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Short Citation:
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 2022: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Pathology, 1984-1992, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/39260.

Item Identification

Title: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Pathology, 1984-1992, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Short Name: bspath_h
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 1992
Abstract:

In order to determine the current status of and to detect any long-term trends in the environmental quality of U.S. nearshore waters, NOAA initiated the National Status and Trends program in 1984 with its National Benthic Surveillance Project. The primary objective of the Benthic Surveillance Project was to quantify concentrations of a suite of organic and inorganic contaminants in the livers of fish and surficial sediments from selected sites in the coastal and estuarine waters of the United States. In addition, the levels of certain indicators of the biological effects of these contaminants were measured. Incidences of visible lesions, including fin erosion, have been noted and histopathological examinations of various tissues have been carried out. Originally histopathological examinations determined the prevalence of any identifiable disease conditions in samples of liver, kidney, and gill tissue. Beginning in 1987 examinations became more focused on determining the prevalence of necrotic and proliferative lesions in the liver.

Purpose:

In response to concerns over environmental quality of the Nation's coastal and estuarine ecosystems, NOAA created the National Status and Trends (NSandT) Program in 1984. From 1984 through 1993, the Benthic Surveillance Project monitored chemical concentrations in the livers (and for metabolites of PAH's in the bile) of bottom-dwelling fish and in sediments at the sites of fish capture. The Benthic Surveillance Project also measured the biological effects of contaminant exposure, primarily as prevalence's of toxicopathic liver diseases.

Notes:

984

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
None benthic
None Coastal Monitoring
None disease
None fish
None histology
None histopathology
None marine
None NCCOS Research Data Type > Field Observation
None NCCOS Research Priority > Long-term Monitoring
None NCCOS Research Priority > Stressors, Impacts, Mitigation, and Restoration (SIMR)
None NCCOS Research Topic > Bioeffects/Toxicity
None NCCOS Research Topic > Chemical Contaminants
None NCCOS Research Topic > Monitoring
None NSandT
None oceans
None pathology
None species

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Apalachicola Bay, Cape George
None Apalachicola Bay, St. George Island
None Baltimore Harbor, Brewerton Channel
None Barataria Bay, Barataria Pass
None Beaufort Sea, Oliktok Point
None Beaufort Sea, Prudhoe Bay
None Bering Sea, Dutch Harbor
None Bering Sea, Port Moller
None Biscayne Bay, Chicken Key
None Biscayne Bay, North Bay
None Boca de Quadra, Bacrian Point
None Bodega Bay, North
None Boston Harbor, Deer Island
None Boston Harbor, Hull Bay
None Boston Harbor, Mystic River
None Boston Harbor, Quincy Bay
None Buzzards Bay, West Island
None Calcasieu River, Bayou d Inde
None Calcasieu River, Prien Lake
None Calcasieu River, West Cove
None Cape Elizabeth, Richmond Island
None Cape Fear River, Horseshoe Shaol
None Charleston Harbor, South Channel
None Charlotte Harbor, Cape Haze
None Chesapeake Bay, Chester River
None Chesapeake Bay, James River
None Chesapeake Bay, Patuxent River
None Choctawhatchee Bay, Choctawhatchee Bay
None Chukchi Sea, Red Dog Mine
None Columbia River, Desdemona Sands
None Columbia River, Youngs Bay
None Coos Bay, North Bend
None Corpus Christi Bay, Corpus Christi Channel
None Dana Point Harbor, Outside
None Dana Point, Inside Harbor
None Delaware Bay, Cherry Island Range
None Estero Bay, Estero Bay
None Galveston Bay, Eagle Point
None Galveston Bay, East Bay
None Galveston Bay, Goat Islands
None Galveston Bay, Greens Bayou
None Galveston Bay, Morgans Point
None Great Bay, Intracoastal Waterway
None Great Bay, Seven Island
None Gulf of Alaska, Kamishak Bay
None Heald Point, Heald Point
None Heron Bay, Heron Bay
None Hudson River, Englewood Cliffs
None Humboldt Bay, Indian Island
None Johns Bay, Pemaquid Neck
None Lavaca Bay, Point Comfort
None Long Island Sound, Bridgeport
None Long Island Sound, Lloyd Point
None Long Island Sound, New Haven
None Long Island Sound, Norwalk
None Long Island Sound, Rocky Point
None Lower Laguna Madre, Laguna Heights
None Lower Laguna Madre, Long Island
None Lutak Inlet, Chilkoot River Mouth
None Massachusetts Bay, Outside Boston
None Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Entrance
None Mission Bay, Mission Bay
None Mission Bay, Outside
None Mississippi River Delta, Head of Passes
None Mississippi River Delta, Southeast Pass
None Mobile Bay, North Point
None Monterey Bay, Indian Head Beach
None Monterey Bay, Moss Landing
None Nahku Bay, East Side
None Narragansett Bay, Prudence Island
None NCCOS Research Location > Geographic Area > Coastal Ocean
None NCCOS Research Location > Region > Alaska
None NCCOS Research Location > Region > East Coast
None NCCOS Research Location > Region > Gulf of Mexico
None NCCOS Research Location > Region > West Coast
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Alabama
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Alaska
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > California
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Connecticut
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Delaware
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Florida
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Georgia
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Louisiana
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Maine
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Maryland
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Massachusetts
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Mississippi
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > New Jersey
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > New York
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > North Carolina
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Oregon
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Rhode Island
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > South Carolina
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Texas
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Virginia
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Washington
None New Bedford Harbor, Clarks Point
None Niantic Bay, Black Point
None Oceanside Harbor, Outside
None Pamlico Sound, Jones Bay
None Pascagoula River, Escatawpa River
None Pascagoula River, Pascagoula River
None Penobscot Bay, Colt Head Island
None Pensacola Bay, Pensacola Bay
None Prince William Sound, Port Valdez
None Puget Sound, Commencement Bay
None Puget Sound, Elliott Bay
None Puget Sound, Nisqually Reach
None Raritan Bay, East Reach
None Raritan Bay, Gravesend Bay
None Raritan Bay, Upper Bay
None Raritan Bay, West Reach
None Salem Harbor, Folger Point
None San Antonio Bay, Mosquito Point
None San Diego Bay, Harbor Island
None San Diego Bay, Mouth
None San Diego Bay, National City
None San Diego Bay, North
None San Diego Bay, Outside
None San Diego Bay, Shelter Island
None San Diego Bay, Twenty Eighth Street
None San Francisco Bay, Castro Creek
None San Francisco Bay, Hunters Point
None San Francisco Bay, Islais Creek Channel
None San Francisco Bay, Oakland Enterance
None San Francisco Bay, Oakland Estuary
None San Francisco Bay, Redwood City
None San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay
None San Francisco Bay, Southampton Shoal
None San Luis Obispo Bay, San Luis Obispo Bay
None San Pedro Bay, Cerritos Channel
None San Pedro Bay, Long Beach
None San Pedro Bay, Mid Harbor
None San Pedro Bay, Outer Harbor
None San Pedro Bay, Outside
None San Pedro Bay, Seal Beach
None Santa Monica Bay, Manhatten Beach
None Santa Monica Bay, North
None Santa Monica Bay, South
None Santa Monica Bay, Southeast
None Santa Monica Bay, West
None Sapelo Sound, Dog Hammock
None Savannah River, Elba Island
None Simpson Lagoon, Simpson Lagoon
None Skagway, Skagway River
None Soldana Beach, Soldana Beach
None St. Andrews Bay, Military Point
None St. Johns River, Arlington Channel
None St. Lucie River, Stuart
None Tampa Bay, Northern Tampa Bay
None Tomales Bay, Tomales Bay
None Treasure Island, Treasure Island
None U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone

Physical Location

Organization: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Distribution Liability:

None

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 463357
Date Effective From: 1992
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 463359
Date Effective From: 1992
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 463360
Date Effective From: 1992
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 463358
Date Effective From: 1992
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Principal Investigator

CC ID: 463361
Date Effective From: 1992
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Piniak, Greg
Email Address: greg.piniak@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 463364
W° Bound: -159.356
E° Bound: -66.181
N° Bound: 61.133
S° Bound: 17.939

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 463363
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1984
End: 1992

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

NOAA requests that all individuals who download NSandT data acknowledge the source of these data in any reports, papers, or presentations. If you publish these data, please include a statement similar to: "Some or all of the data described in this article were produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration through its National Status and Trends Program".

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 463366
Download URL: https://products.coastalscience.noaa.gov/collections/ltmonitoring/nsandt/default.aspx
Distributor:
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: XML

Distribution 2

CC ID: 463365
Download URL: https://products.coastalscience.noaa.gov/collections/ltmonitoring/nsandt/default.aspx
Distributor:
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: ASCII

URLs

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 463539
Activity Date/Time: 2016-11-16
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 463538
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 584197
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 600901
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 716626
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.3.0.800

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Once sampling in a certain geographic area is initiated, repeat sampling occurs during the same time frame. Northeast samples (Chesapeake Bay through Maine) have been collected during March and April. Southeast samples have been collected from August to October. Gulf Coast samples have been collected from August to October. West Coast samples have been taken from May through July. Alaska samples have been taken from May to August. The collection of fish was not directly tied to their spawning cycle, though different age classes may be found in certain estuaries during different times of the year.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

The same kind of field/site data have been supplied since the start of the Benthic Surveillance Project, in 1984. Original site coordinates were derived from Loran-C time conversions. Early sites information resulting from Loran-C was converted from time delay information to latitudes and longitudes. These earlier data may be suspect when sites were located close to large structures that could have interfered with accurate time delays. When GPS was first available the signal was intentionally degraded so earlier coordinate information, even if it resulted from GPS, is not as accurate as data would be today.Because fish are not sessile, fish trawls have been made along different tracks in the water body of interest. The latitude/longitude coordinates provided in this file represent a site center and trawling occurs within a 1 km radius of this location.

Completeness Report:

Once sampling in a certain geographic area is initiated, repeat sampling occurs during the same time frame. Northeast samples (Chesapeake Bay through Maine) have been collected during March and April. Southeast samples have been collected from August to October. Gulf Coast samples have been collected from August to October. West Coast samples have been taken from May through July. Alaska samples have been taken from May to August. The collection of fish was not directly tied to their spawning cycle, though different age classes may be found in certain estuaries during different times of the year.The Benthic Surveillance Project Pathology dataset does not include data relating to the chemistry, or location data that is associated with each site.

Conceptual Consistency:

Fish tissues for histopathological examination were prepared in the field because freezing destroys the morphology of tissue. Because most fish were dissected onboard ship, a special effort was made to develop an environment as close to clean-room conditions as possible. All fish were dissected in positive pressure laminar flow hoods. Air was drawn into the laminar flow hood from above and filtered by a high efficiency particle attenuator (HEPA) filter before it passed over the fish samples. Stainless steel tools were used to dissect fish for organic analysis. Titanium tools were used to dissect fish for trace metal analyses because tools made of this element do not pose the problem of introducing nickel, chromium, and/or iron into the specimens to be analyzed. Specimens were analyzed for the latter three elements by the NSandT Program. After knives had been sharpened, and before dissections began at a new site or of a new species, the dissection equipment was thoroughly cleaned with detergent solution, rinsed extensively with tap water, rinsed in distilled or high-purity water (i.e., milli-Q or HPLC-grade water), rinsed with isopropanol under a fume hood, followed by a rinse with distilled water, and placed on a similarly cleaned Teflon cutting board that was allowed to air-dry in the laminar-flow hood. Between individual fish of the same species at the same site, the tools were rinsed with distilled water before any fluid or tissue had a chance to dry on the knife. Sexually mature fish were primarily used in this program, determined by size of each species.

Lineage

Sources

Sampling and analytical methods of the National Status and Trends Program National Benthic Surveillance and Mussel Watch Projects 1984-1992: Overview and summary of methods, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 71

CC ID: 600902
Contact Name: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Publish Date: 1993-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 1984
Extent End Date/Time: 1993
Source Contribution:

Benthic Surveillance Sampling Protocols | Source Geospatial Form: document | Type of Source Media: document

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 600903
Description:

Benthic marine fish samples were collected for pathology, trace metal analysis and for traces of organic contamination. Additional data were collected at the sampling sites, including salinity, temperature, and sediment for grain size and chemical analysis. The primary collection apparatus was Otter trawls. Occasionally, along the Southeast and Gulf Coasts, fish were taken with hook and line, or with gill nets. These alternate collection methods were necessary because larger fish, such as older Atlantic croaker, were able to avoid an Otter trawl, or were found in untrawlable habitats such as shallow water, along marsh edges, and over oyster reefs. Fish in the correct size range were dissected in the onboard laboratory immediately after collection. This ensured that a determination could be made regarding whether sufficient material had been collected and whether the sample material was of high quality. If either one of these criteria was not met, the opportunity existed to continue sample collection.Because most fish were dissected onboard ship, a special effort was made to develop an environment as close to clean-room conditions as possible. All fish were dissected in positive pressure laminar flow hoods. Air was drawn into the laminar flow hood from above and filtered by a high efficiency particle attenuator (HEPA) filter before it passed over the fish samples. Stainless steel tools were used to dissect fish for organic analysis. Titanium tools were used to dissect fish for trace metal analyses because tools made of this element do not pose the problem of introducing nickel, chromium, and/or iron into the specimens to be analyzed. Specimens were analyzed for the latter three elements by the NSandT Program. After knives had been sharpened, and before dissections began at a new site or of a new species, the dissection equipment was thoroughly cleaned with detergent solution, rinsed extensively with tap water, rinsed in distilled or high-purity water (i.e., milli-Q or HPLC-grade water), rinsed with isopropanol under a fume hood, followed by a rinse with distilled water, and placed on a similarly cleaned Teflon cutting board that was allowed to air-dry in the laminar-flow hood. Between individual fish of the same species at the same site, the tools were rinsed with distilled water before any fluid or tissue had a chance to dry on the knife. Sexually mature fish were primarily used in this program, determined by size of each species. Once sampling in a certain geographic area is initiated, repeat sampling occurs during the same time frame. Northeast samples (Chesapeake Bay through Maine) have been collected during March and April. Southeast samples have been collected from August to October. Gulf Coast samples have been collected from August to October. West Coast samples have been taken from May through July. Alaska samples have been taken from May to August. The collection of fish was not directly tied to their spawning cycle, though different age classes may be found in certain estuaries during different times of the year. Samples were collected directly from NOAA ships or from small boats launched from NOAA ships, or on occasion from chartered vessels or ships-of-opportunity.Process Date Range is 1984 - 1992

Process Date/Time: 1992-01-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Dataset Parameters for Benthic Surveillance Pathology data

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 39260
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:39260
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 12:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: NCCOS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-02-08
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-02-08