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Short Citation:
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 2023: Tidal Creek Sentinel Habitat Database, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/39580.

Item Identification

Title: Tidal Creek Sentinel Habitat Database
Short Name: tcsh_2013
Status: In Work
Publication Date: 2006
Abstract:

The Ecological Research, Assessment and Prediction's Tidal Creeks: Sentinel Habitat Database was developed to support the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations' (NOAA) Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML) Oceans and Human Health Initiative (OHHI). The goal of the program is to provide the scientific information and framework for forecasting environmental and human health risks across estuarine habitats, watersheds, and regions which includes the testing of new technologies developed by other HML OHH groups. This includes a wide range of data from tidal creek systems which are being used as the sentinel habitat for assessing and predicting the impact of coastal development on estuarine systems. Sampling has occurred in South Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi. Historical data from 1994, 1995, 2000 as well as recent data from 2005, 2006, and 2008 are included in the database. A wide range of parameters have been sampled in the estuarine tidal creek systems and their watersheds to obtain data on water quality (e.g., nutrients, pathogens, dissolved oxygen, salinity), sediment quality (e.g., characteristics, chemical contaminants), biological condition (e.g., macrobenthos, fish, organism health) , human exposure (e.g., pathogens), and watershed attributes (e.g., land cover, impervious cover, demographics). Each creek was sampled from its headwaters to its junction with a large open estuary. The creeks represented the range of land use types and human uses that occur in the Southeastern and Gulf regions, including forested, suburban, and urban watersheds. Results of these studies indicate that the amount and type of watershed development are linked to changes in creek environmental quality including increased fecal coliform levels, decreased sediment quality, changes in the kinds and abundances of biota, changes in the abundance of juvenile fish, and decreases in the abundance of shrimp that use these habitats as nurseries. These findings suggest that the shallow estuarine habitats that form the primary link with the land provide early warning of impairment and may be sentinels of ensuing harm from land-based activities. The levels of microbial and chemical contamination in these headwater environments are frequently an order of magnitude greater than that reported for deeper open water environments. Shallow or headwater tidal creeks are, in effect, the "first responders" to impacts of non-point source pollution runoff.

Purpose:

Tidal Creeks: Sentinel Habitat Database was developed to support the Ecosystem Research, Assessment and Prediction group at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations' (NOAA) Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML). HML is a partnership with NOAA, SC Department of Natural Resources, Medical University of South Carolina, College of Charleston, and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In addition, the SC Sea Grant Consortium and a number of the state National Estuarine Research Reserves are participating on the project. The goal of the project is to evaluating the performance of the environmental quality and public health indicators developed by other OHHI program elements in sentinel habitats (i.e., tidal creeks). Tidal creeks serve as the sentinel habitat for this project due to their direct association with the upland areas and the rapid coastal development that is occurring in these areas. Findings are being used to develop approaches for assessing and forecasting the ecological condition and public health status of coastal environments. The data provide valuable information on the environmental quality and human health and welfare of these systems that will be used to (1) relate estuarine habitat quality to land use and human use patterns at the regional scale, (2) refine the current tidal creek classification scheme, and (3) test and validate new technologies and methods such as the oyster microarrays (not included in data set) and virus measures being developed for the HML OHH program in comparison to more traditional measures of biological condition.

Notes:

1005

Other Citation Details:

NOAA Hollings Marine Laboratory Oceans and Human Health Initiative, Ecological Research, Assessment and Prediction

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
Geospatial Platform OceanCommunity
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category health
ISO 19115 Topic Category inlandWaters
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Socioeconomics
None biological communities
None coastal ecosystem
None coastal health
None fecal indicators
None impervious cover
None land cover
None macrobenthos
None nekton
None non-point source pollution
None nutrients
None sediment chemistry
None sediment grain size
None stormwater runoff
None tidal creek
None water quality
None watershed

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None 1994
None 1995
None 1996
None 2000
None 2001
None 2002
None 2003
None 2004
None 2005
None 2006
None 2008

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Alabama
None Georgia
None Mississippi
None North Carolina
None South Carolina

Physical Location

Organization: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Entity Attribute Overview:

Water quality - basic (dissolved oxygen, salinity, temperature, specific conductivity, pH), nutrients (NH4, TDN, Si, TSS, TP, TDP, PO4, TN, NO2+NO3),chlorophyll a, phaeophytin, pathogens (fecal coliform, enterococci, coliphages) Sediment quality - chemical contaminants (PBDEs, PCBs, PAHs, metals, pesticides), characteristics (sand, silt, clay, mud, TOC) Tissue contaminants - oyster chemical contaminants (PBDEs, PCBs, PAHs, metals, pesticides) and lipids Biological quality - macrobenthic community, fish community Watershed attributes - land cover, impervious cover, human population, demographics

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

No published standards for entity definitions were used to define the entities used in this data set. However, some of the entity type definitions are standard for the research fields.

Distribution Liability:

These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

Data Set Credit: Initial data was collected by South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) and NOAA's NOS Center for Coastal and Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research(CCEHBR). Additional collaborators included USGS, City of Charleston, Town of Bluffton. Recent data was collected at the Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML) in association with CCEHBR, MUSC, College of Charleston, and SCDNR.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 475840
Date Effective From: 2006
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 475842
Date Effective From: 2006
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 475843
Date Effective From: 2006
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 475841
Date Effective From: 2006
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Principal Investigator

CC ID: 475844
Date Effective From: 2006
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): King, Jeff
Email Address: jeff.king@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Observed

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 475847
W° Bound: -88.54614
E° Bound: -77.83271
N° Bound: 34.19934
S° Bound: 30.27166

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 475846
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 1994

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 585955
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 1

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

To order a copy of the data, contact the Distributor Point of Contact.; Viewing tool only for locations of data. No download capabilities.;

Data Access Constraints:

The dataset enclosed within this package/transmission are only as good as the quality assurance and quality control procedures outlined by the enclosed metadata reporting statement. The user bears all responsibility for its subsequent use/misuse in any further analyses or comparisons. The United States Federal Government and OHHI associated partners do not assume liability to the Recipient or third persons, nor will the Federal Government and OHHI associated partners indemnify the Recipient for its liability due to any losses resulting in any way from the use of this dataset.

Data Use Constraints:

This dataset was provided under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration supported Oceans and Human Health Initiative. Pursuant to Federal guidance, manuscripts resulting from this federally-supported research and data collection effort that are produced for publication in open literature, including refereed scientific journals, shall acknowledge that the research was conducted under an award from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 475848
Download URL: http://maps.coastalscience.noaa.gov/tidalcreek/
Distributor:
Description:

Offline Data

File Type: Shapefile

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 475839
URL: http://maps.coastalscience.noaa.gov/tidalcreek/
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 475890
Activity Date/Time: 2014-01-09
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 475889
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for National Biological Information Infrastructure Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 585953
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Data Quality

Completeness Measure:

Cloud Cover: Unknown

Completeness Report:

Data Quality is managed by OHHI researchers. All data that are available for access have been vetted by OHHI reserachers are entered into OHHI databases when deemed to have passed internal QA procedures.

Conceptual Consistency:

Data Quality is managed by OHHI researchers. All data that are available for access have been vetted by OHHI reserachers are entered into OHHI databases when deemed to have passed internal QA procedures.

Lineage

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 475837
Description:

Data Collections and Analytical Methods are available for download and documented in TCSH database systems. For detailed descriptions of process descriptions data users will need to contact primary investigator contact that is documented in the TCSH database systems

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 39580
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:39580
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 12:53+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-09-13
Owner Org: NCCOS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2017-09-13
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-09-13