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Short Citation:
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 2022: Hawaii Benthic Habitats - Interactive Map Viewer, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/39327.

Item Identification

Title: Hawaii Benthic Habitats - Interactive Map Viewer
Short Name: hawaii_benthic_map
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2002
Abstract:

This project was a cooperative effort among the National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment; the University of Hawaii; and Analytical Laboratories of Hawaii, LLC. The goal of the work was to develop coral reef mapping methods and compare benthic habitat maps generated by photointerpreting georeferenced color aerial photography, hyperspectral and IKONOS satellite imagery. Twenty-seven distinct benthic habitat types within eleven zones were mapped directly into a GIS system using visual interpretation of orthorectified aerial photographs and hyperspectral imagery. Benthic features were mapped that covered an area of 790 km^2. In all, 204 km^2 of unconsolidated sediment, 171 km^2 of submerged vegetation, and 415 km^2 of coral reef and colonized hardbottom were mapped. The Biogeography program developed an ArcIMS browser to allow users to view maps of the Island of Hawaii and perform basis queries of the data over the internet.

Purpose:

The National Ocean Service is conducting research to digitally map biotic resources and coordinate a long-term monitoring program that can detect and predict change in U.S. coral reefs, and their associated habitats and biological communities.

Notes:

390

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 Algae > Coralline algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Coralline algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Mapping > Habitat mapping
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Remote sending > Satellite (digital scans) > Hyperspectral analysis
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Remote sensing > Aircraft > Aerial photography
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Remote sensing > Satellite (digital scans) > IKONOS
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 Mapping > Habitat mapping
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 Remote sensing > Aircraft > Aerial photography
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 Remote sensing > Satellite (digital scans) > hyperspectral analysis
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus Version 1 Remote sensing > Satellite (digital scans) > IKONOS
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None AURORA hyperspectral imagery
None color aerial photography
None coral reef
None coralline algae
None habitat
None reef
None SAV
None submerged aquatic vegetation
None unconsolidated sediments
None zone

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Island of Hawaii
None United States

Physical Location

Organization: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data, map
Entity Attribute Overview:

A hierarchical classification scheme was created to define and delineate habitats. The classification scheme defines benthic communities on the basis of two attributes: large geographic "zones" which are composed of smaller "habitats". Zone refers only to benthic community location and habitat refers only to substrate and/or cover type. Every polygon on the benthic community map will be assigned a habitat within a zone (e.g. sand in the lagoon, or sand on the bank). Combinations of habitat and zone that are analogous to traditionally used terminology are noted where appropriate. Eleven mutually exclusive zones were identified from land to open water corresponding to typical insular shelf and coral reef geomorphology. These zones include: land, vertical wall, shoreline intertidal, lagoon, reef flat, back reef, reef crest, fore reef, bank/shelf, bank/shelf escarpment, channel, and dredged (since this condition eliminates natural geomorphology). Zone refers only to each benthic community's location and does not address substrate or cover types within. Twenty-seven distinct and non-overlapping habitat types were identified that could be mapped by visual interpretation of remotely collected imagery. Habitats or features that cover areas smaller than the MMU were not considered. For example, sand halos surrounding patch reefs are too small to be mapped independently. Habitat refers only to each benthic community's substrate and/or cover type and does not address location on the shelf. Habitats are defined in a collapsible hierarchy ranging from four broad classes (unconsolidated sediment, submerged vegetation, coral reef and hardbottom, and other), to more detailed categories (e.g., emergent vegetation, seagrass, algae, individual patch reefs, uncolonized volcanic rock), to patchiness of some specific features (e.g., 50-90 percent cover of macroalgae). Coyne, M. S., T. A. Battista, M. Anderson, J. Waddell, W. Smith, P. Jokiel, M. S. Kendall, and M. E. Monaco. 2003. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS CCMA 152 (On-line). Benthic Habitats of the Main Hawaiian Islands URL: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/hawaii_cd/htm/manual.pdf. Also available on U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Biogeography Program. 2003. (CD-ROM). Benthic Habitats of the Main Hawaiian Islands. Silver Spring, MD: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. URL: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/hawaii_cd/data/

Distribution Liability:

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Center for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) produced this site. NCCOS Biogeography Program does not guarantee the accuracy of the geographic features or attributes. Please see the metadata record for each data set on the accompanying project CD-ROM for complete information of the source, limitations, and proper use.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 465966
Date Effective From: 2002
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 465968
Date Effective From: 2002
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 465969
Date Effective From: 2002
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 465967
Date Effective From: 2002
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Principal Investigator

CC ID: 465970
Date Effective From: 2002
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Battista, Tim
Email Address: tim.battista@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 465973
W° Bound: -156.0831
E° Bound: -155.1592
N° Bound: 20.308
S° Bound: 19.3347

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 465972
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2000
End: 2002

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Not for navigation

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 465974
Download URL: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/hawaii_cd/maps/hawaiimaps.aspx
Distributor:
Description:

Applications

File Type: web portal

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 465964
URL: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/hawaii_cd/maps/hawaiimaps.aspx
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 465965
URL: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/hawaii_cd/data/
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 466001
Activity Date/Time: 2013-11-07
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 466000
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 39327
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:39327
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 12:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-04-17
Owner Org: NCCOS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2017-04-17
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-04-17