S. GREAT LAKES COLONIAL WATERBIRD SURVEY (2007-2010): RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT

CC ID: 891752
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: CUTHBERT, F.J., L. WIRES, DEPT. FISHERIES, WILDLIFE & CONSERVATION BIOLOGY
Publish Date: 2013-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007
Extent End Date/Time: 2010
Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

THE SECOND MICHIGAN BREEDING BIRD ATLAS, 2002-2008

CC ID: 891747
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: A. T. CHARTIER, J. J. BALDY, J. M. BRENNEMAN
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2002
Extent End Date/Time: 2008
Citation URL: https://naturecenter.org/Conservation/Michigan-Breeding-Bird-Atlas-ll
Citation URL Name: Michigan Breeding Bird Atlas
Citation URL Description:

Website for breeding bird documentation

Source Contribution:

BIRDS, BIRDSPT INFO

UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY/GREAT LAKES REGIONAL SHOREBIRD CONSERVATION PLAN. VERSION 2.0

CC ID: 891786
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: R. P. RUSSELL, K. E. KOCH, S. J. LEWIS
Publish Date: 2016-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

WHITE-WINGED SCOTER (MELANITTA DEGLANDI), VERSION 1.1 IN: THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA (P. G. RODEWALD, EDITOR)

CC ID: 891784
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: P. W. BROWN, L. H. FREDRICKSON
Publish Date: 2019-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Source Contribution:

BIRDS INFO

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 891800
Description:

Two main sources of data were used to depict bird distribution and seasonality for the BIRDS data layer: 1) personal interviews with resource experts from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), University of Minnesota, Detroit Zoo, Michigan Natural Features Inventory (MNFI), Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Michigan State University, Great Lakes Audubon, and Mackinac Straits Raptor Watch and 2) numerous published and unpublished reports and datasets. Birds displayed in this atlas include: diving birds, gulls, terns, passerines, pelagic birds, raptors, shorebirds, wading birds, and waterfowl. Species that are federally and state listed, and coastal nesting, roosting, and migratory staging locations are specifically emphasized.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 2

CC ID: 891801
Description:

Shorebirds, diving birds, gulls, terns, raptors, and waterfowl (BIRDS) – Survey data on locations of breeding, migrating, and/or wintering shorebirds, diving birds, gulls, terns, raptors, and waterfowl were provided by various agencies via shapefiles, spreadsheets, primary literature, and expert local knowledge, and was supplemented with information from eBird. In general, data from the various data sources were compiled and either mapped to habitat, park or refuge, or specific locations, per expert recommendations.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 891802
Description:

Colonial waterbird nesting areas (BIRDS) – Numerous resource experts and agencies provided data sets and expert knowledge to facilitate mapping colonial nesting birds. The primary data set used was The Fourth Decadal U.S. Great Lakes Colonial Waterbird Survey (2007-2010) generated by Cuthbert and Wires from the University of Minnesota – Twin Cities (2013). In addition, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Seney National Wildlife Refuge) included data from surveys conducted by Central Michigan University (N. Seefelt) on Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge (2000-2017). Additional data were provided by USFWS Division of Migratory Birds (2012 survey data), Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge (2012 breeding season), Detroit Zoo, and Audubon (Michigan Important Bird Areas). The majority of nesting colony locations were mapped as nest points. A few nest site polygons were included. Nesting concentrations were reported as ranges (X-XX NESTS or X-XX PAIRS) or maximum nest or nesting pair counts (XX PAIRS). Species mapped using colonial waterbird datasets included: black-crowned night-heron, black tern, Caspian tern, common tern, double-crested cormorant, Forster’s tern, great blue heron, herring gull, and ring-billed gull.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 891803
Description:

Marsh birds (BIRDS) – Marsh birds were mapped only in St. Clair Flats where specific marsh bird survey data were available and provided by MNFI. According to expert knowledge, marsh birds, including American bittern, pied-billed grebe, king rail, and sora, are potentially present in all emergent wetlands.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 5

CC ID: 891804
Description:

Federally listed birds (BIRDS) – Piping plover (FE, SE) were mapped using nest locations provided by the University of Minnesota and critical habitat boundaries provided by USFWS. Additional piping plover areas were mapped from the MNFI Biotics database. Red knot (FT) were mapped everywhere piping plover occurs, per expert knowledge.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 6

CC ID: 891805
Description:

Note that locations of nesting, wintering, and/or migratory sites, species composition within polygons, and particularly concentration values, are based on a compilation of observations made over multi-year periods and are not meant to accurately reflect ‘current’ conditions in the case of an event. Survey limitations and adjustments in protocols over the years, changes in shoreline geomorphology, weather, and other ecological factors contribute to the condition of nesting colonies and migratory or other bird concentrations at any given time. Also, note that bird concentrations vary throughout the multi-month nesting, migratory, and wintering periods listed in the seasonality table. Please contact local resource experts in the event of a spill or if data are to be used for any reason other than spill planning or response.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 7

CC ID: 891799
Description:

Two main sources of data were used to depict bird point (BIRDSPT) distribution and seasonality for this data layer: 1) personal interviews with resource experts from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), University of Minnesota, Detroit Zoo, and Great Lakes Audubon and 2) numerous published and unpublished reports and datasets.

Colonial waterbird nesting areas – Numerous resource experts and agencies provided data sets and expert knowledge to facilitate mapping colonial nesting birds. The primary data set used was The Fourth Decadal U.S. Great Lakes Colonial Waterbird Survey (2007-2010) generated by Cuthbert and Wires from the University of Minnesota – Twin Cities (2013). In addition, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Seney National Wildlife Refuge) included data from surveys conducted by Central Michigan University (N. Seefelt) on Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge (2000-2017). Additional data were provided by USFWS Division of Migratory Birds (2012 survey data), Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge (2012 breeding season), Detroit Zoo, and Audubon (Michigan Important Bird Areas). The majority of nesting colony locations were mapped as nest points. A few nest site polygons were included. Nesting concentrations were reported as ranges (X-XX NESTS or X-XX PAIRS) or maximum nest or nesting pair counts (XX PAIRS). Species mapped using colonial waterbird datasets included: black-crowned night-heron, black tern, Caspian tern, common tern, double-crested cormorant, Forster’s tern, great blue heron, herring gull, and ring-billed gull.

Additional common tern nesting locations were provided by Detroit Zoo and USFWS and were mapped as points.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 8

CC ID: 891806
Description:

The above digital and/or hardcopy sources were compiled by the project biologist to create the BIRDS & BIRDSPT data layers. Depending on the type of source data, three general approaches are used for compiling the data layer: 1) information gathered during initial interviews and from hardcopy sources are compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey 1:50,000 topographic quadrangles and digitized; 2) hardcopy maps are digitized at their source scale; 3) digital data layers are evaluated and used "as is" or integrated with the hardcopy data sources. See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The ESI, biology, and human-use data are compiled into the standard ESI digital data format. A second set of interviews with participating resource experts are conducted to review the compiled data. If necessary, edits to the BIRDS & BIRDSPT data layers are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts, and final hardcopy maps and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-23 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Process Step 9

CC ID: 896267
Description:

Sources and Process Steps cited above in this metadata record include those used for two distinct areas of the Great Lakes: the Straits of Mackinac in northern Michigan, and the St. Clair / Detroit River System in southeastern Michigan. This is because these two study areas were initially combined into a single ArcGIS geodatabase, before being separated for publication. Some sources may pertain to both study areas, while others may pertain to one study area and not the other. As a final procedural step to prepare the geodatabases for publication, the spatial data data corresponding to each respective area were clipped in ArcGIS according to the two distinct geographic study areas.

Process Date/Time: 2019-09-30 00:00:00
Process Contact: ESI Program Manager
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIOFILE
Entity BIRDS
Entity BIRDSPT
Entity BREED_DT
Entity SOURCES

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 58458
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:58458
Metadata Record Created By: David Moe Nelson
Metadata Record Created: 2020-01-09 10:35+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:28+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-02-14
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-02-14