|Title:||Endangered Species Act|
The purpose of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is to protect and recover imperiled species and the ecosystems upon which they depend. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) administer the ESA. Under the ESA, species may be listed as either endangered or threatened. "Endangered" means a species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. "Threatened" means a species is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future. All species of plants and animals, except pest insects, are eligible for listing as endangered or threatened. For the purposes of the ESA, Congress defined species to include subspecies, varieties, and, for vertebrates, distinct population segments. As of March 2011, the FWS had listed 1,967 species worldwide as endangered or threatened, 1,372 of which occur in the United States. Decisions made under the ESA are based on the best scientific information available.
Date enacted: December 28, 1973
Codification: 16 U.S.C. Sec. 1531 et seq.
Authority: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
To support ocean planning activities pursuant to the Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States, the Energy Policy Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Rivers and Harbors Act, and the Coastal Zone Management Act.
|Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords||
EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||boundaries|
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||oceans|
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||planningCadastre|
|None||Endangered Species Act|
|Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords||
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
|None||Exclusive Economic Zone|
|None||Northern Mariana Islands|
|None||United States of America|
|Organization:||Office for Coastal Management|
Data Set Information
|Data Set Scope Code:||Data Set|
|Maintenance Frequency:||As Needed|
|Data Set Credit:||Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, NOAA Office for Coastal Management|
Point of Contact
|Date Effective From:||2016-05-11|
|Date Effective To:|
|Contact (Organization):||NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)|
2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
|Currentness Reference:||Publication Date|
Extent Group 1
Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1
Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1
|Time Frame Type:||Discrete|
|Data Access Constraints:||
|Data Use Constraints:||
For coastal and ocean planning
MarineCadastre.gov Data Registry
Activity Log 1
Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.
Activity Log 2
Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.
Activity Log 3
Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.
The attributes in this dataset are believed to be accurate.
|Horizontal Positional Accuracy:||
Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000.
Spatial and attribute properties are believed to be complete. Geometric thresholds from original data are preserved. No tests have been completed for exhaustiveness.
Topology has been validated, including least possible modification of the original data as needed to correct topology errors. These errors were noted in southern Alaska (two errors) and the Gulf of Mexico (two errors).
Binational Features for the United States and Mexico Border Region
|Contact Name:||Department of the Interior (DOI), United States Geological Survey (USGS)|
|Extent Start Date/Time:||2006|
US/Mexico international boundary | Type of Source Media: online
U.S. Maritime Limits and Boundaries
|Contact Name:||Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office for Coast Survey (OCS)|
|Extent Start Date/Time:||2013-09-13|
National boundary of the Exclusive Economic Zone and equivalent boundaries | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: online
Process Step 1
1. The Endangered Species Act's geographic coverage was developed from two existing data sets: (A) OCS's U.S. Maritime Limits and Boundaries shapefile (EEZ and equivalent boundary), and (B) USGS's US/Mexico international boundary. 2. Where boundaries from the two data sources intersected in Texas and California, boundaries were cut accordingly so that no ArcGIS "dangles" remained. 3. Where boundaries in the Pacific Ocean crossed the International Date Line, the single part polylines were manually closed within an edit session. 4. Topology errors were addressed, which included two errors in southern Alaska and two errors in the Gulf of Mexico (within the OCS data). 5. The national polyline (including Alaska, Hawaii, and all U.S. territories) was converted to a polygon. 6. Added fields and populated accordingly.
|Process Date/Time:||2016-01-01 00:00:00|
Rubric scores updated every 15m
|Catalog Item ID:||48882|
|Metadata Record Created By:||Anne Ball|
|Metadata Record Created:||2017-11-14 15:56+0000|
|Metadata Record Last Modified By:||SysAdmin InPortAdmin|
|Metadata Record Last Modified:||2022-08-09 17:11+0000|
|Metadata Record Published:||2018-02-08|
|Metadata Publication Status:||Published Externally|
|Do Not Publish?:||N|
|Metadata Last Review Date:||2018-02-08|
|Metadata Review Frequency:||1 Year|
|Metadata Next Review Date:||2019-02-08|