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Short Citation:
NMFS Office Of Protected Resources, 2022: North Atlantic Right Whale, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/65383.

Item Identification

Title: North Atlantic Right Whale
Publication Date: 2016-01-26
Abstract:

This dataset depicts the boundaries of the North Atlantic Right Whale Critical Habitat. This dataset includes boundaries for the following Regulated Areas: - Critical Habitat for North Atlantic Right Whale Unit 1 - Critical Habitat for North Atlantic Right Whale Unit 2. Please Note: Unit 1, in the Gulf of Maine, falls under the jurisdiction of the NOAA Fisheries Greater Atlantic Region. Unit 2, off the southeastern US coast, falls under the jurisdiction of the NOAA Fisheries Southeast Region. Because GIS projection and topology functions can change or generalize coordinates, these GIS files are considered to be approximate representations and are NOT an OFFICIAL record for the exact regulated area boundaries. For information on the official legal definition refer to the Use Constraints metadata section.Critical habitat for the North Atlantic Right Whale was originally designated June 3, 1994 (Vol 59, No. 106). The 2016 critical habitat designation (81 FR 4838, January 27, 2016) replaced the 1994 designation. This dataset depicts the 2016 designation.

Purpose:

Beginning in 2010 and in response to mounting requests for digital depictions of NMFS Regulated Areas in Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Southeast Waters (Regulated Areas), the NMFS Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office (GARFO) Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Committee launched a project to standardize the development, publication and regular updating of GIS files depicting Regulated Area boundaries. This dataset is a product of that initiative. This dataset was created to depict the boundaries of NMFS Regulated Areas in Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Southeast Waters (Regulated Areas) only. For information on the proper use of the dataset refer to the Use Constraints metadata section.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Biology
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Compliance
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Conservation
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Ecology
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Ecosystem
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Environment
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Human
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Management
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Marine
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Monitoring
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Natural Resources
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Permits
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Regulatory
EPA GIS Keyword Thesaurus Water
GARFO Keywords Atlantic
GARFO Keywords Critical Habitat
GARFO Keywords EEZ
GARFO Keywords Endangered Species Act
GARFO Keywords ESA
GARFO Keywords Exclusive Economic Zone
GARFO Keywords GARFO
GARFO Keywords Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office
GARFO Keywords National Marine Fisheries Service
GARFO Keywords National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
GARFO Keywords NMFS
GARFO Keywords NOAA
GARFO Keywords North Atlantic Right Whale
GARFO Keywords SERO
GARFO Keywords Southeast Regional Office
GARFO Keywords US EEZ
ISO 19115 Topic Category boundaries
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category location
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category planningCadastre

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Atlantic Ocean
None Cape Canaveral
None Cape Cod Bay
None Cape Fear
None Florida
None Georges Bank
None Georgia
None Greater Atlantic Region
None Gulf of Maine
None New England
None North Carolina
None South Carolina
None Southeast
None Southern New England
None United States
None US EEZ
None US Exclusive Economic Zone

Physical Location

City: Fernandina Beach
State/Province: FL

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Data Set Credit: ORIGINATORS: NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) - Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office (GARFO); NOAA Fisheries Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office;

Support Roles

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1083854
Date Effective From: 2016-01-26
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Zoodsma, Barbara
Address: 2382 Sadler Road
Fernandina Beach,Fl, FL 33701
USA
Email Address: Barb.Zoodsma@noaa.gov
Phone: 904-321-2806
Fax: 904-321-1579

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Publication date

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1083857
W° Bound: -81.460452
E° Bound: -66.885415
N° Bound: 44.82887
S° Bound: 28.000005

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 2

CC ID: 1083858
W° Bound: -83
E° Bound: -64
N° Bound: 46
S° Bound: 23

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 3

CC ID: 1083859
W° Bound: -81.460449
E° Bound: -66.885416
N° Bound: 44.82886
S° Bound: 28

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1083856
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2016-01-26 00:00:00+0000
Description:

Publication date

Spatial Information

Reference Systems

Reference System 1

CC ID: 1083851

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Geographic 2D
EPSG Code: EPSG:4326
EPSG Name: WGS 84
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Use Constraints:

The user assumes the entire risk related to use of these data. NMFS is providing these data "as is," and NMFS disclaims any and all warranties, whether express or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate dataset limitations, restrictions or intended use. In no event will NMFS be liable to you or to any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special or exemplary damages, or lost profit resulting from any use or misuse of this data

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1083860
Download URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/resource/map/north-atlantic-right-whale-critical-habitat-map-and-gis-data
Distributor:
Description:

Data access URL

File Type: File Geodatabase Feature Class

Technical Environment

Description:

Esri ArcGIS 10.6.1.9270

Data Quality

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Data were collected using methods that are accurate to within 2-5 meters (EPA National Geospatial Data Policy [NGDP] Accuracy Tier 2). For more information, please see EPA's NGDP at http://epa.gov/geospatial/policies.html

Completeness Report:

Features represented are valid. No geometry problems were detected.

Conceptual Consistency:

Check Geometry test has been performed in ArcGIS.

Lineage

Sources

Collision Regulations Boundary

CC ID: 1083841
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: NOAA's Ocean Service, Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010-01-01 00:00:00
Source Contribution:

This boundary was used for delineating the COLREGS boundaries.

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

CC ID: 1083840
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Citation URL: http://www.ecfr.gov
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Spatial definitions for Regulated Area boundaries.

NOAA's Medium Resolution Digital Vector Shoreline (1998) for the Contiguous United States

CC ID: 1083838
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Special Projects (SP)
Citation URL: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/shorelines/noaamrdvs.html
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source shoreline was used to generate template shapefiles, which were copied and used when Regulatory Area boundaries followed portions of the US Atlantic coastline. This data source was selected for its suitability to a broad audience, and may not be suitable for specific uses requiring higher-resolution information. Coastlines change. Unless otherwise noted, where the NOAA Medium Resolution Shoreline is used, assume the regulatory boundary reaches the most current coastline delineation available.

USMaritimeLimitsNBoundaries

CC ID: 1083839
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office of Coast Survey (OCS)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011-05-01 00:00:00
Citation URL: http://www.nauticalcharts.noaa.gov/csdl/mbound.htm
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source marine boundary was used to generate template shapefiles, which were copied and used when Regulatory Area boundaries followed portions of the US Exclusive Economic Zone.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1083842
Description:

[Template Generation] Many NMFS Regulated Areas in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Waters (Regulated Areas) share boundaries that are partially coincident with any combination of the following: 1) the U.S. Atlantic coastline; 2) the Submerged Lands Act boundary; 3) the U.S.-Canada Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine; 4) the outward extent of the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (a.k.a. the "200-nautical mile line"). To standardize Regulated Area features sharing these boundaries, published shapefiles of the shared administrative boundaries were obtained from the authoritative agencies. A shoreline was selected that was suitable for general mapping purposes, freely and publicly available, of medium-resolution, and covering the extent of the U.S.. When necessary, the boundaries were transformed to NAD83. A series of template polygon shapefiles were then generated, using these authoritative boundaries as the outward extents of the polygon. All templates were generated in NAD83 geographic coordinate system. The templates created are: 1) Coast-to-EEZ: bounded by the coastline, the U.S.-Canada Maritime Boundary, the U.S. EEZ, and 81°W longitude off the southern extent of Florida (an arbitrary cut-off for the Atlantic); 2) Coast-to-SLA: bounded by the coastline, the U.S.-Canada Maritime Boundary, the Submerged Lands Act boundary, and 81°W longitude off the southern extent of Florida; 3) SLA-to-EEZ: bounded by the Submerged Lands Act boundary, the U.S.-Canada Maritime Boundary, the U.S. EEZ, and 81°W longitude off the southern extent of Florida. These templates were subsequently copied and edited, as needed by the Regulated Area spatial definitions.

Process Date/Time: 2013-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 2

CC ID: 1083843
Description:

[Combine Features] The Unit 1 (produced by the Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office) and Unit 2 (produced by the Southeast Regional Office) boundaries were merged into a single shapefile.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 3

CC ID: 1083844
Description:

[COLREGS] Where specified in the Regulated Area definition, inshore and offshore waters were separated following COLREGS lines. These inlet/bay crossings were drawn after consulting a combination of a) the COLREGS definitions in 33 CFR 80, b) the NOAA Coastal Services Center COLREGS shapefile, and c) the NOAA Medium Resolution Shoreline shapefile because COLREGS lines described by a single source may not always fully cross the specified waterway as depicted by the source shoreline data set.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 4

CC ID: 1083845
Description:

[Get Definition Text] The current legal spatial definition for the Regulated Area was copied from the e-CFR website.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 5

CC ID: 1083846
Description:

[Check Geometry] The ESRI ArcGIS Check Geometry tool was run on the shapefile to identify any geometry problems. If problems were encountered, they were reviewed and corrected.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 6

CC ID: 1083847
Description:

[Features From Templates] The Coast-to-EEZ template shapefile was copied and projected to NAD83 Mercator Projection. The coordinates of the Regulated Area definition were transferred to a spreadsheet, converted to Decimal Degrees, plotted as a point shapefile in NAD83, and then projected to NAD83 Mercator Projection. To generate the Regulated Area boundary in ArcGIS, the template polygon was split by connecting these points in the order specified in the spatial definition. When the spatial definition specified that points were connected by following the Coastline, the coinciding outward extent of the template polygon was used. When the spatial definition specified that points were connected by following a straight line, rhumb lines were constructed. As an exception, points intended to fall along the U.S.-Canada Maritime Boundary were connected by following the geodesic line that legally defines that international boundary. After all points were appropriately connected, any portions of the template outside the defined Regulated Area were discarded. When multiple Regulated Areas are a part of a larger grouping of related Regulated Areas, these steps were repeated to generate a unique feature for each Regulated Area and the features were then combined into a single shapefile. The boundaries were densified with consecutive vertices spaced no more than 10 nautical miles apart, to preserve rhumb line paths in other coordinate systems. The file was projected back to the un-projected NAD83 coordinate system.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 7

CC ID: 1083848
Description:

[Final Review] The shapefile was reviewed by members of the GARFO GIS Committee, policy experts from the GARFO Division responsible for the Regulated Area, and General Counsel, according to the GARFO GIS Data Distribution Policy.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Process Step 8

CC ID: 1083849
Description:

[Publication] The shapefile, with accompanying metadata, was uploaded for public download on the NOAA NMFS GARFO GIS website.

Process Date/Time: 2016-01-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity WhaleNorthAtlanticRight_20160127

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 65383
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:65383
Metadata Record Created By: Jonathan Molineaux
Metadata Record Created: 2021-08-31 21:02+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-03-29 17:49+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-11-30
Owner Org: OPR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year