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Short Citation:
Office of Response and Restoration, 2022: Alabama ESI: BIRDS (Bird Polygons), https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/40198.

Item Identification

Title: Alabama ESI: BIRDS (Bird Polygons)
Short Name: Alabama_birds
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2007-10
Abstract:

This data set contains sensitive biological resource data for wading birds, shorebirds, waterfowl, raptors, diving birds, seabirds, passerine birds, gulls, and terns in Alabama. Vector polygons in this data set represent bird nesting, migratory staging, wintering, and other spatial/temporal concentration areas. Species-specific abundance, seasonality, status, life history, and source information are stored in relational data tables (described below) designed to be used in conjunction with this spatial data layer.This data set comprises a portion of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data for Alabama. ESI data characterize the marine and coastal environments and wildlife by their sensitivity to spilled oil. The ESI data include information for three main components: shoreline habitats, sensitive biological resources, and human-use resources.

Purpose:

The ESI data were collected, mapped, and digitized to provide environmental data for oil spill planning and response. The Clean Water Act with amendments by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 requires response plans for immediate and effective protection of sensitive resources.

Notes:

1566

Other Citation Details:

Prepared by Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division (formerly Hazardous Materials Response Division), Seattle, Washington and Assessment and Restoration Division, Silver Spring, Maryland; Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Incident Management and Preparedness, Washington, D.C.; and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Nonpoint Source and Wetlands Planning Section, Atlanta, Georgia.

Supplemental Information:

Resource Description - ESI Atlas for Alabama

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None Bird
None Coastal resources
None Coastal Zone Management
None ESI
None Oil spill planning
None Sensitivity maps
None Wildlife

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None Alabama

Physical Location

Organization: Office of Response and Restoration
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: vector digital data
Entity Attribute Overview:

In addition to the geographic data layers, six relational attribute or data tables, BIORES, BREED, SEASONAL, SOURCES, SPECIES, and STATUS, are used to store the complex biological data in the ESI data structure. The geographic data layer containing biological resource information (in this case, BIRDS) is linked to the Biological Resources table (BIORES) using the unique ID and the lookup table BIO_LUT, or it can be linked directly using RARNUM. The ID is a unique combination of the atlas number (for the Alabama atlas, the number is 231), an element/layer specific number (BIRDS are layer 1, FISH are layer 2, etc.), and a unique record number. The RARNUM represents a unique combination of species, seasonalities, concentrations, and source information. For each of these groupings, a number is generated. That number is concatenated with the atlas number to create a "resource at risk" number that is unique across atlases. BIORES and the other relational data tables are described below in detail. See the Browse_Graphic section for a link to the entity-relationship diagram, which describes the way these tables relate to the geographic data layers and other attribute tables in the ESI data structure.Due to the complexity of the relational database model, the data items are also post-processed into a flat file format. This table, called BIOFILE, may be used in place of the relational files described below to ease simple data queries. The items in the flat file are ELEMENT, SUBELEMENT, NAME, GEN_SPEC, S, F, NHP, DATE_PUB, CONC, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC, BREED1, BREED2, BREED3, BREED4, BREED5, RARNUM, G_SOURCE, S_SOURCE, and BREED. All of these items are the same as their counterparts in the individual data tables described below, except the BREED1-BREED5 and BREED items. BREED is a newly generated variable used to link to the BREED_DT data table, a modified, more compact version of the relational BREED data table. BREED1-BREED5 give a text summary of when each life stage occurs within the associated map object. The life stages referred to are the same as those listed in the Detailed_Description of the BREED data table. The link to the BIOFILE may be made through the BIO_LUT, using ID to link to RARNUM, or BIOFILE may be linked directly to the RARNUM in each of the geographic layer's attribute data tables. As mentioned, BREED_DT is an auxiliary support data table to the flat file structure, which allows the user to do searches based on month for seasonal breeding activities. The link from the flat file to BREED_DT is the BREED item.A second supporting data table is SOURCES. This is the same as the source file described above, and the link from the flat file is both G_SOURCE and S_SOURCE. It should be noted that although the flat file eases data query, it is not a normalized database structure, and actual updates performed by the states and other responsible agencies should be done using the relational data tables. The entity-relationship diagram, describing relationships between attribute tables in the ESI data structure, does NOT include the BIOFILE data table, and this data table is NOT described in detail below.

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

Unknown

Distribution Liability:

Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. NOAA warrants the delivery of this product in computer-readable format, and will offer a replacement copy of the product when the product is determined unreadable by computer-input peripherals, or when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition.

Data Set Credit: This project was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service, Office of Response and Restoration, Emergency Response Division (formerly Hazardous Materials Response Division), Seattle, Washington and Assessment and Restoration Division, Silver Spring, Maryland; Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Incident Management and Preparedness, Washington, D.C.; and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Nonpoint Source and Wetlands Planning Section, Atlanta, Georgia.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 503441
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 503443
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 503444
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 503442
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): ESI Program Manager
Address: 7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Email Address: orr.esi@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: The biological data were compiled during 2006-2007. The currentness dates for the data range from 2004 to 2006 and are documented in the Lineage section.

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 503447
W° Bound: -88.5
E° Bound: -87.375
N° Bound: 30.875
S° Bound: 30.125

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 503446
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2004
End: 2006

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 588033
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 3295
Curve Object Present?: Yes
Curve Object Count: 319714
Point Object Present?: Yes
Point Object Count: 3295
Surface Object Present?: Yes
Surface Object Count: 4895

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Contact NOAA for distribution options (see Distributor). ESI data are processed into multiple formats to make them useful to the widest community of GIS/mapping users. Distribution formats include Access Personal Geodatabase, ARC export files, Shape files, and MARPLOT map folders. An ArcMap .mxd file, an ArcView 3.x ESI project, and an ESI_Viewer product for use with the MARPLOT data are also included on the distribution DVDs for ease of use of the ESI data. The database files are distributed both in the NOAA standard relational database format (see NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115) and in a simplified desktop flat file format. This metadata document includes information on both of these database formats.;

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

DO NOT USE MAPS FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSES.Besides the above warning, there are no use constraints on these data. Note that the ESI database should not be used to the exclusion of other pertinent data or information held by state or federal agencies or other organizations. Likewise, information contained in the database cannot be used in place of consultations with environmental, natural resource, and cultural resource agencies, or in place of field surveys. Recognize that the information contained in the ESI database represents known concentration areas or occurrences of natural, cultural, and human-use resources, but does not necessarily represent the full distribution or range of each species or resource. This is particularly important to recognize when considering potential impacts to protected resources, such as endangered species, wetlands, etc. Acknowledgment of the originators, publishers, contributors, and sources listed would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 503439
URL: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/esi
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 503460
Activity Date/Time: 2015-07-06
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 503459
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 588031
Activity Date/Time: 2017-09-13
Description:

Partial upload of Spatial Info section only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 602357
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-01
Description:

Replaced entire Lineage section to populate new Source Contribution field.

Activity Log 5

CC ID: 719022
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08
Description:

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Technical Environment

Description:

The software packages used to develop the atlas are Environmental Systems Research Institute's ARC/INFO(r) (version 9.2) and SQL SERVER(r) (version 2000). The hardware configuration is PCs with Windows Operating System (2000/XP/2003).The Spatial_Data_Organization Information section refers only to the source files in the ARC export format. The following files are included in that data set: birds.e00, esi.e00, fish.e00, habitats.e00, hydro.e00, index.e00, invert.e00, m_mammal.e00, mgt.e00, reptiles.e00, socecon.e00, t_mammal.e00. Associated relational and desktop data tables provided in Arc export and text format are bio_lut, biofile, biores, breed, breed_dt, seasonal, soc_dat, soc_lut, sources, species, and status.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

A multi-stage error checking process is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. The process includes a standardized data entry methodology, hardcopy data review by in-house and external resource experts, a final Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) process, and multiple automated logical consistency checks. Quantitative data (such as densities, counts, abundances, or concentrations) provided by resource experts for inclusion in the data set may vary widely in attribute accuracy, depending upon the methodology used to collect and compile such data. For a more detailed evaluation of source data attribute accuracy, contact the sources listed in the Lineage section.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Spatial components for the biological data layers can come from expert interviews, hardcopy, or digital sources. Some of the spatial components of the biological data layers may have been developed using regional experts who estimate concentration areas. It is difficult to estimate the positional accuracy of such data, except to state that they are compiled on hardcopy base maps with a scale of 1:24,000. Some of the spatial components of the biological data sets are developed from pre-existing digital or hardcopy sources and reflect the positional accuracy of these original data. See the Lineage and Process_Description sections for more information on the original data source and how these data were integrated or manipulated to create the final data set. Note that biological resource data by their very nature are considered "fuzzy," and this should be understood when considering the positional accuracy of vector digital objects representing these resources.

Completeness Report:

These data represent a synthesis of expert knowledge, available hardcopy documents, and digital data on bird nesting, migratory staging, wintering, and other spatial/temporal concentration areas. These data do not necessarily represent all bird occurrences in Alabama. The following species are included in this data set: (Species_ID, Common Name, Scientific Name [n/a if not applicable]): 1, Common loon, Gavia immer; 5, Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus; 8, Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus; 12, Canada goose, Branta canadensis; 15, Snow goose, Chen caerulescens; 16, Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos; 17, Northern pintail, Anas acuta; 18, Green-winged teal, Anas crecca; 20, Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata; 21, Canvasback, Aythya valisineria; 22, Greater scaup, Aythya marila; 23, Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis; 24, Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula; 26, Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola; 29, White-winged scoter, Melanitta fusca; 30, Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata; 33, Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator; 34, American coot, Fulica americana; 38, Herring gull, Larus argentatus; 40, Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis; 42, Bonaparte's gull, Larus philadelphia; 45, Common tern, Sterna hirundo; 54, Great blue heron, Ardea herodias; 55, Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus; 56, Spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularia; 58, Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca; 59, Lesser yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes; 60, Red knot, Calidris canutus; 61, Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos; 62, Least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla; 63, Dunlin, Calidris alpina; 64, Short-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus; 66, Western sandpiper, Calidris mauri; 67, Sanderling, Calidris alba; 69, Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus; 70, Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus; 71, Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola; 73, Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres; 76, Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus; 77, Osprey, Pandion haliaetus; 86, Least tern, Sterna antillarum; 87, Little blue heron, Egretta caerulea; 88, Great egret, Ardea alba; 89, Snowy egret, Egretta thula; 90, Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax; 91, Glossy ibis, Plegadis falcinellus; 93, Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis; 94, Tricolored heron, Egretta tricolor; 97, Green heron, Butorides virescens; 98, Laughing gull, Larus atricilla; 115, White ibis, Eudocimus albus; 118, Brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis; 119, Magnificent frigatebird, Fregata magnificens; 120, Yellow-crowned night-heron, Nyctanassa violacea; 121, Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga; 124, Redhead, Aythya americana; 125, Clapper rail, Rallus longirostris; 132, Wood stork, Mycteria americana; 133, Black skimmer, Rynchops niger; 134, Gull-billed tern, Sterna nilotica; 135, Sandwich tern, Sterna sandvicensis; 136, Caspian tern, Sterna caspia; 137, Royal tern, Sterna maxima; 138, Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri; 139, Snowy plover, Charadrius alexandrinus; 141, American avocet, Recurvirostra americana; 142, Black-necked stilt, Himantopus mexicanus; 148, Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis; 152, American oystercatcher, Haematopus palliatus; 153, Piping plover, Charadrius melodus; 154, Wilson's plover, Charadrius wilsonia; 155, Willet, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus; 156, Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris pusilla; 162, Gadwall, Anas strepera; 163, Reddish egret, Egretta rufescens; 167, Northern gannet, Morus bassanus; 169, American wigeon, Anas americana; 173, American white pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos; 178, Least bittern, Ixobrychus exilis; 179, Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps; 180, Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris; 181, Northern harrier, Circus cyaneus; 184, King rail, Rallus elegans; 185, American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus; 186, American black duck, Anas rubripes; 187, Virginia rail, Rallus limicola; 188, Sora, Porzana carolina; 190, Blue-winged teal, Anas discors; 191, Wood duck, Aix sponsa; 192, Common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus; 193, Black tern, Chlidonias niger; 197, Black scoter, Melanitta nigra; 198, Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus; 209, Long-billed curlew, Numenius americanus; 210, Marbled godwit, Limosa fedoa; 211, Mottled duck, Anas fulvigula; 212, Purple gallinule, Porphyrula martinica; 213, Stilt sandpiper, Calidris himantopus; 214, Solitary sandpiper, Tringa solitaria; 238, White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis; 265, Whooping crane, Grus americana; 280, Swallow-tailed kite, Elanoides forficatus; 286, Dowitchers, Limnodromus spp.; 298, Mississippi sandhill crane, Grus canadensis pulla; 305, Red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis; 535, Green-backed heron, Butorides striata; 734, Nelson's sharp-tailed sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni; 848, Louisiana seaside sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus fisheri; 849, Wilson's snipe, Gallinago delicata; 1002, Shorebirds, n/a; 1003, Waterfowl, n/a; 1004, Wading birds, n/a; 1008, Terns, n/a.

Conceptual Consistency:

A multi-stage error checking process, described in the above Attribute_Accuracy_Report, is used to verify both attribute accuracy and logical consistency throughout data production. This process includes multiple automated logical consistency checks that test the files for missing or duplicate data, rules for proper coding, GIS topological consistencies (such as dangles, unnecessary nodes, etc.), and SQL SERVER(r) to ARC/INFO(r) consistencies. A final review is made by the GIS manager, where the data are written to CD-ROM and the metadata are written.After the data are delivered to NOAA, they are again subjected to a number of quality and consistency checks. In the process of checking for topological and database consistencies, new IDs and RARNUMs or HUNUMs are also generated. The new IDs are a combination of atlas number, element number, and record number. In addition, the value used to represent the element is modified to reflect the type of feature being mapped. In the case of an element that is normally represented by a point or polygon, a value of 20 is added to the standard element value for mapping of linear features. In the case where an element usually mapped as a polygon is represented by a point, a value of 30 is added to the regular element value. The RARNUMs are also modified to include the atlas number, so multiple atlases can be combined and RARNUMs remain unique. RARNUMs are redefined on an element basis, so "resource at risk" groupings will contain only a single element. HUNUMs are also modified to include the atlas number.

Lineage

Sources

ALABAMA NHP ELEMENT OCCURRENCE DATA FOR RARE AND ENDANGERED SPECIES IN ALABAMA

CC ID: 602359
Contact Name: ALABAMA NATURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM (NHP)
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: EMAIL

ALABAMA WILDLIFE VOLUME THREE: IMPERILED AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, BIRDS, & MAMMALS

CC ID: 602361
Contact Name: MIRACHI, BAILEY, HAGGERTY, BEST
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2004
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: HARDCOPY TEXT | Type of Source Media: paper

BIRD DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY IN ALABAMA

CC ID: 602360
Contact Name: CLAY, ROGER (ALABAMA DWFF)
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

BIRD DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY IN ALABAMA

CC ID: 602364
Contact Name: VANHOOSE, MARK; ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES (ADCNR)
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

BIRD DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY IN ALABAMA

CC ID: 602358
Contact Name: ALABAMA DIVISION OF WILDLIFE AND FRESHWATER FISHERIES BIRD EXPERTS
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONALITY FOR ALABAMA FEDERALLY LISTED SPECIES

CC ID: 602362
Contact Name: U.S. FISH & WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS)
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: EXPERT KNOWLEDGE | Type of Source Media: PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

LIST OF BIRD SPECIES USING BON SECOUR NWR

CC ID: 602363
Contact Name: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY (USGS)
Publish Date: 2006-01-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006
Source Contribution:

BIRD INFORMATION | Source Geospatial Form: HARDCOPY TEXT | Type of Source Media: online

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 602365
Description:

Three main sources of data were used to depict bird distribution and seasonality for this data layer: (1) personal interviews with resource experts from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries (ADWFF), and Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR); (2) published documents; and (3) digital data provided by the Alabama Natural Heritage Program (NHP).The above digital and/or hardcopy sources were compiled by the project biologist to create the BIRDS data layer. Depending on the type of source data, three general approaches are used for compiling a biology data layer: (1) information gathered during initial interviews and from hardcopy sources are compiled onto U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000 topographic quadrangles and digitized; (2) hardcopy maps are digitized at their source scale; and/or (3) digital data layers are evaluated and used "as is" or integrated with the hardcopy data sources. See the Lineage section for additional information on the type of source data for this data layer. The compiled ESI, biology, and human-use data are plotted onto hardcopy draft maps. Following the delivery of draft maps to the participating resource experts, a second set of interviews is conducted to review the maps. If necessary, edits to the BIRDS data layer are made based on the recommendations of the resource experts, and final hardcopy maps and digital data are created.

Process Date/Time: 2007-08-01 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity BIORES
Entity BIO_LUT
Entity BIRDS.PAT
Entity BREED
Entity SEASONAL
Entity SOURCES
Entity SPECIES
Entity STATUS

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 40198
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:40198
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 14:50+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-02-08
Owner Org: ORR
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year