Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Determining Watershed Management Efficacy in West Maui: Belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) from 2014 to 2015, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/25326.

Item Identification

Title: Determining Watershed Management Efficacy in West Maui: Belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) from 2014 to 2015
Short Name: West Maui: Belt transect surveys of corals
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2016
Abstract:

The focus of the Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan is the land use practices and alterations affected in the agricultural and urban districts that have upset the natural drainage patterns and ecohydrologic balance and services the watersheds provide. As the approach to reducing the effects of land-based sources of pollution, the Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan identifies nine priority projects to reduce, capture, and remediate the impacts of non-point source pollutants through the implementation of management practices in priority areas. The Watershed Management Plan also includes recommendations for strategic, long-term trend monitoring of the health of the coral reef ecosystem, which provides information that can be correlated to the implementation of solutions to reduce land-based non-point source pollutants.

Kahekili Beach Park reef and the coastal areas to the north are considered high priority. Corals in this region have been severely impacted by land-based pollutants, causing coral dieback and reducing coral cover. To fill in the gap, a baseline assessment for coral demographic metrics (described here) along with benthic cover has been conducted at the mouths of the Mahinahina, Honokowai, and Wahikuli, Kahana, Honokeana, Honokohua, and Honolua stream drainages in West Maui, Hawaii, to track and evaluate the efficacy of implemented management practices. The installation of permanent survey transects will provide long-term time series to quantify changes in the reef benthic community. Sediment flux, and turbidity data are also collected at the Mahinahina, Honokowai, and Wahikuli, dranages (described separately).

The data described here were collected via belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) according to protocols established by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). In 2014 data were collected at the Mahinahina, Honokowai, and Wahikuli watersheds; in 2015 data were collected at the Kahana, Honokeana, Honokohua, and Honolua watersheds. These data include:

1) an assessment of coral colony density and size-class distribution for the selected monitoring sites;

2) an assessment of coral recruitment at the monitoring sites; and

3) an evaluation of coral colony mortality and evidence of sediment stress.

Data is available for surveys conducted in 2014 and 2015. These data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive, accession #0137092.

Additionally, line-point intercept and photoquadrat surveys of the benthos were conducted (described separately), and turbidity sensors, sediment traps, and sediment pods were deployed by project partners to provide information on sediment loads, sediment accumulation rates, and sediment composition. As watershed management projects are implemented, changes in sediment and nutrient loading and the resulting impacts on the reefs can be monitored over time.

Purpose:

These data are part of a NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) funded project to support implementation of the Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan for West Maui, Hawaii. Through this project, long-term coral reef monitoring was established at three stream mouths to assess the efficacy of watershed management activities intended to reduce land-based sources of pollution at the West Maui U.S. Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) watershed priority site (Wahikuli-Honokowai). This work complements project specific watershed monitoring, as well as long-term coral reef monitoring conducted in the Kahekili Herbivore Fishery Management Area by the Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) and the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) taking place along the coast between the stream mouths. The project methodology was developed in partnership with the Hawaii DAR, West Maui Watershed Coordinator, U.S. Geological Survey, University of Hawaii, and the USCRTF watershed initiative.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Diseases
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Mortality
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Damage Assessment > Pollution
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Transect Monitoring > Belt Transect
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Coral Colony Size and Condition
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > BioDiversity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 1077
CRCP Project Determining the efficacy of watershed management activities in the Wahikuli and Honokowai watersheds, West Maui
CRCP Project West Maui
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category Biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - CENSUS
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - COLONY SIZE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - biological
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - coral reef
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - swimmer/diver
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Honokowai (20N156W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Honolua Bay (20N156W0016) C
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Kahana (21N157W0028)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Wahikuli (21N156W0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui > Honolua Bay (20N156W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Honokowai (20N156W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Kahana (21N157W0028)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Wahikuli (21N156W0005)

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw data include individual colony records with the corresponding physical data which reflect the description of the site. An individual colony record for adult corals includes colony species/genus identification, morphology, maximum diameter (centimeter), percent old dead, percent recent dead, cause of recent dead general category, cause of recent dead specific category, condition, extent and severity. Juvenile coral colony records include colony species/genus identification, morphology, maximum diameter (centimeter) and perpendicular diameter (centimeter). The physical record for juvenile and adult corals includes the following: region, island, site, date (day, month, year), latitude (decimal degrees), longitude (decimal degrees), transect, segment, segment length, segment width, minimum depth (feet), and maximum depth.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0137092
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and partners, and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 275026
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Funders

Data Steward

CC ID: 222330
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 275025
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 222331
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To: 2016
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 222332
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 222328
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 222329
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 222333
W° Bound: -156.692878
E° Bound: -156.63948046
N° Bound: 21.01574298
S° Bound: 20.908651
Description

Mahinahina, Honokowai, Wahikuli, Kahana, Honokeana, Honokohua, and Honolua watersheds, West Maui, Hawaii.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 222334
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014-06-29
End: 2014-07-03
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP1410
Description:

First round of surveys, Wahikuli, Honokowai, and Mahinahina stream drainages.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 222335
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2014-10-30
End: 2014-10-31
Description:

Completion of first round of surveys, Wahikuli stream drainage only.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 250626
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-07-20
End: 2015-07-31
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP1512
Description:

Second round of surveys, Kahana, Honokeana, Honokohua, and Honolua stream drainages.

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive, accession #0137092.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) when using the data.

Example

Cite as: Vargas-Angel, B; Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2015). Determining Watershed Management Efficacy in West Maui: Belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) from 2014 to 2015 (NCEI Accession #0137092). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Unpublished Dataset. [access date]

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 222347
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0137092
Distributor:
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_E Maui 2014-2015.csv
Description:

Coral demographic data of adult corals from belt transect surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in West Maui, Hawaii from 2014 to 2015 (NOAA NCEI Accession #0137092).

File Date/Time: 2015-12-07 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 2588 KB

Distribution 2

CC ID: 222348
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0137092
Distributor:
File Name: V0_CORAL_OBS_F Maui 2014-2015.csv
Description:

Coral demographic data of juvenile corals from belt transect surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in West Maui, Hawaii from 2014 to 2015 (NOAA NCEI Accession #0137092).

File Date/Time: 2015-12-07 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 283 KB

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 222337
URL: http://www.westmauir2r.com/uploads/7/5/7/6/7576120/whwmp-vol1watershed_characterization-jan_2013.pdf
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan Volume 1: Watershed Characterization

URL 2

CC ID: 222338
URL: http://health.hawaii.gov/cwb/files/2013/05/WHWMP_Vol2_StrategiesImplementation_Dec2012.pdf
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan Volume 2: Strategies and Implementation

URL 3

CC ID: 222339
URL: http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/coralreefs/files/2013/04/Wahikuli-Honokawai-Watershed-Management-Plan-Vol1-2.pdf
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan Volume1: Executive Summary

URL 4

CC ID: 222340
URL: http://www.westmauir2r.com/uploads/7/5/7/6/7576120/whwmp_vol_2_executive_summary.pdf
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

Wahikuli-Honokowai Watershed Management Plan Volume 2: Executive Summary

URL 5

CC ID: 222343
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/corals.php
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Ecological Assessment of Coral project page

URL 6

CC ID: 222346
URL: http://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/data/NOAA/nmfs/pifsc/cred/maui_watershed/BrowseGraphic_450.jpg
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: JPG
Description:

Map showing locations of surveys in West Maui, Hawaii for the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) funded project, "Determining Watershed Management Efficacy in West Maui".

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC Oracle database views: v0_coral_obs_e and v0_coral_obs_f.

Selection criteria: island = 'Maui' and obs_year in (2014, 2015)

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Observations were made by experienced benthic survey personnel. The accuracy of species and genus level identification was high. Handheld GPS units were used to mark site locations.

Bias:

While colony lengths are derived from physical measurements, recent and old mortality are visual estimates; surveyors calibrate to reduce inter-observer bias

Comparability:

Survey transects were appropriately marked to allow direct, site-level temporal comparisons.

Completeness Measure:

Complete. All planned demographic data were collected.

Completeness Report:

Only forereef, hard bottom habitats were surveyed.

Conceptual Consistency:

Survey methods were consistent across all sites.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

The quality control occurred at two major stages - 1) data entry and 2) data management. Data entry quality control included both review and manual error correction steps. Data management quality control included several standard error queries followed by correction prior to ingestion into Oracle database.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The data described here were collected via belt transect surveys of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) following a slightly modified protocol to that established by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP).

Sources

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Benthic Survey Standard Operating Procedures - draft document available upon request from the data steward

CC ID: 222935
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 222934
Description:

Adjacent to each of the main watershed drainages (i.e., Wahikuli, Honokowai, and Mahinahina in the south; and Kahana, Honokeana, Honokohua, and Honolua to the north), two permanent, long-term benthic monitoring stations were established (except for Honokohua; only one station established); shallow (0-6 meter) and/or mid-depth (6-15 meter). Within each monitoring station two-to-three replicate survey sites were established; replicate survey sites were several meters apart, given that West Maui coral reef track exhibits a fingerlike-reticulate geomorphology. Within each replicate site, surveys were conducted along one, 10 square meter belt transect, 18 meters in length. Adult coral colonies (greater than or equal to 5 centimeters) were surveyed within four (1.0 x 2.5 meter) segments at 5 meter increments along the 18 meter transect in the following manner: 0-2.5 meters (segment 1); 5.0-7.5 meters (segment 3); 10-12.5 meters (segment 5); and 15-17.5 meters (segment 7). All colonies whose center fell within 0.5 meters on either side of each transect line were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible (species or genus), measured for size (maximum diameter to nearest centimeter), and morphology was noted. In addition, partial mortality and condition of each colony was assessed. Partial mortality was estimated as percent of the colony in terms of old dead and recent dead and the cause of recent mortality was identified if possible. The condition of each colony including disease (not attributed to recent tissue loss) and bleaching was noted along with the extent (percent of colony affected) and level of severity (range from moderate to acute). Within the same four segments per transect as the adult coral surveys, crustose coralline algae (CCA) diseases and Alcyonarian disease are surveyed. In each segment, each occurrence of a specific disease is identified and the lesion is measured (maximum diameter). In addition to the adult coral surveys, CCA diseases, and Alcyonarian disease, the presence of other Anthozoans (other cnidarians including Alcyonareans, Zoantharians, coralliomorphs and Antipatharians) are also noted.

Juvenile coral colonies (less than 5 centimeters) were surveyed within three (1.0 x 1.0 meter) segments along the same transects: 0-1.0 meter (segment 1); 5.0-6.0 meters (segment 3); and 10.0-11.0 meters (segment 5). Juvenile colonies were distinguished in the field by a distinct tissue and skeletal boundary (not a fragment of a larger colony). Each juvenile colony was identified to the lowest taxonomic level (genus or species) and measured for size by recording both the maximum and perpendicular diameter to the nearest 2 millimeter.

Process Contact: Swanson, Dione W
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5417
Email Address: dione.swanson@noaa.gov
Source: NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Benthic Survey Standard Operating Procedures - draft document available upon request from the data steward

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_E
Entity (ENT) View: V0_CORAL_OBS_F

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 25326
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2015-06-10 23:19+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-04-03 22:40+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-04-03
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-04-04