Slide Menu
Search Help Show/Hide Menu
Short Citation:
NMFS Office Of Protected Resources, 2024: Proposed Critical Habitat for Coral Species Euphyllia paradivisa,

Item Identification

Title: Proposed Critical Habitat for Coral Species Euphyllia paradivisa
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2023-11-30

Specific areas of critical habitat for the Indo-Pacific coral species Euphyllia paradivisa proposed for designation include marine area around 1 island unit in American Samoa (Tutuila and Offshore Banks) with suitable hard-bottom habitat within the depth range 20 - 50 m, as described below.Specific areas of critical habitat were delineated in four steps: (1) General information was used to delineate soft vs. hard substrates, leaving only hard substrate areas; (2) for the hard substrate areas identified in Step 1, specific substrate information was used to delineate unsuitable vs. suitable hard substrates, leaving only the latter; (3) for the suitable hard substrate areas identified in Step 2, we used water quality information to further delineate suitable vs. unsuitable areas; and (4) from the suitable areas identified in Steps 1-3, we removed any overlapping artificial substrates and managed areas. The four steps were implemented for each of the 18 units as follows:For Step 1, we used comprehensive hard-soft substrate maps developed by PIFSC (PIFSC 2021) to delineate soft vs. hard substrates, leaving only hard substrate areas within the combined depth ranges of all listed species in each unit for 16 of the 18 units. For Wake Atoll, we used the substrate map from PIBHMC (2021). For French Frigate Shoals, we used the geomorphological structure component of the maps developed by NCCOS (2003).For Step 2, we started with the hard substrate areas identified in Step 1, then distinguished unsuitable vs. suitable hard substrates. Many hard substrates are unsuitable because: (1) highly-fluctuating physical conditions cause extreme changes in water quality (e.g., shallow pavement and rubble, especially on reef flats); (2) water motion continuously mobilizes sediment (e.g., pavement with sand channels) or unstable substrate (e.g., rubble); or (3) flat, low-relief areas provide poor settlement and growth habitat (e.g., pavement). Removal of these areas left suitable hard substrates, including spur-and-groove, individual patch reef, aggregate reef, aggregated patch reef, scattered coral/rock, and rock/boulder. For this step, primary information sources were Brainard at al. (2008, 2012, 2019), NCCOS (2003, 2005, 2010), PIBHMC (2021), PIFSC (2021), the detailed public comment letters from the Territories (AS DMWR 2021, CNMI DLNR 2021, Guam DOAG 2021), and the American Samoa, Guam, CNMI, PRIA, and NWHI chapters in Waddell and Clarke (2008). Additional sources for individual units are cited in the unit sections below.For Step 3, starting with the suitable hard substrate areas identified in Step 2, we used water quality information to further delineate suitable vs. unsuitable areas. Some of the areas identified in Step 2 are chronically subject to pollution such as excessive nutrients, excessive sediment, contaminants, or other water quality problems, making them unsuitable. Generally, such areas occur in enclosed lagoons and inner harbors where there is high runoff and limited water circulation. Outside of such areas, point and non-point sources of pollution generally do not overlap with suitable hard substrates because wastewater outfalls are located on soft substrates beyond the reef slopes, and stormwater and freshwater discharge occurs primarily on soft substrates (sand or mud) or unsuitable ard substrates (pavement or rubble) along or near shorelines. For this step, primary information sources were Brainard at al. (2008, 2012, 2019), EPA (2021a-f), the detailed public comment letters from the Territories (AS DMWR 2021, CNMI DLNR 2021, Guam DOAG 2021), Territory water quality assessments (AS EPA 2020, CNMI BECQ 2018), and sources for individual units cited in the unit sections below.For Step 4, from the suitable areas identified via the above three steps, we removed any artificial substrates and managed areas, because they do not provide the essential feature, as explained in section 3.2.3 above. This only applies to existing artificial substrates and managed areas, not proposed or planned artificial substrates and managed areas.For more details and complete citations see the Critical Habitat Information Report: to the full text of the proposed rule in the Federal Register and other supporting materials can be found here:


These data represent critical habitat proposed for designation (November 30, 2023) under the Endangered Species Act for the coral Euphyllia paradivisa at 1 island unit in American Samoa (Tutuila and Offshore Banks). Please refer to the Code of Federal Regulations and the supporting information report for more details and consider the regulatory language when using these spatial data.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
ISO 19115 Topic Category
ISO 19115 Topic Category
None Coral
None Critical Habitat
None Endangered Species Act
None Euphyllia paradivisa

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None American Samoa
None US Pacific Islands

Physical Location

City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Data Set Credit: National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Regional Office


Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

specific marine areas around the island of Tutuila and Offshore Banks, in American Samoa.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1287343
W° Bound: -170.912152
E° Bound: -170.504882
N° Bound: -14.209808
S° Bound: -14.377164

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1287342
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2023-11-30 00:00:00+0000

Spatial Information

Reference Systems

Reference System 1

CC ID: 1287339

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Geographic 2D
EPSG Code: EPSG:4326
EPSG Name: WGS 84
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Use Constraints:

These spatial data are not the official legal definitions of critical habitat. Proposed rules, final rules, and the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 226) are the official sources of critical habitat. The accuracy of these datasets are dependent upon the accuracy and resolution of the datasets (e.g. shoreline, hydrography, bathymetry, shared administrative boundaries) used in the creation process.*** Attribution *** Whenever NMFS material is reproduced and re-disseminated, we request that users attribute the material appropriately. Pursuant to 17 U.S.C. 403, parties who produce copyrighted works consisting predominantly of material created by the Federal Government are encouraged to provide notice that such work(s) identifying the U.S. Government material incorporated and stating that such material is not subject to copyright protection. Please cite the datasets as follows, with the appropriate information substituted for all text in {CURLY BRACKETS}:NOAA Fisheries Service. National Endangered Species Act Critical Habitat Geodatabase. Silver Spring, MD: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Office of Protected Resources (OPR) {GEODATABASE PUBLICATION DATE}. {ADD URL}*** No Warranty*** The user assumes the entire risk related to its use of these data. NOAA is providing these data "as is," and <organization> disclaims any and all warranties, whether express or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate dataset limitations, restrictions or intended use. In no event will <organization> be liable to you or to any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special or exemplary damages or lost profit resulting from any use or misuse of this data.*** Proper Usage *** The information on government servers are in the public domain, unless specifically annotated otherwise, and may be used freely by the public. Before using information obtained from this server, special attention should be given to the date and time of the data and products being displayed. This information shall not be modified in content and then presented as official government material. These datasets were created to generally represent our best professional judgment of the ranges and designated or proposed critical habitat of listed species based on the best available information at the time of publication, including: geographic factors, time of year, and the biology of each species. The dataset should not be used to infer information regarding the existence or details of other marine features or resources, including, but not limited to, navigable waters, coastlines, bathymetry, submerged features, or man-made structures. Users assume responsibility for determining the appropriate use of this dataset.

Technical Environment


Microsoft Windows 10 Version 10.0 (Build 19045) ; Esri ArcGIS

Data Quality

Completeness Report:

no missing features

Conceptual Consistency:

not measurednot measured

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Proposed_EuphylliaParadivisa_20231130

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 65255
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:65255
Metadata Record Created By: Jonathan Molineaux
Metadata Record Created: 2021-08-31 20:45+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Jennifer Schultz
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2024-01-05 16:49+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2024-01-05
Owner Org: OPR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2024-01-05
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2025-01-05