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Title: Injury Determinations for Humpback Whales and Other Cetaceans Reported to NOAA Response Networks in the Hawaiian Islands During 2019
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2022-02

Reports of injured and dead cetaceans in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone around the Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian EEZ) are received each year by the Pacific Islands Region Marine Mammal Response Network (PIR-MMRN), which is coordinated by the NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office (PIRO), and the

Hawaiian Islands Entanglement Response Network (HIERN), which is coordinated by the NOAA Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary. Most of the injury reports involve humpback whales that are entangled in fishing gear or marine debris or have been struck by or otherwise injured by contact with a vessel. However, occasionally, reports of other cetacean species are received.

This data report provides a summary of the determinations of injury severity for cetaceans in the Hawaiian EEZ reported injured by human causes to PIR-MMRN and HIERN during 2019. These determinations are based on injury reports that are opportunistic and not a part of a quantifiable and directed sampling scheme. Thus, the resulting determinations of serious injury1 (or any reported mortalities) cannot be used to estimate undocumented mortality and serious injury (M&SI) from the same source. However, these serious injuries and mortalities can serve as minimum estimates of M&SI by source and should be included in the stock assessment reports (SARs) required by the U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act

Other Citation Details:

Bradford, A.L. and E.G. Lyman. 2022. Injury Determinations for Humpback Whales and Other Cetaceans Reported to NOAA Response Networks in the Hawaiian Islands During 2019. PIFSC data report DR-22-018. 5 pp.


DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.25923/q69y-qz49


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None cetacean
None entanglement
None Hawaii
None human-caused injury
None humpback whale
None injury determination
None mortality
None serious injury
None vessel collision

Document Information

Document Type: Data Report
Format: Acrobat Portable Document Format
Status Code: Published

Support Roles


CC ID: 1170873
Date Effective From: 2022
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Bradford, Amanda L
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
Email Address:
Phone: (808)725-5714
Business Hours: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1170874
Start Date: 2022-02
End Date: Present
Download URL:
File Type (Deprecated): PDF
Distribution Format: PDF - Adobe Portable Document Format

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 65799
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:65799
Metadata Record Created By: Amanda L Bradford
Metadata Record Created: 2021-11-14 09:42+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-10-17 16:12+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2022-05-05
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-05-05
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-05-05